Turkish officers with iron crosses

Discussions on the final era of the Ottoman Empire, from the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 until the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.
Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 02 Aug 2006 17:53

Lt. Col. Huseyin Avni (Ariburun)
http://64.233.183.104/search?q=cache:2b ... clnk&cd=27

PS: Lt. Col. Manastir is wrong. He was borned in Manastir/Pitoli.At the time of Ottomans the Officers were called with their birthplace. eg. Huseyin Avni Manastir, Mustafa Kemal Selanik and my father Ahmet Hulki Kozana. His family got the surname Ariburun where he fought againts British.

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 02 Aug 2006 22:45

General of the Army Ali Fuat Erden (1883-1957)
Army serial nr. Top/Artillary 1316/1900 - 1
Major Gen:1926, Lt. Gen. 1940, Gen. of the Army: 1947
Retired:July 14th 1948
During Balkan War: Major.Chief of Staff of the 3rd Army Corps of the Catalca Army on Catalca Defence Line during Feb. 2nd-April 13th 1913.
WW1 Sina and Palastine Front. Lt. Col. Operations officer of the 4th Army.
WW1.Col. Commander of 8th Army Corps of the Syria and Arabia General Kommando during Seria and Musallabe fights in Nov. 1917- July 14th 1918.
Last edited by Tosun Saral on 22 Aug 2006 20:40, edited 1 time in total.

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 02 Aug 2006 22:49

Staff Col. Suleyman Fethi Bey (Istanbul 1877- Izmir May 15th 1919)
Army serial number: P.1312(1896)-10.
His father was sheich Izzi Efendi the master of a Kaadiri Tekke in Salkimsogut /Istanbul.
In 1899 he graduated Military Academy as Staff officer. His first duty was at Hicaz. later He was made assistant Advisor to War Miniter in 1912. He was promodet to Colonel in 1914.
In WW1 he served in East Front as commander of 48th Inf. Div. at the order of 4th Army Corps of the 2nd Army. In 1917 he commanded the 47th Inf. Div. because the 48th was forwarded to Syrian Front on June 16th 1917. During that fights he was wounded and sended to Wiesbaden for treathment.After he return to home he was sick for that reason he was made the president of Military Enlistment Department in Izmir.
The Greeks invated Izmir on May 15th 1919. They immediately took all Turkish officers prisoner. They forced them to yell "Zito Venizalos" Zito Hellas" Col. Suleyman Fethi bey refused to yell. He was bayoneted by civilized and proud greek soldiers 12 times. He died because of wounds.
Less we forget. May his grave be in light.
Pictures of him as young officer.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
Last edited by Tosun Saral on 19 Aug 2006 14:41, edited 2 times in total.

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 02 Aug 2006 22:53


Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 02 Aug 2006 22:56

Col. Dadayli Halit Akmansu

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 02 Aug 2006 23:04

Enver Pasha
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 03 Aug 2006 09:46

Sea Mines Group Commander Captain at Sea Hafiz Nazmi (Akpinar)Bey (Istanbul 1874-Istanbul May 5th 1940)
Graduated Naval School in 1896. Promoted to Corvetten Captain on July 19th 1915.
Retired :Nov.20th 1923
Capt. at Sea Hafiz Nazmi Bey with his comrades. (first one on the left)
source:http://72.14.221.104/search?q=cache:fK3 ... =clnk&cd=6
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
Last edited by Tosun Saral on 05 Aug 2006 09:37, edited 3 times in total.

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 03 Aug 2006 10:05

Ismail Izzet Bey (Istanbul 1874 - Konya 21.05.1932)
Graduated The School of Mulkiye for civilian govermental officials in 1901. He served in various cities as Governing Civilian Official. He got his iron cross for his extra good governing in Jerusalem from Kaiser Wilhelm II during his visit to the city.
While he was the Governor of Konya died in 1932.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 05 Aug 2006 09:55

Tümgeneral (Major General) Selahattin Adil Pasha: (Istanbul,1881- Istanbul,1961) The soldier who made Dardanelles a Hell to British and French Navy and who took occupied İstanbul over on October 2nd 1923 from the allies.

He graduated from Harbiye the War School in Istanbul in 1902 as an artillary officer. Later he studied in War Academy and became a stuff officer. His first duty was a science officer of the Hicaz Railway Construction.In 1908 he was made Major. During the years 1910-1911he was the commander of 2nd Regiment and later appointed to Bucarest as military attesche. In 1912 he was one of those oficers fighting againts Italians in Trablusgarb/Libya. He took part in the Balkan Wars. Just before the WW1 he was appointed as chief of staff to Çanakkale Fortress.His rank was Major. He reorganized the land battaries on the both shores of the Dardanelles Strait. For that reason British and French fleet suffered a huge disaster. During the fights in Çanakkale he was promoted to colonel.Selahattin Adil commanded 12th Division until September 8th 1915 and later 13th Division during WW1. After the Armistice of Mundros he joined to the National forces of Mustafa Kemal in Anatolia. He organized the resistance in Cilicia Region, (Adana, Tourus mountains, Antep, Urfa, Maras) as commanding officer of national Forces. After the withdrawal of French from that region he took part in the army fighting againts Greeks. During the
Kutahya-Eskisehir battles he was the commender of south front.He then promoted to Pascha (Tuğgeneral)During the Sakarya battle field he was the commander of 2nd group. Later he was appointed to 2nd Army as commander. While Istanbul was under Allieed occupation he was appointed to Istanbul as Commander in November 23th 1922. As his soldiers entered to Istanbul all Istanbul was on the streets. In 1923 he was promoded to Tümgeneral (Major General) and retired from the army. He worked in civilian departments of the new Turkish Republic. During the years 1950-54 he served as Member of Parliament from Ankara. He was 80 years old when he died on Feb 27th 1961. London Times announced his dead on March 2nd 1961 as ”A Hero Died” The Newspaper “The Baltimore” announced his dead as “General Selahattin Adil who changed the fate of WW1 died” His name was Selahattin Adil. After the new Republics law reforms he got the name “Adil” which means “just” as surname.
His army registration number is 1315 B.Top.2

(PS :Selahattin is the name of the famous Turkish Sultan known as Saladin who fought againts the Crusaders commanded by Richard the Lion-hearted)
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... attin+adil
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 05 Aug 2006 11:55

Kazim (Inanc) Diyarbakır 1880-Ankara 1930
Army Serial Number: 1315(1899) P-29
Major General: 1918
Lt.Gen. :1924
Retired: Oct.21st 1928
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
Last edited by Tosun Saral on 13 Sep 2006 19:49, edited 1 time in total.

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 06 Aug 2006 13:34

Gallion Captain (Col.) Huseyin Rauf Bey ( Orbay) (Istanbul 1880- Istanbul July 16th 1964)
Son of mehmet Muzaffer Pasha. While his father was in Trablusgarb (Todays Libya) he graduated from Trablusgarb Military School. In 1899 he graduated from Naval Academy as Leutnant at Sea.
April 9 1901 2nd Lt.,
April 23 1904 capt.,
Aug.31 1913´te corvet captain (Major),
1915´te destroyer captain (Lt.Col.),
Sept.28 1917 Gallion captain (Col.)
He is famous as the captain of the corsair battleship Hamidiye with his fights at sea during Balkan War. His tactics later insprired the Germans in WW2 (Graff Spree and Bismarck made raids as corsair ships like Hamidiye.)
He got iron cross 2nd class on July 29th 1916.
He joined to the National Forces of Mustafa Kemal.
Rauf Orbay with Cemal Pasha the Neval Minister and Commander of 4th Army. Rauf Bey succeded him after armistrace.
Rauf Orbay with Mustafa Kemal during the organization of Turkish Mational Movement againts British and Greeks.(He has no relation with Kazim Orbay)
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
Last edited by Tosun Saral on 09 Oct 2006 18:48, edited 1 time in total.

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 06 Aug 2006 14:30

Major Ihsan (Eryavuz) (Istanbul 1877- Istanbul March 6th 1947)
Graduated from Military school as artillary officer. Joined the Balkan Wars.He saved life of Enver Pasha during Sarikamis Battles. After the WW1 he retired from the army at joined the Mustafa Kemal Pasha's National Movement. He served in 1,2, and 3rd National Parliament as Cebelübereket (Osmaniye) MP.During the Fethi Okyar's Government between the tears 22.11.1924 - 03.03.1925 and İsmet İnönü's Government between the years 03.03.1925-01.11.1927 and 30.12.1924 - 01 November 1927 he served as Naval Minister.
He was find quilty on the "Battleship Yavuz-dry dock" process and sentenced into prison in 1928.
After the new civil reforms of the Turkish Republic he got "Eryavuz" as surname which means "Sailor of Battleship Yavuz"

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 19 Aug 2006 11:38

Captain of Artillary Mustafa Ertugrul in 1927
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 785#941785
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

alkankizil@tr.net
Member
Posts: 204
Joined: 01 Jul 2006 10:09
Location: EURASIA

Post by alkankizil@tr.net » 21 Aug 2006 15:52

I BELIEVE THE UNIDENTIFIED OFFICER IS COL. FAHRETTIN (ALTAY), IN THE THIRTIES FULL GENERAL+

ALKAN KIZILDEL

Tosun Saral
Member
Posts: 3985
Joined: 02 Nov 2005 19:32
Location: Ankara/Turkey

Post by Tosun Saral » 22 Aug 2006 21:10

Reserve Lt. Falih Rifki (Atay) (Istanbul 1894- İstanbul March 12th 1971)
Jurnalist and novalist.
He graduated faculty of Literature of the Istanbul University. During the WW1 Cemal Pasha wanted him personally to work at his HQ in Damascus. He wrote his famous book about the battles in Palatine "Ates ve Gunes" (Fire and Sun) in 1918. later "Zeytindagi" (The Olive Hill or Oelberg) After the WW1 he joined to Mustafa Kemal and became one of the best supporters of him.
He writes how he got his iron cross and other 5 medals in his book Zeytindagi p.102
"I was ordered to visit Germany with my commander Cemal Pasha. The Pasha asked me before our departure to Germany in Istanbul if I had ever received a madal. An officer with bare chest is not a good show. Therefore I received my first war madal and a Sultan Mecid Medal with swords. In Berlin Kaiser had invited us to Opera. Nexy day I received my iron cross.
In Vienna I saw the emperor only a few seconds. I received a war madal which should be given to officers with the rank of captain. For that honour our Government decorated me with a madal of merit with swords."

Return to “The end of the Ottoman Empire 1908-1923”