NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Discussions on the role played by and situation of women in the Third Reich not covered in the other sections. Hosted by Vikki.
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Heimatschuss
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 17 Mar 2013 15:07

Let' move to the next Gau:

Salzburg
----------
The NSDAP address books for 1938 - 1941 show Maria Vogl as Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin (GFL) (Rademacher, 2000, p.364). According to Fillies-Kirmsse (1941, p.129) Vogl was just an acting (kommissarische) GFL even in April 1941 when the list for her book was compiled. Vogl's term of office ended on March, 3rd, 1942 when Dr. Anna Kottenhoff took over as Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin (N.N., 1942a, 1942c)

From March, 3rd, 1942 till late 1942 the GFL post was held by Dr.iur. Anna Dammer(-Kottenhoff) (N.N., 1942a, 1942c)
(See http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 2#p1473712). If the photo caption in N.N. (1942e) is correct she still was GFL when she resigned from all student association positions on Dec. 9th, 1942 (N.N., 1942f). Her time as Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin must have ended at that date or shortly afterwards because from N.N. (1942d) you get the impression that she was already out of office when that copy appeared.
Anna Dammer-Kottenhoff 2.jpg
Source: N.N. (1942b)
Anna Dammer-Kottenhoff 3.jpg
Source: N.N. (1942d)

Who was her successor is unclear to me so far. The only thing I've found is a vague remark in Haas (1996, p.376) that for some time the GFL post was held by the wife of Karl Fiala. Karl Fiala was Gauamtsleiter in Salzburg since 1942 running the Rassenpolitisches Amt (office for racial politics).

After that there seems to have been a new change because in January 1945 it was Margret Zöls who served as Salzburg's Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin (Heinisch et al., 1995, p.51).


References:

Fillies-Kirmsse, Erika
Deutsches Frauenschaffen im Kriege. Jahrbuch der Reichsfrauenführung
Westfalen Verlag; Dortmund; 1941

Haas, Walburga
Zeitzeugenberichte.
in
Haas, Walburga (Hrsg.)
Volkskunde und Brauchtumspflege im Nationalsozialismus in Salzburg.
Referate, Diskussionen, Archivmaterial.
Salzburger Landesinstitut für Volkskunde; Salzburg; 1996; p.359-394

Heinisch, Reinhard Rudolf; Marx, Erich; Waitzbauer, Harald
Bomben auf Salzburg. Die "Gauhauptstadt" im "totalen Krieg".
Informationszentrum der Landeshauptstadt; Salzburg; 1995

N.N. (1942a)
Parteigenossin Dr. Kottenhoff Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin von Salzburg.
Die Bewegung (Ausgabe Südwest) of Mar 7th, 1942; 10. Jahrgang, Folge 5, p.9
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit ... b50412e26f

N.N. (1942b)
Kottenhoff photo
Die Bewegung (Ausgabe Südwest) of Mar 21st, 1942; 10. Jahrgang, Folge 6, p.6
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit ... b50412e26f

N.N. (1942c)
Dr. Anna Kottenhoff Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin.
Die Bewegung (Ausgabe Südwest) of Mar 21st, 1942; 10. Jahrgang, Folge 6, p.9
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit ... b50412e26f

N.N. (1942d)
6 Jahre in der Studentinnenarbeit.
Die Bewegung (Ausgabe Südwest) of Dec 19th, 1942; 10. Jahrgang, Folge 25/26, p.2
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit ... b50412e26f

N.N. (1942e)
Kottenhoff photo
Die Bewegung (Ausgabe Südwest) of Dec 19th, 1942; 10. Jahrgang, Folge 25/26, p.8
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit ... 9cfb49af83

N.N. (1942f)
Besprechung der Gau-ANSt.-Referentinnen.
Die Bewegung (Ausgabe Südwest) of Dec 19th, 1942; 10. Jahrgang, Folge 25/26, p.14
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit ... b50412e26f
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 21 Mar 2013 01:06

Moving further NE we come to

Oberdonau
-------------
The only woman to hold the office of Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin in Gau Oberdonau was Maria Schicho. There's a short biography for her in Hauch (2006, p.44).

Maria Schicho (nee Grafinger)
----------------
* Apr 27th, 1891 Grünau im Almtal
+ Aug 15th, 1955 Linz

She attended the local primary and secondary schools, later a school for housekeeping and a teachers' seminary where she obtained the license for tailoring classes.

She was married with Karl Schicho (* Oct 15th, 1885), a self-employed roofer and plumber. The couple had two children, a daughter born in 1915 and a son born in 1918 and additionally raised a foster son. In 1923 Karl Schicho moved his workshop from Grünau to Bad Schallerbach
http://www.villas.at/de/co688/bauherren ... n/112/188/

Maria Schicho opened her own tailoring workshop in Bad Schallerbach. One of her neighbours was Alois Dornetshuber, the NSDAP Kreisleiter in County Grieskirchen, who instigated her interest in the NSDAP. Schicho joined the NSDAP local in Bad Schallerbach in 1932 with membership number 1.455.175. This also had the advantage that Dornetshuber recommended her workshop to new stormtroopers looking where to get the requisite uniform. An important income for her during the Great Depression I'm sure. Otherwise Schicho kept a low profile in the NSDAP in the years to come.

After the annexation of Austria in March 1938 it was the wheely Dornetshuber again who proposed Schicho as Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin, pointing out her low party number and great experience. (Dornetshuber himself later rose to Landesbauernführer (head of farmers union) in Gau Oberdonau in June 1943.) Actually he'd made Schicho Kreisfrauenschaftsleiterin in County Grieskirchen just one week earlier without her having played an important role previously.

On March 30th, 1938 Schicho was indeed appointed to acting (kommissarische) GFL for Gau Oberdonau and moved to Linz with her family. They took residence in the building of the Gaufrauenschaftsleitung where Schicho also opened a small handicraft shop on the ground floor. In October 1938 after her doing a number of public speeches Gauleiter Eigruber confirmed Schicho as his choice for GFL. Official approval of Schicho by the Reichsfrauenführung took much longer and was achieved just on September 1st, 1941 making her a full GFL (no longer acting GFL). She kept this position till the collapse of Germany in May 1945.

Maria Schicho was arrested by the Allies on May 30th, 1945 and was incarcerated in the Glasenbach camp near Salzburg till April 23rd, 1947 when she was transferred to state court prison in Linz. There severe damage to the heart was diagnosed and she was released on her word of honour in May 1947. Afterwards she lived with the family of her daughter Anna and her son-in-law Franz Kornhuber in Schlüsselberg (Upper Austria). On August 13th, 1948 she was sentenced by the Volksgericht (People's Court) in Linz to a term of three years hard prison for her role in Third Reich (Brown, 2004, p.69). My sources aren't clear if she had to do this sentence or if it was judged as already done with her time in Glasenbach like in other cases.

Maria Schicho died in a hospital in Linz in 1955 after a stroke.


References:

Brown, Alison
Linzer Stadtführerin - Frauengeschichtliche Stadtrundgänge.
Buchverlag Franz Steinmaßl; Linz; 2004

Hauch, Gabriella
Frauen im Reichsgau Oberdonau. Geschlechtsspezifische Bruchlinien im Nationalsozialismus.
Oberösterreichisches Landesarchiv; Linz; 2006

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 26 Mar 2013 15:10

We start travelling down the Danube and reach

Niederdonau
---------------
In 1938 to 1939 Luise Schaffarzik held the post of Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin in Gau Niederdonau (Rademacher, 2000, p.348). There aren't many people in Austria with the family name 'Schaffarzik' (providing this is the correct spelling). The only one in the Vienna address books at the time was one Ralph Schaffarzik, the financial manager of Vienna's municipial cemeteries. Could be that Luise was his wife.

So far I've no date when exactly the shift to her successor Anny Vietoris happened. The earliest occasion with Vietoris appearing as GFL was May 20th, 1940 when she spoke at a women's meeting in Sankt Pölten before mother's day (N.N., 1940). Prior to becoming GFL Vietoris had been Kreisfrauenschaftsleiterin in County Krems, Lower Austria (Rademacher, 2000, p.352). She kept her GFL office till war's end, the last time she figured in the press was Apr. 21st, 1945 when she urged the women of Krems to hold out (Preiß, 1994, pp.54).

Anna (Anny) Vietoris (nee Severus, Edle Von Laubenfeld und Ciminago)
------------------------
* [1]
+ [1]

Anna was a daughter of Austrian Feldmarschalleutnant Viktor Severus, Edler Von Laubenfeld Und Ciminago (1859 - 1919). Her father is buried in the Krems city cemetery (http://mib66.beepworld.de/friedhoefe2.htm).

According to the Krems address book for 1930 (Schistal, 1931) she was living with her mother in Krems and studied
pharmacology, most likely in Vienna. By then she already had passed the 'Vordiplom' in pharmacology. ['Vordiplom' are the exams taken half-way through a university study, roughly similar to a bachelor's degree.] I don't know though if she actually completed the course.

Anny was the second wife of Dr.med. Franz Josef Adolf Vietoris (Preiß, 1994, p.55)
* Gröbming (Styria) Mar 17th, 1893
The couple had three children.

Dr.med. Vietoris was the son of Dr.med.vet. Franz Vietoris, a public service veteriarian living in Krems. Vietoris graduatd from the Vienna University of Medicine in 1920, then worked in a hospital in Vienna before moving to Krems in 1924 (Weinrich & Plöckinger, 1990, p.385). OTOH the Vienna address books list him as a resident of Vienna till (including) 1928 (http://www.digital.wienbibliothek.at/wb ... ure/283163). Just then he seems to have transferred to Krems because there he figures in the 1931 address book, the only one available for Krems (Schistal, 1931). Interestingly he did not only run his own ambulance office in his mother's house there but also was the prison doctor of the state prison in Krems-Stein. He must have been an amiable fellow well-liked anywhere. One of the prison inmates, Anton Rintelen, later remarked on the very friendly treatment he received from Vietoris there and took it as sympathy for his political stance (Rintelen, 1941, p.332). [Rintelen had been the NSDAP's proponent for the Austrian chancellery during their 1934 coup attempt in Vienna.] On the other side Preiß (1994, p.55) also remembers Vietoris as a kind character, saying he was their family doctor for many years though the Preiß family was anti-nazi.

The Vietoris couple committed suicide in May 1945. Some information on the incident can be found in Weinrich & Plöckinger (1990, p.385) but their geographical details remain a bit contradictory. According to them the Vietoris couple and their family appeared in Unterweißenbach (Mühlviertel, Upper Austria) on the evening of May 10th, 1945 and spent the night there. The next day Unterweißenbach was occupied by Soviet forces while the Vietoris couple disappeared together with their family. Their corpses were found in the Hornerwald forest on May 14th, 1945. A note written by Dr. Vietoris made it clear that it was a collective suicide. The dead were then buried in the Unterweißenbach cemetery.

The problem I have is that the only Hornerwald forest is 70 km east of Unterweißenbach, just 30 km north of Krems. So the Vietoris travelled quite a distance back home against the stream of Soviet forces just to kill themselves afterwards? Why were they buried in Unterweißenbach since it's rather far away from the death scene? In 1945 70 km were some distance and motorized transport rare. Perhaps the authors confused the hamlet Sankt Leonhard am Hornerwald with the hamlet Sankt Leonhard bei Freistadt which is only 12 km west of Unterweißenbach. At least to me the latter location looks more logical.

References:

[1] The information is at http://www.myheritage.de/research?actio ... 1+lnmsrs.1
but I think spending 36 Euros just for a birth date and a death date is a bit too much. Does someone have an account
there already to look it up? I'd be very indebted.

N.N. (1940)
Großkundgebung der Frauenschaft des Kreises St. Pölten.
Das Kleine Blatt of May 20th, 1940; 14. Jahrgang, Folge 137; p.3
http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno? ... =3&zoom=33

Preiß, Kurt
Krems im Jahre 1945. Ereignisse, Entwicklungen, Erinnerungen.
Verein für Geschichte d. Arbeiterbewegung; Krems; 1994

Rintelen, Anton
Erinnerungen an Österreichs Weg.
F. Bruckmann Verlag; München; 1941

Schistal, Karl
Adressenbuch von Krems und Stein an der Donau.
Karl Schmidl Verlag; Krems; 1931
https://www.findbuch.at/de/adressbuch-k ... -1931.html

Weinrich, Berthold; Plöckinger, Erwin
Niederösterreichische Ärztechronik: Geschichte der Medizin und der Mediziner Niederösterreichs.
Verlag O. Möbius; Wien; 1990

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 28 Mar 2013 15:43

Routing around Vienna which is well researched we're approaching

Steiermark
-------------
The change from Karla Mayer to Dr.med. Ada Smital took place on Mar 15th, 1941 according to Tidl (1984, p.295, footnote 7). He's quoting from a note in Völkischer Beobachter (Mar 16th, 1941, p.17). This date is in accordance with a number of newspaper clippings on Smital's inauguration stored in the Styrian State Library (http://webapp.uibk.ac.at/alo_cat/card.jsp?id=12432879).

On the other hand this date doesn't entirely fit the description of Karla Mayer's fall from grace given in Mindler (2006, pp.129). According to Mindler Mayer's prosecution for embezzlement was in April 1940. Perhaps (official) prosecution only started after she'd already been removed from her GFL office, who knows?


Ada Smital (nee ???)
-------------
* Mar 16th, 1893
+ ???

Smital received her doctorate in medicine from the University of Vienna in 1920. Till 1927 she worked as assistant doctor in the eye clinic of Vienna University. In Aug. 1927 she moved to Wiener Neustadt (Lower Austia) where she worked as specialist for ophtalmology for less than a year. Then she transferred to the neighbouring state Burgenland where she served as ophtalmologist in the town of Oberwart. In 1933 Smital joined the NSDAP and was part of their 'Nachrichtendienst' in the following years [Nachrichtendienst is an ambiguous term and can mean either intelligence service or news agency.] She became Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin of the short-lived Gau Burgenland in 1937 but lost the position again when the Gau was disbanded in Oct. 1938. (Weinrich & Plöckinger, 1990, p.728; N.N., 1940).

Ada Smital was married with surgeon Dr.med. Wilhelm Smital, chief medical officer of the hospital in Oberwart, Burgenland (N.N., 1956). For a short CV of her husband see N.N. (1941) and Lemberg et.al. (2005, p.142). W. Smital was for some time Gauärzteführer of Gau Burgenland till its end in Oct. 1938 but then put more emphasis on his scientific and medical career and only figured on the local party level. Dr. Ada Smital apparently remained in office till May 1945. The last time we see her in the press was in Dec. 1944 when she welcomed Gertrud Scholtz-Klink who was touring Styria (N.N., 1944).

With the invasion of Burgenland by Soviet forces in spring 1945 the Smital family lost all their belongings in Oberwart. Wilhelm Smital was arrested by the Allies in 1945 and remained incarcerated in an internment camp (Glasenbach?) until 1948 (another source says 1946). After being released he was denied any adequate professional position by the Austrian authorities and had to work as an assistant doctor again. As a consequence Herr Smital accepted an offer from Persia to become chief medical officer at the Iranian Railways hospital and the couple emigrated to Teheran in 1949. There he expanded the hospital greatly in the years to come, as well as reorganizing the state hospital in Shiraz where he also worked as lecturer and teaching surgeon. There even was a rumour that Smital was the personal physician of Soraya, then the Shah's wife. Dr. Wilhelm Smital died from a stroke in Teheran on May 28th, 1956 (N.N., 1956; Ehrlicher & Leitinger, 1970, p.124, 218).

Ada Smital and the Smitals' daughter were present at official state ceremony in Teheran when the coffin of Wilhelm Smital was shipped back home to be burried at Steyrling (Upper Austria). After that there's no more trace of Ada Smital. Their daughter presumably was Dr.phil. Erika Smital who graduated from Vienna University in 1953 and married a Viennese professor in 1958 (Taylor, 1972, p.464). So presumably Ada Smital returned to Austria too and lived there inoccuously for the rest of her life.

References:

Ehrlicher, Klaus Eckart; Leitinger, Reinhart
Ein Hort deutschen Fühlens. Die Grazer Akademische Burschenschaft Arminia im Wandel der Zeiten.
Aula-Verlag; Graz; 1970

Mindler, Ursula
"Portschy ist Burgenländer, ich bin Steirer". Ein Burgenländer als Gauleiter-Stellvertreter von Steiermark.
Das Wirken Dr. Tobias Portschys im steirischen Raum.
Blätter für Heimatkunde (herausgegeben vom Historischen Verein für Steiermark, Graz);
80. Jahrgang; Heft 4; 2006; pp.117-143
http://tinyurl.com/ctx2qyy

Tidl, Georg
Die Frau im Nationalsozialismus.
Europaverlag; Wien; 1984
http://tinyurl.com/cedxhfw

Lemberg, Hans; Melville, Ralph; Slapnicka, Helmut
Biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte der böhmischen Länder.
Band IV, Lieferung 2: Sitk - Soko
Oldenbourg Verlag; München; 2005

N.N.(1940)
Eine neue Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin für die Steiermark.
Das Kleine Blatt of July 28th, 1940; 14. Jahrgang, Folge 206; p.7
http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno? ... =7&zoom=33

N.N. (1941)
Habilitation an der Universität in Wien.
Marburger Zeitung of June 26th, 1941; Marburg/Drau; 81.Jahrgang, Nr.148; p.6
http://www.dlib.si/stream/URN:NBN:SI:DO ... 395fdc/PDF

N.N. (1944)
Die deutsche Frau als Kameradin der Kämpfenden.
Marburger Zeitung of Dec. 2nd, 1944; Marburg/Drau; 84.Jahrgang, Nr.334; p.4
http://tinyurl.com/b73kgug

N.N. (1956)
Medizinalrat Dr. Wilhelm Smital, Teheran, gestorben.
Sudetenpost of June 16th, 1956; 2.Jahrgang, Folge 12; p.6
http://www.sudetenpost.eu/Archiv/1956/12.pdf

Taylor, Stephen
Who's who in Austria.
8th Ed.; 1972

Weinrich, Berthold; Plöckinger, Erwin
Niederösterreichische Ärztechronik: Geschichte der Medizin und der Mediziner Niederösterreichs
Verlag O. Möbius; Wien; 1990
http://tinyurl.com/avucqbf

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Igor Karpov » 08 May 2014 14:23

Else Paul, Betty Köhler, G-S-K.

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Igor
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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 18 May 2014 09:16

Hello,
Heimatschuss wrote: The succession of Gaufrauenschaftsleiterinnen in Hamburg now looks like this

???? - 1930 Else Gloy (Deutscher Frauenorden) [1]
1930 - Oct 31, 1930 Maria Meyer (Deutscher Frauenorden) [2]
Oct 31, 1930 - Jan 1933 Maria Meyer (NS-Frauenschaft) [2]
Jan 1933 - May 1, 1935 Martha Warnecke [3][4], deputy Maria Meyer [2]
May 1, 1935 - Dec 1, 1936 Maria Meyer [2], deputy Else Gloy [5]
Dec 1, 1936 - 1939(?) Maria Warnholtz [2]
1939(?) - 1945(?) Maria Schmidt [6][7]

[1] Arendt et al. (1995, pp.327)
[2] Hamburger Tageblatt of Dec. 2, 1936 (http://tinyurl.com/3qmrx2b)
[3] Zolling (1986, p.143, p.199)
[4] Overlack (2007, p. 224)
[5] Hamburger Anzeiger of May 8, 1935 (http://tinyurl.com/6goqey4)
[6] Rademacher (2000, p.74)
[7] http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 29#p982929

Maria Warnholtz and Maria Schmidt may be the same person. 'Maria' is a typical Catholic first name while Hamburg and its surroundings are Protestant areas. Finding three different 'Marias' there looks highly unlikely. Warnholtz was a bachelorette according to [2] so may have changed her family name by marriage later.
my suspicion has been confirmed. In his memoirs former Lord Mayor of Hamburg (1933-1945) Carl Vincent Krogmann remembers her as Frau Maria Schmidt-Warnholtz (Krogmann, 1976, p.346, 371).

References:

Krogmann, Carl Vincent
Es ging um Deutschlands Zukunft.
1932 - 1939. Erlebtes täglich diktiert von dem früheren Regierenden Bürgermeister von Hamburg.
Druffel-Verlag; Leoni am Starnberger See; 1976

Best regards
Torsten

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 25 May 2014 09:47

Good morning,

in Gau Westfalen-Süd Hilde (or Hildegard) Baltes was the predecessor of Anna Luise Bruckner as Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin (Wagner, 1983, p.323). I'm still lacking exact dates for her term of office though. She must have been in charge at least in spring 1933 as mentioned by Schoppmeyer (1985, p.186). A campaign poster for the elections in March 1933 with her name on is in the stocks of the Deutsches Historisches Museum in Berlin http://www.dhm.de/datenbank/dhm.php?sei ... 0=D2Z27698 .

References:

Schoppmeyer, Heinrich
Der Nationalsozialismus in Witten. Teil 1.
In:
Verein für Orts- und Heimatkunde in der Grafschaft Mark (Ed.)
Jahrbuch des Vereins für Orts- und Heimatkunde in der Grafschaft Mark; Witten a.d. Ruhr; Vol. 82/83, 1985, pp. 7–274

Wagner, Johannes Volker
Hakenkreuz über Bochum. Machtergreifung und nationalsozialistischer Alltag in einer Revierstadt.
Studienverlag Brockmeyer; Bochum; 1983, S.323

Best regards
Torsten

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 15 Jun 2014 23:35

Hello,

I've found the following interesting tidit in a Sopade report from 1935. This story obviously refers to Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin Helene Bögli from Baden. She succeeded Gertrud Scholtz-Klink in that role when Scholtz-Klink left for Berlin in 1934. It may explain why Bögli disappeared so quickly again from the scene and received no further mention.
April 1935
...
Südwestdeutschland:
...
Hauptlehrer Bürgle (oder Bögle) und seine Frau, die Kreisleiterin des WHW, Gauleiterin und Fachberaterin für Volkswohlfahrt beim badischen Ministerium des Innern war, wurden sämtlicher Ämter enthoben. Trotz der Verheimlichung durch die Behörden konnten doch einige ihrer Veruntreuungen an die Öffentlichkeit gelangen. So hat Frau B. an alle Frauenvereine Postkarten mit ihrem eigenen Bild geschickt. Die Vereine mußten die Karten verkaufen, das Geld steckte Frau B. selbst ein. Ihr Vater, Hauptlehrer a. D. Martin, war in Müllheim Leiter der NS-Wohlfahrt. Auch er mußte gehen. Ihr Bruder, alter Kämpfer, wegen Diebstahls vorbestraft, machte diesen Winter mit dem Wagen des WHW Privatfahrten.
Translation:
School teacher Bürgle (or Bögle) and his wife who was county head of the Winterhilfswerk, Gau leader of the NS-Frauenschaft and expert adviser on public welfare in the Ministry of the Interior in the state of Baden were removed from all public offices. Though the administration tried to conceal the case news about some of their embezzlements reached the public. For example Frau B. sent postcards with her portait on them to all women's organizations. The organizations had to sell these cards, the revenue went into Frau B.'s own pocket. Her father, retired school teacher Martin, was head of the National-Socialist welfare organization is Müllheim. He was sacked too. Her brother, an old party acitivist and sentenced for theft, used a car of the Winterhilfswerk this winter for private
journeys.
The Sopade reports (Deutschland-Berichte der Sopade) were compiled and published by some exiled Social Democrats politicians based on information they obtained from a network of informers back home. The official Sopade reports appeared from May 1934 till 1940. For historians they're a valuable source on everyday life and public (though not published) opinion of ordinary Germans during the Third Reich.

Sopade is an acronym meaning Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Social Democrats Party of Germany). It was used by a group a prominent Social Democrats that had gathered in the Saarland (then still controlled by the League of Nations) after Hitler had come to power. Very soon though, still in 1933 they shifted their operations to Prague. There they formed a kind of semi-official party council in exile in the years to come albeit their claim to be the genuine representative of the party being challenged by several others. After Hitler succeeded in destroying Czechoslovakia in 1938 the Sopade group moved its HQ to Paris. There it disbanded after the fall of France in summer 1940.

The Sopade council had gathered and published reports about the situation in Germany right from the beginning. Early on these were often hardly more than rumours circulating in the Reich and heavily reflected the socialist Weltanschauung of their originators. After this initial phase intelligence gathering and analysis became more systematic though. A young party official called Erich Rinner (later an investment banker in Washington D.C.) developed into a key figure and more or less on his own organized the production and distribution of the reports now officially called Deutschland-Berichte der Sopade. Rinner's team went so far that they sometimes even violated the official party line with their reports when they thought their information backed this sufficiently.

Over time Sopade managed to build up an extended network of informers inside Germany, to a large extent former party members of the SPD or trade unionists. So-called border secretaries (Grenzsekretäre) were stationed in towns bordering Germany and each kept contact with a particular party district in the Reich via couriers. The border secretaries also interviewed all kinds of visitors from Germany they encountered in the border towns. For this the Sopade staff supplied them with various catalogues of questions that grew more and more refined over the years.

In hindsight Erich Rinner estimated that Sopade's Germany reports reached their top quality in 1937. Then the change from Prague to Paris and a number of Gestapo raids on the network of informers cut off the editorial team from a good deal of its sources, especially in Eastern Germany.
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sopade
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deutschlan ... der_Sopade
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Rinn ... litiker%29

Since basic parameters (name, party rank, location) are at least half-way correct in this case I'm inclined to buy the story about Helene Bögli. From the content of it one gets the impression that in this case the Sopade informer must have been situated in the vicinty of Bögli's father. That may explain why Bögli's name appears just in a mangled version as Bürgle/Bögle.

Other Bögli facts:
In the state archives of Baden-Württemberg there's a denazification file for one Helene Bögli. Since Bögli is a very rare
family name in Germany (just 9 times in the phone book) they in all likelihood refer to the former Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin.
From the archive catalogue we can learn at least:

Helene Bögli
* Oct 27th, 1900
house wife, living in Singen [am Hohentwiel?]

References:

Behnken, Klaus (Ed.)
Deutschland-Bericht der Sozialdemokratischen Partei Deutschlands (Sopade) 1934 - 1940
Vol.2: 1935
Verlag Petra Nettelbeck / Zweitausendeins; Salzhausen, Frankfurt/Main; 1980

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Torsten

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 12 Sep 2014 19:32

Hello,

here are the names of some early Gaufrauenschaftsleiterinnen (GFL) from Austria not mentioned so far:

1) Else Duhm

Duhm was a writer and journalist from Vienna. She was appointed GFL for all of Austria by Vienna Gauleiter Alfred Frauenfeld already in November 1931, just one month after NS-Frauenschaft had been founded in Germany. Duhm held the office just until early 1932 when she became managing director in the HQ of the Austrian NSDAP which had been moved from Vienna to Linz. (Hauch, 2006, p.36). The same year she also took over as publisher of a women's magazine ('Die deutsche Frau') newly established in Linz (Maschke, 2003, p.98, footnote 293). In 1933 we find Duhm on the editorial staff of the Viennese daily 'Deutsch-Österreichische Tageszeitung'(DÖTZ) (Frings, 2009, p.95, footnote 228). DÖTZ was the official newspaper of the Austrian NSDAP since 1926. It was forbidden by the Austrian authorities together with the party in June 1933 (Duchkowitsch, 2011, p.18). Duhm then appears to have been in Germany for some time because she figures as editor-in-chief of another women's magazine 'Illustrierte Zeitschrift für die deutsche Frau und Familie' that appeared in Dresden (Börsenverein, 1937, p.27). Around 1940 Else Duhm worked in Vienna again, this time in the NSDAP Gau archive. There she headed the department 'Foreign Press' of the press archive (Gangelmayer, 2010, p.68, footnote 23).

2) Lina Weixelbaumer

According to Hauch (2006, p.43) Weixelbaumer was GFL in Upper Austria while NSDAP was outlawed (1933 - 1938). Hauch isn't clear when Weixelbaumer took over the office but obviously she held it until 1938 because Hauch writes it's uncertain why Maria Schicho became GFL and not Weixelbaumer. From 1938 on Lina Weixelbaumer ran the department 'Organization - Personnel' of the Gaufrauenschaft under Schicho.

3) Amalie Herz

She's mentioned in passing as the first GFL in Carinthia (around 1933/1934?) in a Hitler Youth booklet (Seidel; 1943, p.35). I've not been able to find any other information on her. The Carinthian address books for 1938, 1939 and 1947 don't contain a single entry for the family name 'Herz'. That's odd at least.
https://www.findbuch.at/de/amts-und-adr ... -1938.html
https://www.findbuch.at/de/amts-und-adr ... -1939.html
https://www.findbuch.at/de/amts-und-adr ... -1947.html

A closer inspection of the text containing her name shows a number of sloppy errors. Blood order holder Maria Theresia von Metnitz is called Maria Teresia von Metwitz, the date NSDAP was forbidden in Austria is given as July 1935 (correct: June 1933) and so on. Perhaps Herz' name has also been garbled in the process. There are two 'Amalia Herzele' from Klagenfurt in the address books so there's a chance it's one of them.

References:

Börsenverein der Deutschen Buchhändler (Ed.)
Sperlings Zeitschriften- und Zeitungs-Adreßbuch. Handbuch der deutschen Presse.
Verlag des Börsenvereins der Deutschen Buchhändler; Stuttgart; 1937

Duchkowitsch, Wolfgang
Medien: Aufklärung - Orientierung – Missbrauch
LIT Verlag; Vienna, Berlin; 2011

Frings, Karl
Marchfelderzählungen. Studien zur prosaepischen Darstellung einer Landschaft.
Ph.D. thesis; University of Vienna; Vienna; 2009
http://othes.univie.ac.at/8174/1/2009-11-02_9608888.pdf

Gangelmayer, Franz Josef
Das Parteiarchivwesen der NSDAP. Rekonstruktionsversuch des Gauarchivs der NSDAP-Wien.
Ph.D. thesis; University of Vienna; Vienna; 2010
http://othes.univie.ac.at/12247/1/2010- ... 300622.pdf

Hauch, Gabriella
Frauen im Reichsgau Oberdonau. Geschlechtsspezifische Bruchlinien im Nationalsozialismus.
Oberösterreichisches Landesarchiv; Linz; 2006

Maschke, Marta
Der deutsch-tschechische Nationalitätenkonflikt in Böhmen und Mähren im Spiegel der Romane von Karl Hans Strobl.
Ph.D. thesis; Erfurt University; dissertationen.de Verlag; Berlin; 2003

Seidel, Ina
Frauen und Sitte im Aufstieg und Untergang der Völker.
in:
Wille und Macht. Führungsorgan der nationalsozialistischen Jugend, Band 11 (1943), Heft 2, pp.6-43

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Torsten

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 21 Sep 2014 09:32

Hello,

some information on another GFL. In Gau Köln-Aachen Frieda von Hofmann was preceeded by Martha von Gelinck in the years 1933 to 1935 (Dördelmann, 1995). In June 1935 von Gelinck was sent on indefinite leave and von Hofmann began deputizing as GFL. In February 1936 von Hofmann finally became a full GFL. Dördelmann says it's not obvious from the files why von Gelinck was replaced by von Hofmann.

Doing a bit of searching myself I've noticed something strange about von Gelinck though: In all of internet (and that includes GoogleBooks) there are just three persons with the family name 'von Gelinck'. These are said Martha, a business man Wladimir von Gelinck and a secretary Irene von Gelinck. For a nobility family that's surprisingly small paper trail and all my hits were after 1927. This makes me think the 'von Gelincks' weren't genuine nobles but just had added the 'von' to their name after WW I for impression. The name of Wladimir von Gelinck even appeared on a list of persons fraudulently using nobility titles (http://gaunerkartei.de/gaunerkartei.html?page=532). I'm sure a practice like that wouldn't have gone down well with a political movement like the NSDAP that was so much concerned about anyone's pedigree. So it could be this was what led to Martha's downfall.

Wladimir's name for the first time appears in 1930 when he co-authored a scientific paper on bread production. Back then he was living in Potsdam-Rehbrücke (http://tinyurl.com/pxhkwuu). He must have been married because an add by a Frau von Gelinck from Rehbrücke had already appeared in the magazine Deutsches Adelsblatt in 1928 (http://home.foni.net/~adelsforschung1/anz01.htm). The subject of Wladimir's essay, making bread from unmilled grain, may offer a clue on his origins. This idea had already been proposed by one merchant Ferdinand Ivanovich Gelinck from Riga in 1892. He'd obtained patents on it around the globe the following years. It was a phenomenon not uncommon that members of the Baltic German patrician families added a 'von' to their name when coming to Germany. In the small world of Baltic Germans anybody knew anyway those families that 'had a name'. The Baltic German nobility OTOH had the habit to address each other as 'Herr Baron' even when they were simple 'von' leaving a kind of gap at the lower end of the hierarchy. So when Baltic German patricians were abroad they often used an added 'von' in the sense of 'Esquire' to express their elevated social status. The German nobility was in no way fond of this practice of course because here the 'von' was the general borderline between nobles and ordinary folk.

I've not been able to find online editions of the Cologne address books for 1931 - 1937 but the Cologne address book for 1938 is available. It indeed shows Wladimir von Gelinck as a Cologne resident (http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/w/index.ph ... u&page=379) so it's very likely Wladimir was Martha's husband.

Since 1939 Wladimir von Gelinck lived in Hamburg for decades. Until the end of WW II his name is spelled 'von Gelink', since 1947 he's called 'von Gelinck' again. Sometimes an Irene von Gelinck pops up in the Hamburg address books too, for example in 1951 and 1952, when she was living under the same address as Wladimir. Wladimir is listed in the Hamburg address books until 1966, the next year it's Irene who's living under the same address. So presumably Wladimir had died in 1966. Irene was still there in 1970, the last phone book available to me. She must have been Wladimir's daughter or, more likely, his second wife. That of course would lead to the question what had happened to Martha.
http://agora.sub.uni-hamburg.de/subhh-a ... =c1:648530
http://agora.sub.uni-hamburg.de/subhh-a ... =131&z=125
http://agora.sub.uni-hamburg.de/subhh-a ... =c1:420518
http://agora.sub.uni-hamburg.de/subhh-a ... c1:1014158
http://agora.sub.uni-hamburg.de/subhh-a ... c1:1369539

References:

Dördelmann, Katrin
Die NS-Frauenschaft in Köln.
In:
Bargel, Helga; Braasch Monika; Franken, Irene (Eds.):
"10 Uhr pünktlich Gürzenich". Hundert Jahre bewegte Frauen in Köln.
Zur Geschichte der Organisationen und Vereine.
Herausgegeben vom Kölner Frauengeschichtsverein
Agenda-Verlag; Münster; 1995 p.266–278

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Torsten

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 27 Sep 2014 12:02

Hello,

here's a bit about Therese von Wolff, the longtime GFL from Mecklenburg. A visit to a genealogical web site http://forum.ahnenforschung.net/showpos ... tcount=787 allowed me a look into the 1935 address book of Schwerin, the capital of Mecklenburg. Therese von Wolff was living at Johann-Albrecht-Straße 24 a and she wasn't alone, one Friedrich von Wolff, burgomaster (ret.) was registered under that address too.

Though there are several different von Wolff families in Germany we can now easily locate her in various editions of Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels (GHdA):
Ludwig Hermann Wilhelm Friedrich von Wolff
* Brunswick 18. 7. 1885, Assessor
oo Brunswick 19. 9. 1912 Therese Freiin von Seckendorff
* Brunswick 11. 4. 1892
+ Leverkusen 1. 1. 1959
daughter of Wilhelm Freiherr von Seckendorff and Therese Schmidt, Brunswick
(GHdA, Vol.26, 1961, p.504)

and
Anna Marie Therese von Seckendorff
* Brunswick 11. 4. 1892
+ Leverkusen 1. 1. 1959
oo Brunswick 19. 9. 1912 Friedrich von Wolff
* Brunswick 18. 7. 1885
+ Bad Honnef 25. 7. 1969
jur. Assessor [graduate of state trainee course for lawmen], former mayor of Braunlage and Sternberg.
(GHdA, Vol.65, 1977, p.361)

Therese was a sister of painter/sculpterer Götz von Seckendorff (1889 - 1914) ( http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%B6tz_von_Seckendorff ). The couple took care of his artistic heritage. I've not been able to find any information on Friedrich's term of office in the small town and mountain resort Braunlage. The only detail available is the birth of their son there in 1917. In Sternberg he served just a short time in spring 1933 as an acting mayor, appointed by the Mecklenburg state government (Höch & Bendig, 1985, p.77).

The couple had two children:

1) Therese Maria von Wolff
* Brunswick 22. 1. 1915
oo Schwerin 10. 7. 1938 with Dr.jur. Herbert Geisler
* Waldenburg 1. 5. 1911
+ (KIA) Woronesh (Russia) 20. 7. 1942, economics adviser, Lt. d. Res. (Luftwaffe), dive bomber pilot
After WW II Therese Maria worked in Bückeburg (Lower Saxony) as commerce teacher at a vocational college.
http://forum.ahnenforschung.net/showpos ... tcount=146

2) Karl Walther von Wolff
* Braunlage im Harz 4. 6. 1917
business man, managing director of Formica GmbH; Cologne-Porz.

References:

Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels
Vol.26; Verlag C.A. Starke; Limburg/Lahn; 1961

Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels
Vol.65; Verlag C.A. Starke; Limburg/Lahn; 1977

Höch, Wolfgang; Bendig, Horst
Der antifaschistische Widerstandskampf unter Führung der KPD in Mecklenburg, 1933 bis 1945.
Dietz Verlag; (East-)Berlin; 1985

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Torsten

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 30 Dec 2014 23:37

Hello,

in the de-nazification file of Gertrud Scholtz-Klink ( https://www2.landesarchiv-bw.de/ofs21/b ... he=&logik= ) I've found some interesting info bites on two Gaufrauenschaftsleiterinnen (GFLs). They're from pages 60, 61 and 105 of the file (Staatsarchiv Sigmaringen Wü 13 T 2 Nr. 2139/005).

Elisabeth Bosch, mentioned as GFL of Württemberg here http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 6#p1499526 held that office just from February to July 1932. A steep career as she had entered NSDAP just that year. From January 1934 until the end of March 1934 Bosch was head of Deutsches Frauenwerk in Württemberg but again lost that position when the offices of Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin and leader of Deutsches Frauenwerk were amalgamated.

Elisabeth Bosch
* October 31st, 1898 in Pforzheim
+ ??? in ???
profession: reciter

Bosch also authored of a number of books and booklets:

Die Katholikin und das Hakenkreuz
NS Frauenschaft-Reichsleitung (Eds.); Munich; 1932

Gesundheitsgemäße Ernährung. Die neuzeitliche Ernährungslehre als Grundsatz zur Erhaltung und Förderung der Volksgesundheit
F. E. Fischer Verlag; Leipzig; 1934

Gefährdung von Mutter und Kind durch Alkoholmißbrauch
Verlag Auf der Wacht; Berlin; 1935

Vom Kämpfertum der Frau
Alemannen-Verlag; Stuttgart; 1938

Führung und Bewährung
Alemannen-Verlag; Stuttgart; 1939

Es ist kein Ende der Liebe
Deutscher Volksverlag; Munich; 1941

Franconian GFL Berta Lämmermeyr [I think that's the right spelling] took her own life in 1939/1940. In her testimony Elisabeth Bosch insinuated Lämmermeyr might have been driven into suicide by Scholtz-Klink because of conflicting political goals. Scholtz-Klink on the other hand said her death had been due to family problems and that she always had been on good terms with Lämmermeyr.

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 06 Jan 2015 23:27

Hello,

there's very little in literature on Third Reich dealing with Elsa von Baltz, the woman who succeeded Helene Bögli as GFL in Baden. Actually the only thing I've found was this short remark by Grill (1983, p.312):
Her successor as Gau leader of the Baden NSF, Elsa von Baltz, who had married a chemist, organized the NSF in Oberkirch in early l932 and then joined the party in May l932. Her two sons were already in the SA.
Additionally there's just a half-sentence in Livi (2012, p.210) that von Baltz was incarcerated by the Communists in an Estonian prison after the October revolution in 1917. That's anything substantial but I think I've found the right person with that details.

Sources:
http://www.geni.com/people/Elsa-von-Bal ... 0456141277
http://www.geni.com/people/Georg-Moritz ... 0456319079
http://dokumente.ios-regensburg.de/ambu ... llen/V.htm
http://dokumente.ios-regensburg.de/ambu ... php?id=443

Elsa von Baltz (née Schultz)
Date of birth: June 12, 1882
Place of birth: Luga (Russia)
Date of death: Nov 21, 1966
Place of death: Birkenfeld (Württemberg)

Husband:
Georg Moritz Nikolai von Baltz
Date of birth: May 16, 1875 (Julian calendar); May 28, 1875 (Gregorian calendar)
Place of birth: Sveaborg (Finland, i.e. Russian Empire)
Date of death: ???? 1958
Place of death: ????

Wedding:
Oct 5, 1903 in Dorpat (= Tartu, Estonia)

I've found only the name of one of their sons so far: Nicolai von Baltz. Anyone who knows more?

Bewilderingly the little information on the professional life of Elsa's husband show him as a student of law in Warsaw from 1896 on and as a bank official working in Reval (= Tallinn, Estonia) in 1911.

Perhaps there's a confusion in Grill with Elsa's father Friedrich Gustav Maria Schultz who actually did study chemistry in Zürich (Switzerland) and later became the director of a glass factory in Luga in extreme west of Russia, close to the Baltics. He died in Baden-Baden (today Baden-Württemberg) in 1898.
http://dokumente.ios-regensburg.de/ambu ... p?id=77414

Around 1925 the family lived in or near Oppenau (Baden), about 10 km SE of Oberkirch. There's a photo showing Georg von Baltz as a violin player in the orchestra of 'Sängerbund Oppenau' here:
http://www.oppenau.de/site/Oppenau+ROOT ... 202014.pdf

References:

Grill, Johnpeter Horst
The Nazi movement in Baden, 1920-1945.
University of North Carolina Press; Chapel Hill; 1983

Livi, Massimiliano
Führerinnen del Terzo Reich.
Nascita, sviluppo, funzione e struttura dell'élite politica femminile nazionalsocialista (1918-1939).
Wissenschaftliche Schriften der WWU Münster; Reihe X; Heft 16; Münster (Westf.); 2012
http://repositorium.uni-muenster.de/doc ... hblock.pdf

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Torsten

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 08 Jan 2015 21:58

Hello,

today I've found out the first name of Frau von Werder who was Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin (GFL) in Gau Essen around 1932 (http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 6#p1499526).
Her name was Hanna von Werder (Taaks, 2009, p.163, footnote 31). In the early 1930s she was a teacher at the German school in Hankou (China). She was a follower of National Socialism already then (Freyeisen, 2000, p.59) and in February 1931 founded with others a NSDAP local (Ortsgruppe) in Hankou, the first in China (Taaks, 2009, p.163; Wawrzyn, 2012). Several months later she returned to Germany to take over the GFL office in Essen (Wawrzyn, 2012).

Stephenson (2013, pp.99) mentions that the Essen GFL was amongst those GFLs removed from their post in 1933/34 because they had vehemently tried to gain the NS-Frauenschaft control over the BDM, causing a severe friction in the NSDAP. Presumably this refers to von Werder because she's already missing from the 1934 yearbook of the NSDAP (Nationalsozialistisches Jahrbuch), having been replaced by Anna Hoffmann as GFL. In January 1935 we find Frau von Werder in China again still working for NS-Frauenschaft in her spare time, an activity she continued in the next years (Taaks, 2009, p.163, footnote 31).

References:

Freyeisen, Astrid
Shanghai und die Politik des Dritten Reiches.
Ph.D. thesis; Verlag Königshausen & Neumann; Würzburg; 2000

Nationalsozialistisches Jahrbuch
[herausgegeben unter Mitwirkung der Reichsleitung der N.S.D.A.P. von Philipp Bouhler]
Eher Verlag; Munich; 1934

Stephenson, Jill
The Nazi Organisation of Women.
Routledge; reprint edition; London; 2013

Taaks, Christian
Federführung für die Nation ohne Vorbehalt? Deutsche Medien in China während der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus.
Ph.D. thesis; Franz Steiner verlag; Stuttgart; 2009

Wawrzyn, Heidemarie
"Ein Deutscher ist überall ein Deutscher" - NS-Gruppen weltweit 1931-1945.
GRIN Verlag; scientific essay; 47 pages; 2012
http://www.hausarbeiten.de/faecher/vorschau/197359.html

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Re: NS-Frauenschaft Gaufrauenschaftsführerin

Post by Heimatschuss » 15 Jan 2015 10:46

Hello dear readers,

we're approaching the end of this page and it's time for Gau Salzburg again. Since I've written my previous contribution on this subject (http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 6#p1778126) a good deal more material has become available thanks to historian Siegfried Göllner. Göllner has done (and still is doing) a basic and very useful service to the historians' community. He combs through the old local and regional newspapers and extracts anything relevant for the Gau's history during the Hitler era. These extracts are available online via the City of Salzburg:
https://www.stadt-salzburg.at/internet/ ... 317474.htm

The office of Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin in Salzburg was handed over officially from Dr. Anna Dammer-Kottenhoff to Margarethe 'Margret' Zöls on Febr 12th, 1943 during a meeting of the Gau staff (Göllner, 1943, p.81).

Zöls was already mentioned as kommissarische Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin in the press three weeks earlier on Jan 23rd, 1943 (Göllner, 1943, p.38). The last time Dammer-Kottenhoff figured in the press as GFL was Dec 19, 1942 (Göllner, 1942, p.697) so the actual change in the office appears to have been at the turn of 1942/43. OTOH shortly after the official change a report appeared in the weekly 'Innviertler Heimatblatt' (N.N., 1943) saying that Zöls had become member of the Gaufrauenschaftsleitung already in summer 1942 and immediately started deputizing for Dammer-Kottenhoff. Perhaps the editors there cut a longer sentence short, slightly altering it's sense because Dammer-Kottenhoff is still several times in the Salzburg news in the second half of 1942 (Göllner, 1942, p.321, 367, 534, 577, 604, 613, 622, 681, 697). It also seems more reasonable that Zöls was appointed to the Gaufrauenschaftsleitung in mid-1942 and then slowly built up as Dammer-Kottenhoff's replacement after the wedding of the latter in April that year.
Margarthe Zoels.JPG
Source: Innviertler Heimatblatt of Feb 26, 1943; 6. Jahrgang; No. 8; p.10

So far there's no trace of Frau Fiala who also has been named as GFL. The succession was directly from Dr. Dammer-Kottenhoff to Zöls who was still in charge in early 1945 (Heinisch et al., 1995, p.51), so presumably till the end of the war.

Zöls is a quite rare family name in Austria, just about ten times in the Austrian phone book. It's much more common on the Bavarian side of the border. There are more than 50 phone book entries for them in County Passau alone. http://www.verwandt.de/karten/absolut/z ... 5B6ls.html

Various newspaper clippings show Margarethe Zöls was from the town of Hallein in Salzburg province. She'd been active in the NSDAP already while the party was illegal (1934 - 1937) and afterwards worked in the Hallein county staff (Kreisleitung) of NS-Frauenschaft since 1938 (Göllner, 1942, p.319, Göllner, 1943, p.81). She also seems to have played a leading role in the local branch of the German Red Cross (Göllner, 1942, p.439). With regard to the rarity of her family name I'm convinced Margret Zöls was the wife of lawyer Dr. Emmerich Zöls from Hallein, a völkisch political activist there since the 1920s who headed a regional chapter of the Großdeutsche Volkspartei (Voithofer, 2000, p.400, 435).

References:

Göllner, Siegfried
Die Stadt Salzburg 1942. Zeitungsdokumentation.
zusammengestellt auf Basis zeitgenössischer Tageszeitungen
https://www.stadt-salzburg.at/pdf/zeitu ... n_1942.pdf

Göllner, Siegfried
Die Stadt Salzburg 1943. Zeitungsdokumentation. (Teil 1).
zusammengestellt auf Basis zeitgenössischer Tageszeitungen
https://www.stadt-salzburg.at/pdf/zeitu ... bjahr_.pdf
[For reasons unkown this compilation isn't strictly chronological, page numbers may change after a later revision.]

Heinisch, Reinhard Rudolf; Marx, Erich; Waitzbauer, Harald
Bomben auf Salzburg. Die "Gauhauptstadt" im "totalen Krieg".
Informationszentrum der Landeshauptstadt Salzburg; Salzburg; 1995

N.N.
Salzburg berichtet.
Innviertler Heimatblatt of Feb 26, 1943; 6. Jahrgang; No. 8; p.10
http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno? ... 10&zoom=33

Voithofer, Richard
»Drum schließt Euch frisch an Deutschland an ...«. Die Geschichte der Großdeutschen Volkspartei in Salzburg 1920-1936.
Böhlau Verlag; Vienna; 2000


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Torsten
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