91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

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GregSingh
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91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by GregSingh » 25 Jun 2013 00:23

Organisation of the 91st Border Guard Detachment:

HQ at Rawa Ruska
1 Border Command at Parchacz
1 outpost at Parchacz
2 outpost at river Solokija north of Parchacz
3 outpost at Waniow
4 outpost at Prusinow
1 reserve outpost at Parchacz
2 Border Command at Uhnow
5 outpost at Ostrowek
6 outpost at Bozenka
7 outpost at Karow
8 outpost at Zurawce
2 reserve outpost at ?
3 Border Command at Lubycza Krolewska
9 outpost at Szalenik
10 outpost at Lubycza Krolewska
11 outpost at Lukawica
12 outpost at Lowcza
13 outpost at Chotulub
3 reserve outpost at ?
4 Border Command at Oleszyce
14 outpost at Nowe Siolo
15 outpost at Dachnow
16 outpost at Oleszyce
17 outpost at Stare Siolo
18 outpost at Milkow
4 reserve outpost at ?
Mobile group at Rawa Ruska
Transport company at Rawa Ruska
Communication company at Rawa Ruska

Detachment defended Soviet-German border between Parchacz and Milkow.
Main Red Army units in the area were:
3 Cavalry Division (34,60,99,158 cavalry regiments, 44 tank regiment)
41 Rifle Division (102,139,244 rifle regiments)
159 Rifle Division (491,558,631 rifle regiments)
Parts of 97 Rifle Division (remaining were in the area of 92nd Border Guard Detachment).

Spelling of the names as per Grossblatt Nr 385,384,392 - September 1940.

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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by GregSingh » 25 Jun 2013 02:36

These are translations from Soviet reports from "ЦЕНТРАЛЬНЫЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ АРХИВ СОВЕТСКОЙ АРМИИ" which were published by "АКАДЕМИЯ НАУК СССР ИНСТИТУТ ИСТОРИИ".
I haven't seen any English translation of these so far. I am not responsible for accuracy of the content, but try to translate as accurately as I can. When cuts are made, that's because particular text is not concerning 91st Border Guard Detachment.

22nd of June, 8-50
[..]
On 6-00 June 22, 1941 in the area of 91st Border Guard Detachment:
1st, 3rd and 4th outposts are in place, fighting. 2nd outpost moved to the headquarters of the 1 Border Command in Parchacz, fighting. 5th, 6th and 7th outposts are in the trenches, no enemy activity. The 9th and 10th outposts in encirclement, fighting. 14th outpost in encirclement, fighting. 16th outpost along with the headquarters of the 4th Border Command in encirclement and fighting. The Germans occupied the stables, part of the outpost and the Command's building, but were repulsed by a counterattack. The battle continues. Mainly Germans infantry in the area. On the Lubycza-Krolewska direction passed up to 20 German tanks.
(Chief of Staff of the 91st BGD Major Volosnuhin).
[..]

22nd of June, 10-15
[..]
According to the report from 8-35,
At 6-45 the 3rd Border Command withdraw to Teniatyska (2 km to the south of Lubycza-Krolewska).
41th Rifle Regiment arrived in the area.
At 7-00 a bomber dropped three bombs over Rawa Ruska, no casualties. At 1st Border Command are killed and wounded, the number not established.
According to the Intelligence of the 6th Army at 7-00, 18th outpost of 91st BGD is surrounded by the enemy.
[..]

22nd of June, 7-55
[..]
As of 7-35, 1st Border Command:
The four outposts withdrew. Command's HQ is surrounded and shelled by artillery fire. There are dead
and wounded (based on inaccurate data, killed 2, wounded 5).
As of 7-30 Red Army had not yet arrived.

22nd of June, ?
[..]
According to the HQ of the 91st BGD at 8-25,
At 6-03 up to one battalion of the enemy reached Lubycza Krolewska and opened machine gun fire on
Command's HQ.
At 6-05 enemy in a strength of a regiment surrounded the HQ of the 3rd Border Command. The HQ withdraws towards Rawa Ruska.
At 6-20 all documents from the 4th Border Command to be sent to Detachment's HQ by the order of Detachment's Commander.
At 6-25 5th outpost was moving to assist the 4th outpost - fighting in the encirclement.
At 6-35 the 10th outpost departed to join up with the 3rd Border Command HQ.
No communication with the 9th outpost.
At 6-42 enemy occupied Oleszyce. 4th Border Command HQ under pressure from major enemy forces supported by tanks, began to retreat.
At 6-46 seven German spy planes at the height of 2,000m on course to Lwow.
At 7-00 Germans opened artillery fire on Parchacz.
At 7-20 a regiment of the enemy is advancing on the direction of Lubycza-Krolewska, approaching the area of operations of 244th Rifle Regiment, 41th Rifle Division.
At 7-20, two companies of the enemy are closing on Deby. Large forces are moving behind.
1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th outposts withdrew.
At 7-55 from the west to the south flew four bombers at an altitude of 4000 m.
Wounded, according to incomplete statistics, 5, killed 2.
At 8-00 Parchacz on fire. Wola Gluchowska occupied by enemy motorcyclists.
Detachment's units in retreat. Prusinow and Rakowica forest occupied by the enemy. Red Army units entered Parchacz.
[..]

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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by GregSingh » 25 Jun 2013 03:44

My comments so far:
- 41st Rifle regiment mentioned, did not exist. They probably meant 41st Rifle Division.
- As per discussion about 92nd BGD, German tanks at Oleszyce did not exist either.
- What about German tanks in Lubycza-Krolewska at 6am as reported? My guess is no luck with these either... :)

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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by GregSingh » 25 Jun 2013 06:46

Three maps of the area from http://niemirow41.narod.ru/
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Jeff Leach
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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by Jeff Leach » 25 Jun 2013 08:52

GregSingh wrote:Detachment defended Soviet-German border between Parchacz and Milkow.
Main Red Army units in the area were:
3 Cavalry Division (34,60,99,158 cavalry regiments, 44 tank regiment)
41 Rifle Division (102,139,244 rifle regiments)
159 Rifle Division (491,558,631 rifle regiments)
Parts of 97 Rifle Division (remaining were in the area of 92nd Border Guard Detachment).
you can add some other major units

Rava Rus'ka UR (Fortified Region)
209 Corps Artillery Regiment
229 Corps Artillery Regiment

and maybe some more 6 Army assets

Another thing, you have moved on to the IV.A.K. area. The Gemans employed the Pz.Abt(Flamm) 102 (24 x Pz.Kpfw.B2 (F) and 6 x PzKpfw.B1) here. It serve with 24.I.D. from 23 - 25 June 1941 and after that with the 296.I.D. There were no elements of the StuG.Abt. 243 present AFAIK.

I haven't looked much at the IV.A.K. records but remember some mention that many of the border post were unoccupied. The impression was the first hour or couple hours of the German advance was virtually unopposed at least in some of the divisional sectors. A couple hours later the IV.A.K. command was was very worred (loosing their heads really) about their left flank, which for some reason had descintigrated.

The German dispositions on the Russian maps seem a little incorrect too.

Would be nice if you continue these posts. It is some really good stuff.

Edit: the StuG.Abt. 243 (18 x StuG III, 1 battery with XXXXIX.A.K.) was subordinate to the IV.A.K. but the earliest mention of it I have seen so far, when it was to support the 24.I.D. on 24.06.41.

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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by GregSingh » 26 Jun 2013 01:40

Thanks leachjeff.

The story continues...

22nd of June, 13-35
[..]
As of 10-20 June 22, 1941 in the area of 91st Border Guard Detachment:
The infantry of the enemy supported by artillery continued to attack in all area of the Detachment.
1st Border Command (Parchacz) is fighting in encirclement. Outposts 3rd and 4th are withdrawing. No communication with outposts.
2nd Border Command together with the 5th outpost are supporting the 4th outpost. Town Uhnow shelled with machine guns [enemy fire]. 6th and 7th outposts are in positions. 2nd reserve outpost is fighting in the area, holding a company size German unit. 8th outpost and mobile group outposts - 2nd and 4th are engaging a battalion of Germans in Poddebce.
3rd Border Command, 9th and 10th outposts together with 244th Rifle Regiment conduct battle against large enemy forces.
No communication with 11th, 12th, 13th outposts and HQ of the 4th Border Command.
Losses: killed 3, injured - 14.
At 10-00 enemy supported by artillery fire, is approaching Werchrata from the north.
At 9-55 a cavalry regiment of the 34th Cavalry Division launched a counterattack on Parchacz in order to cut encirclement of the 1st Border Command and with the objective to push enemy back. Cavalry regiment is supported by tanks. Opponent conducts artillery fire by the area.
In order to restore communication with the 4th Border Command, Detachment’s HQ is sending a group of soldiers on a locomotive.
[..]
--------------------

My comments to this report:
- It should rather be 34th Cavalry Regiment of 3rd Cavalry Division.
- Seems that 10am attack of cavalry and tanks (most probably from 44 tank regiment) caused some headache for Germans on the left flank of the IV.AK in Parchacz. Interesting to see what Germans have in their reports about that event. Was it German 9.ID or 297.ID attacking Parchacz?

I couldn't find exact numbers, but quite possibly tank regiment could have up to 40 operational BT-5 and BT-2 tanks and a couple of BA-10 and BA-20 armored cars. Not sure how many of these actually took part in the attack.
According to Russian sources five BT-5 and one BT-2 were lost in and around Parchacz on that day.

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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by GregSingh » 26 Jun 2013 07:36

And more...

22nd of June, ?
[..]
In the area of 91st Border Guard Detachment:
South of Lubycza Krolewska, in an area of Hill 390, operates up to one infantry regiment of the enemy.
According to the HQ of the 91st BGD: prisoner under interrogation, taken in Parchacz, explained that the USSR presented a note to Germany requesting a transfer of Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Greece to us. Germany rejected the ultimatum and went on attack.
According to the Intelligence of the 6th Army at 11-45: Lubaczow is burning, Werhrata continues to be under intensive artillery fire.
[..]

22nd of June, 13-00.
According to the the HQ of the 91st BGD, at 10-40 Uhnow is occupied by the Germans. HQ of the 4th Border Command withdraws. HQ of 3rd Border Command, 6th, 7th, 9th and 10th outposts withdraws, outpost 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th are defending Kuliczkow. Sent to restore communication with the 4th Board Command, a locomotive with a group of men returned due to the enemy activity in the area of the Werhrata.
At 12-30 after support from the Red Army units, the HQ of the 1st Border Command is out of the encirclement. Parchacz is completely destroyed. Parts of the 41th Rifle Division are holding Teniatyska.
Losses in the Detachment: command personnel killed – 3, wounded - 4, Red Army soldiers killed - 17, wounded - 25.
At 12-30 in Kamionka, 7 km southeast of Rawa-Ruska, an enemy bomber was shot down. The crew of five people jumped on parachutes. Was surrounded.
At 12-38 in village Sielec opponent provides weapons to the local population. In Безгуйче landed paratroopers, the number is not known. Three prisoners captured in Parchacz reported the same reason for starting the war as in previous report.
At the 12-55 in Kamionka a crew of a German bomber was captured by a unit of Lieutenant Ignatov. One German was killed. In the same area, the group continues action surrounding an unknown number of enemy paratroopers.
[..]
--------------------

According to German's daily maps, 9.ID was in Parchacz, 297 moved quickly forward and does not seem to be involved.

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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by GregSingh » 02 Jul 2013 07:48

From history of Soviet 97th Rifle Division:
http://nemirov41.forum24.ru/?1-5-0-0000 ... 1249308231
Attack of German 1.Geb Div and elements of 71.ID against the north flank of 97th Rifle Divison and 4th Border Command of the 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD on the 22nd of June 1941.

[..]
By 7-00 the 69th Rifle Regiment of the Red Army moved to the area Dachnów - Oleszyce (Дахнув - Олешице).
At 6-42 large force of enemy infantry and tanks stormed into Oleszyce (Олешице). Captain's Chernysh 2nd battalion was fighting in the streets. Battalions of Captains Zaychenko and Salnikov were delaying enemy in the area of Dachnów (Дахнув).
[..]
By 9-00 the enemy pushed the 69th Regiment back and seized the high ground in the area of Lubaczów (Любачув). Captain's Salnikov battalion chased by tanks, withdrew to Młodów (Млодув).
[..]
Up to 10-00, 1st battalion of Captain Zaychenko was fighting on the western outskirts of Lubaczów (Любачув) and in groves south-west of the city. Then withdrew to the village Opaka (Опака). Enemy took Lubaczów (Любачув), Oleszyce (Олешице) and Stare Sioło (Старо Село).
[..]
At 13-00 the enemy pressed the left flank battalion of the 69th Rifle Regiment to the village Szczutków (Черткув) and took hill Sople (Сопло) between 69th and 233rd regiments.
[..]
By 16-00 the division occupied the line of defense: Młodów (Млодув), Opaka (Опака), Szczutków (Черткув), Bihale (Бихале), Korzenica (Коженица), Laszki (Ляшки).
[..]
Under the pressure from the 71.ID, supported by tanks and motorcycle units, Captain's Salnikov 3rd battalion of the 69th Regiment withdrew towards Mielniki (Мельники). Captains Zaychenko 1st battalion, held off the enemy along the line Ostrowiec - Szczutków (Островец - Черткув).
[..]
Under the pressure of superior enemy forces by 4-00 on the 23rd of June, 69th Rifle Regiment moved to the east and took up defensive positions along: Mielniki (Мельники), Cetynia Hołodowska (Цетыня Холодовска), Wólka Żmijowska (Вулька Змеевска).
-----------------------

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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by Jeff Leach » 02 Jul 2013 15:42

GregSingh wrote:
My comments to this report:
- It should rather be 34th Cavalry Regiment of 3rd Cavalry Division.
- Seems that 10am attack of cavalry and tanks (most probably from 44 tank regiment) caused some headache for Germans on the left flank of the IV.AK in Parchacz. Interesting to see what Germans have in their reports about that event. Was it German 9.ID or 297.ID attacking Parchacz?
The Russian map is missing the 262.I.D., which was attacked and apparently routed by the 3rd Cavalry Division.
00724 part.jpg
you can see clearly on the map that the 262.I.D. was driven back to its starting positions. The IV.A.K. was worried about its right flank all day. (it will take some time to go through the documents and see what really happened)

Edit: Reread your comments: and the counter-attack you referred to would have been on the right flank of the IV.A.K (AOK.17) or left flank of XXXXIV.A.K. (AOK.6). Can't find Parchacz on any map and don't know if it was taken from the Polish or Russian name for the place. If we are talking about the attack on the 262.I.D. I would expect Kornie, Mosty Małe, Teniatyska or Lubycza Królewska to be mentioned.
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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by GregSingh » 03 Jul 2013 12:25

Parchacz (Пархач), today called Mezhyrichchya - 50.335271,24.217789
You can find it on Grossblatt Nr.385 I use or any map made before 1939.
It is about 65km to the east from Lubycza Królewska (Любыча-Крулевска).

As I put earlier, German 9.ID from XXXXIV.A.K. was attacked there by tanks of 3rd Cavalry Division.
According to Lage Ost maps, 9.ID stayed there for 2 days before moving forward, as neighboring 297.ID went off to a good start from day one.

Counterattack against 262.ID in the area of Lubycza Królewska (Любыча-Крулевска) was done by Soviet 244 Rifle Regiment supported by a fresh 102 RR (both from 41st Rifle Div.)

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Re: 91st Border Guard Detachment NKVD in 1941

Post by tigre » 13 Aug 2013 18:07

Hello to all :D; a little complement................

Stug Abt 243 in Oleszyce - 22 Jun 1941.

The 1./ Stug Abt 243 was within the framework of the XXXIX Geb AK and it seems attached to the 1. GD; the battery had 1 KIA (Oblt Lohse) and 2 WIA (Oblt Gruber and Lt d.R. Maubach) on Jun 22, 1941................

Source: http://nemirov41.forum24.ru/?1-4-0-00000040-000-120-0

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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