Berlin Issues New Restrictions for Jews

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Globalization41
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Berlin Issues New Restrictions for Jews

Post by Globalization41 » 18 Mar 2004 20:37

Berlin, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Sunday, September 28, 1941: The
Transportation Ministry issued new restrictions
for Jews
today and the newspaper Berliner
Boersen Zeitung
forecast additional stringent
steps against the Jews, possibly including the
ghetto. ... Jews, who are now discernible by
the Star of David sewed on their clothing, are
now permitted to enter street cars, buses, and
other public conveyances only if these are
sufficiently empty so that no waiting non-Jews
need remain behind. ... Once in the
conveyances, the Jews may sit down only if all
others have seats. ... The decree provides that
the German press shall not publish these
restrictions, which must be made known to
Jews through their own organizations.
... The
Boersen Zeitung said that "because the German
people have clearly seen that the Jewish
question must be solved without sentimentally,

it welcomes every step leading to a real
solution
and has confidence its leadership will
take all necessary further measures at the
proper time.
" [Incidently, at the very time of
this Hitler-authorized editorial, German
specialized S.S. police forces were deploying
for an operation that within the next two days
would result in the execution by shooting of at
least 30,000 Jewish civilians from Kiev.]


Vichy, France, Wireless to The New York
Times,
Sunday, September 28, 1941: Xavier
Vallat, Commissioner-General for Jewish
Questions,
is back in Vichy after a sojourn in
Paris, and it is understood that new decrees
regarding the status of Jews
may be issued in
the near future. ... Again there is talk of
uniformity of treatment for Jews in the
unoccupied and occupied zones. Hitherto, the
status of Jews has differed in the two zones.
In the former the Nuremberg laws are applied;
in the latter, measures so far have included
exclusion from specified professions and trades
together with registration both of individuals
and their property.
... Now more "economic
Aryanization" [job quotas according to race]
has begun. For instance, non-Jewish managers
have been appointed to control the interests of
two newspapers, the Mot Dordre edited by
former Cabinet Minister Ludovic Frossard, and
the Saint Etienne Tribune, for the reason that
"part of these interests were in Jewish hands."
Both papers would formerly have been called
Leftist. ... A dispatch from Paris today
announces that henceforth Jews there must
report periodically to the police.

London, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Sunday, September 28, 1941: Czech
Government authorities in London [an
alternative government (claiming Czech
sovereignty) set up in London to counter the
Nazi directed government in Prague]
said today
that increasing sabotage in former Czecho-
Slovakia had slowed arms output as much as
50 percent, blown up a number of German
troop trains, and disorganized transportation.
... One troop train was crushed by the collapse
of a tunnel
in Viara Pass, Slovakia, just after
the train entered it, said reports filtering to
London. The Czech Government maintains
constant communications with rebel leaders in
the homeland by secret channels,
the
authorities said. ... A secret Czech radio
station called "The Station for National
Liberation" broadcasts nightly. The announcer
declared in the broadcast heard in London
tonight that Reinhard Heydrich, acting Reich
Protector, was "the bloodiest man of all the
bloody Nazis."
[Meanwhile, blowing up
German troop trains in tunnels would not cause
an increase in Heydrich's humanitarianism.]

... A Czech Government official thumbing
through a sheaf of messages said that on Sept.
16, in connection with the death of President
Thomas G. Masaryk, "the Czech Government
in London ordered a boycott of the Nazi-
owned Czecho-Slovak newspapers.
" ... "Our
messages say it was very effective," he
continued. "It must have been very irritating
to the Germans to find the people, almost as
one man, reading Czech classics as they rode
street cars to work."

Cairo, Egypt, Wireless to The New York
Times,
Sunday, September 28, 1941: Italy's
last stronghold in Ethiopia except Gondar fell
into British hands Friday when the garrison at
Wolchefit, a highly fortified outpost in the
rugged Wolchefit Pass area, surrendered to the
British and patriot forces. ... Gondar is much
more heavily defended, but does not have
strong natural defenses comparable to
Wolchefit's. Since the Gondar Italians are
doomed,
the patriots and British are likely to
let them take their time about surrendering and
not sacrifice lives unnecessarily. ... The New York
Times,
Sunday: Wolchefit's garrison was said
to have numbered 4,000 and the position was
considered a point of considerable importance
because it commanded a strategic pass.
[Gondar's garrison was estimated at 9,000 to
10,000 Italian and native forces.]


Berlin, By Telephone to The New York
Times,
By C. Brooks Peters, Sunday, Sept.
28, 1941:
The recent series of militant
demonstrations against the Third Reich
in
countries occupied by the Germans reached a
new climax today with the announcement in
Berlin that a state of emergency had been
declared over six important sections of the
Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia by German
authorities. ... The apparent seriousness of the
situation in Prague and other districts of the
Czech portions of the former Czecho-Slovakia,
and its far reaching implications, is indicated
by the revelation that General Alois Elias,
Premier of the former Czech Government, has
been arrested by the German police. ...
The first intimation that a change in the
German policy relative to the protectorate
might be anticipated came last night at a late
hour, when it was revealed that Reinhard
Heydrich,
high S.S. leader, who, as head of
the secret political security police and one of
Heinrich Himmler's principal assistants, had
been appointed to assume temporarily the
office of Reich Protector.

Washington, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Sunday, September 28, 1941:
Informed legislators predicted today that
President Roosevelt would ask Congress for
discretionary power to arm merchant ships and
to send them into belligerent ports, rather than
seeking outright repeal of the Neutrality Act.
... If such a course were followed, the
Neutrality Act's prohibitions against the arming
of ships or their entering combat zones
technically would be left standing unless the
President found it necessary to put them aside.
... A final decision on what will be asked for
is expected to be reached at a conference
between the President and legislative leaders on
Tuesday, with a formal message going to
Congress on Wednesday or Thursday. ...
While some Administration followers professed
to believe that only perfunctory opposition
would be offered to a proposal merely to arm
ships, Senator Nye, Republican, of North
Dakota, said strong opposition could be
expected
to any change in the act. ... He said
opponents would organize for the fight as soon
as it became clear what amendments were to be
proposed.

Berlin, By Telephone to The New York
Times,
Sunday, September 28, 1941: The
mass of the German forces that were said to
have trapped and defeated five Russian armies
east of Kiev [475 miles southwest of
Moscow, 760 miles south of Leningrad]
is
now being manoeuvred into position for a new
offensive in the Eastern Ukraine, it was
reported here tonight. It was conceded that
Kharkov [265 miles east of Kiev] and the
Donets Basin [about 200 miles s.e. of Kharkov]
were the immediate objectives. [Some of those
forces were also being redeployed to the
central front for a gigantic surprise offensive
against Moscow scheduled to begin in a few
days.]
... The most interesting military reports
received tonight came from the Leningrad [400
miles n.w. of Moscow]
sector. The Russians
apparently have been trying for days to land
troops on the southern shore of Lake Ladoga,
near Schluesselburg, in an effort to pierce the
German lines on the Neva river and relieve
Soviet forces trapped in the Leningrad area.
... Yesterday, Nazi advices said, the Russians
repeated their landing endeavors and succeeded
in setting foot on the shore. But German
forces, which apparently had gained the shore
of the lake [since Thursday when it had been
reported that the Air Force had bombed
Russian positions on the shore],
destroyed the
landing party and sunk two Soviet gunboats, it
was added. ... At another point in the
Leningrad region the Russians, making
preparations for a tank assault, were surprised
by Nazi fliers, D.N.B. asserted. The planned
attack was foiled and several Soviet tanks were
damaged by Nazi bombers, which also attacked
Russian positions throughout the sector, the
news agency stated. ... The air raids were said
to have been particularly successful against a
number of Soviet airfields. Hangers, barracks,
fuel tanks, and anti-aircraft batteries were hit
and damaged, it was reported. The Germans
employed several hundred planes,
losing only
two and shooting down 14 Soviet machines,
D.N.B. declared. ... Long-range German
artillery was officially reported to have shelled
Russian warships in the harbor of Kronstadt --
the naval base that guards Leningrad -- and the
waters nearby. The High Command
announced that a cruiser had been set afire. A
Russian battery at Oranienbaum also was said
to have been taken under fire. German
bombers, it was stated, landed three heavy
bombs on a Soviet battleship
at Kronstadt. ...
Near the Baltic island of Oesel German planes
sank eight transport vessels full of Russian
soldiers
who were making a landing attempt,
German sources reported. ... It was
announced that the German Air Force had
bombed Russian troop transport trains and rail
lines behind the Soviet lines all along the front.
The territory about Kharkov, Moscow, and the
source of the Volga were among the objectives.
Saturday night Moscow itself was bombed, the
Nazis said. ... Beleaguered Odessa [280 miles
south of Kiev]
still holds out, despite continued
assaults by German and Rumanian forces.
German cleaning-up operations on the
peninsula south of Ochakov were reported to
have been completed Saturday. ... D.N.B.
asserted that German planes had destroyed 128
Soviet machines Saturday.
Twenty-six were
said to have been shot down in air battles and
ten by anti-aircraft fire, while the remainder
were destroyed on the ground.

[Stay tuned for late breaking war bulletins.
... Globalization41]

Last edited by Globalization41 on 02 Jul 2004 05:18, edited 2 times in total.

David Thompson
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Post by David Thompson » 18 Mar 2004 20:45

Thanks, Globalization41. Those contemporaneous extracts are very interesting and informative.

Globalization41
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Location: California

Paris Police Stage Mass Arrests

Post by Globalization41 » 19 Mar 2004 09:12

Vichy, France, Wireless to The New York
Times,
By Lansing Warren, Thursday, August
21, 1941:
Executions of two alleged
Communists, mass arrests, and severe
sanctions against railway workers were among
the drastic measures taken by the French
authorities to check the outbreaks of disorders
and sabotage
reported from Paris in the past
few days. ... The two men executed,
according to an announcement in the Paris
press today, were Samul Tyselman and Henri
Gautherot,
who took part in a demonstration
directed against the German troops of
occupation. They were summarily tried and
executed immediately thereafter.
... Other
reports received here state that mass raids were
carried out by the Paris police and that arrests
of 6,000 persons identified as Jews
occurred in
the Eleventh Arrondissement [ward] of Paris.
Another raid was reported to be considerably
increasing the number of arrests. A cordon
was thrown around this whole district
while the
raids were being carried out. ... These raids
took place on the night of Tuesday to
Wednesday, when streets were barred and the
Metro [subway] stations of Parmentier, St.
Maur, and Oberkampf were shut off to the
public until 1 P.M. Wednesday. Only those
persons who could show from their papers that
they were not Jews
were permitted to pass
through the lines.

The New York Times, Thursday, August 21,
1941:
The Eleventh Arrondissement has been
a historic center of radical activity ever since
the days of the Commune. It lies just beyond
the Place Bastille and Place de la Nation and is
traversed by the Boulevard Voltaire and the
Avenue de la Republique. It is a district of
workers and small shop keepers. ... ...
[Suffering from centuries-long prejudice, many
Jews were naturally supportive of the early
Bolsheviks who promised social utopia. Thus
Jews were often assumed to be Communist.
But when Stalin took over, he began to apply
gradually increasing doses of anti-semitism --
hoping to appease Hitler in some cases prior to
the Nazi invasion.]
... ... Vichy, France,
Wireless to The New York Times,
By Lansing
Warren, Thursday, August 21, 1941: The
police and the press have blamed Jews in Paris
for the alleged Communist demonstrations that
occurred at the Gare St. Lazare [the railway
station in the Eighth Arrondissement] and other
points when police fired on the demonstrators.
A warning was then issued to the population
that death might be the penalty for Communist
activities,
according to a ruling of the
occupying forces. ... The French police also
offered a million-franc reward for information
leading to the arrest of persons guilty of
sabotage on French railroads. ... No
information was available as to the exact nature
of the railway sabotage that has occurred. ...
Tonight the Minister of Communications, Jean
Berthelot,
in a radio broadcast to the railway
workers, [told them] that France was bound by
the armistice accord
to make economic
shipments with priority to Germany. It was a
question of honor and loyalty,
he said, and
whoever resorted to sabotage was acting as an
enemy of Germany and an ally of England. ...
"I know," he said, "that in your vast majority
you remain deaf to Gaullist radio and
indifferent to Communist tracts." He added
that he had been obliged to order sanctions
against some of their comrades and would have
to take other measures if his appeal was not
heard. ... The round-up of Jews in Paris was
apparently continuing.
It may be noted that the
German "Nuremberg Laws" [a Nazi version of
affirmative action that replaced successful Jews
with lesser qualified non-Jews]
affecting Jewish
status
have been applied in occupied territory,
with less severe restrictions applying in
unoccupied France. Negotiations aiming to
coordinate the treatment of Jews under a statute
governing all French territory
have been under
way for some time, but have not yet been
instituted. ... Action against the Jews in Paris
started in a raid on foreign Jews last May 15.
In that raid 5,000 persons between the ages of
18 and 40 were apprehended and sent to labor
camps
in the Orleans region. They were not
then identified as Communists. ... According
to the Paris press, the present raids followed
the alleged Communist demonstrations in the
Eleventh Arrondissement, in which Jews were
declared to have participated.

Berlin, By Telephone to The New York
Times,
By C. Brooks Peters, Thursday, August
21, 1941:
In the Southern Ukraine [according
to a German communique]
Kherson, Dnieper
River port southeast of Nikolaev, was captured
by Elite Guard troops. In the Gomel sector,
about midway between Smolensk and Kiev, the
advance continues beyond the city, probably
southward along the Dnieper in a drive to flank
Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine. [The
Germans also claimed they were within 40
miles of a vital rail line supplying Leningrad.]


Berlin, By Telephone to The New York
Times,
Thur., August 21, 1941: Germany and
her allies will "solve the world Jewish problem
as radically as it deserves to be solved in view
of the attitude of international Jewry in this
war," the German press ominously suggests
today. [On Aug. 27-28, (in six days) German
rear-echelon police troops would round up and
shoot 23,600 Jews near Kamenets-Podolski,
200 miles east of Hungary, Czechoslovakia,
and southern Poland and 50 miles north of
Rumania. Smaller batches of executions were,
at this time, routine along the Eastern Front.
Circumstantial evidence suggests Hitler was
impatient that the pace was too slow.]


Washington, Special to The New York Times,
Thursday, August 21, 1941: The strength of
the Army reached a new high mark of
1,572,000 men today, the War Department
stated. The last previous figure announced was
1,545,400 on Aug 14. ... The Army strength
includes 102,500 officers, of whom 15,000 are
regulars, 22,300 National Guard officers, and
65,200 reserve officers; 1,469,500 enlisted
men, of whom 501,000 are three-year enlisted
regulars,
17,500 regular reserves and one-year
enlistments;
258,000 National Guardsmen, and
693,000 selective service trainees.

[Stay tuned for late breaking war bulletins.
... Globalization41]

Last edited by Globalization41 on 02 Jul 2004 05:20, edited 2 times in total.

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John W
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Post by John W » 19 Mar 2004 09:17

Dude! Where do you get this stuff from?! :D

Good posts Globalisation :)

Globalization41
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Posts: 1298
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

1941

Post by Globalization41 » 19 Mar 2004 15:37

During the 80s and 90s I collected and
photocopied numerous newspaper articles
from 1941.

Globalization41
Last edited by Globalization41 on 25 Mar 2004 10:07, edited 1 time in total.

Globalization41
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Posts: 1298
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

Russian Prison Director Orders Execution of 1,500 Ukrainians

Post by Globalization41 » 21 Mar 2004 06:46

Berlin, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Sunday, July 6, 1941: Long dispatches
were brought in by the press concerning
"atrocities" committed by the Russians,
especially against Ukrainians. In Luck, said
D.N.B., a Russian prison director sent 1,500
Ukrainian nationalists
into the court yard when
the Germans began to approach the city and all
were shot with machine guns. The wounded,
the agency related, were later killed with
pistols and hand grenades. ... At Dubno, it
said, 528 bodies of men and women were
found. ... Russian Front, With the German
Armies, United Press, The New York Times,

By Jack Fleischer, Sun., July 6, 1941: Despite
Joseph Stalin's call for a "scorched earth"
retreat, fields of ripening grain left one of the
strongest impressions so far by nine foreign
correspondents who are following the German
Armies on a tour arranged by the High
Command and Propaganda Ministry. ...
German officers told me that the wheat was too
green to set afire when the Russians fell back
eastward from the Polish Ukraine. ... The
Russians in their retreat attempted to lay waste
to cities and towns,
particularly all public
services, and in many cases succeeded. ... But
so far as foreign correspondents could
determine in their journey as far as Lwow in
the Polish Ukraine, the Russians had been
unable to carry out anything approaching a
systematic [scorched earth policy]. I saw little
evidence that the Russians had succeeded in
blowing up bridges or mining roads. ...
Everywhere, however, there were visible signs
of heavy fighting. Germans officers said the
Russians resisted bitterly and bravely.
... In
the Lwow sector, according to German
officers, the Russians had massed great
numbers of men "and surprising masses of
motorized equipment,
" but said the Russians
did not have enough thoroughly trained men
and their officers were impractical. ...
Although German planes frequently were seen
patrolling the air over endless columns of
Germans marching forward,
I saw no traces of
Soviet air attacks. ... In Lwow the
correspondents saw evidence of mass
executions by the Russians
before they
withdrew from the city. German officers said
150 corpses were found in one military prison,
250 in another, and 65 in another. ... I saw in
one prison between 20 and 30 corpses. At
another prison I saw unmistakable signs that a
large number of corpses had been buried in the
prison cellar. ... Our party was taken into a
former military hospital where we saw the
bodies of three German officers who were
shot, according to a hospital official, by
Russian political commissars. ... A visit to a
Russian prison camp disclosed that the Russian
soldiers were poorly equipped and that many of
them were farm youths called up a few days
before hostilities began. ... I was not able to
distinguish between Russian privates and
officers until a German officer pointed out
some Soviet officers. They had torn off their
insignias, apparently in belief that they would
suffer more at the hands of the Germans.
These 4,200 prisoners seemed to include men
from all parts of Russia -- including Poles and
Jews. ... The Jews said they knew nothing
about military measures, had received no
training, and they fired no shot in the fighting.
Their main interest was in what would happen
to them now that they were prisoners of
Germany.

[Stay tuned for late breaking war bulletins.
... Globalization41.]



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