German prisoner of war Feldwebel of the 2nd company of the 305th construction battalion Teich Friedrich, captured 15.10.42 in the village of Vladimirovka /up to 55 km South-East of Budennovsk/
Field mail 26110.
Arrived in the Intelligence Department of the Northern group headquarters on 17.10.1942.
Interviewed 18-20. 10. 42.
He was born in 1897 in Mulheim (Ruhr region), with higher medical education, a doctor for gastrointestinal diseases, but did not practice medicine, and led an exemplary agriculture, inherited from his father, up to 30 hectares. at this time, the farm employs 2-3 French prisoners of war and 2-3 German workers in the busy season. He served in the Kaiser's army during the first imperialist war and participated in the war on the Western and Balkan fronts. At the same time, he was promoted to Feldwebel. Under the Hitler regime, he was persecuted because of his brother, a lawyer who acted as a defender in trials against the Communists and who fled to Tetuan /Morocco/ in 1934 . He was drafted into the army in 1940 and sent to the 221st sapper battalion. Participated in the war against France and Belgium. Shortly before the war against the USSR, the 221st battalion was moved to the Przemysl region. On the Eastern front, the prisoner of war was held continuously until the moment of capture. While in the ranks of the Hitler's army, he was also persecuted. On 30.9.1941, he was sentenced to 6 months in prison, serving a sentence at the end of the war, for condemning cruel methods of treatment of the population of the occupied Soviet regions. After the trial, the prisoner of war was transferred to the 305th sapper battalion, where he commanded the 2nd company's baggage train and served as a paramedic. In view of the political distrust of the prisoner of war on the part of the Hitler's regime, he, as a doctor, was not promoted to the highest rank.
2.Route of the 221st and 305th construction battalions.
Since the beginning of the war against the USSR, the 221st battalion moved along the route: Lviv, Tarnopol, Kirovograd, Krivoy Rog, Dneprodzerzhinsk, Poltava, and Krasnograd. Here the prisoner of war was transferred as punishment to the 305th sapper battalion and with it moved back to Poltava-Staritskovka-Krasnograd-Lozovaya- Artemovsk. Here, 12 km from the city, the battalion spent the winter and in the spring was transferred to Konstantinovka, and from there to Mariupol, Kirpichev, where it built a road to Taganrog for about three months. In the summer of 1942, the 305th battalion was moved again by rail to Lozovaya, and from there on foot to Shakhty, Peschanokopskoe, Orlovka, Pravokumskoe, and Vladimirovka. In the area of Orlovka, the battalion was divided into separate units. Only the 2nd company arrived in Vladimirovka. Other companies of the battalion remained: the 1st company in Orlovka, and the 3rd company does not know where. 4th company in the Budennovsk area.
3.Combat mission and circumstances of capture.
The 2nd company was assigned the task of equipping positions in the Vladimirovka area for a bridgehead to provide a crossing of the Kuma river. The position was equipped for parts of the Afrika Korps, which were to arrive at Pravokumskoe by 14.10.1942. In Vladimirovka, the 2nd company of the 305th sapper battalion arrived on 10.10.1942 and worked for 5 days. The work was performed by company soldiers and 60 women who were forcibly mobilized from the population of Vladimirovka. There were no troops here.
The 2nd company was located in Pravokumskoye and came to Vladimirovka daily for work, and by the evening returned back to Pravokumskoye.
15.10.1942 about 6 o'clock in the morning, 55 people from the second company on 3 cars arrived in Vladimirovka and barely had time to unload, as they were fired at by machine-gun fire. A prisoner of war with 12 other German soldiers hid in one of the houses, where he was captured.
4. Location of units and subordination.
The prisoner of war knows that in the area of the road Budennovsk - Vladimirovka in all localities are located units of the division of the African corps, which came from Africa through Germany. The prisoner of war personally spoke with the quartermasters of one company of the specified division in Pravokumskoye. Quartermasters reported that one company of the new division and the battalion headquarters should arrive in Pravokumskoye on 15.10.1942. Only 270 people. 14.10.1942 the prisoner of war personally saw one young General who came to inspect the work done by the 2nd company of the sapper battalion. The prisoner of war believes that this General commands a newly arrived division, or is part of the headquarters of this division. Soldiers of the African corps wear khaki uniforms with a brown tinge and a mountain Rifleman's cap with a visor. Budennovsk was home to the 134th construction battalion and the 4th company of the 305th construction battalion. In addition, there were units of the signal troops. In levokumskoe there is a district agricultural Fuhrer appointed recently instead of the Fuhrer who was allegedly killed recently by the population. Several construction battalions are located in localities along the Peschanokopskoe - Mineralnye Vody - Budennovsk road.
The 305th construction battalion is subordinate to the 45th construction headquarters /45 oberbaustab/ 1st Tank army.
5.Plans and intentions of the German command.
From conversations in the company with various soldiers returning from Germany to the Eastern front, the prisoner of war knows that in the area between the don river and the Volga river, about 150 km from the Volga Bank, a chain of fortifications, Pillboxes, etc.is currently being built. For this purpose, many vehicles with cement, concrete mixers and other construction machines are being sent from Germany to this area. The German army, according to these conversations, will not advance further on the Volga river. In the North Caucasus, the German army also does not intend to move further until the spring of next year, but will consolidate its current positions and move to winter quarters. The prisoner of war knows that in all major settlements of the North Caucasus, winter apartments are being prepared for the German army. The 305th construction battalion planned to settle in winter quarters in the Budennovsk area, and the 2nd company of the battalion in the Pravokumskoye area.
6.Construction battalions in the North Caucasus.
In the North Caucasus, there are 6 construction battalions: the 305th, 221st, 134th, 521st, 551st and the number of the sixth battalion does not know, but believes that the 563rd. All these battalions are led by the 45th oberbaustab. The task of these battalions is to improve roads and build bridges. The prisoner of war believes that the 563rd battalion is building bridges. The personnel of these battalions are non-combatant soldiers of older ages from 40 to 45 years old and a small part of the youth recognized as unfit for combat operations. The 221st and 305th construction battalions include many Ukrainians recruited from the Red army pow camps and civilians. Each company of these battalions has at least 50 Ukrainian men. Recently, an order was allegedly issued that all participants in the 1st imperialist war should be demobilized. In exchange for these soldiers, the 221st and 305th construction battalions were to be replenished with Ukrainians of 150 men for each company. Other battalions were to receive reinforcements from the Germans.
7.Organization, strength and armament of the 305th construction battalion.
The 305th construction battalion consists of 4 companies, a staff company, and a motor transport column consisting of 16 captured vehicles. In each company from 200 to 250 people, 50 of them are Ukrainian volunteers. In total, the battalion has 850 people. The company consists of 3 platoons and a wagon train. The wagon train company has 10-12 captured vehicles and 30 military wagons plus a kitchen, with a total of 64 horses. Weapons: all soldiers and non-commissioned officers have rifles. Each platoon has a captured light machine gun, which usually does not work, since the soldiers are poorly trained militarily. Many do not know how to shoot a rifle, yet each soldier has 60 rounds, but they carry only 15 rounds. The soldiers did not previously have German rifles, but were armed with captured Soviet rifles. Three months ago, the soldiers were given old German rifles, and captured ones were handed over, allegedly, for arming Ukrainian units formed by the German command. Ukrainian soldiers of the 305th construction battalion are not armed and wear a badge sewn on their sleeves (an ellipse is drawn divided by a vertical line - Yuri): blue on the left, yellow on the right. Their cap is without a cockade and without an eagle.
8. The political and moral condition.
Soldiers of the construction battalion are extremely burdened with military service.
Very frequent cases of violation of discipline, failure of the orders of unter-officers, unauthorized absences /tardiness to practice, violating the rules of guard duty /sleep on duty, negligent performance of duties sentinel, etc./.
In the 221st construction battalion, a soldier of the 2nd company Miller, went on vacation, did not return to the unit and went into hiding. In consequence, he was sentenced to 1.5 years in prison. Soldiers are unhappy that they don't get home leave. From the company go on vacation no more than 5 people a month. Food has deteriorated recently, but still the soldiers are not starving. Bread is given out 750 grams per day. Ukrainian soldiers receive the same food as the Germans, with the exception of a bar of chocolate once a month and sugar, which are issued only to the Germans. Ukrainian soldiers are sworn to be loyal to Hitler. In Peschanokopskoe, on the eve of the Ukrainian oath, one doctor and three Ukrainian soldiers escaped from the company. In Orlovka, two Ukrainian soldiers who took the oath got a civilian dress and tried to escape. They were detained by the rural civil police /from the Russians/, handed over to the battalion and sent to Budennovsk for trial at the 45th headquarters of the construction troops.
The mood of the German population in areas subject to British air raids is extremely depressed. The population considers Hitler to be the culprit of their misfortunes. Even the population of Bavaria is hostile to Hitler. The prisoner of war was on leave in Germany at the end of August and visited Nuremberg 1.9.42 after a British air RAID on 30.8.42. the prisoner of War saw great destruction in the city. Factories \Siemens /electric motor/, motor - building Nuremberg-Ausburg, post office buildings, railway station and many houses in the city center were severely damaged. There were several hundred victims. It was said that 20,000 people were left homeless. The prisoner of war heard from soldiers from Breslau and Konigsberg about the great destruction caused to these cities by Soviet air raids. No one believes that the war will end soon. The soldiers do not see a way out of the impasse in which Germany is located.
Commander of the 2nd company of the 305th construction battalion, Oberleutnant Kleimais, Junior officer of the company Mulgens. Battalion commanded by captain Dr. Feierabend, his assistant captain Pressman.
The chief of the 45th staff of the construction forces, Lieutenant Colonel Hammitsch-Professor at the Dresden Institute of mechanical engineering-is Hitler's son-in-law, married to the Fuhrer's sister. Commander of the 221st construction battalion, major Razina, company commanders of that battalion:
1st company-captain Arngatz, 2nd company-captain Kling, 3rd company-captain Weber, 4th company-captain Dr. Bus.
The prisoner of war knows that the German command is looting the occupied Soviet areas. So from the levokumskoye area 140 cars of grain were recently taken out.
Soldiers can send home parcels, in General, no more than 3 kilograms per month.
Soldiers send home sunflower oil and white flour.
There were several cases of typhus and malaria among the company's soldiers. In the 2nd company, 6 soldiers are ill with these diseases. In other companies, several people are also ill with malaria and typhoid.
One of the soldiers of the SS special team No.10 in Mariupol in the soldiers ' club at the table in the spring of 1942 told a group of German soldiers, including the prisoner of war, that all Jews were ordered to Mariupol under the pretext of sending them to the rear with the most valuable things. When they arrived with their children among several thousand people, they were robbed and shot to death, the SS team No.10 carried out the execution. The same teams are available in other occupied cities.
The commander of the 2nd company of the 305th construction battalion, Oberleutnant Kleimans, when sending the company to Vladimirovka, told the soldiers that they should not be afraid of partisans, since there are three regiments of Cossacks in front, formed by the German command, approximately 1000 people per regiment. The prisoner of war personally saw several Cossacks in Cossack uniforms in Pravokumskoe.
The survey was conducted by: Intendant of the 2nd rank Skomorovsky's signature-Yuri /Skomorovsky/
Head of the 3rd division of the intelligence Department of the headquarters of the Northern group of the Transcaucasian front
Major Barsukov’s signature -Yuri /Barsukov/