Ottoman Officer Ranks

Discussions on the final era of the Ottoman Empire, from the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 until the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.
stevebecker
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Ottoman Officer Ranks

Post by stevebecker » 06 Mar 2022 22:45

Mates,
For some time I have tried to convert Ottoman officer ranks to English, but some just terms I having trouble with the context?

The easy terms can be found like
Yüzbasi - Capt
Binbasi - Maj
Yarbay - LtCol
Albay - Col
Tümgeneral - Brig Gen
Tümgeneral - Maj Gen
Korgeneral - Lt Gen

But Turkish works show these ranks?
Kaymakam - Col
Miralay - Brig Gen
Mirliva - Maj Gen
Ferik - Lt Gen

A check to convert to English shows
Kaymakam - district governor
Miralay - no English
Mirliva - no English
Ferik - no English

So what rank do we use for Ottoman officers
Albay or Kaymakam

S.B

Tosun Saral
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Re: Ottoman Officer Ranks

Post by Tosun Saral » 10 Mar 2022 10:08

here are the ottoman turkish officer ranks
Zabit namzeti : Officer candidate (This rank was renamed during republican ara as Asteğmen)
Mülazim-ı evvel: 1st Lt (This rank was renamed during republican ara as Teğmen)
Mülazım-ı sani. 2nd Lt.(This rank was renamed during republican ara as Üsteğmen)
Yüzbaşı
Binbaşı
Kaymakam: Lt.Col. (This rank was renamed during republican ara as Yarbay)
Miralay: (This rank was renamed during republican ara as Albay)
Mirliva: (This rank was divided into 2 during republican ara as Tuğgeneral(Brigadier) and Tümgeneral(majorgenaral))
Ferik: (This rank was renamed during republican ara as Korgeneral)
Birinci Ferik : (This rank was renamed during republican ara as Orgeneral ( Colgeneral))
Müşir: Fieldmarshall. Mareşal

Tosun Saral
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Re: Ottoman Officer Ranks

Post by Tosun Saral » 10 Mar 2022 10:17

Kaymakam - district governor
In civil there was also a rank called kaymakam which means in english assistant . Kaymakam is assistant govermor. kaymakam is the first step in the administration. After serving in different districts the civil official promotes to governor.

stevebecker
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Re: Ottoman Officer Ranks

Post by stevebecker » 10 Mar 2022 22:56

Tosun,

Thank you, that makes sence.
So the names we use for Ottoman officers is not Ottoman, but used when renamed under Atakurk and would be say, Turkish not Ottoman
I will have to rewrite the ranks to show there Ottoman use instead of the later
Stay safe my friend
S.B

Tosun Saral
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Re: Ottoman Officer Ranks

Post by Tosun Saral » 08 Sep 2022 11:45

Ottoman turkish Officer ranks during 1914-19
Source: Col. Türker Geçer (R)
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Tosun Saral
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Re: Ottoman Officer Ranks

Post by Tosun Saral » 08 Sep 2022 11:48

captain
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Tosun Saral
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Re: Ottoman Officer Ranks

Post by Tosun Saral » 08 Sep 2022 11:51

Captan
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Tosun Saral
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Re: Ottoman Officer Ranks

Post by Tosun Saral » 08 Sep 2022 11:53

Binbaşı (Major)
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