Soviet Replacement/Reserve Units

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Re: Soviet Replacement/Reserve Units

Post by Art » 19 Feb 2009 14:50

Qvist wrote: It is interesting to note that when the fighting reached German territory, the Germans adjusted by instituting a system very similar to the Soviet: The districts of the EH that was in the zone of operations were absorbed into the Field Army, and the relevant Fielad Army commands took over the EH tasks
Soviet fronts had military districts subordinated to them only in the beggining of the war. In June 1941 four military districts (Leningrad, Baltic, Kiev, Odessa) were transformed into fronts, but districts headquarters continued to function till autumn being subordinated to respective fronts. After autumn 1941 no such practice existed, as far as I know.
As you have pointed out, the absence of a Soviet equivalent to the Ersatzheer, and no clear division between "home" and "field" areas
Returning to the WWI again, the practice of that period was to form a Theatre of Operations under the Supreme commander in chief, incorporating border military districts. The other military districts continued to be subordinated to the War Ministry, which in the first year of the war was completely independent of the Supreme commander. It's an interesing question, how the system was supposed to be organized in the inter-war era and what documents determined the organization of the top echelon of military administartion. It seems that the problem was resolved by simply making the same person the Supreme commander and the commissar for defence (an analogue of the war minister). At least Mikhalev says that pre-WW2 douments (e.g. the regulation on the commissariat for defense) contemplated such arrangement, and then all three Supreme commanders in the period 1939-45 (Voroshilov, Timoshenko, Stalin) held at the same time the post of the People's Commissar for Defence.

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Re: Soviet Replacement/Reserve Units

Post by Art » 04 Jun 2011 20:33

As an illustration to the old thread:
In June 1944 the 36 Replacement Rifle Division controlled by the Leningrad Front consisted of a headquarter (Shtat 04/430), 47 Replacement Artillery Regiment (Shtat 08/577, apart from a small cadre 2148 replacement personnel in authorized strength), 48, 78 and 389 Replacement Rifle Regiments (Shtat 04/431, 4240 replacement personnel authorized) plus attached 267 and 392 Replacement Rifle Regiments (Shtat 04/299, 2680 replacement personnel authorized) and 5 convalescents battalions (1st, 2d, 3rd, 4th, 9th; Shtat 04/165, 1500 convalescent men in authorized strength). The division was expanded well above authorized strength and had more then 58 thousands men as of 1.06.44, close to the size of a small army or almost 10 time more than in an average combat division.

kaylan1
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Re: Soviet Replacement/Reserve Units

Post by kaylan1 » 06 Jun 2011 19:54

Thanks Art, :)

I hope that in the future there will be more about those units.
thanks art. :D

Art
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Re: Soviet Replacement/Reserve Units

Post by Art » 08 Jun 2011 20:54

As a Kazakh akyn I continue to sing about what I see. :)
Theoretically replacement units were not supposed to accumulate reserve of officers, in practice the 36 Division constantly received and dispatched officers (apparently convalescents from hospitals). Most surplus officers on the front level were gathered in the regiment of officers reserve (OPROS). The Leningrad Front had the 38 Regiment. Authorized strength according to the shtat 017/482 in the middle of 1944 was 77 officers+19 NCOs+28 privates = 124 total in a small cadre, plus 2000 in the officer reserve.
Replacements units of the army consisted (summer of 1944 again) of:
- an army replacement rifle regiment (04/299) - 177+119+24=320 in a cadre, 0+243+2437=2680 replacements, total 3 000 men;
- a convalescents battalion (04/769) - 19+7+5=31 in a cadre, 0+48+452=500 convalescents;
- an officers reserve (017/434) - 5+2+4=11 in a cadre, 142 officers in reserve;
- a battery of artillery officers reserve (017/436d) - 3+1+2=6 men in a cadre, 50 officers in reserve.
The sum authorized strength of all four units was 3708 men. Apart from small arms there were 45/76-mm guns and 50/82-mm mortars in the replacement regiment.

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Re: Soviet Replacement/Reserve Units

Post by Art » 04 Dec 2016 15:37

Reorganization of replacement units in early 1942.
In 1941 each replacement brigade consisted of brigade HQ, three replacement rifle regiments, replacement artillery regiment, replacement sapper battalion, replacement signal battalion.
New tables of organization issued before January 1942. Replacement rifle brigade now consisted of:
Brigade HQ (shtat 04/815) - 48 men
four replacement rifle regiments (shtat 04/816) - 596 permanent personnel and 4479 replacement personnel
replacement artillery battalion (04/817) - 83+644 men
replacement signal company (04/818) - 28+227
replacement sapper company (04/819) - 24+225
https://pamyat-naroda.ru/dou/?docID=130453329
https://pamyat-naroda.ru/dou/?docID=130453317
It's not clear of the new organization was uniformly applied to all replacement brigades.

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Re: Soviet Replacement/Reserve Units

Post by Art » 14 Sep 2019 12:00

Replacement units of the Red Army as of 1 December 1941:

Rifle troops [infantry]- authorized strength 1,045,069
Artillery - 25,773
Cavalry - 77,571
Armor - 98,841
Airborne - 30,170
Chemical - 9,235
Anti-aircraft - 44,565
Mortar - 4,020
Total combat - 1,335,244

Signal - 25,935
Engineer - 22,439
Railroad, road maintenance, motor transport, survey etc - 92,048
Total service - 140,422
All replacement units - 1,475,666

Shaposhnikov proposed and Stalin approved to reduce replacement units to about 1,2 million strength.

A partial list of replacement units from the same document:
3, 9, 11, 14, 16, 19, 36, 38 Replacement Rifle Brigades x 30,926 men authorized
30 and 33 Replacement Rifle Brigades x 32,173
6, 10, 21, 22, 23, 34, 43 Replacement Ski Brigades x 32,173
2, 5, 7, 10, 13, 15, 17, 18, 24, 26, 31, 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 44, 45 Replacement Rifle Brigades x 22,697
29 Replacement Ski Brigade x 34,543
five replacement corps artillery regiments x 3,086
four high power artillery regiments x 1,835
eight replacement anti-aircraft machine-gun battalions x 877
seven replacement air warning battalions x 716
sixteen replacement cavalry regiments x 4,370
twelve army horses depots x 221
nine replacement engineer regiments x 1,625
seven replacement pontoon battalions x 989
three replacement chemical defense battalions x 980
eight replacement chemical resistance battalions x 740
six replacement railroad regiments x 2,134
three replacement road operation regiments x 1,003
ten replacement airborne regiments x 3,017
nineteen replacement automobile regiments x 2,864
four replacement tractor regiments x 3,939
seventeen replacement tank regiments x 4,430
three replacement armor regiments x 2,945
four replacement motorcycle regiments x 3,067

Marshal Shaposhnikov to Stalin on 20.12.1941:
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru/#showunit& ... 29;tab=img

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