Yes, it's easy to declare "garbage guns" when ignorant of and then choosing to ignore the actual facts. Campbell fired two rounds, not four, and fired them on a bearing and range transmitted to the battery by one of the four RDF (i.e., radar) sites on the island, because it was night, the vessel was not illuminated by searchlights, and the gun-laying radar installed at the time were Type GL. Mk. I and Mk. II, which were early anti-aircraft early warning and gun-laying systems built by the Army at Bawdsey Manor. Operating from 5.5 to 3.5 meters (54.6 to 85.7 MHz), they were capable of providing ranging but only coarse targeting. The GL positions were:Gooner1 wrote: ↑21 Nov 2018 17:54How many times did the guns of Fort Campbell ever have the opportunity to fire at a hostile ship?
There were only two occasions in which the coastal guns of Malta fired at enemy ships. The night of 25th/26th July 1941 when the 6-pdrs of Forts of St Elmo and Ricasoli destroyed an attempt by Italian Motor Explosive Boats and Human Torpedoes to get into the Grand Harbour in less than 2 minutes of firing.
Also, and this is probably relevant, the 6-inch battery at Rocco fired a salvo at what was probably the Motor Launch Carrier of the Human Torpedoes at a range of 8,000 yards and hit it, later to sink nearer the Italian coast.
The Rocco battery was probably also the lucky one that hit a German E-boat on the night of 16/17th May 1942, crippling the boat at a range of 11,000 yards.
Garbage guns eh?
Air Ministry Experimental Station (AMES) No. 242 at Dingli Cliffs, which was the first operational, followed by:
No. 241, also at Dingli (July 1940), No. 501 AMES at Tas-Silġ, No. 502 AMES at Madliena, and No. 504 AMES at Dingli emplaced by July 1941, followed by:
No. 241 AMES moved to Għar Lapsi (originally installed with No. 242 at Dingli), No. 841 AMES at Wardija, and No. 521 at Gozo Giordan Lighthouse.
These were later supplemented by much better AMES Type 13 and 14 sets based on RN designs.
I suspect it was the relatively primitive Madliena AMES 502 set that directed the fire on the night of 16/17 May 1942.