Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

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Der Alte Fritz
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Post by Der Alte Fritz » 17 Jul 2017 20:21

First point to note that the overall size of the fleet on 9th May 1945 is smaller than that of 22nd June 1941 and with losses of 600,000+ vehicles and another 150,000 worn out. Against this is the Soviet home production of 205-212,000, imports of 312,000 and captured enemy vehicles of 60,000 a total of around 570,000 vehicles, leaving a deficit of 200,000 vehicles.

This position backs up the previous tables that I posted showing that the transfer of vehicles from civil economy to the military plus the diverting of almost all the production to the Army was what kept the military going especially in 1942 and 1943 when the deficit over the pre-war stock was at its highest of up to 400,000 vehicles.

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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Post by Art » 27 Sep 2020 17:58

Soviet import of motor transport 22.6.1941-31.12.1945 by year and country of origin:
Motor vehicles import.png
Also not included in import numbers were vehicles given to Soviet agencies in Iran:
6200 trucks
400 (scout vehicles) jeeps
19 special purpose
8 passenger cars
66 road vehicles
40 motorcycles

From a statistical digest on wartime import and export (Ministry of Foreign Trade, Moscow, 1946)
http://istmat.info/node/40607

Comparing with the report of GAVTU discussed above:
- imported by 1.1.45 according to foreign trade statistics - 297 700 automobiles
- accepted by the Red Army by 1.1.45 according to the GAVTU - 267 600
The difference of 30 000 can be due to natural time lag or acceptance by Navy, NKVD and civil agencies.
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Post by Art » 28 Sep 2020 06:58

And from the same source - breakdown of import by type, country and mode of import:
Motor vehicles import 2.png
That can be compared with an American source ("Report on war aid furnished by the United States to the U.S.S.R."):
Report on war aid furnished to the USSR.png
We see a reasonable agreement, although numbers don't fully coincide.
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Der Alte Fritz
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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Post by Der Alte Fritz » 28 Sep 2020 08:21

The total number of vehicles listed in the first report: 460,390 compares well with the US Report to Congress figure of what was despatched.

The important aspect to note here are the dates as the first reports go to the end of 1945 and so include the 60,000 odd vehicles supplied directly to the Far East across the Pacific to fight Japan. Moreover there is a time lag between delivery of crates of unassembled automobile parts and the finished vehicles arriving at the front after assembly in Soviet factories. So the GATVU report figure of 297,700 by 1.1.45 still looks credible allowing for 60,000 vehicles going to the Pacific and deliveries to European Russia between January and the end of 1945

The second report goes to 20 September 1945 which makes comparison of the reports harder but does give us an indication of what was despatched. The figure for vehicles lost enroute seems low as does the figure for vehicles diverted enroute as these are usually put at 10% and 5% respectively wheras the report shows 14,712 and 4,932 which is 3.5% and 1.1%. Again the timing of the report may be that these percentage figures relate to an earlier and shorter period.

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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Post by Art » 28 Sep 2020 09:35

Der Alte Fritz wrote:
28 Sep 2020 08:21
So the GATVU report figure of 297,700 by 1.1.45 still looks credible
That's foreign trade stats. GAVTU gave 267,700 vehicles accepted by that moment (1 January 1945). They probably omitted some types of vehicles (repair workshops on truck chassis, dump trucks etc) which explains a part of the difference.
Another source is a US War Department's report on LL shipments which gives some 434 thousand trucks and jeeps sent to the Soviet Union:
http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/ref ... ip-3B.html
So again close to the Soviet import stats, a minor difference is probably due to inclusion of some types of vehicles.

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Re: Soviet Army's automobile stocks, losses and deliveries

Post by Art » 29 Sep 2020 17:26

A comparison between lend-lease shipments according to the Soviet foreign trade digest and two American reports (adding those vehicles which were not counted in "Motor transport" section of the Soviet digest):
LL shipments.png
Notes:
(1) Including 77 537 Ford, 63 347 Chevrolet, and 8 880 dodge trucks
(2) Including 87 452 4x2, 60 475 4x4, 10 6x6 trucks, and 3 096 2x4 trucks, Stake&Platform
(3) Including 179 459 Studebaker, 2 995 International Harvester, and 8 650 GMC trucks
(4) Including 79 145 4x6, 104 485 6x6 Studebaker trucks, 5 992 6x6 short wheel base trucks, 2 6x6 15-ft body trucks.
(5) Including 757 10-ton 6x6 trucks (Mack) and 101 M1 Heavy wreaking trucks
(6) Including 471 M19 12-ton 6x4 truck tractors and 234 20-ton 6x4 tank transporters
(7) Including 90 trucks for road machines and 14 7.5-ton tractors with trailers.
(8) Including 90 5-6-ton 4x4 FWD-SU prime-movers and 14 7.5-ton 6x6 prime-movers
(9) Including 410 Studebaker 2.5-ton, 82 GMC 2.5-ton, 20 Diamond 4-ton and 1235 5-ton International Harvester dump trucks
(10) Including 494 2.5-ton, 20 4-ton, and 1243 5-ton dump trucks
(12) Including 11 fire trucks, 71 refueling vehicles, and 698 gas tank trucks
(13) 90 automotive repair type A, 95 automotive repair type B, 171 electrical repair, 187 machine shop A, 35 machine shop B, 100 signal repair, 80 spare parts load A, 39 tool&bench, 131 M12 welding
(14) Including 5 975 2.5-ton chassis and 20 1.5-tone chassis.
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