Commanders during Greco-Türkish War 1919-22

Discussions on the final era of the Ottoman Empire, from the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 until the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.
Tosun Saral
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Commanders during Greco-Türkish War 1919-22

Post by Tosun Saral » 21 Dec 2005 21:12

İzzettin Çalışlar (Yanya 1882- İstanbul August 20, 1951)
1319-TOP.2
He joined National Forces of Mustafa Kemal in 1920 as a Lt.Col. He commanded during July and September 1920 the 20th Army Corp as deputy and later 23th Division. He was made colonel and commanded 1st Army Corps. He retired as a General of the Army in 1939. (slayt No.10)
http://www.msb.gov.tr/Birimler/PerD/per ... /frame.htm

Kazım Orbay (İzmir 1887- Ankara June 3rd 1964)
1320-SAH.TOP.1
He was a field artillat officer. He joined National Forces in 1920 as a colonel. He served at East Front as East Front Chief of Staff. On March 23th 1922 he was made Mejor General and commander of 3rd Caucasus Division. 1944-46 he was the Chief of Staff of Turkish Army. Retired in 1950 as General of the Army. (slayt No: 10)
http://www.msb.gov.tr/Birimler/PerD/per ... /frame.htm

Abdurrahman Nafiz Gürman (Bodrum, 1882- Ankara, February 6th 1966)
1319-P.5
He was a infantry officer. In 1921 as a Lt.Colonel he joined the national Forces. He fought and South and West Fronts. He was made colonel at March 1921 and commanded 1st Division. During June 19th 1949- 50 he was the Chief of Staff of Turkish Forces. He retired at July 6th 1950 as General of the Army. (slayt No: 11)

to be continued

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RCW Mark
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Post by RCW Mark » 22 Dec 2005 10:16

I do hope you are going to include the Greek commanders as well. :P :P

Tosun Saral
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Post by Tosun Saral » 22 Dec 2005 12:00

Sorry It is not my practice. Lets wait information from our Greek Friends. I can only add information about a Turkish corporal who took General Trikupis the Commander in Chief of Greek Armies POW.

Mikko H.
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Post by Mikko H. » 27 Dec 2005 20:18

It would be interesting to know whether the Greek general Hajianestis (spelling?) really was as feeble-minded as he usually is made out to be.

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Post by Tosun Saral » 08 Jan 2006 21:15

Mikko H. wrote:It would be interesting to know whether the Greek general Hajianestis (spelling?) really was as feeble-minded as he usually is made out to be.
I realy don't know. I only know that he never took attantion to his army. He always rested in Izmir. But his opponent Mustafa Kemal was everywhere. He was leading his forces just in the front. As the great attack of August 26th 1922 was succeded Mustafa Kemal climbed a hill where he could see the Greek armies desperately escaping he shouted towards Izmir
"Haji Anesti Where are you? Come and save your sons" Mustafa Kenal did'nt informed at that time that Hacianesti was fired and General Trikupis made the commander in chief of the Greek Armies.

Tolga Alkan
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Post by Tolga Alkan » 13 Jan 2006 20:21

By the way,I've an excellent book concerning of all of the unit commanders attented to the Great Attack of August 26th 1922.The book provides very good basic information about every commander.Let me know if anybody in need of kind knowledge.

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Post by Tolga Alkan » 14 Jan 2006 09:47

Found some scans from the book that I mentioned at my previous post-I'd like to share.
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AJK
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Post by AJK » 17 Jan 2006 00:33

Hi Tolga,

That book seems to be an excellent resource for the information that I am looking for. I am trying to compile a list of Generals of the Turkish Army during the period 1923 - 1945, and judging from the book entry about General Atakan (who was not a General during the Greco-Turkish war but became one later), I imagine that the book likely contains a lot of useful information about future Generals. Is the book still available for sale (I notice it was published in 1972), or is it out of print? I would very much like to obtain a copy of it.

Thanks,

AJK

Tosun Saral
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General Hasan Fehmi Atakan

Post by Tosun Saral » 17 Jan 2006 12:05

Here is the translation of the page:
He was borned in İzmit/Kocaeli in 1889. His father was Omer Pismaf Bey. His family imigrated to Anatolia after the occupation of North Caucaus by Russion in 1860's. He was an another Circassian Turk who served under the command of Mustafa kemal during the War of Independance. He graduated from War School the Harbiye on 1912.
His army registiration number is 1328(1912)-B-P-9
He joined the national Forces of Mustafa Kemal after the Armistrace of Mondros. In the great attack of August 26, 1922 he was the chief of staf of the Mixed cavalry Division as staf captain.
As General of the Army he retired in january 15th 1952.
He bears Madal of Independance.

May his resting place be paradise.

Tolga Alkan
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Post by Tolga Alkan » 20 Jan 2006 19:41

Hi AJK!

Well this book was exactly first bought by my granfather in Afyon(My hometown and mostly battle zones of the Turkish War of Independence)'s local museum of the Turkish War of Independence in 1972 .He had gave it to me after noticing that I've interest on the subject.Unfortunately,I don't think that it was/is reprinted again;it seems really rare one.I can help you at my best whether you are looking for more information about the Turkish personalities;I've one more rare and huge book on the Turkish Army which covering your research area 1923-1945.

Best Regards
Tolga Alkan

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Steen Ammentorp
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Post by Steen Ammentorp » 22 Jan 2006 15:49

AJK,

They hold a copy of the book a the Library of Congress. Unsure how inter-libraryloan works in the US but wouldn't you be able to get it from there? As far as I can see it is not located in a reading room.

Tolka,

Could you give bibliographical details on the second book you mentioned?

Kind Regards
Steen Ammentorp
The Generals of World War II

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Kaiser Franz
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Post by Kaiser Franz » 24 Jan 2006 18:20

is there anything about the Greeks commanders

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