Tank Technical Support

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 07 Apr 2018 11:29

GKO decree No.1416 of 9 March 1942 "On increase of spare parts production for tanks"
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 78;tab=img

Execution of the spare parts production plan in January-February was completely unsatisfactory in regard to KV, T-34, T-60, V-2, and GAZ-202 spare parts, and was a complete failure as far as BT and T-26 spare parts are concerned.
(Measures to increase responsibility of industry for production of spare parts are adopted). Plan of spare parts production in the I quarter of 1942 must be completed not later than by 10 April. Plan of spare parts production for BT and T-26 in March - total 7 mln rubles.

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 07 Apr 2018 13:22

GKO decree No.1571 of 9 April 1942 - plan of production of tanks and related equipment in the IInd quarter 1942:
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 78;tab=img

Plan of spare parts production (principal types)
KV spare parts - 37 mln rubles in April-June
T-34 - 36 mln
T-60/70 - 14.5 mln

Also:
V-2 engine spare parts - 10 mln
BT and T-26 spare parts - 10.935 mln
T-37/38 - 0.8 mln
T-34 and T-60 (without breakdown) - 0.375
GAS-202 engine - 2 mln
Various electric, optical equipment, instruments and materials worth of almost 19 mln rubles

Every 5 KV tanks produced and every 10 T-34, T-60 and T-70 must be supplied with a company complement of spare parts, which is included in the plan of spare parts production.

Planned delivery of engines as spare parts to the NKO: 270 V-2 diesels (out of 4555 produced), 300 GAZ-202, 95 GAZ-202 twin engines compared to 1200 T-60 (GAZ-202) and 1220 T-70 (twin GAZ-202).

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 07 Apr 2018 13:47

Report by the chief of GABTU lieutenant general Fedorenko on tank spare parts production in April 1942.

The plan of tank spare parts production defined in the GKO decree No.1517 of 9.4.42 wasn't carried out by industry's factories. The average percentage of competition is 62.5% in the People's Commissariat of Tank Industry and 71.1% in the People's Commissariat for Medium Machine-building.
By types
KV spare parts - 11 mln rubles planned in April/6.92 mln actual production
T-34 spare parts - 10.5 mln/6.3 mln
T-60/70 spare parts - 4.7 mln/4.9 mln
BT and T-26 - 2.1 mln/0
T-37/38 - 0.2 mln/0
KV gearboxes - 400 units/89 units
T-34 gearboxes - 70 units/55 units
V-2K and V-2-34 engines - 95 units/44 units
V-2 spare parts - 2.34 mln/1.04 mln
GAZ-202 engines - 150/38
GAZ-202 twin engines- 15/0

Production of spare parts for tanks continues to be completely unsatisfactory. Due to a lack of spare parts units of the field army and NKO repair bases or placed in a critical situation and cannot perform repair of vehicle fleet, as seen from the table below
KV - 410 tanks in need of repair as of 20.04.42 - 92 tanks repaired from 1 to 20 April
T-34 - 667/107
T-40/60 - 431/52
BT - 189/66
T-26 - 292/65
Total 1989 tanks in need of repair, 382 repaired in 20 days.
I request your order to confirm production plan set up by the GKO decree No.1571

From "Главное автоброненатковое управление..." Vol.2

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 07 Apr 2018 15:43

Organization of new static repair bases in the 2nd half of 1941 - 1st half of 1942:

1. NKO repair base No.82 formed in Moscow in December 1941 for repair of foreign (lend-lease and captured) tanks.
2. NKO repair base No.11 - renamed by the NKO order #0219 of 27.3.42 from a mobile automotive repair factory of the South-West Front. Location - Saratov
3. NKO repair base No.26 - renamed by the NKO order #0219 of 27.3.42 from a repair base of the Volkhov Front (organized at the site of the Boksitogorsk ore factory). Location - Boksitogorsk
4. NKO repair base No.27 - renamed by the NKO order #0219 of 27.3.42 from a tank repair base of the Leningrad Front (organized from a workshop of the Leningrad advanced training courses). Location - Leningrad.

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 08 Apr 2018 16:41

From the NKO order No.0295 of 19 April 1942
...
Separate repair&reconstruction battalions organized according to the TO&E 010/26 - personnel strength 430 men are to be transferred by 1.5.42 to the TO&E 010/881 - personnel strength 231 men.
...
http://tankfront.ru/ussr/doc/nko/prikaz ... _0295.html

010/26 was the repair battalion of the former tank division, some number of them apparently were retained as independent units even after original tank division were disbanded.

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 08 Apr 2018 17:08

GKO decree No.1689 of 3 May 1942:

http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 43;tab=img

A plan of capital repair of tanks in May-June 1942 - total 2000 tanks (850 in May and 1150 in June), including:
270 KV
435 T-34
585 T-30/40/60
285 BT
250 T-26 and T-26 flame
60 T-27/37/38
115 misc. including trophies

A plan of capital repair of tank engines - 1500 (650 in May, 850 in June), including:
520 V-2 (KV, T-34)
240 M-17 (BT-7)
50 M-5 (BT-2/5)
240 MT-26 (T-26)
450 GAZ-202 (T-40/60/70)

Detailed plan of capital repairs by facilities:
1. Civil factories - 1430 tanks and 810 engines, of them major tank-producers
Stalingrad Tractor Factory - 175 T-34 and 150 V-2 engines
No.112 - 95 T-34 and 40 other tanks
No.37 - 250 T-60
Leningrad Kirov Factory - 30 T-34, 20 BT, 20 T-26
GAZ - 350 GAZ-202 engines

2. Repair Bases of the NKO - 570 tanks and 690 engines

The same decree introduces money prize to workers for successful repair as well as money prize to tank crews and personnel of evacuation units for evacuation of damaged tanks.

From the appendix to the decree: a list of NKO repair bases performing capital repair of tanks:
No.1 Moscow
No.2 Moscow
No.3 Moscow
No.4 Leningrad
No.5 Sverdlovsk
No.6 Bogorodsk
No.7 Voronezh
No.8 Kazan
No.9 Tambov
No.10 Stalingrad
No.11 Saratov
No.12 Prokhaldniy
No.13 Tbilisi
No.14 Tashkent
No.15 Novosibirsk
No.16 Kuybyshev
No.17 Otrado-Kubanskaya
No.18 Krasnaya Rechka (Far East)
No.19 Kuibyshevka-Vostochnaya (Far East)
No.22 Moscow
No.25 Voroshilovsk Ussuriyskiy
No.26 Boksitogorsk
No.27 Leningrad
No.42 Voronezh
No.66 Kemensk
No.77 Voroshilovsk Ussuriuskiy
No.81 Glazov
No.82 Moscow
No.83 Engels
No.90 Kotelnich
No.105 Khabarovsk

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 08 Apr 2018 18:56

GKO decree No.1836 of 30 May 1942
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 30;tab=img

In order to give mobile repair capacity to newly formed tank corps NKO (People's Commissariat for Defence), People's Commissariat for Tank Industry, People's Commissariat for Heavy Machine-Building, People's Commissariat for Medium Machine-Building, RSFSR's People's Commissariat for Automobile Transport, and Moscow City Council are to form 30 tank repair bases according to the TO&E 026/131. Civil commissariats are to provide necessary instruments and equipment. Personnel: in bases formed by PC for Tank Industry and PC for Medium Machine-Building 7 men for every repair bases are taken from factory employees. The balance of personnel is to be provided by the NKO. Automobiles - from the new production, complements of spare parts - provided by the People's Commissariat for Tank Industry from new production.

Appendix: detailed plan of formation

NKO - 10 repair bases (7 for British and 3 for American tanks)
PC for Tank Industry - 10 bases for Soviet tanks (KV, T-34, T-60)
PC for Heavy Machine-building - 2 bases for Soviet tanks
PC for Medium Machine-building - 4 bases for Soviet Tanks
PC for Automobile Transport of the RSFSR - 2 bases for Soviet tanks
Moscow City Council - 2 bases for Soviet tanks
Total 20 bases for repair of Soviet tanks, 7 for British, 3 for American.

This document was a consequence of decision to include one tank repair bases in every tank corps (which just started to be formed in the spring of 1942).

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 11 Apr 2018 21:58

Sample data: number of tanks repaired at the Leningrad Front 1 January - 15 April 1942
https://pamyat-naroda.ru/documents/view/?id=134095575

Total 590 tanks (263 KV, 69 T-34, 11 T-28, 83 BT-7/5, 53 BT-2, 111 T-26).
Of them by capital repair - 111, by medium repair - 124, by minor repair - 351
Of 590 tanks:
repaired at factories - 79
repaired by military units - 511

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 12 Apr 2018 07:09

Sample data: motor maintenance units of the Kalinin Front, February 1942:
https://pamyat-naroda.ru/documents/view/?id=263293377

Under Front's control:
29 Repair Base (Yaroslavl)
57 Repair&Reconstruction Battalion (Bezhetzk)
15 Repair&Reconstruction Battalion (Kalinin)

22 Army - 27 Mobile Repair Base
29 Army - 100 Repair&Reconstruction Company
30 Army - 5 and 48 Mobile Repair Bases, 800 Repair&Reconstruction Battalion , 20 Repair Base
31 Army - 3 Mobile Repair Base
39 Army - 39 Mobile Repair Base
3 Shock Army - 17 and 28 Mobile Repair Base, 28 and 46 Repair&Reconstruction Battalions
4 Shock Army - 106 and 122 Repair&Reconstruction Battalions

The document proposes to have a repair base (all types of vehicles), mobile repair base (tractors), and mobile repair base (tanks) under Front and one repair battalion, a mobile repair base (tank),and a mobile repair base (wheeled vehicles and tractors) in every army.

Of the units mentioned in the list 20 and 29 Repair Bases were stationed at Borisov (Belorussia) and Tartu (Estonia) before the war, what remained of them was evacuated to the east and placed under Kalinin Front' s command. Of repair&reconstruction battalions:

28 Battalion - formerly belonged to the 28 Tank Division, became an independent unit after the division was disbanded
46 Battalion - formerly belonged to the 46 Tank Division
57 Battalion - formerly belonged to the 57 Tank Division
106 Battalion - to the 202 Motorized Division
122 Battalion - to the 163 Motorized Division
800 Battalion - to the 107 Motorized (Tank) Division

15 Battalion was a unit of unclear origin, it was different from 15 Repair&Reconstruction Battalion of the 15 Tank Division
100 Company - also unclear origin, different from 100 Repair&Reconstruction Battalion/198 Motorized Division

Mobile Repair bases were formed in the second half of 1941 in accordance to the GKO decisions.

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 12 Apr 2018 10:37

Sample data: motor maintenance units of the South Front as of 24.02.42
https://pamyat-naroda.ru/documents/view/?id=136075463

Under Front's command:
Repair&Reconstruction Battalion of the South Front (unnumbered) - repairs wheeled vehicles
Repair&Reconstruction Battalions 152 and 45 - at the Stalingrad Tractor Factory, repair tanks
Motor Workshop of the South-Front (unnumbered) - repairs wheeled vehicles

57 Army:
9 Repair&Reconstruction Battalion - tanks and wheeled vehicles
two platoons of repair train - tanks
two platoons of the Repair&Reconstruction Battalion of the South Front - tanks

9 Army:
107 Repair&Reconstruction Battalion - tanks and wheeled vehicles
Repair Train No.1 - tanks and wheeled vehicles
33 Mobile Repair Base - tractors

37 Army:
16 Repair&Reconstruction Battalion - tanks and wheeled vehicles, elements are detached to repair tanks
1 and 2 Repair&Reconstruction Battalions - under formation, wheeled vehicles

18 Army:
Repair&Reconstruction Battalion of the 18 Army (unnumbered) - wheeled vehicles
18 Mobile Repair Base - wheeled vehicles

12 Army:
16 Mobile Repair Base - wheeled vehicles
38 Mobile Repair Base - tractors belonging to the 57 Army
12 Mobile Repair Base - wheeled vehicles

56 Army:
1 Mobile Repair Base - wheeled vehicles
2 Mobile Repair Base - wheeled vehciles
Garrison workshop (Rosotv) - wheeled vehciles
Garrison workshop (Mechetinskaya) - tractors

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 12 Apr 2018 19:33

GKO decree No.2012 of 11 July 1942 - plan of tanks, tank engines and spare parts production in the III quarter 1942
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 39;tab=img

Planned production of V-2 diesel engines - 6305 vs. 5195 KV and T-34 tanks. 500 engines go as replacements to the NKO (Army). The balance 6305-5195-500=610 are apparently supposed to be used for factory repair of KV/T-34.

Planned production of spare parts - 135.7 mln rubles worth, of them 103,25 mln at factories belonging to the People's Commissariat for Tank Industry, 14.4 mln - by the People's Commissariat for Medium Machine-building (mostly GAZ factory), the balance - elsewhere. Of the total number of spare parts
parts for KV tanks - 37 mln rubles
T-34 - 45.5 mln
T-60/70 - 15 mln (including parts for GAZ-202 engines)
BT and T-26 - about 7 mln
V-2 diesel engine - 11.3 mln
Others are various electric and optical equipment etc.

It's confirmed that newly produced tanks should be supplied with spare parts (one complement for every 5 KV and 10 T-34/T-70 tanks) which are included in the plan of spare parts production.

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 12 Apr 2018 19:53

GKO Decree No.2086 of 24 July 1942 - Plan of capital repair of tanks, tractors and automobiles in the III quarter 1942
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 96;tab=img

Capital repairs of tanks - 2330 (690 in July, 815 in August, 825 in September), including
320 KV
700 T-34
570 T-60/70
240 BT
170 T-26
130 T-37/38/40
200 foreign

Capital repair of tank engines - 1540 (460 in July, 520 August, 560 September), including
730 V-2 diesels
330 M-17
70 M-5
240 MT-26
170 GAZ-202

Tractors - 3890 capital repairs
Automobiles - 17 900 repairs (including 2300 medium)
Automobile engines - 6500
armored cars - 150
motorcycles - 1050

Of the numbers above NKO's repair bases perform 1000 tank repairs (50 KV, 250 T-34, 250 T-60/70, 100 BT, 100 T-26, 50 T-37/38/40, 200 foreign tanks), 1560 tractor repairs, 150 - armored cars, 3310 repairs of automobiles, 1000 tank engines, 4000 automobile engines.
The balance - by civil factories, the largest group are factories of the People's Commissariat for Tank Industry - 680 repairs of tanks, 370 of tank diesels, and 90 of tractors.

Among other things it is ordered to take measures to increase capacity of NKO's repair bases during the III quarter 1942:
from 350 to 500 tank repairs monthly
from 400 to 600 tractor repairs
from 1150 to 1600 automobile repairs
from 1100 to 1600 engine repairs

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 12 Apr 2018 21:57

GKO Decree No.2319 of 17 September 1942
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 70;tab=img

Measures to complete reconstruction of static repair bases are approved (see the previous document). List of bases under reconstruction:
No.1 Moscow (tanks, tank engines, tractors)
No. 6 Bogorodsk (tanks, tank engines, tractors)
No. 8 Kazan (tanks, tractors, automobiles, automobile engines)
No. 22 Moscow (mostly tank engines)
No.81 Lyubertsy, Moscow region (tractors)
No.82 Moscow (foreign tanks)
No.16 Kuibyshev (automobiles, automobile engines)
No.15 Novosibirsk (automobiles, automobile engines)
No.5 Sverdlovsk (automobiles, automobiles engines)
No.83 Engles (tractors)
No.11 Saratov (automobiles, automobile engines)

Planned end of reconstruction - November-December 1942. Planned monthly capacity of these 11 bases after reconstruction - 202 tanks, 217 tank engines, 429 tractors, 460 automobiles, 260 automobile engines.
5.5 million rubles are allocated for reconstruction in September-December 1942. The Army is ordered to conscript 2000 men with limited physical fitness and assign them to construction works.

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 13 Apr 2018 17:03

GKO decree No.2425 of 16 October 1942 - plan of production and distribution of tank, tractor, and automobile spare parts and plan of capital repair of tanks, tractors, and automobiles for the Red Army in the IV quarter of 1942
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 82;tab=img

Planned production of tank spare parts in IVQ 1942 - 92.8 mln rubles, including:
KV - 21 mln rubles
T-34 - 40 mln
T-60/70 - 11.3 mln
BT and T-26 - 4.9 mln
V-2 engine - 13.5 mln
GAZ-202/203 engine - 2.1 mln

Plan of capital repairs in IVQ:
Tanks - 2230
Tank engines - 1410
Tractors - 4035
Automobiles - 18525
Automobile engines - 6430
Motorcycles - 1050

Including military repair factories (military static repair bases were just renamed repair factories):
Tanks - 1025
Tank engines - 960
Tractors - 1700
Automobiles - 3470
Automobile engines - 3800
Armored cars - 75
Motorcycles - 800

The remainder at civil factories, the largest groups being Commissariat for Tank Industry (450 tanks, 320 diesel engines, 90 tractors), Commissariat for Heavy Machine-building (230 tanks), Commissariat for Medium Machine-building (275 tanks, 100 GAZ-202 engines)

The preface states that execution of the previous spare parts plan was below satisfactory. For example, only 61% of requisite spare parts for KV tanks and 60% - for T-34 were produced in the III quarter 1942.

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Re: Tank Technical Support

Postby Art » 16 Apr 2018 16:06

GKO decree No.2447 of 23 October 1942 (production of mobile workshops for tank forces)
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 66;tab=img

The People's Commissariat for Electric Industry and the Moscow City council are to equip 100 mobile repair workshops type "B" for the GABTU (Main Auto-Tank Directorate) of the Read Army in the IV quarter of 1942. GABTU is to release 100 SIZ-6 type trucks for equipping mobile workshops. NKO is to transfer 150 men not physically fit for military service but fit for labor employment to the Moscow Projector Factory of the Commissariat for Electric Industry.


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