kornilov shock regiment/white russians

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Balrog
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Post by Balrog » 31 Dec 2003 02:18

i read that kornilov's 2 small children were taken into exile in francewith a group of white russian officers. does anyone know what happened to kornilov's children?

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by Olga Krasnova » 21 Apr 2010 17:20

I just came across this site, and I realize that this may be a little late for the subject under discussion: The Kornilov Shock Regiment and its supposed crimes during the Russian Civil War. But truth is always timely. As a Russian historian, I have devoted nearly ten years to the study of the White movement, and would therefore like to clear up a few myths.
The Kornilov regiment was first commanded by Colonel Nezhentzev and afterwards by General Skoblin, famous for defecting to the Bolsheviks during the 1930s. General Lavr Kornilov commanded the "Iron Division" during WWI. After he escaped from a German prison camp just before the February Revolution, he at first supported and then led a coup--called the Kornilov Affair--in July 1917, against the Provisional Government. After escaping from Bykhov Prison, Kornilov, Sergey Markov and General Lukhomsky fled south to organize the Volunteer Army with the help of General Alexeev. Kornilov was a liberal-minded man, and actually anti-monarchist, but he was against Communism, which was militantly atheistic, against private property and enterprise and traditional values. Upon his death in April 1918, the regiment became known forever as the Kornilovskii.
The unit crest for the Kornilovskii is easily explained. As early as May 1917, women's shock units were formed in Petrograd for the defense of the city and continuing the war with Germany. They--and later the Kornilovskii--wore a sleeve patch with a skull-and-crossbones. This stood for their commitment to fight to the death. Shock units were also called Death Battalions, not for their ferocity, but for their dedication to shed the last drop of their blood for the cause. It is false to credit the crest of this elite unit as a symbol of war crimes. Definately, they were not pirates. Officers of the Kornilovskii Regiment were famed as one of the purest in the entire White Army. For example, they bound themselves by an oath not to touch wine, women or cards until they had defeated the Bolsheviks.
This does not mean that all of the men of the Kornilovskii (and other White regiments) were aristocrates or landowners. In fact, to quote Paul Robinson's The Russian White Army in Exile, “these officers came from a wide variety of social backgrounds . . . . The shortage of officers meant that that the army had commissioned children from poor families . . . . Almost no officers possessed any property. Even before the war, only 15 percent of generals ever owned a house, let alone any land.”
While some White armies--there was no single "White Army"--did commit some atrocities, these was particularly in far Siberia, under the adventurer Ataman Semenov and Baron von Ungern-Sternberg (born in Austria). This includes the much-celebrated Jewish pogroms in the Ukraine. Both these actions were condemned by General Baron Peter N. Wrangel and General Kutepov, who swept the army clean of all dubious elements upon taking command. And if it comes to slinging mud, there is incontrovertible evidence of Red atrocities, which included skinning victims alive at Odessa, crucifixion, sawing men apart at Tsaritsyn, firing squads, or indescribable tortures that turned victims into a living bloody mass.
"White Terror" came nowhere close in frequency or volume to the Reds, and was often done in sheer revenge when Whites took a town and found officers, pregnant women and and old Jews butchered in the streets (see Savage Squadrons, by Sergei Kournakoff, The Russian Civil War, by David Bullock, etc.) The Reds killed their fair share of Jews, as well. No White army ever organized local committees devoted to terror like the CHEKA.
For the most part--although there were exceptions--the Whites were men of the old army, whether cadets, elite officers, workers, a narrower percentage of peasants, who preferred to stay out of the struggle altogether, and Cossacks. They were guided by traditional ideas of war and honor, that often made them morally incapable of the greater excesses conducted by the Bolsheviks.
As for whether these elite units were any good, Trotsky himself admitted that the White's cavalry (particularly General Babiev's) and tactical knowlege was far superior to that of the Red Army. This is what drove him to reorganize the entire Red Army. White crack units advanced silently to take the town of Perm in what is called in the Soviet film Chapaev, a "psychic attack." Up through the summer of 1919, when the Allies abandoned them--not because of White atrocities, but because they preferred to aknowlege the Soviet government--the White had made astounding advances, even to the point of converging on Moscow from three points. Badly outnumbered, and cut off from both capitals, naval bases and the vast industrial centers of central Russia, the Whites fought a bitter and unequal war to the end.
If anyone is interested in this argument, I will gladly answer questions when convenient. It is time to value truth over stereotype.


References:

Bullock, David. The Russian Civil War: 1918-1922 (Osprey Publishing, 2004)

The multi-volumn work of Aleksandr Deryabin on the Russian Civil War throws much light on the role of the White Armies (in Russian)

Kappel and Kappelevsky (in Russian, Posev, 2003)

Kamyshansky, Boris. I am a Cossack (Longmans, Green, 1934)

Kournakoff, Sergei. Savage Squadrons (London: Harrap & Co., 1935)

The Kornilov Regiment, by M. Kritsky (1938) Trans. Colonel Thomas Hillman

Lincoln, Bruce W. Red Victory: A History of the Russian Civil War (Simon and Schuster, New
York, London, 1989)

Memoirs of a Russian Emigre Soldier: An Interview with Colonel Aleksandr Leksoff, conducted by Boris Raymond
(University of California, Berkley, 1967)

The Russian White Army in Exile: 1922-1941, by Paul Robinson (Clarendon Press, 2002)

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by Art » 22 Apr 2010 08:22

Pay attention that we have agreement that the issue of war crimes is discussed in details in the special section of the forum:
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewforum.php?f=6
But thank you for your input.

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by RCW Mark » 23 Apr 2010 05:37

Olga Krasnova wrote: Badly outnumbered, and cut off from both capitals, naval bases and the vast industrial centers of central Russia, the Whites fought a bitter and unequal war to the end.
Whites cut off from naval bases? Hardly. Only Petrograd was consistently in Red hands, and that was blockaded by the British. Odessa fell to the Reds, but without naval vessels. Sevastopol, Rostov and Vladivostok were White. Riga was Latvian or Freikorps. The anti-Bolshevik forces controlled all the seas, even including the Caspian, and it was the Reds who could not sail from a safe harbour.

I also dispute that the "Whites" were badly outnumbered. The Soviets fielded a lot of men, but they were also facing the Latvians, Poles and Ukrainians as well as "Whites". The full anti-Bolshevik forces were not greatly smaller than the Red forces. Added to that the better quality officers and the better access to modern technology (tanks, planes, Lewis guns etc) and the result is that the anti-Bolshevik forces were either a match or close enough.

Of course the Soviets did not fight all their opponents at once. But that is a political matter, not a numeric one. If Denikin and Iudenich had persuaded Pilsudski and Mannerheim to attach in late 1919 when they had the Reds on the ropes, Lenin would never have lasted. The forces against the Reds at that point were far stronger militarily (albeit not in drafted men) than the Red Army. It was the political inability of the Whites to marshal allies that cost them this decisive advantage.

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by Znamya » 01 Jul 2010 02:52

While some White armies--there was no single "White Army"--
There was a unified White movement headed by Kolchak and whose other leaders included Denikin, Wrangel, and Yudenich. Kolchak was the leader of the Whites and proclaimed himself the supreme ruler of Russia. Contrary to what you're suggesting, the White leaders bore total responsibility for the atrocities committed by their forces. It's true that the movement was not centralized, but that's because of the vast distance between Kolchak's base in Siberia and Denikin's forces in the south.
did commit some atrocities, these was particularly in far Siberia, under the adventurer Ataman Semenov and Baron von Ungern-Sternberg (born in Austria).
Putting the blame on the Cossacks and regional chieftains is really dishonest. Atrocities were committed wherever the Whites operated and at the very beginning of the Revolution. For example, as early as November 1917, the junkers in Moscow carried out a massacre of hundreds of captured soldiers of the 56th Reserve Regiment.
This includes the much-celebrated Jewish pogroms in the Ukraine. Both these actions were condemned by General Baron Peter N. Wrangel and General Kutepov, who swept the army clean of all dubious elements upon taking command.
Mild rebukes by Denikin on Jewish pogroms were cynical attempts to mislead international public opinion. While the Soviet Government did the utmost to suppress and punish the isolated, anti-Jewish outbreaks among small numbers of its troops who had recently defected from the anti-Soviet armies, Denikin's regime did nothing, but in fact encouraged pogroms through its Black Hundred-esque propaganda.
And if it comes to slinging mud, there is incontrovertible evidence of Red atrocities, which included skinning victims alive at Odessa, crucifixion, sawing men apart at Tsaritsyn, firing squads, or indescribable tortures that turned victims into a living bloody mass.
These accusations are derived from the publicism of counter-revolutionary propaganda, such as Denikin's so-called Commission to investigate the Soviet Government's crimes. Historians have concluded that they cannot be taken seriously. Historian L.I Futoryansky, for example, wrote that these allegations are questionable and that Denikin's material cannot be considered a scientific publication.

If you want to talk about atrocities, then refer to Kolchak and the mass flogging of many thousands of people. It was Denikin's "Volunteer Army" that buried Jews up to their necks and then killed them by the hooves of horses driven over them. Children were smashed against walls in view of their parents. Pregnant women had their unborn children killed in their mothers' sight.
"White Terror" came nowhere close in frequency or volume to the Reds
The fact is that White Terror infinitely exceeded the Red Terror.

For example, I.S. Ratkovsky suggests in his study that about 8-9 thousand people were executed by the Cheka during 1918 in all of Soviet Russia out of a population of over 60 million.

Ratkovsky wrote about the estimated 8 thousand executions: Исходя из данных периодической печати... можно определить количество жертв красного террора в 8 тысяч человек. 2 тысячи из них приходятся на период с 30 августа по 5 сентября 1918 г., еще 3 тысячи на оставшиеся дни сентября; октябрь, ноябрь, де- кабрь 1918 г. включают в себя примерно 3 тыся- чи расстрелов, в целом равномерно распреде- ленных по месяцам.

By contrast, just in the single Don province, with a population of about 3 million, Krasnov's forces during the second half of 1918 executed an estimated 40-45 thousand people. One particular episode of this brutal terror is captured by Sholokhov's novel "Silent Don" and shown in Gerasimov's filmfilm

In Ekaterinburg province, Kolchak's forces murdered some 25,000 people during 1919 out of a population of about 2 million.

In the Ukraine and southern Russia, an estimated 100,000 Jews perished in pogroms perpetrated by Denikin's Whites and the counter-revolutionary Ukrainian separatists of Hetman Petlyura. That Denikin, Petlyura, and other leaders of anti-Soviet bands were responsible is irrefutable. As Elias Heifitz wrote
Anti-Semitism was one of the fundamental elements of the* Restoration rule, exactly as under the tsar, and the rule of Denikin approached this ideal with gigantic steps. All traces of the "liberties" promised in the Kerensky period were definitely wiped out, among them the liberties granted to the Jews.

The official information bureau of the chief commander of the volunteer army developed an enormous anti-Semitic agitation. Theoretically this agitation found expression in the sanguinary anti-Semitic articles of the well-known follower of the Black Hundred, the able and talented Shulgin, a convinced monarchist and Jew-hater.
According to A. Litvin's research, in the Northern region (population of 400 thousand) controlled by the Whites, more than 38,000 were sent to prisons, of which about 8000 were executed while thousands more perished from disease and torture.

Even the Czechoslovak interventionists in the summer of 1918 murdered an estimated 5000 people, according to Ratkovsky. In one incident, all members of the local Soviet of Cheliabinsk were captured and murdered by the invaders.
The Reds killed their fair share of Jews, as well.
That is absolute rubbish. As Z. Gittelman writes, the Red Army was the ONLY armed force in the Russian Civil War that did not systematically terrorize the Jews. Incidents in which anti-Jewish abuses did break out were committed by former soldiers of Hetman Petlyura who had only recently switched sides and joined the Red Army. Those guilty of such crimes were promptly disciplined and the instigators were hanged. Jews came to regard the Red Army as their protectors , and large numbers of young Jews joined in order to take revenge for the crimes against their families.
No White army ever organized local committees devoted to terror like the CHEKA.
Cheka was committed to protecting the Revolution against its enemies. It exposed and crushed numerous conspiracies, most infamously the one involving Lockhart. There are many books about the heroism of Soviet Chekists. In a biography about Dzerzhinsky, it is written "Cheka personnel ensured the maintenance of strict labour discipline among the railroad workers, investigated all accidents, helped prepare for the opening of the navigation season on water routes. In response to an appeal of the Party, Cheka bodies dispatched nearly all their men with experience as engine-drivers, fitters, turners and stokers to work on transport."

Litvin cites just one order from the Kolchak regime. General Rozanov in Irkutsk province gave an order to:

“Those villages whose population meets troops with arms, burn down the villages and shoot the adult males without exception. If hostages are taken in cases of resistance to government troops, shoot the hostages without mercy

The same Rozanov gave orders to shoot ten hostages for every Czech killed.
For the most part--although there were exceptions--the Whites were men of the old army, whether cadets, elite officers, workers, a narrower percentage of peasants, who preferred to stay out of the struggle altogether, and Cossacks.
The White leaders were bloodthirsty murderers. Many of these same thugs went on to collaborate with the Nazis decades later, most infamously Krasnov.
They were guided by traditional ideas of war and honor, that often made them morally incapable of the greater excesses conducted by the Bolsheviks.
40-45 thousand people shot in Don province, 25 thousand shot in Ekaterinburg, genocide against the Jews - none of these atrocities can be associated with what you call "honor".
Badly outnumbered, and cut off from both capitals, naval bases and the vast industrial centers of central Russia, the Whites fought a bitter and unequal war to the end.
This is very misleading. All of these areas did not magically fall from the sky to land on the Soviet Government's lap. They had to work hard to establish and preserve Soviet rule throughout the country. They had the popular support needed to hang on to Central Russia during the difficult period of the autumn of 1918 and inflict the crushing defeats on the enemy.

The Whites were able to survive for as long as they largely because of foreign aggression, especially the Czechoslovak invasion in the east during the summer of 1918.

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by RCW Mark » 01 Jul 2010 04:56

The fact is that White Terror infinitely exceeded the Red Terror.
I was more or less with you up to this. But this particular statement is rot.

The Whites conducted "terror" on a more or less random basis. Semenov and Shkuro revelled in it, boasting about how many "Reds" they had killed. In general the top men, like Kolchak and Wrangel were above that sort of behaviour and tried, with varying degrees of success, to stop the brutality.

The Soviets institutionalised terror. The top leaders wanted it and made no serious effort to control it so long as it was directed against "counter-revolutionary" targets. The idea that the Cheka only killed 9,000 people is quite ridiculous - after Wrangel evacuated the Crimea there was a rampage where this many were killed every day. (It's possible only 9,000 people got a Cheka trial and a recorded death sentence, but that's an entirely separate matter.)

One reading of Isaac Babel will dispel any idea that the Reds were above terror. Even terror directed at Jews. And for his pains what did Babel get? Death by Cheka (NKVD), of course.

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by Art » 01 Jul 2010 07:27

Let us:
1) Return to the original topic, if forum members have something to discuss about it.
2) Remember about this announcement:
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 41&start=0
Thank you in advance.

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by Znamya » 01 Jul 2010 22:16

The Whites conducted "terror" on a more or less random basis. Semenov and Shkuro revelled in it, boasting about how many "Reds" they had killed. In general the top men, like Kolchak and Wrangel were above that sort of behaviour and tried, with varying degrees of success, to stop the brutality.
That is the propaganda line of the apologists of the White Army. Attributing the crimes to Semyonov and Shkuro rather than Kolchak and Miller does not really prove anything, as all were leaders of the same regime. Semyonov and others recognized the authority of Kolchak as the "supreme ruler" of Russia.

The irrefutable fact is that the White Terror was systematic and organized, as orders from the top were given for terror. One of Kolchak's generals Rozanov called for shooting the entire adult male population in a village where resistance occurred. Krasnov gave orders, "It is forbidden to arrest workers. The orders are to hang or shoot them."

And then there was a law approved by Denikin adopted on 24 November 1919. Under this law, those guilty of preparing to seize power by the Soviets, who carried out tasks in this government or helped with them, were members of the Communist Party were "deprived of all property rights and face the death penalty." Thus, the death penalty threatened not only hundreds of thousands of Party members, but workers who participated in the nationalization of factories, were in rade unions, and peasants who seized landed estates. The White Terror was anti-national, anti-popular, indsicriminate, and systematic while the Red Terror was largely an expression of popular fury, a reaction to the Whites' crimes, directed at the discredited enemies of the Revolution such as White Guards, capitalists, former officers, and so on. When the severe threat to the Republic ended in the winter of 1918, so did the terror.
The Soviets institutionalised terror. The top leaders wanted it and made no serious effort to control it
That is not true. After the overzealous period in the early days of September 1918, the terror was significantly scaled down. An amnesty on the Revolution's anniversary was issued that released people not directly involved in anti-Soviet conspiracies, which resulted in the end of the Red Terror. The terror was clearly directed by local units, as certain regions were disproportionately affected. While about 900 people were shot in Petrograd city, only 23 people were shot in Mogilev province.
The idea that the Cheka only killed 9,000 people is quite ridiculous
Ratkovsky said that 9000 were executed in 1918, the vast majority of them during September-October 1918. Contrast this with the 40 to 45 thousand people killed in the Don province (population of 3 million) by Krasnov's forces. Historian P.Golub estimates that over a million were arrested just by Kolchak's forces in Siberia, compared to the tens of thousands arrested by the Cheka.
One reading of Isaac Babel will dispel any idea that the Reds were above terror.
Literature by Serafimovich, Fadeyev, Ostrovsky, and others demonstrates the heroism, honor and discipline of the Soviet forces. Note the classic Soviet films Chapayev and Shchors. Of course there were abuses committed and these Soviet-era works provide a slanted view, but stereotyping the "Reds" as a bunch of bloodthirsty hordes is simplistic.
Even terror directed at Jews
The Red Army was the only armed force in the war that did not systematically terrorize the Jews. Instances where anti-Jewish actions broke out were committed by former Whites and Petliurists who had only recently switched sides to the Red Army.

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by paratatruc » 16 Sep 2010 19:55

Znamya,
I seriously wonder how someone dare using " Quiet flows the Don" to show how moral the Reds were in comparison of the Whites. The book was written by an important party member, Sholohov,, and is not objective, but it discuss nonetheless very honestly on certain subjects-
one of them is the red terror.
Your link led to a video showing the execution of the band of Bolotnikov-I think the event happened in reallity-. Those who read the books knows that this "unit" was involved in several executions, one of them is the annhilation of the men of Tserentsov- a unit obeying to M.Kaledin .

Description of mass murder and massacres committed by the reds are abundant. The author tell us how the poor Buntchuk lost his potency, being tired of executing people.
He also tells us what was the first thing the communist did when entering for the first time in Tatarsk: shooting randomly a dozen of men, the majority of them never had any political involvement. The most striking example is the execution of an old man named Adveich, described in the book as a senil old man," the fool of the village", merely because he talked against the regime.

Let's not forget also Mishka Koshevoi, a sadistic, fanatic communist who murdered a great part of the men of his own village, including old ones, burned houses but was nonetheless appointed commissar of his village after the red victory.

As for the pogroms, according to Soljenitsyn " two centuries together" half of them were committed by various Ukrainian band, 2% by the white, and 8% by the red army( most of them by cavalrymen of Boudyoni).
Denikin usually didn't interfere when atrocities and looting were committed by the red army (he himself don't seem to deny this fact in his memoirs), irregardless if the victims were Christians or Jews, but he certainly didn't encouraged such acts. Taking apart a small number of volunteers,officers and student his army was consisted mainly of unreliable men, violent undisciplined cossacks who responded more to their autonomist government then to him , forcibly conscripted men ,etc

Having such men under control was not an easy task, especially for men like him who regarded themselves as soldiers, not politicians or lawmen.
So he turned a blind eyes to insubordination, pillage, and Pogroms.
A good example is the razzia of Mamontov in the area between Voronezh and and Tambov: he didn't fulfill any of his military missions, instead he looted and proudly read in the radio the list of the spoiled objects-which included object stolen from churches-, but was not dismissed or reprimanded.
The policy of avoiding friction and tolerating a behaviour that should not have been tolerated ultimately led the white army to its doom.
Wrangel, succeeded to impose discipline on his troops. The troops being under control, no pogrom ever happened in the sectors where he commanded.

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by paratatruc » 16 Sep 2010 19:57

"2% by the white".

Typing mistake.25%.

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by David Treloar » 19 Sep 2010 06:55

Here is my father's photo of the Kornilovsky regiment parading at Gallipoli - from the Archive of Colonel George D Treloar
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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by David Treloar » 19 Sep 2010 12:19

Can anyone say what is written on the cross that the Kornilovetz is wearing?

Is the painting "Evacuation TO the crimea" (for example from Novorossiisk in March 1920, or "Evacyuation FROM the Crimea" in November 1920?

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by Dr Eisvogel » 12 Feb 2017 21:02

Trushnovich, A. R., Memoirs of a Kornilovets (1914-1934) [Трушнович А. Р., ВОСПОМИНАНИЯ КОРНИЛОВЦА (1914-1934)]
http://www.dk1868.ru/history/zap_korn.htm

Aleksandr Rudolfovich Trushnovich (born December 14th 1893 in Postojna (Slovenia) - abducted in West Berlin on April 13th 1954 by Soviet agents).

The author was born as an ethnic Slovene Rudolf Trušnovič. Politically, he was a Pan-Slavist.

On June 27th 1915 Old Style he deserted Austro-Hungarian army and went to Russian side.

Trushnovich joined Serbian Volunteer Division, formed by the Russians in Odessa in 1916.

At the end of July of 1917, he was accepted into Kornilov Detachment by Staff Captain Nezhentsev.

He served as a lieutenant under Kornilov at Novocherkassk in December of 1917.

In 1941 he switched from Catholicism to Orthodoxy and adopted name Aleksandr Rudolfovich instead of Rudolf.

More about the author:
http://pereklichka.livejournal.com/463055.html

***

Social and ethnic structure of the Kornilov regiment/division officers on pages 189, 191 and 192

R. M. Abinyakin, Officer Corps of the Volunteer Army: Social Structure, Outlook. Years 1917-1920.
P. M. Абинякин, ОФИЦЕРСКИЙ КОРПУС ДОБРОВОЛЬЧЕСКОЙ АРМИИ: СОЦИАЛЬНЫЙ СОСТАВ, МИРОВОЗЗРЕНИЕ. 1917-1920 гг.
http://militera.lib.ru/research/0/pdf/a ... n_rm01.pdf

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by Dr Eisvogel » 13 Feb 2017 16:53

R. M. Abinyakin, Officer Corps of the Volunteer Army: Social Structure, Outlook. Years 1917-1920.
P. M. Абинякин, ОФИЦЕРСКИЙ КОРПУС ДОБРОВОЛЬЧЕСКОЙ АРМИИ: СОЦИАЛЬНЫЙ СОСТАВ, МИРОВОЗЗРЕНИЕ. 1917-1920 гг.
http://militera.lib.ru/research/0/pdf/a ... n_rm01.pdf Page 192, Table 16

National-ethnic roots of the officer corps of the Volunteer Army [excerpt for the "Coloured" units (Цветные части)]

Kornilov Division

East Slavs* = 641
Other Slavs = 40
Ethnic Germans = 24
Caucasus and Asiatic peoples = 12
Jews = 8
Others = 9
Total = 734

Markov Division

East Slavs* = 1890
Other Slavs = 187
Ethnic Germans = 135
Caucasus and Asiatic peoples = 41
Jews = 69
Others = 33
Total = 2355

Drozdovsky Division

East Slavs* = 1902
Other Slavs = 113
Ethnic Germans = 82
Caucasus and Asiatic peoples = 44
Jews = 31
Others = 30
Total = 2202

Alekseyev Brigade

East Slavs* = 741
Other Slavs = 34
Ethnic Germans = 28
Caucasus and Asiatic peoples = 25
Jews = 16
Others = 13
Total = 857

*Source enumerates them under one column as Russians, Little Russians [Ukrainians], Belarusians

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Re: kornilov shock regiment/white russians

Post by krivan48 » 16 Aug 2018 22:21

I am looking for information on the emblem that Kornilov's Calvary wore. I have a photo of my grandfather on horseback with a seal on his hat that looks like a skull riding a horse...I believe that he was captured by the Russians (was an AH soldier) and joined Kornilov's forces. Appreciate any help of feedback you can provide. Thank you.

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