Turkish Officers in North African Front (Libya) during WW1

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Tosun Saral
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Turkish Officers in North African Front (Libya) during WW1

Post by Tosun Saral » 16 Jun 2006 09:37

Names and Ranks of personel in North African Front ( Libya/Trablusgarb) during WW1

Source: Col. Ismet Gorgulu “On Yillik Harbin Kadrosu 1912-22 Ankara 1993 ”p.190-191

The contingent of Turkish Armed Forces served in Trablusgarb(Libya) Front was only 108 men, 47 officers, 47 NCO’s and soldiers, 14 military officials. Later a battalion from the Teşkilat-i Mahsusa, the Special Organization was sended for reinforcement. They trained the locals. Here is the names of commanders:

Represidant of the Chalif, The Sultan V. Mehmet Resat: Semseddin Pasha
General Commander of African Groups : Nuri Bey/Pasha ( Gn. Killigil) ( Feb.1915-1918)
Commander of African Groups : Prens Osman Fuat Pasha (Grand son of Sultan Murat)
- Deputy Commander of African Groups: Major Cafer Askeri
- Chief of Staff : Major/later Lt.Col. Abdurrahman Nafiz (General of the Army Gurman)
- Chief of Staff : Major Mehmet Neset ( Col. Bora)
- Operations officer : 2nd Lt. M.Veli (Dagli)
- completion officer : Capt. Vasfi
- Commander of Trabkusgarb Front: Major/Lt.Co. Ishak
- General Commander of Trablusgarb: Lt. Col Abdulkadir (He was a local and joined to Italians after the armistrace)
- General Commander of Trablusgarb: 2nd Lt. Abdullah (Canakkaleli)
- Regional Commander of Fizan : Major Sakip
- Regional Commander of Nalut : Lt. Omer (Tunuslu)
- Commander of Homs Front : Capt. Seyit Hasan
- Commander of Tacure Front : 2nd Lt. Salim (Supplies Col. Deger)
- Signal officer : Lt. Ihsan (Gn. Aksoley)
- Commander of Company at HQ : Capt. Bilal
- Commander of Guards Company at HQ: Major Halil (Uras)
- Commander of Numune Battalion: Capt. Emin
-Commander of 2nd Numune battalion: Lt. Muhtar
- Battalion Commander at Bir-i Var : Nedim (Giritli)
- Commander of 1st battalion : Abdullah Timsik (local)
- Commander of 2nd battalion : Capt. Galip
- 3rd vattalion : ?
- battalion at Munif : ?
-Commander of Artillary Battalion : Capt. Ziya
- Commander of halting-places : Capt. Tarik
-Commander of Warriors from Abidat and Avagir tribes: Lt. Galip (Kizanikli)
- Commander of Warriors from Hassa and Derwisch tribes: Lt. Muhtar
-Commander of warriors from Evlade Ali Tribe: NCO Serg. Celal
-Commander of Warriors from Birassu tribe : Lt. Abdullah
-Commander of warriors from the Munif Tribe: Lt. Tahsin
- MG team commander : Lt. Nihat

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Peter H
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Post by Peter H » 16 Jun 2006 14:34

Major Cafer Askeri was the later Jaafar Pasha al-Askari.

According to T.E.Lawrence:

We received a great reinforcement to our cause in Jaafar Pasha, a Bagdadi officer from the Turkish Army. After distinguished service in the German and Turkish armies, he had been chosen by Enver to organize the levies of the Sheikh el Senussi. He went there by submarine, made a decent force of the wild men, and showed tactical ability against the British in two battles. Then he was captured and lodged in the citadel at Cairo with the other officer prisoners of war. He escaped one night, slipping down a blanket-rope towards the moat; but the blankets failed under the strain, and in the fall he hurt his ankle, and was re-taken helpless. In hospital he gave his parole.....But one day he read in an Arabic newspaper of the Sherif's revolt, and of the execution by the Turks of prominent Arab Nationalists - his friends - and realized that he had been on the wrong side.


Jaafar joined the Arab Revolt in 1916.

Later he became the first prime minister of Iraq and was assassinated in 1936.

Tosun Saral
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Post by Tosun Saral » 17 Jun 2006 08:13

Yes Sir You are right.

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Peter H
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Post by Peter H » 27 May 2007 06:43

http://abughilan.blogspot.com/2007/03/e ... a-and.html

When Italy declared war against Turkey and invaded Libya he quit his post in Berlin and went back to Istanbul and founded, with the aid of some friends, the Secret Private Organization of Teskilati Mahsusa تشكيلاتي مخصوصة which was a secret society beyond the knowledge of Ottoman Government, with the objective of guarding the Foreign Security of the Empire and Promotion of the idea of Pan-Islamism, i.e. against western colonialism and all provincial separatism. Its members were mainly military and with the only secret cooperation of the Ministry of War, at the time.

This secret organization under Enver Pasha decided to form two volunteer groups of Fedayeen Officers منظمة الضباط الفدائيين to be sent into Cyrenaica and Tripolitania to help the Libyans form an effective resistance against the Italian invasion. The first group was to be headed by Enver himself and to enter Libya secretly from the Egyptian borders. The second group was headed by Major Ali Fathi, who was the Turkish Military Attaché in Paris, was to enter Libya secretly from the Tunisian borders, Major Fathi was later to become commander of Gharyan garrison. The two groups are assisted financially through the Ministry of War, however, they have to find local means of support as well.

On the first of December, 1911, Major Enver Pasha, chief of T. M. and Turkish hero of the people, was established and accepted by all of Eastern Libya tribes as an Overall General, for wasn’t he the envoy of the Sultan and his brother in law (Enver was fiancé of Nejia, the Sultan’s niece). He made his headquarters in Ain Bu Mansour Camp near Derna معسكر عين بو منصور .

When Enver arrived in Cyrenaica he found a local militia of about 900 Mujahid, he succeeded in organizing a trained local army of over sixteen thousand soldiers.After Turkey had signed the Lausanne Peace Treaty with Italy on 18th October, 1912, Enver, as a military officer, had to leave and go back to Istanbul. He appointed Commander Aziz Almasri عزيز المصرى as chief military commander in Cyrenaica under the overall leadership of Ahmed El Sherif, and Sulliman Al Barouni became the overall military and civic commander in Tripolitania.
The officers of Teskilati Mahsusa تشكيلاتي مخصوصة left their arms, what funds they had with the Libyan Mujahedeen and some of them remained as volunteers.

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Peter H
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Post by Peter H » 27 May 2007 07:13

The English lieutenant John Smallwood, alias Osman Effendi:

http://abughilan.blogspot.com/

“On the 8th of May, the English lieutenant John Smallwood disappeared. (This gentleman) who already became a Moslem and had a new name for himself as ‘Osman Effendi’, was definitely assassinated by the Italians. He was on a mission of reconnaissance, and some Libyans were sent to trace him and came back saying that they found traces of blood fifty meters near the Italian fortifications.

This Moslem Englishman was quite a unique character. He was blond, very thin, his nose was fractured during a boxing match and his body was covered with tattoos. He was extremely brave and looked at life as a sport game. He insisted everyday to show his daring and bravery. He would go at times during perfect daylight to prepare his tea in front of the Italian lines, or sneak under darkness to the town of Derna and the Italian fortifications.
The last time he left the camp in the company of a Bedouin, he was intending to take some photographs near the Italian fortification in Derna under moon light, and he promised to give me these photos to publish in my journal, but he never came back. I can imagine that he dared to come very close to the Italian lines, he was gunned down with his Libyan companion, that they tried to crawl back to the camp and probably fell down in a ravine. The Italians would have found their bodies the following day and they were transported back to Derna. At least these are the interpretations made by the tracer people who were sent to find out their fate.

In the evening, people of the Ain Mansour Camp gathered around a poet from the tribe of Brassa قبيلة البراعصة who recited a poem of praise in the memory of this Moslem Englishman and his Libyan companion who died for the cause.

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Post by stevebecker » 29 May 2007 08:07

Peter,

Does he say anything about the fighting against the Western Frontier Force around Matruh (Western desert of Egypt) between Dec 1915 and Feb 1916?

What I am after is any thing from the Turkish/Senissi side during the fighting there between these dates.

Cheers

S.B

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Peter H
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Post by Peter H » 29 May 2007 08:59

Steve,

All I can find is Nuri Bey(Nuri Killigil)(1881-1949),Enver's half brother.Served in Libya 1915-1918.Ended the war as the commander of the Army of Islam,Caspian area.Died in 1949 in a munitions explosion at a factory owned by him.

Regards
Peter

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Post by Tosun Saral » 30 May 2007 16:01

Death of Nuri Killigil is still a mystery. He produced Turkish made guns and pistoles. He financed first Turkish Airrplane factory in Kayseri. They said foreign secret service exploded the factory. He was also a member of Teskilat-ı Mahsusa.

A Killigil pistole can be sold for collection about 2000.-USD

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Post by Tosun Saral » 12 Aug 2007 21:05

Cefer Askeri in the officers uniform of 1. Badisches Leib-Grenadier-Regiment
Nr. 109.
http://www.chakoten.dk/senussi_opstanden_a.html#N7
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