78 rpm record reviews (military music)

Discussions on the music in the Third Reich. Hosted by Ivan Ž.
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78 rpm record reviews (military music)

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:33

A thread about 78 rpm military records from your own collection.

Everyone interested, please post scans/photos of both sides and your impressions.

I'll start with some of mine...

Ivan Ž.

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His Master's Voice EG 2810

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:33

HMV-EG-2810.jpg


Franz Seldte! [Fanfarenmarsch des Stahlhelms]
Composer: Hermann Blume
Lyricist: Anonym
Musical Group: Musikkorps des III. Bataillons des 9. (Preußischen) Infanterie-Regiments, Berlin-Spandau
Conductor: Obermusikmeister Adolf Berdien
Recording Date: 1933
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Electrola GmbH, Berlin

Stahlhelm-Bundesmarsch
Composer: Hermann Blume
Trio: Stahlhelm-Bundeslied/ Melody: Ich bin ein Preuße/ Composer: Heinrich August Neithardt/ Lyricist: Rückert
Musical Group: Musikkorps des III. Bataillons des 9. (Preußischen) Infanterie-Regiments, Berlin-Spandau
Conductor: Obermusikmeister Adolf Berdien
Recording Date: 1933
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Electrola GmbH, Berlin



This record features the two most popular marches of the paramilitary organisation Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten (Steel Helmet, League of Frontline Soldiers), both created by the organisation's leading composer, Hermann Blume. Although they were first performed already in 1931, they really became popular only after the nazis seized power, in 1933. Both marches also had trios with lyrics and thus could have been also sang as songs; however, they were mostly performed as instrumentals, and recorded almost exclusively in 1933 (but the vocal versions of both compositions do exist as well). March "Franz Seldte!" refers to the co-founder and the leader of Stahlhelm, and it is one of rare early NS marches which were recorded also during WWII (particularly one recording was made in 1942). Unfortunately, it is not known who wrote the lyrics to the trio (opening line: "Franz Seldte, unser Führer..."). "Stahlhelm-Bundesmarsch" features the "Stahlhelm-Bundeslied" ("Wohlan, Kam'raden, stimmt mit hellem Schalle...") in trio - a song written by certain Rückert (a Stahlhelm member) and set to the old and famous "Ich bin ein Preuße" melody by Heinrich August Neithardt (1793-1861); at the end of the trio, Blume additionally mixed the melody with equally famous "Der Gott, der Eisen wachsen ließ" by Albert Methfessel (1785-1869). It was basically the main march of the Stahlhelm, even though the official march of the organisation was actually a different composition by Blume, called "Hakenkreuz am Stahlhelm" (march, with the popular song "Kam'rad, reich' mir die Hände" in trio).

Ivan Ž.


FranzSeldte.jpg
Franz Seldte
Born: 29.06.1882 Magdeburg
Died: 01.04.1947 Fürth
Occupation: Politician; Paramilitary Leader
Rank/Title: Reichsarbeitsminister; SA-Obergruppenführer; Stahlhelm-Bundesführer
Political Party: DNVP; NSDAP

Photo Source: akpool.co.uk

HermannBlume.jpg
Hermann Blume
Born: 04.06.1891 Biegen
Died: 10.05.1967 Großbottwar
Occupation: Composer
Rank/Title: SS-Hauptsturmführer
Political Party: NSDAP

Photo Source: Bildarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz

AdolfBerdien.jpg
Adolf Berdien
Born: 09.02.1876 Restorf
Died: 21.09.1954 Lüchow
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Music Teacher; Military Bandleader [Inf.-Rgt. 47; II. Btl./Inf.-Rgt. 16; III. Btl./Inf.-Rgt. 9; Inf.-Rgt. 67]
Rank/Title: Professor; Heeres-Obermusikinspizient (Oberstleutnant)

Photo Source: "Vom Armeemarsch zum Großen Zapfenstreich", Heinz Busch

MKIII9IR.jpg
Musikkorps des III. Bataillons des 9. (Preußischen) Infanterie-Regiments
Location: Berlin-Spandau
Founded: __.__.1921
Dissolved: 15.10.1935 * transferred to the Infanterie-Regiment 67
Bandleader: 1921-1925 Adolf Becker; 1925-1935 Adolf Berdien

Photo Source: Kristall-Schallplatten-Katalog
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Electrola EG 2653

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:34

Electrola-EG-2653.jpg
[/size]

Nibelungen-Marsch
Dedication: Maximilian von Parseval gewidmet
Composer: Gottfried Sonntag
Music: Der Ring des Nibelungen [Ein Bühnenfestspiel für drei Tage und einen Vorabend]/ Composer: Richard Wagner
Musical Group: Militärorchester
Conductor: Heeres-Musikinspizient Hermann Schmidt
Recording Date: 1932
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Electrola GmbH, Nowawes und Berlin

Badonviller-Marsch [AM II, 256]
Dedication: Zur Erinnerung an das erste siegreiche Gefecht des Infanterie-Leib-Regiments bei Badonviller (12. August 1914)
Composer: Georg Fürst
Musical Group: Militärorchester
Conductor: Heeres-Musikinspizient Hermann Schmidt
Recording Date: 1932
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Electrola GmbH, Nowawes und Berlin



Here's a nice record with two of the best known Bavarian marches; it was recorded at the end of the Weimar period, remained popular throughout the III Reich and was re-released after WWII as well. The story behind the first march: in August 1876, German composer Richard Wagner held his first festival in the town of Bayreuth - the Bayreuth Festival; it was opened with the first complete performance of his today best known work: "Der Ring des Nibelungen" (a cycle of four dramas: "Das Rheingold", "Die Walküre", "Siegfried" and "Götterdämmerung"). Each performance was (and still is) announced by fanfare based on a motif from the following act - played by brass players on the balcony of the Bayreuth Theatre. One of the attendants at the premiere was a local military bandleader, Gottfried Sonntag - who then, inspired particularly by these fanfares, composed a march in military style and named it "Nibelungen-Marsch" (full title: "Nibelungen-Marsch, mit Benutzung Richard Wagners Fanfaren zu den Bayreuther Bühnen-Fest-Spielen"); it was published exactly a year after the first festival, in August 1877. At the time, Sonntag served as a bandleader in the Königlich Bayrisches 7. Infanterie-Regiment "Prinz Leopold" (stationed in Bayreuth) and he dedicated the piece to his regimental commander, Oberst Maximilian von Parseval. The march was a success, outside Germany too (some of its very first recordings were made, for example, by British elite bands). The second march of this record, the well-known "Badonviller-Marsch" (during and after the III Reich period better known as "Badenweiler-Marsch"), was composed by Georg Fürst in memory of the Badonviller battle of 12 August 1914 - the first battle of his regiment (Königlich Bayrisches Infanterie-Leib-Regiment) - and also the first German victory against the French in WWI. Its earliest publishing date known to me is 1922. The composition later became (and more or less remained) known as Hitler's favourite march, which was often played when he made an (official) appearance somewhere. During the III Reich period, it was the Parademarsch der Leibstandarte-SS "Adolf Hitler" (Berlin-Lichterfelde) and the Parademarsch der SA-Standarte 81 (Frankfurt/Main). Armeemarsch II, 256 since 1925. In 1933, Oskar Sauer-Homburg wrote the lyrics to the trio of the march, which were published as "Badenweiler-Marschlied" ("Vaterland, hör' deiner Söhne Schwur..."); a recording of this piece was made as well.

Ivan Ž.


nophoto.jpg
[/size]Gottfried Sonntag
Born: 10.02.1846 Schwarzenbach/Oberpfalz
Died: 23.07.1921 Bayreuth
Occupation: Composer; Military Bandleader [Inf.-Rgt. 7]
Rank/Title: Stabshoboist


RichardWagner.jpg
[/size]Richard Wagner
Born: 22.05.1813 Leipzig
Died: 13.02.1883 Venezia
Occupation: Composer; Librettist; Theatre Director; Conductor; Polemicist

Photo Source: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

MaximilianVonParseval.jpg
[/size]Maximilian von Parseval
Born: 11.07.1823 Zweibrücken
Died: 12.03.1902 München
Occupation: Military Leader [II. Btl./Inf.-Rgt. 9; Inf.-Rgt. 7]
Rank/Title: Generalmajor

Photo Source: Münchner Stadtmuseum

GeorgFuerst.jpg
[/size]Georg Fürst
Born: 23.03.1870 Feuchtwangen
Died: 05.02.1936 München
Occupation: Composer; Military Bandleader [Jäg.-Btl. 2; Inf.-Rgt. 5; Inf.-Leib-Rgt.; I. Btl./Inf.-Rgt. 19]
Rank/Title: Obermusikmeister

Photo Source: Gentleman's Military Interest Club

HermannSchmidt.jpg
[/size]Hermann Schmidt
Born: 09.03.1885 Gera
Died: 05.10.1950 Berlin-Tempelhof
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Music Teacher; Military Bandleader [III. Btl./Inf.-Rgt. 10]
Rank/Title: Professor; Heeres-Obermusikinspizient (Oberstleutnant)

Photo Source: Galerie d'Histoire André Hüsken
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Electrola EG 3284

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:35

Electrola-EG-3284.jpg


Alte Kameraden [Marsch]
Composer: Carl Teike
Musical Group: Kapelle des SA-Feldjägerkorps
Conductor: Musikzugführer Hans Krüger-Burghardt
Recording Date: 1935
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Electrola GmbH, Berlin

Preußens Gloria [Marsch] [AM II, 240]
Composer: Gottfried Piefke
Arranger: Prof. Theodor Grawert; Prof. Oskar Hackenberger
Musical Group: Kapelle des SA-Feldjägerkorps
Conductor: Musikzugführer Hans Krüger-Burghardt
Recording Date: 1935
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Electrola GmbH, Berlin



Two of the most popular German marches, performed by the Prussian SA field police. March "Alte Kameraden" was composed in ca. 1889 by Carl Teike, while he was serving in the Grenadier-Regiment "König Karl" (5. Württembergisches) Nr. 123 in Ulm. Still one of the most popular marches of the world. It was also sang as a song ("Alte Kameraden auf dem Kriegespfad..." or "Alte Kameraden auf dem Marsch durchs Land..."). Since 1939: Heeresmarsch II, 150. March "Preußens Gloria" was composed in 1871 by Gottfried Piefke, after Prussia's victory in the Franco-Prussian War. It was performed for the first time in public in Frankfurt/Oder by Piefke's garrison, for the victory-parade of the returned troops. In III Reich period it was the Parademarsch des SS-Artillerie-Regiments. Since 1911 Armeemarsch II, 240 and later also Heeresmarsch II, 98.

Ivan Ž.


CarlTeike.jpg
Carl Teike
Born: 05.02.1864 Stettin-Altdamm
Died: 28.05.1922 Landsberg/Warthe
Occupation: Composer; Military Musician [Gren.-Rgt. 123]
Rank/Title: Hoboist

Photo Source: Gazeta Lubuska

GottfriedPiefke.jpg
Gottfried Piefke
Born: 09.09.1815 Schwerin/Warthe
Died: 25.01.1884 Frankfurt/Oder
Occupation: Composer; Military Bandleader [Leib-Gren.-Rgt. 8]
Rank/Title: Musikdirektor

Photo Source: Ullstein Bild

TheodorGrawert.jpg
Theodor Grawert
Born: 18.07.1858 Zellin/Neumark
Died: 27.01.1927 Berlin
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Music Teacher; Military Bandleader [Inf.-Rgt. 13]
Rank/Title: Professor; Armee-Musikinspizient

Photo Source: "Deutsche Armeemärsche", Georg Kandler

OskarHackenberger.jpg
Oskar Hackenberger
Born: 24.07.1872 Langhennersdorf
Died: 08.11.1929 Berlin
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Music Teacher; Military Bandleader [Inf.-Rgt. 47]
Rank/Title: Professor; Heeres-Musikinspizient

Photo Source: hackenberger.over-blog.com

nophoto.jpg
Hans Krüger-Burghardt
Pseudonym: Hakabe
Born: ?
Died: ?
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Military Bandleader [SS-Standarte 44; SA-Feldjägerkorps; SA-Brigade 137]
Rank/Title: Musikzugführer (SS-Sturmführer)
Political Party: ?


nophoto2.jpg
Kapelle des SA-Feldjägerkorps
Location: ?
Founded: __.__.1933
Dissolved: 01.04.1935 * incorporated into the Schutzpolizei
Bandleader: Hans Krüger-Burghardt
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Telefunken A 1577

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:41

Telefunken-A-1577.jpg


Björneborgarnas marsch
Finnish Title: Porilaisten marssi
German Title: Schwedischer Kriegsmarsch [AM II, 241] [AM III, 131] [HM II, 99]
Composer: Anonym
Arranger: Wilhelm Welge
Musical Group: Musikkorps der II. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung, Wilhelmshaven
Conductor: Obermusikmeister Wilhelm Welge
Recording Date: 12.01.1934
Recording Location: Berlin, Sing-Akademie (Unter den Linden 5)
Record Company: Telefunken-Platte GmbH, Berlin

Blau ist das Meer [Marsch-Foxtrot aus dem Tonfilm „Volldampf voraus!“]
Composer: Harald Böhmelt
Lyricist: Robert Adolf Stemmle
Arranger: Hermann Männecke
Musical Group: Musikkorps der II. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung, Wilhelmshaven
Conductor: Obermusikmeister Wilhelm Welge
Recording Date: 12.01.1934
Recording Location: Berlin, Sing-Akademie (Unter den Linden 5)
Record Company: Telefunken-Platte GmbH, Berlin



"Björneborgarnas marsch" is the march of the Swedish/Finnish Björneborg Regiment (Swedish: Björneborgs regemente; Finnish: Porin rykmentti) from XVIII century. Since 1912 Armeemarsch II, 241 and Armeemarsch III, 131, and later also Heeresmarsch II, 99. March also had lyrics written for it, in XIX century (Swedish: "Söner av ett folk, som blött..." / Finnish: "Pojat, kansan urhokkaan..."). This particular arrangement of the march is the best I've heard so far. "Blau ist das Meer" ("Uns zieht es immer in die Ferne...") is a naval marching song composed in 1933 for the 1934 movie "Volldampf voraus!"; the featured recording is instrumental.

Ivan Ž.


HaraldBoehmelt.jpg
Harald Böhmelt
Born: 23.10.1900 Halle
Died: 15.10.1982 Bad Tölz
Occupation: Composer; Conductor
Political Party: NSDAP

Photo Source: "Signal" 01.11.1943

RobertAdolfStemmle.jpg
Robert Adolf Stemmle
Born: 10.06.1903 Magdeburg
Died: 24.02.1974 Baden-Baden
Occupation: Lyricist; Film Director; Film Producer
Political Party: NSDAP

Photo Source: N. N. Collection

nophoto.jpg
Hermann Männecke
Born: 24.06.1879 Hannover
Died: 13.12.1954 Berlin-Wilmersdorf
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Music Teacher; Conductor; Violinist
Political Party: NSDAP


nophoto.jpg
Wilhelm Welge
Born: ?
Died: ?
Occupation: Military Bandleader [II. Marine-Artl.-Abt.; ?]
Rank/Title: Obermusikmeister


IIMAA.jpg
Musikkorps der II. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung
Location: Wilhelmshaven
Founded: __.__.1926
Dissolved: 26.08.1939 * transferred to ?
Bandleader: Wilhelm Welge; ?

Photo Source: Ivan Ž. Collection
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Telefunken M 6143

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:42

Telefunken-M-6143.jpg


Wir marschieren [Großes Marsch-Potpourri] 1. Teil
Composer: Carl Woitschach
Musical Group: Blasorchester Carl Woitschach, Berlin
Recording Date: 30.11.1934
Recording Location: Berlin, Sing-Akademie (Unter den Linden 5)
Record Company: Telefunken-Platte GmbH, Berlin

Contents: Florentiner Marsch [Fučík], D' Banda kommt [Schild], Schneidige Truppe [Lehnhardt], Kärntner-Lieder-Marsch [Anonym/Seifert], Soldatenleben [Schmeling], Mit Bomben und Granaten [Bilse], Frei weg! [Latann], Radetzky-Marsch [Strauß/Anonym]

Wir marschieren [Großes Marsch-Potpourri] 2. Teil
Composer: Carl Woitschach
Musical Group: Blasorchester Carl Woitschach, Berlin
Recording Date: 30.11.1934
Recording Location: Berlin, Sing-Akademie (Unter den Linden 5)
Record Company: Telefunken-Platte GmbH, Berlin

Contents: Bayrischer Defiliermarsch [Scherzer], The British Grenadiers [Anonym], Brucker-Lager-Marsch [Král], San Lorenzo [Silva], Dixie [Anonym], Petersburger Marsch [Anonym], Lockmarsch [Anonym], Unsere Garde [Förster/Großmann]


An excellent 1933 medley of international marches, composed by the conductor Woitschach himself - which yet again shows his passion for music of all nations. Carl Woitschach is the person who recorded probably the largest number of tunes from all over the world; it's not really known how many recordings he made (he was often uncredited on his records), but he recorded thousands in any case. He left a huge heritage to this world - and yet he is basically forgotten today and even his grave doesn't exist anymore. It's a shame and a disgrace first of all for Germany and then also for the rest of the mankind. Woitschach recorded political music as well, of both left and right sides, without an exception. He was a professional musician and not a party member. His son Paul (1908-1981) also became a well-known and respected conductor in his time. This popular medley was even recorded by the London Palladium Orchestra, the following year, and the same recording was also reproduced in Germany at the time.

Ivan Ž.


CarlWoitschach.jpg
Carl Woitschach
Pseudonym: Xaver Grundhuber
Born: 29.02.1864 Posen
Died: 24.05.1939 Berlin
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Conductor; Military Bandleader

Photo Source: Ivan Ž. Collection
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Last edited by Ivan Ž. on 21 Oct 2007 10:49, edited 1 time in total.

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Electrola EG 3459

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:48

Electrola-EG-3459.jpg


Annemariechen - Annemarei (Ei, ei, ei, du bist treu) [Marsch-Foxtrot]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Vocal Group: Männerchor
Musical Group: Sinfonisches Blasorchester
Conductor: Bruno Seidler-Winkler
Recording Date: 1935
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Electrola GmbH, Berlin

Leonore [Marsch-Fox]
Composer: Herms Niel
Lyricist: Herms Niel; Karl Wilke
Vocal Group: Männerchor
Musical Group: Sinfonisches Blasorchester
Conductor: Bruno Seidler-Winkler
Recording Date: 1935
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Electrola GmbH, Berlin



Two of Herms Niel's hits from 1935. "Annemariechen - Annemarei" ("Annemariechen, wo willst du den hin...") is a song about an unfaithful girl, who leaves her boyfriend for a soldier serving at the (composer's favourite) Potsdam garrison. The refrain is sarcastic and can be translated as "Ts, ts, ts, aren't you faithful, Annemarei". Song originally had four strophes, the 1st and the 4th were recorded here. "Leonore" ("Man lebt nur einmal auf der Welt...") is a fine, cheerful, carpe diem type of song, about one Leonore, who is the center of men's attention. Only 1st strophe recorded. Song was also included in Niel's own medley called "Ruck-zuck - Annemarie" (1937).

Ivan Ž.


HermsNiel.jpg
Herms Niel
Born: 17.04.1888 Nielebock
Died: 15.07.1954 Lingen
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Lyricist; Military Bandleader [Inf.-Rgt. 423; RAD]; Military Musician [1. Garde-Rgt. z. F.]
Rank/Title: Professor; Hauptmusikzugführer (Oberstfeldmeister)
Political Party: NSDAP

Photo Source: Ivan Ž. Collection

nophoto.jpg
Karl Wilke
Born: ?
Died: ?
Occupation: Music Publisher; Lyricist


BrunoSeidlerWinkler.jpg
Bruno Seidler-Winkler
Born: 18.07.1880 Berlin
Died: 19.10.1960 Berlin
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Conductor; Pianist

Photo Source: Ullstein Bild
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Kristall 2137

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:49

Kristall-2137.jpg


Es ist so schön, Soldat zu sein [Marschlied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Arranger: Gustav Skibbe
Vocal Group: Die vier lustigen Jungens, Berlin
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 1938
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Carl Lindström AG, Berlin

Tschingta, tschingta - Bummtara! [Marschlied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Arranger: Arno Hildebrand
Vocal Group: Die vier lustigen Jungens, Berlin
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 1938
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Carl Lindström AG, Berlin



Two more of Niel's hits, this time from 1937. "Es ist so schön, Soldat zu sein" is one of many Niel's soldiers'-girlfriends-songs; her name is Rosemarie and her soldier-boyfriend assures her that they (soldiers) are fine fellows, faithful to one girl only - and in his case - to her. Song was a huge success and recorded by numerous bands; it was recorded a couple of times after WWII as well and is still being sang by the Bundeswehr. It was also translated in Finnish ("Sotamies on sotamies") and in Spanish ("Es tan hermoso ser cadete"). Song has three strophes and all of them were recorded here. "Tschingta, tschingta - Bummtara!" ("Frühmorgens wenn die Sonn' aufgeht...") is kind of a sister-song to the famous folk song "Wenn die Soldaten". A rooster, with his Kikriki (Cock-a-doodle-doo), is soldiers' wake-up call - and soldiers, with their Tschingta and Bummtara (sounds of military cymbals and the bass drum), are a wake-up call for girls. As in the old song, soldiers are passing the girls' houses, marching with music, and girls are opening their windows to watch them... Song has three strophes, the first two were recorded here.

Ivan Ž.


nophoto.jpg
Gustav Skibbe
Born: 05.03.1867 Bütow
Died: 16.09.1954 Potsdam
Occupation: Composer; Arranger


nophoto.jpg
Arno Hildebrand
Born: ?
Died: ?
Occupation: Composer; Arranger


nophoto2.jpg
Die vier lustigen Jungens
Location: Berlin
Founded: ?
Dissolved: ?
Members: Rudi Schuricke [1. Tenor], ? [2. Tenor], ? [Baritone], ? [Bass]


RMZRAD.jpg
Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes
Location: Potsdam; Potsdam-Golm
Founded: ?
Dissolved: ?
Bandleader: 193_-1934 Hermann Koch; 1934-194_ Herms Niel

Photo Source: "Der Adler" 07.04.1942
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Grammophon C 2811

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:49

Grammophon-C-2811.jpg


Hannelore [Marsch und Lied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Arranger: Arno Hildebrand
Vocal Group: Heyn-Quartett, Berlin
Musical Group: Kapelle Otto Kermbach, Berlin
Recording Date: 09.1938
Recording Location: Berlin, Lützowstraße 111-112
Record Company: Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, Berlin

Froh und heiter [Marsch-Fox]
Composer: Carl Michalski
Musical Group: Kapelle Otto Kermbach, Berlin
Recording Date: 09.1938
Recording Location: Berlin, Lützowstraße 111-112
Record Company: Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, Berlin



"Hannelore" ("Soldat sein, heißt treu sein, mein Schätzelein...") is a well-known Niel's 1938 hit, perfectly performed by Kermbach's orchestra here: with a long instrumental intro (1:20) where we can hear at first the complete orchestra playing, then a trumpet solo, violin solo, accordion solo, then all the soloists repeat only backwards, until the orchestra is complete again. Of course, the style is original Niel's, in a jolly rhythm. As I wrote - simply perfect, probably the best performance of this song. Heyn-Quartett sung only the 1st strophe (out of original three). Song was also translated in Finnish, as "Anna-Maija". "Froh und heiter" [meaning "Happy and Cheerful"] is a march-fox from 1938, composed by a Munich conductor and composer Carl Michalski (during the war, since 1944, he served in the Wehrmacht and was captured by the Soviets).

Ivan Ž.


CarlMichalski.jpg
Carl Michalski
Pseudonym: Carl Michael
Born: 18.01.1911 Bochum
Died: 11.12.1998 Bad Wiessee
Occupation: Composer; Conductor
Political Party: NSDAP

Photo Source: LP "Life is nothing without Music"

OttoKermbach.jpg
Otto Kermbach
Pseudonym: Der zackige Otto; Charly River
Born: 29.03.1882 Berlin
Died: 17.06.1960 Berlin-Wilmersdorf
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Bandleader; Violinist
Political Party: NSDAP

Photo Source: Phonodisc

Heyn-Quartett.jpg
Heyn-Quartett
Pseudonym: Die vier Harmonisten
Location: Berlin
Founded: ?
Dissolved: ?
Members: Hans Göbel [1. Tenor], Robert Jonas [2. Tenor], Walter Bartoschek [Baritone], Erich Heyn [Bass]

Photo Source: "Lili Marleen an allen Fronten", Horst Bergmeier, Rainer E. Lotz, Volker Kühn
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Telefunken A 2630

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:50

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Erzherzog-Albrecht-Marsch [Op. 136] [AM II, 263] [HM II, 120]
Dedication: Zur Feier des 50-jährigen Dienstjubiläums Seiner kaiserlichen Hoheit des Generalinspectors des Heeres Feldmarschall Erzherzog Albrecht
Composer: Karl Komzák [Sohn]
Musical Group: Musikkorps des Wachregiments Berlin
Conductor: Stabsmusikmeister Friedrich Ahlers
Recording Date: 24.02.1938
Recording Location: Berlin, Sing-Akademie (Unter den Linden 5)
Record Company: Telefunken-Platte GmbH, Berlin

Germania-Marsch
Composer: Gustav Keil
Musical Group: Musikkorps und Spielleute des Wachregiments Berlin
Conductor: Stabsmusikmeister Friedrich Ahlers
Recording Date: 24.02.1938
Recording Location: Berlin, Sing-Akademie (Unter den Linden 5)
Record Company: Telefunken-Platte GmbH, Berlin

Intro: Yorckscher Marsch [Beethoven], Lockmarsch [Anonym]


Two excellent marches performed by the band of Wachregiment Berlin (soon to be renamed Infanterie-Regiment "Großdeutschland"). "Erzherzog-Albrecht-Marsch" (one of my most favourite marches) was composed in 1887 for the celebration of 50 years of military service of the Austrian field marshal, Archduke Albrecht Friedrich Rudolf [note: march was incorrectly published as a composition for 60 years of service; Albrecht joined the army in 1837, at the age of 20, and not in 1827, at the age of 10, as the 1887 score would suggest]. Archduke Albrecht was a very talented officer, with a rich military career and decorated with numerous awards. His wife, Hildegard, was the 3rd daughter of Bavarian King Ludwig I. His father was the famous field marshal Archduke Carl, the victor at the battle of Aspern-Essling. March was the Parademarsch des Königlich Sächsischen Pionier-Bataillons Nr. 12 (Dresden) and Parademarsch des Königlich Sächsischen Infanterie-Regiments Nr. 179 (Wurzen); in the III Reich period it was the Parademarsch der SA-Standarte 231 (Hannover). Since 1925 Armeemarsch II, 263 and later also Heeresmarsch II, 120. "Germania-Marsch" was composed for the "Germania" choral society (at the end of the XIX century or at the very beginning of the XX) and in only one night. A fantastic piece. This version begins with the melody of Beethoven's "Yorckscher Marsch" [as Parademarsch der Spielleute] and the "Lockmarsch". In the III Reich period it was the Standartenmarsch der SS-Standarte "Germania" (Hamburg-Veddel).

Ivan Ž.


ErzherzogAlbrecht.jpg
Albrecht Friedrich Rudolf Erzherzog von Österreich-Teschen
Born: 03.08.1817 Wien
Died: 18.02.1895 Arco
Occupation: Military Leader
Rank/Title: Feldmarschall; Generalinspektor

Photo Source: austro-hungarian-army.co.uk

KarlKomzak.jpg
Karl Komzák
Born: 08.11.1850 Praha
Died: 23.04.1905 Baden
Occupation: Composer; Conductor; Military Bandleader [Ldw.-Inf.-Rgt. 7; Inf.-Rgt. 84]
Rank/Title: Kapellmeister

Photo Source: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

nophoto.jpg
Gustav Keil
Born: __.__.1861
Died: __.__.1903
Occupation: Composer; Military Musician [Schtz.-Rgt. 108]
Rank/Title: Stabshornist


FriedrichAhlers.jpg
Friedrich Ahlers
Born: 09.06.1882 Luthe
Died: 09.11.1945 Berlin
Occupation: Military Bandleader [Gren.-Rgt. 9; Erg.-Btl./Inf.-Rgt. 5; Wach-Rgt. „Großdeutschland“]; Military Musician [Inf.-Rgt. 74]
Rank/Title: Stabsmusikmeister (Hauptmann)

Photo Source: "Musikmeister Ahlers", Joachim Toeche-Mittler

WachtruppeBerlin.jpg
Musikkorps und Spielleute des Wachregiments Berlin
Location: Berlin-Moabit
Founded: __.06.1921
Dissolved: __.__.1945
Bandleader: 1921-1944 Friedrich Ahlers; 1944-1945 Hans Borghoff
Drum Major: 1921-1924 Emil Grczynski; 1925 Zich; 1925-1929 Bülow; 1929-1936 Hugo Winter; 1936-1940 Ehrich Teubig

Photo Source: Ivan Ž. Collection


[thanks to member Tintin1689 for the additional info on "Germania-Marsch"]
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Gloria GO-27787

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:51

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Erika (Auf der Heide blüht ein kleines Blümelein) [Marsch- und Soldatenlied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Arranger: Erich Walden
Vocal Group: Die Metropol-Vokalisten, Berlin
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 28.01.1939
Recording Location: Berlin, Carl Lindström AG (Schlesische Straße 26-27), Raum II
Record Company: Carl Lindström AG, Berlin

Jawoll, das stimmt, jawoll! [Marsch und Lied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Vocal Group: Die Metropol-Vokalisten, Berlin
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 28.01.1939
Recording Location: Berlin, Carl Lindström AG (Schlesische Straße 26-27), Raum II
Record Company: Carl Lindström AG, Berlin



"Erika" ("Auf der Heide blüht ein kleines Blümelein...") is the biggest hit of Herms Niel and the most recognizable German soldiers' love song worldwide. It was an instant success - and it remained equally popular in the postwar Germany, if not even more. Song was translated in several languages, such as Danish, Estonian, Finnish, South African, Dutch, English, Hungarian. The lyrics begin with a soldier talking about a flower, called Erika (a synonym for his beloved girl with the same name), which is being surrounded by 100000 bees (other men attracted to her) - but the lyrics remain positive and his beautiful girl firmly faithful to him. A very cute song, composed in a stiff and original military style (people just loved, and they still do, that for the first time the sound of marching was incorporated into the composition: "Auf der Heide blüht ein kleines Blümelein" - stomp, stomp, stomp - "und das heißt" - stomp, stomp, stomp - "Eeeerika!" - stomp, stomp, stomp...). Song originally has three strophes, here were recorded the 1st and 3rd. "Jawoll, das stimmt, jawoll!" ("An der Nordsee, an der Donau..."). A song about the soldiers being Germany's favourites, having girlfriends in every part of Germany - and all the parents advise their daughters: "If you are bringing home a boyfriend - he must be a soldier!" Song has three strophes, the first two were recorded here.

Ivan Ž.


nophoto.jpg
Erich Kümmel
Pseudonym: Erich Walden; Erik van Walden
Born: 24.10.1906 Nowawes
Died: 18.02.1960 Siebenlehn
Occupation: Composer; Arranger; Conductor
Political Party: NSDAP


Metropol-Vokalisten.jpg
Die Metropol-Vokalisten (Die fünf Parodisters)
Pseudonym: Die fünf Gloria-(Odeon-)Gesangs-Gitarristen; Die Gloria-(Odeon-)Vokalisten; Die singenden Kameraden
Location: Berlin
Founded: __.__.1932
Dissolved: __.__.1956
Members: Peter Purand [Baritone], Kurt Bangert [Piano], Richard Westemeyer [Bass], Wilfried Sommer [1. Tenor], Günter Leider [2. Tenor]

Photo Source: comedian-harmonists.com
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Tempo 685

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:53

Tempo-685.jpg


Erika (Auf der Heide blüht ein kleines Blümelein) [Marsch- und Soldatenlied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Arranger: Erich Walden
Vocal Group: Männerquartett
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 1939
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Tempo-Schallplatten GmbH, Berlin-Wilmersdorf

Jawoll, das stimmt, jawoll! [Lied und Marsch]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Vocal Group: Männerquartett
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 1939
Recording Location: Berlin
Record Company: Tempo-Schallplatten GmbH, Berlin-Wilmersdorf



The same songs as previous, only different recordings. As in all of Tempo tracks, the production is a low-budget one, so the sound is not as good as, for example, in the previous recordings, made by a high-class company and producers. But at least the songs are complete, with all three strophes recorded in both of them.

Ivan Ž.
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Grammophon C 2914

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:53

Grammophon-C-2914.jpg


Erika (Auf der Heide blüht ein kleines Blümelein) [Marsch- und Soldatenlied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Arranger: Erich Walden
Vocal Group: Heyn-Quartett, Berlin
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 08.02.1939
Recording Location: Berlin, Central-Theater (Alte Jakobstraße 30-32)
Record Company: Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, Berlin

Du Schönste vom Städtel, schwarzbraunes Mädel [Marschlied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Arranger: Wilhelm Lüdecke
Vocal Group: Heyn-Quartett, Berlin
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 08.02.1939
Recording Location: Berlin, Central-Theater (Alte Jakobstraße 30-32)
Record Company: Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, Berlin



Yet another nice version of "Erika", by the composer himself [all strophes recorded]. "Du Schönste vom Städtel, schwarzbraunes Mädel" ("Schatz, mein Schatz, du bist so wunder-wunderschön..."), composed in 1938, was also a popular song - about the most beautiful girl in the town. It has three strophes, and only the refrain was recorded here.

Ivan Ž.


nophoto.jpg
Wilhelm Lüdecke
Born: 29.07.1868 Bismark/Altmark
Died: 06.11.1938 Bismark/Altmark
Occupation: Music Publisher; Composer; Arranger
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Grammophon C 2997

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 13:58

Grammophon-C-2997.jpg


Die Landpartie (Wenn die Sonne scheint, Annemarie) [Marschlied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Arranger: Erich Walden
Vocal Group: Männerquartett
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 26.08.1939
Recording Location: Berlin, Central-Theater (Alte Jakobstraße 30-32)
Record Company: Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, Berlin

Das ist nun einmal so! (Wenn ein Soldat ein Mädel liebt) [Marsch und Lied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel (1888-1954)
Arranger: Erich Walden
Vocal Group: Männerquartett
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 26.08.1939
Recording Location: Berlin, Central-Theater (Alte Jakobstraße 30-32)
Record Company: Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, Berlin



"Die Landpartie" ("Wenn die Sonne scheint, Annemarie...") is a nice song about love, life and nature. Very popular and recorded by some of the most famous bands in Germany at the time, and in the postwar years as well. It originally has three strophes, 1st and 2nd recorded. "Das ist nun einmal so!" ("Wenn ein Soldat ein Mädel liebt...") is a humorous soldiers' song, which describes in six strophes a typical soldier's life: being in love with a girl, the drill, field-training, the humiliation for the mistakes and finally - after 24 months - returning home... 1st & 2nd strophe recorded. Note: the vocal group is possibly Heyn-Quartett.

Ivan Ž.
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Grammophon C 4011

Post by Ivan Ž. » 15 Oct 2007 14:00

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Liebling, wenn ich traurig bin [Marsch und Lied]
Composer: Herms Niel
Lyricist: Erich Effler
Vocal Group: Männerquartett
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 26.08.1939
Recording Location: Berlin, Central-Theater (Alte Jakobstraße 30-32)
Record Company: Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, Berlin

Edelweiß (Es war ein Edelweiß, ein kleines Edelweiß) [Marschlied]
Composer/Lyricist: Herms Niel
Arranger: Erich Walden
Vocal Group: Männerquartett
Musical Group: Reichsmusikzug des Reichsarbeitsdienstes, Potsdam-Golm
Conductor: Obermusikzugführer Herms Niel
Recording Date: 26.08.1939
Recording Location: Berlin, Central-Theater (Alte Jakobstraße 30-32)
Record Company: Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, Berlin



Two big 1939 hits; "Liebling, wenn ich traurig bin" is a song about a soldier who is missing and thinking about his girlfriend, his "little heart thief" as he calls her, who always puts a smile on his face, no matter how unhappy and lonely he is. It originally has three strophes, the first two were recorded here. Famous "Edelweiß" ("Ganz einsam und verlassen...") is one of many Niel's songs still popular in Germany and considered to be folk songs. A beautiful and incredibly catchy tune, with nice lyrics about a flower "guilty of" joining a couple in love. It was translated in several languages (Finnish, Dutch, French). Out of original three, first two strophes were recorded. The vocal group is possibly Heyn-Quartett.

Ivan Ž.


nophoto.jpg
Erich Effler
Born: ?
Died: ?
Occupation: Lyricist
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