NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Discussions on the role played by and situation of women in the Third Reich not covered in the other sections. Hosted by Vikki.
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Heimatschuss » 24 Jan 2015 10:11

Hello,

here just a small addition on Margret Zöls (see previous post):

The couple obviously had at least one son, Dr.iur. Heimo Gerhard Johannes Zöls.

He obtained of doctorate in law from the University of Innsbruck in 1951 (Universität Innsbruck, 1950, p.17). Later he took over his father's lawyer office in Hallein, see for example Amtskalender (1981, p.214).

References:

Österreichischer Amtskalender für das Jahr 1981.
Verlag der Österreichische Staatsdruckerei; Vienna, 1981

Universität Innsbruck
Nachrichtenblatt der Universität Innsbruck 1950 - 1951
Kommissionsverlag der Österreichischen Kommissionsbuchhandlung, 1950

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

There's more news on another GFL too, Helene Werdeling from Gau Westfalen-Nord.
viewtopic.php?p=1494596#p1494596

Helene Bernhardine Friederike Werdeling (née Howe)

date of birth: Aug. 31st, 1903
place of birth: Lengerich (Westphalia)
date of death: Mar. 21st, 1975
place of death: Burgsteinfurt (Westphalia)

father: Heinrich Friedrich Howe (1873 - 1937)
mother: Wilhelmine Howe (née Diersmann) (1875 - 1944)

On April 16th, 1928 she married in Burgsteinfurt Heinrich Werdeling from Sellen but was widowed just a decade later.

Heinrich Werdeling
date of birth: Jan. 29th, 1890
place of birth: Sellen (Westphalia)
date of death: May 11th, 1938
place of death: Sellen (Westphalia)

The couple had four children, in no chronological order: Hermann, Gudrun, Inge and another girl.

Sources:
http://www.myheritage.de/family-1_10000 ... g-geb-howe
http://www.myheritage.de/person-1000008 ... g-geb-howe
http://www.myheritage.de/person-1000007 ... -werdeling
http://www.myheritage.de/research?actio ... msrs.1&p=1
http://www.myheritage.de/site-family-tr ... lyTreeID=1

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Torsten
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Heimatschuss » 02 Feb 2015 22:01

Hello,

this is something of a continuation of the thread on the previous page about NS-Frauenschaft in Gau Cologne viewtopic.php?p=1897897#p1897897

According to Dördelmann (1995, p.273) and Michel (2007, p.132) the long-time Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin (GFL) in Gau Köln-Aachen, Frieda von Hofmann, was from Aachen. She took over the office from Martha von Gelinck in June 1935 and kept it until 1945. First she was just a temporary substitute but from February 1936 on she had the rank of a regular GFL.

The Aachen address book for 1936 has just a single entry for her family name, Dr.med. Eduard von Hofmann, an expert for kidney and bladder problems. http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/w/index.ph ... u&page=165

Thanks to an article in the daily 'Badische Zeitung' (N.N., 2014) and some genealogical sites I now know a bit more about her:

Emma Alwine Frieda von Hofmann (née Zahn)

* July 22, 1893 in Neuwerk (County Münchengladbach, Rhineland) (today Mönchengladbach-Neuwerk)
+ 1980

Frieda von Hofmann.jpg

She grew up in a wealthy family in the town of Viersen neighbouring Neuwerk. Her father Carl Zahn (1866 - 1942) was the co-founder and co-owner of the Pongs & Zahn Textilwerke AG in Viersen, one of the largest cotton mills in the Rhineland, engaged in making cotton yarn, cotton weaving, dying, textile printing and also manufacture of cotton garments (Schwerin von Krosigk, 1959, p.251; Hasenclever, 1972, p.123). Her mother was Fanny Elise Zahn, née Fabricius (1869 - 1944).

The next time we find Frieda she's a Red Cross nurse at the Russian front in 1917, working in a military hospital in the town of Zolochiv east of Lemberg (Lviv, Ukraine). She's already married and her husband Eduard Maria Ritter von Hofmann serves in the same hospital as a surgeon (N.N., 2014).

Eduard Maria was born in Vienna Oct 9, 1886 as son of Prof. Dr.med. Eduard Ritter von Hofmann, a prominent Austrian forensics expert with an international reputation. He 'd been nobilitated in 1884 for his scientific merits.
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduard_von_Hofmann
http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd117526630.html

In 1913 Eduard Maria Ritter von Hofmann starts figuring in the address books of Vienna as a MD, from 1916 on he's also an Universitätsassistent [assistant professor]. The last time he appears in the Vienna address book for 1920.
http://www.digital.wienbibliothek.at/wb ... ure/283161
http://www.digital.wienbibliothek.at/wb ... ure/283163

The same year he left Vienna and opened a doctor's office in the industrial town of Aachen in Western Germany (N.N., 1920), close to the origins of his wife. A later list of Aachen hospital staff from 1939 shows him as working (at least part-time) in Sanatorium Emmichstraße (Kühl, 2011, p.52).

The couple had three daughters:

- Margarete, born in 1917/18, still alive in 2014

- Lilli Martha, born in 1920, died in 2010

- Gertrud Hedwig Maria, born in 1923, died in 2012

Dr. Eduard Maria Ritter von Hofmann already died in 1946. Frieda von Hofmann went underground in 1945 and, without being detected, lived in a hamlet in Thuringia for more than three years. In late 1948 she returned to West Germany and contacted authorities for her de-nazification trial (Michel, 2007, p.132).

Interestingly, Frieda von Hofmann had a younger brother Karl-Friedrich Zahn (1900 - 1943) who became a Protestant pastor in Aachen in 1931 and was appointed to the office of Reichsjugendpfarrer by Reich Bishop Müller in Dec. 1933. In that role his main task was to steer the integration of the Protestant youth organizations into the Hitler Youth. Though an enthusiatic member of the NSDAP and the stormtroopers already in the early 1930s Zahn soon got into conflict with Hitler Youth leader Baldur von Schirach because his aim was cooperation with and not submission under the Hitler Youth. In retaliation for Zahn's repeated brusque criticism von Schirach had him expelled from the stormtroopers in Nov. 1934 (Riedel, 1976, pp.98; Schneider, 1993, p.179). At the same time Zahn more and more lost his influence over the Protestant youth because their organizations either simply disbanded or moved towards the rising confessing church (http://www.jugend1918-1945.de/thema.aspx?s=5229&m=3443). Being a lame duck since early 1935 Zahn still lingered on till autumn 1936 before finally being relieved from his office and transferred to the church administration.

Frustrated about the continuing struggle between the Party and the Protestant Church as well as the shattered hopes for his personal career Zahn volunteered for military service in 1940 and died of wounds as a Lieutenant in a field hospital near Dnepropetrovsk (Ukraine) in April 1943 (Riedel, 1976 pp.98; Braun & Grünzinger; 2006, pp.281).

Genealogical sources:

http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/Single ... on+Hofmann
http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/person ... 61-1500031
http://thumbnail.myheritageimages.com/4 ... 40x824.jpg
http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/person ... 61-1500030
http://www.myheritage.de/names/fanny_fabricius
http://thumbnail.myheritageimages.com/4 ... 20x824.jpg
http://www.myheritage.de/names/hedwig_borchard
http://www.heidermanns.net/gen-pers.php?ID=99484


References:

Braun, Hannelore; Grünzinger, Gertraud
Personenlexikon zum deutschen Protestantismus 1919-1949.
Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht; Göttingen; 2006

Dördelmann, Katrin
Die NS-Frauenschaft in Köln.
In:
Bargel, Helga; Braasch Monika; Franken, Irene (Eds.):
"10 Uhr pünktlich Gürzenich". Hundert Jahre bewegte Frauen in Köln.
Zur Geschichte der Organisationen und Vereine.
Herausgegeben vom Kölner Frauengeschichtsverein
Agenda-Verlag; Münster; 1995 p.266–278

Hasenclever, Fritz
Vom Federkiel zum Computer. Plaudereien zur Geschichte der graphischen Welt vom Altertum bis zur Gegenwart.
Rheinland-Verlag; Bonn; 1972

Kühl, Richard
Leitende Aachener Klinikärzte und ihre Rolle im >>Dritten Reich<<.
MD thesis; Kassel University Press; Kassel; 2011
http://www.uni-kassel.de/upress/online/ ... t.frei.pdf

Michel, Anette
>>Führerinnen<< im Dritten Reich. Die Gaufrauenschaftsleiterinnen der NSDAP.
In:
Steinbacher, Sybille (Ed.)
Volksgenossinnen. Frauen in der NS-Volksgemeinschaft.
Beiträge zur Geschichte des Nationalsozialismus Vol.23; Wallstein Verlag; Göttingen; 2007; pp.115-137

N.N.
Niederlassungen.
Berliner klinische Wochenschrift; Vol.57; 1920; p.1112

N.N.
Im Lazarett in Galizien. Frieda und Eduard von Hofmann versorgten Kriegsverletzte.
Badische Zeitung of Aug 22, 2014; 69. Jahrgang
http://www.badische-zeitung.de/waldkirc ... 10983.html

Riedel, Heinrich
Kampf um die Jugend. Evangelische Jugendarbeit 1933-1945.
Claudius Verlag; Munich; 1976

Schneider; Thomas Martin
Reichsbischof Ludwig Müller. Eine Untersuchung zu Leben, Werk und Persönlichkeit.
Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht; Göttingen; 1993

[Graf] Schwerin von Krosigk, Lutz
Die grosse Zeit des Feuers. Der Weg der deutschen Industrie. Vol.3
Wunderlich Verlag; Tübingen; 1959


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Torsten
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Heimatschuss » 11 Mar 2015 21:37

Hello,

let's start with the history of Gaufrauenschaftsleiterinnen (GFLs) in West Germany's Palatinate region. I've found information on several of them in a database for prominent persons from the Palatinate (http://www.rlb.de/cgi-bin/wwwalleg/maskrnam.pl?db=rnam).

Pauline Schwitzgebel (née Kurz)

Main source: http://www.rlb.de/cgi-bin/wwwalleg/goor ... =-pkc0278-)

[In Wikipedia she's currently listed as Paulina Schwitzgebel (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paulina_Schwitzgebel) but none of their referenced works uses this spelling.]

date of birth: Apr 6th, 1889
place of birth: Hütschenhausen (today County Kaiserslautern, Palatinate)
date of death: July 3rd, 1963
place of death: (Zweibrücken ?)

profession: needlework teacher

Pauline was the daughter of a merchant Karl Kurz. He must be identical to the butcher and inn keeper Karl Kurz (1855-1902) in Hütschenhausen mentioned in the 1911 Adressbuch für die Westpfalz (Reiselt, 1911, p.320) as the deceased husband of widow Philippina Kurz née Rittersbacher (1860-1928).
http://www.dilibri.de/rlb/periodical/pageview/98266
http://www.geni.com/people/Karl-Kurz/60 ... 2677570301
http://www.geni.com/people/Philippina-K ... 2677570309

On Dec. 24th, 1920 Pauline Kurz married in Zweibrücken Fritz Schwitzgebel (1888-1957), then still a university student in Bonn. Since Pauline married only when already 31, an age quite old for the time, she presumably had worked as a teacher for several years by then.

After finishing university her husband first pursued a school career but more and more drifted into NSDAP politics since joining the party in January 1926. Via a number of stepping stones in the party and the stormtroopers he finally became Lord Mayor of Saarbrücken, the capital of the Saarland in October 1937. An office he held till the end of the World War II.
http://www.rlb.de/cgi-bin/wwwalleg/goor ... =-pkc0277-
http://verwaltungshandbuch.bayerische-l ... -friedrich
http://www.saarland-biografien.de/index ... f=1&id=801

In 1923 Pauline became the regional leader of Deutscher Frauenorden (DFO) in the Palatinate (Heinz, 1993, p.94). This nationalist women's organisation headed by Elsbeth Zander was one - actually the preeminent one - of the forerunners to the NS-Frauenschaft.

Wikipedia claims Pauline joined NSDAP that year too but this seems to be a misinterpretation of the database entry. I haven't found any confirmation for it in secondary sources. Actually it would be unusual because normally it was for the husband to join first or couples applied for membership together. And as we know Fritz Schwitzgebel waited until 1926 before becoming a member. Additionally we must not forget that the Rhineland (including the Palatinate) still was under Allied occupation in 1923. The governing board of the occupation forces, the Inter-Allied Rhineland High Commission forbade all gatherings of the NSDAP in the occupied territories already in January 1923 and by July declared the party disbanded and illegal. A ban that the French authorities strictly enforced in the Palatinate, only small underground cells remained. As a reaction the Palatinate NSDAP started to pretend they were an organisation entirely independent from the NSDAP in Munich and not sharing any of Hitler's goals. The trick really worked and in March 1925 the NSDAP was legalized again in the Palatinate (Wettstein, 2010, pp.67). So here a remark by Blind (1996, pp.110) appears more trustworthy that Pauline Schwitzgebel entered the NSDAP just in 1926.

Pauline kept her place as Palatinate Gauführerin of the DFO until it was transformed into the NS-Frauenschaft in October 1931. Afterwards she ran the NS-Frauenschaft till autumn 1932 but was out of office for undisclosed reasons from then on. It could be related to the resignation of Gregor Strasser, the chief organizer of the NSDAP in December 1932 who had given the GFLs considerably more weight in the party (Michel, 2007, p.118). I've no clue who was the head of NS-Frauenschaft in Gau Rheinpfalz after Schwitzgebel's resignation but in February 1934 she returned to the GFL position, this time keeping the office until May 1st, 1935.

Parallel to the office of Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin she also was 'Kommissarin für die Gleichschaltung sämtlicher Frauenverbände' (somthing like commissioner for the integration of all women's organisations into NS-Frauenschaft) (Möhler, 2004, p.141). (For a comprehensive explanation of the term 'Gleichschaltung' see here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gleichschaltung). In most of Germany including the Palatinate a large part of the transition into a national-socialist state was completed before Pauline Schwitzgebel returned to the office. There's one major exception though. The Saarland area neighbouring the Palatinate was still controlled by the League of Nations thus ensuring a large extent of political freedom there. But in a plebiscite held in January 1935 more than 90 percent of the Saarlanders opted to rejoin Germany, Saarland becoming a part of the Reich again on March 1st, 1935. At the same time NSDAP's Gau Saarland was amalgamated with Gau Rheinpfalz where Schwitzgebel was active so there was quite some work to do for her. If Pauline Schwitzgebel achieved very much in the Saarland as commissioner is hard to say, this episode of her career lasting only two months. Due to Saarland's return to Germany Fritz Schwitzgebel got a new assignment in the Saarland school administration starting March 1935 so Pauline resigned from her GFL post a second time and followed her husband to Saarbrücken where she was active only on the county level as a propaganda speaker.

Though active in the NSDAP for many years Pauline Schwitzgebel always maintained a pronouncedly Christian attitude albeit for some time being a member of the 'Deutsche Christen', the pro-nazi wing of the Protestant church. In her de-nazification trial several witnesses testified that she had publically criticized the party and Gauleiter Bürckel on several occasions and also had helped persons in political trouble (Blind, 1996, pp.110; Möhler, 2004, p.94). According to Blind (1996, pp.110) by 1944 Pauline Schwitzgebel was so disappointed about the NSDAP and its politics that she wrote a letter with scathing criticism to the Gauleiter. In the letter she declared her resignation from all offices and her leaving the party.

In July 1945 both Fritz and Pauline Schwitzgebel were incarcerated by the Allies as political undesirables and spent the next years in so-called internment camps. Pauline was released after almost three years in June 1948 to stand trial before a de-nazification court in the Saarland. The verdict from October 1948 classed her as 'minor case' (Minderbelastete) resulting in a prison term of three years and two months that was done with her time in internment (Blind, 1996, p.111; Möhler, 2004, p.141). Fritz Schwitzgebel also faced his denazification trial in October 1948 and was condemned to four years in prison. He was prematurely released in April 1949 with the obligation to leave the Saarland. The couple settled in Zweibrücken (Palatinate) again where Erwin Schwitzgebel (1883-1971), the brother of Fritz, was a high school teacher.

The Schwitzgebel's marriage remained without offsprings but from 1930 on they raised a foster son, Helmut which they later adopted.
Helmut Schwitzgebel
* Apr 27th, 1925 in Hanover (Lower Saxony)
+ Febr. 4th, 1997 in Wiesbaden (Hesse)
Ironically the boy had Jewish ancestry, a fact Pauline concealed even from her husband (Möhler; 2004, p.141) even though Fritz was anything but a rabid anti-semite (Ames; 1990; p.61). Helmut Schwitzgebel later graduated from the University of Mainz as a Dr.phil. (1958) and served as director of the Hessian State Library in Wiesbaden from 1971 to 1988 (Habel, 1996, p.1345).

References:

Ames, Gerhard; Regionalgeschichtliches Museum Saarbrücken (Eds.)
Von der "Stunde 0" zum "Tag X". Das Saarland 1945-1959.
Katalog zur Ausstellung des Regionalgeschichtlichen Museums im Saarbrücker Schloss, Saarbrücken 1990
Merziger Druckerei und Verlag; Merzig; 1990

Blind, Adolf
Unruhige Jahre an der Saar 1947 bis 1957. Quo vadis, Saarland? 1947 bis 1955.
Verlag Haag und Herchen; Frankfurt am Main; 1996

Habel, Walter (Ed.)
Wer ist wer? Das deutsche Who's who.
35th edition; Verlag Schmidt-Römhild; Lübeck; 1996

Heinz, Hans-Joachim
„. . . die Reihen fest geschlossen"
Organisationsgeschichtliche Aspekte der pfälzischen NSDAP und ihrer Gliederungen.
in:
Nestler, Gerhard; Ziegler, Hannes (Eds.)
Die Pfalz unterm Hakenkreuz. Eine deutsche Provinz während der nationalsozialistischen Terrorherrschaft.
Pfälzische Verlagsanstalt; Landau; 1993; p.87-118

Möhler, Rainer
"Politische Christenverfolgung"?
Französische Entnazifizierungspolitik und der Verlauf der politischen Säuberung in der Pfalz nach 1945.
in:
Nestler, Gerhard; Ziegler, Hannes (Eds.)
Die Pfalz in der Nachkriegszeit. Wiederaufbau und demokratischer Neubeginn (1945-1954).
Institut für Pfälzische Geschichte und Volkskunde; Kaiserslautern; 2004, p.123-148

Reiselt, Hermann (Ed.)
Adreßbuch für die Westpfalz.
11. Aufl.; Hermann Reiselt Verlag; Zweibrücken; 1911
http://www.dilibri.de/rlb/periodical/pageview/97920

Schwitzgebel, Helmut
Kanzleisprache und Mundart in Ingelheim im ausgehenden Mittelalter.
Ph.D. thesis, University of Mainz; Schmidt Verlag; Kaiserslautern; 1958

Wettstein, Lothar
Josef Bürckel. Gauleiter - Reichsstatthalter - Krisenmanager Adolf Hitlers.
2nd ed.; Books on Demand; Norderstedt; 2010


Best regards
Torsten

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Heimatschuss » 22 Mar 2015 17:30

Hello,

in 1935 Pauline Schwitzgebel was succeeded as GFL by a bachelorette

Gertrud Dauber

Main source: http://www.rlb.de/cgi-bin/wwwalleg/goor ... =-pkc0059-

date of birth: June 22nd, 1902
place of birth: Finkenbach-Gersweiler (today County Donnersberg, Palatinate)
date of death: Mar 1st, 1984
place of death: ???

profession: social worker

Gertrud Dauber was the daughter of Finkenbach's Protestant preacher Albert Dauber (1866-1933) and his wife Johanna Maria Dauber née Simon (1869-1929). In 1906 the family left Finkenbach and moved to Landstuhl (Palatinate) where Albert Dauber became pastor of the Protestant parish, an office he maintained until his death (Biundo, 1968, p.82).

Gertrud Dauber had at least two brothers, Friedrich Hermann (1896-1964) and Karl Hellmut Dauber (?-?). Friedrich Hermann Dauber became a priest like his father and succeeded him in the Landstuhl parish. Actually the Daubers were a dynasty of Protestant clergymen that for generations supplied the Palatinate with preachers since about 1820 (Biundo, 1968, p.82). Karl Hellmut OTOH studied chemistry in Heidelberg and then Munich where he received his Ph.D.. During WW II he worked in Saarbrücken-Brebach as an engineer (Mack, 2001, p.247).

Gertrud Dauber entered NSDAP quite early on April 1st, 1931 and received membership no. 464319. Since July 1st, 1932 she was additionally a member of NS-Frauenschaft. Another year later on July 10th, 1934 she and Pauline Schwitzgebel were both made members of the Palatinate regional committee (Kreisausschuss) of the German Red Cross. After Schwitzgebel had resigned from the office of Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin in May 1935 Gertrud Dauber was appointed to it on Oct. 1st, 1935. She held the GFL office till Febr. 1st, 1941.

After the war she was arrested by the US forces and spent some time in the Ludwigburg internment camp (Württemberg) where she also had her de-nazification trial ending in 1950.
(https://www2.landesarchiv-bw.de/ofs21/o ... tand=18133)

References:

Biundo, Georg
Die evangelischen Geistlichen der Pfalz seit der Reformation. Pfälzisches Pfarrerbuch.
Verlag Degener & Co.; Neustadt a.d. Aisch, 1968

Mack, Hans-Joachim
Das Kriegsende in Rheinland-Pfalz. Kämpfe und Besetzung 1945.
Verlag v. Hase & Koehler; Mainz; 2001

Best regards
Torsten

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Heimatschuss » 11 Aug 2015 20:42

Hello,

this post is an addition to viewtopic.php?p=1780387#p1780387 on the previous page. There's some more information now on the history of the Gaufrauenschaftsleiterinnen (GFL) in Gau Niederdonau.

GFL Luise Schaffarzik fell ill in late March 1939 and had to be replaced by Anna Vietoris. This notice in a local weekly still announced Frau Schaffarzik would visit the small border town Bruck an der Leitha on March 24th, 1939 and speak to members of the NS-Frauenschaft from the region:

Luise Schaffarzik 1.JPG
Source:
Grenzbote (Wochenblatt für den Kreis Bruck an der Leita) of Mar. 19th, 1939; 28. Jahrgang; Folge 13; p.6
http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno? ... =6&zoom=33

But as the next edition of the weekly revealed Schaffarzik suddenly became sick and needed a holiday of about four weeks to recuperate. She'd promised to visit Bruck an der Leitha as soon as she's o.k. again though:

Luise Schaffarzik 2.jpg
Source:
Grenzbote (Wochenblatt für den Kreis Bruck an der Leita) of Mar. 26th, 1939; 28. Jahrgang; Folge 13; p.7
http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno? ... =7&zoom=33

Then there's no word about her for two month and only on May 28th the surprised readers learned that Luise Schaffarzik had resigned from her office for health reasons and had been replaced by Anna Vietoris from Krems:

Luise Schaffarzik 3.jpg
Source:
Grenzbote (Wochenblatt für den Kreis Bruck an der Leita) of May 28th, 1939; 28. Jahrgang; Folge 13; p.11
http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno? ... 11&zoom=43

The official date when Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin Schaffarzik was exchanged for Anny Vietories in Gau Niederdonau was May 12th, 1939 as coukd be read in another newspaper:
Schaffarzik - Vietoris.JPG
Source:
Wienerwald-Bote of May 20th, 1939; 40. Jahrgang; Folge 21, p.3
http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno? ... =3&zoom=33

The last two newspaper clippings also reveal another interesting detail. Usually in Third Reich administration all public offices were staffed according to the 'Führer Principle' i.e. in a purely top-down process without elections and other nonsense like that. So for example Hitler would appoint the Ministers and Gauleiters and they then would select their underlings (Gau staff and Kreisleiters) without having to ask anyone. There was only one exception to this, the leaders of the NS-Frauenschaft. In case of the GFLs for example an appointment was a consensual decision between the Gauleiter and the Reichsfrauenführerin. If I recall correctly it was the Gauleiter who had the right to make a proposal and Gertrud Scholtz-Klink (and her staff) then would have a look if the candidate seemed acceptable to her/them.

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Torsten
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Heimatschuss » 14 Aug 2015 20:41

Hello,

a small addition to the entry for GFL Maria Schicho from Gau Oberdonau [Gau Upper Danube] here viewtopic.php?p=1779010#p1779010:
The children of the Schicho couple were Anny, Franz and Karl. There's an entry in the database of the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge [Germam War Graves Commission] for a Flieger [Airman] Franz Schicho interred in France in 1942 that could be fitting but evidence isn't strong enough yet in my eyes.

Maria Schicho - children.JPG
Source:
Tages-Post [Linz, Upper Austria] of Mar. 6th; 1942; 78.Jahrgang; Nr.55; p.6
http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno? ... =6&zoom=43

Compared with the other death notices that appreared in Linz at the time this one is remarkable for its sober almost sombre style. No ranks are mentioned for anyone, no medals or awards, nothing of 'participant of the campaigns in ...', not a civilian profession and even the war theatre where Franz Schicho died isn't revealed.

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Torsten
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Heimatschuss » 04 Apr 2016 20:09

Hello,

news from Gau Düsseldorf. In 1944 Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin Grete Dormeier-Blaß was replaced by one Frau Linnemann. The official handing-over of the office must have been on Aug. 27th, 1944 when Gertrud Scholtz-Klink visited Düsseldorf. Scholtz-Klink also took the opportunity to visit the Böhler Steel Works in the town accompanied by both Dormeier-Blaß and Linnemann (S. B. P.; 1944).

References:

S. B. P.
Besuch der Reichsfrauenführerin im Werk Düsseldorf.
Werkzeitung der Gebrüder Böhler & Co. A.G; 1944; 7. Jahrgang; Heft 8-10; p.28
http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno- ... 16&size=45

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Heimatschuss » 05 Jun 2016 10:56

Hello,

here are some shots from a photo series that shows Flemish nurse trainees of the German Red Cross (DRK) taking their final course exam in La Hulpe, Belgium on Jan. 28th, 1944. One of the photo captions gives the name of the female DRK official addressing the future nurses as
'DRK-Oberstführerin von Hoffmann'. In my opinion the face and hairdo of this woman have a stark resemblance to that of Frieda von Hofmann, the Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin in Gau Köln-Aachen. For a comparison see the Hofmann photo above (viewtopic.php?p=1926362#p1926362).

There are some factors making it very likely this is indeed Frieda von Hofmann:

a) Frieda von Hofmann had served as a nurse during WW I and was married with a MD.

b) Several prominent members of NS-Frauenschaft including Gertrud Scholtz-Klink also held high ranks in the German Red Cross. The relationship between NS-Frauenschaft and the female division of the German Red Cross was more or less symbiotic during WW II.

c) Gau Cologne-Aachen where Frieda von Hofmann worked had very close ties to neighbouring Belgium during the German occupation 1940 - 1944.

d) The spelling of German names and designations by Cegesoma is often somewhat haphazard. 'Hoffmann' and 'Hofmann' are easily confused.

All subsequent pictures from http://pallas.cegesoma.be/pls/opac/plsp ... l/opac.htm :

Hoffmann 1 (Cegesoma No. 18068).jpg

Hoffmann 1 Zoom (Cegesoma No. 18068).jpg

Hoffmann 2 (Cegesoma No. 18049).jpg

Hoffmann 3 (Cegesoma No. 18070).jpg

Hoffmann 4 (Cegesoma No. 18046).jpg

What do you think?

Best regards
Torsten
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Heimatschuss » 25 Jun 2016 19:58

Hello,

here are some new informations on the Gaufrauenschaftsleiterinnen of Gau Baden-Elsass based on newspaper articles I've found last week.

Hildegard_Erley photo 1.jpg
Source: Straßburger Neueste Nachrichten [Strasbourg, Alsace] of Jan. 10th, 1943; Jahrgang 1943; Folge 10; p.3
http://digital.blb-karlsruhe.de/blbz/ze ... ew/2756492

Dr.med. Hildegard Erley (née Steffen)

Date of birth: 04.04.1903
Place of birth: Cronenberg (County Mettmann, Rhineland) [today Wuppertal-Cronenberg]
Date of death: ?
Place of death: ?

Hildegard was the daughter of a school headmaster. After finishing high school she studied medicine at the universities of Düsseldorf and then Freiburg im Breisgau where she graduated in 1929. In the same year she married dentist Dr.med.dent. Johannes 'Hans' Erley, also a Freiburg graduate. Like Hildegard he originated from the Ruhr district being born in Essen-Borbeck. After leaving university Hildegard Erley worked as an assistant doctor in the towns of Schramberg and Emmendingen in the following years.

Her husband joined the NSDAP already in 1930 (Haumann et al., 1992, p.312; Clausing, 2005, p.140) and the next year Hildegard Erley did so too. At first she was head of the NS-Frauenschaft in County Staufen while her husband was Kreisleiter of all NSDAP in that county. When County Staufen was disbanded in the course of an administrative reform in 1936 Hildgard Erley changed to a minor position, the desk for race politics (Rassenpolitik) in the newly formed NSDAP's county staff. Later she rose to head of the liaison office to the party's office for race politics.

Her husband was successful in the NSDAP as well. After County Staufen had been disbanded he was NSDAP Kreisleiter in County Freiburg im Breisgau for some time in 1937 and then became NSDAP Kreisleiter of County Waldshut where he settled with his family (Clausing, 2005, p.140)

Though having four small children Hildegard Erley began to work as a substitute for sick colleagues after the outbreak of WW II. Since 1941 she permanently replaced a doctor conscripted for military service in his medical office. Dr. Hans Erley who was a veteran of WW I was called up for military service once again in early 1942. He fell as a 1st Lt. at Voronezh (Southern Russia) in October that year. [The NSDAP press release erroneously gave 1941 as his year of death.]
Dr. Hans Erley ist namentlich auf der vom Volksbund errichteten Kriegsgräberstätte in Kursk - Besedino auf einer Natursteinstele verzeichnet. Näheres hinsichtlich seiner Grablage bzw. seines Verbleibs erfahren Sie beim Gräbernachweis.

Nachname: Dr. Erley
Vorname: Hans
Dienstgrad: Oberleutnant
Geburtsdatum: 26.02.1900
Geburtsort: Essen-Borbeck
Todes-/Vermisstendatum: 03.10.1942
Todes-/Vermisstenort: Südostteil von Woronesh
Source: http://www.volksbund.de/graebersuche.html

After the war Dr. Hildgard Erley lived in Switzerland for at least some time. Some correspondence between her and the Baden-Württemberg state administration from 1958 is held in the state archive in Freiburg im Breisgau. Back then she was living in the hamlet Fuchsschwand in the Canton of Lucerne.

The Erleys had a total of four children, but I've found just the christian names of two of them: a girl Gunhild and a boy Wulf.
https://www.myheritage.de/names/johannes_erley
http://prabook.org/web/person-view.html?profileId=42248

Hildegard_Erley 1.jpg
Source: Straßburger Neueste Nachrichten [Strasbourg, Alsace] of Jan. 2nd, 1943; Jahrgang 1943; Folge 2; p.3
http://digital.blb-karlsruhe.de/blbz/ze ... ew/2756434

Another photo of her, not so good because the letters from the backside partially punched through in this scan:

Hildegard_Erley photo 2.jpg
Source: Badische Presse [Karlsruhe, Baden] of Jan. 11th, 1943; 59. Jahrgang; No. 8; p.5
http://digital.blb-karlsruhe.de/blbz/ze ... ew/2198434

References:

Clausing, Kathrin
Leben auf Abruf. Zur Geschichte der Freiburger Juden im Nationalsozialismus.
(Veröffentlichungen aus dem Archiv der Stadt Freiburg im Breisgau No.37). Stadtarchiv Freiburg i. Br.; 2005

Haumann, Heiko; Rübsam, Dagmar; Schnabel, Thomas; Ueberschär, Gerd R.
Von der Auflösung der Weimarer Republik bis zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs (1930 - 1945).
in:
Haumann, Heiko; Schadek, Hans (Eds.)
Geschichte der Stadt Freiburg im Breisgau.
Konrad Theiss Verlag; Stuttgart; 1992; p.297-370

Best regards
Torsten
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Freakingcat » 28 Dec 2016 09:50

Does anyone have a picture of GFL Maria Schicho from Gau Oberdonau?

I have searched the newspaper online archives (http://anno.onb.ac.at/) but couldnt find anything

Does anyone know until what year she had her tailor shop in Bad Schallerbach where she was said to give also tailering classes?

Any information about her not posted in this forum is highly appreciated

Thanks

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Eponine » 16 Feb 2017 23:41

Hello,

I found information about Gaufrauenschaftsführerin of Sudetenland - Isabella Pompe. I hope you find it interesting!

date of birth: 22. 12. 1901
place of birth: Wien, Austria
date of death: ???
place of death: ???

She was born as Isabella Grandmayer, profession: the literature teacher, member of DTV.
15. 1. 1934 she was joined to SdP (Sudetendeutsche Partei) (no. 51291). From 1935 member of the Kreisleitung in Böhmische Leipa (Česká Lípa) and the Kreisfrauenschaftsleiterin, from 1.1.1936 member of Frauenbeirates der SdP, head of the Frauenorganisation (she was officially represented by Rudolf Dietel in SdP, but she was doing all the important work). Gaufrau in BdD (Bund der Deutschen), from 1936 the leader of the women in Deutschen Kulturverband. In agreement with Gertrud Scholz-Klink she was named as Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin. She was also the leader of Deutsche Frauenwerk, the leader of Gauwaltung DAF and the leading expert for women question.
Thanks to Pompe became the Frauenschaft in the county of Sudetenland the strongest organisation in the whole Reich – it was very hard to find a woman in Sudetenland who was not a member of the NS-Frauenschaft or Deutsche Frauenwerk!
Even before the declaration of all-out war deployment she developed a large recruitment event for women to work, she personally spoke at large gatherings in all districts of the county, where she attended 3-4 day gatherings per day. The result was great – hundreds of women volunteered for service although this service was not obligatory for them.
She had good relationship with Konrad Henlein, she had great authority and was characterized as very ambitious and ruthless woman, type of “butch woman”, who put great pressure at her co-workers and the entire surroundings. She permitted no own opinion.
She lived separated of her husband and had close relations with some woman in Berlin (implied that she was a lesbian). Her husband was allegedly expelled from the SS and the party.

In 1946 she lived in Munich under name Römpel.
Honors: 30. 1. 1943 Honorary Golden Badge of NSDAP.

Source: Biman, Stanislav: Kdo byl kdo v Říšské župě Sudety. Biografická příručka A-Z, Státní oblastní archiv v Litoměřicích, 2008, ISBN: 978-80-254-3039-2 (electronic publication - "Who was who in Reichsgau Sudetenland. Biographical guide.")
Original source: A MV; BA Berlin BDC PK J 156/1925

best regards,
Lucie

smetanin albert
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby smetanin albert » 18 Feb 2017 09:29

Hello Lucie,

Where can I find - electronic publication - "Who was who in Reichsgau Sudetenland. Biographical guide."?

Albert

Halfdan S.
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Halfdan S. » 18 Feb 2017 19:01

Hi Lucie,

did Pompe hold the post of Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin until End of the War?

Here's another Gaufrauenschaftsleitering by the way: http://www.saarland-biografien.de/Welcker-Else-geb-Woll

Best
Halfdan S.

Freakingcat
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Freakingcat » 18 May 2017 05:36

Schicho Porträt.png


https://www.meinbezirk.at/grieskirchen/lokales/maria-schicho-die-erste-frau-im-gau-oder-die-bilderbuchkarriere-einer-kleintierzuechterin-d2126573.html

After intense research at the Landesarchiv in Linz I have found information about Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin Maria Schicho of Gau Oberdonau and published an article about her (in German but hopefully Google Translate will do the trick)

In her NSDAP membership application I discovered a picture of her. In my article I have also published a few documents from her court files at the Volksgerichtshof in Linz
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Halfdan S.
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Postby Halfdan S. » 18 May 2017 22:28

Thanks for posting,

Regards
Halfdan S.


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