"Germans about crimes of Wehrmacht" Polish edition by Bellona, Warsaw 1997, translation and footnotes by Barbara and Daniel Lulinski
Title of German original: "Gehorsam bis zum Mord? Der verschwiegene Krieg der deutschen Wehrmacht - Fakten, Analysen, Debatte".
The German original has errors: for example it mentions, that Poles and Germans had numerical equality in divisions, while in reality German army had twice as many.. but that's the detail.
My quotes are from footnotes. All CAPSLOCKS are mine.
You will notice that footnotes are quoting other books; i have choosen to give footnote in whole, sicne i don't have books quoted in that footnotes.
Second footnote on page 25:
Since September the 1st to October 26th 1993, when Wehrmacht had full power over occupied Polish lands, from 764 executions, in which 24.000 people were killed, in 311 participated soldiers of Wehrmacht. It was documented by Szymon Datner in "55 days of Wehrmacht in Poland. Crimes done on civilian population in period 1.IX-25.X 1939", Warsaw 1967 and "Crimes of Wehrmacht - choosen documents", Warsaw 1974.
(Polish titles: "55 dni Wehrmachtu w Polsce. Zbrodnie dokonane na ludnosci cywilnej w okresi 1.iX-25.X 1939" oraz "Zbronie Wehrmachtu - wybrane dokumenty"
From Polish supplement to the book:
2 and 3rd september 1939 in the region of Rybnik group of Polish soldiers from 12 pp was captured by Wehrmacht. They were given no pardon, "they were throwed to tha ground and over their bodies were driving tanks" (Szymon Datner, Crimes of Wehrmacht on prisoners of war during WWII", Warsaw 1964). September the 3rd near Radomsko Germans shot down POlish aircraft and captured two persons from crew. One prisoner after tortures (cutting his tongue, ears and nose) was murdered. It was done yb soldiers of 4 panzer division of XVI corps of 10th army of Reichenau. [crimes on scouts - well, they were not technically soldiers, so i omit that passage]. The same day [September the 4th] in Opatowiec near PInczow 45 Polish PoWs were shot by soldiers from 2nd light division of XV corps of 10th army.
Shooting of prisoners or their mistreating were done by, amongst others, 2nd division of XVII corps of 14 army, 207 division infnatry of 4th army, 4 panzer division of XVI corps of 10th army. THE LUFTWAFFE'S ON-GROUND FORCES WERE PARTICIPATING IN STREET EXECUTIONS IN BYDGOSZCZ. [cut the crimes in Warsaw Uprising, as they are widely known]
There are also quotes about shooting of Polish PoWs later, eg during 1945 campaign, but the title of the thread is 1939 campaign, so i won't quote it.
Antoni Czubinski "Wielkopolska in years 1918-1939" (Wielkopolska w latach 1918-1939)" Poznan 2000 isbn 83-7177-099-5
Spemteber the 1st, 14:00 German units entered Wyszanow shooting to civilians, supposedly in revenge for disarming of German army here in 1918. To the underground of Wyszanow manor, where women with children tried to seek shelter, were thrown grenades. 14 children and 8 women died. Surviving mens were taken later to camp near Nurnberg. Village was burned down.
In Torzeniec (4 km from Wyszanow), which was took September 1st at evening, from unknown reason Wehrmacht soldiers started the shooting, and then started to "pacificate" village by burning the buildings. 8 persons were shot when they tried to leave burning homes, 18 men were shot next day. In total 34 civlians and 3 unknown Polish soldiers were shot.
In Bukownica gmina Grabow September 2nd 7 inhabitants were shot. In borderland region of Wieruszow in September 2dn 41, and in September the 3rd 17 person were murdered. [..] In September the 4th in Maczniki 19 person were murdered [..]
On page 202 are described repercussion against members of National Defense, paramilitary official organisation which defended some towns after regular army had left the region. I am not sure about their legal status, so i omit the data, although it shoudl be noted that except PoWs (page 203) German soldiers shoot also random men from the cities of Kleck, Turk, Wagrowiec... On page 203 also the book mentions that Wehrmacht was taking the hostages and shooting them.
"Jews in Greater Poland over the history (Zydzi w Wielkopolsce na przestrzeni dziejow), Poznan 1999, under redaction of Jerzy Topolski and
Krzysztof Modelski isbn 83-7177-113-4
"First of them [Jews] were shot by Wehrmacht during September campaign in Poland, e.g September 2nd 1939 over 20 Jews in Wieruszow and 11 in Sieradz in September the 15th."
Janusz Gumkowski, Kazimierz Leszczynski "Okupacja hitlerowska w Polsce (Nazi occupation in Poland") Warsaw 1963
Jan Marek from Lodygowice [...] from 4 pulk of Strzelcy podhalanscy, was captured near the Przemysl. Group of over 100 prisoners, in which he find himself, was forced to march to Drohobycz. On the way German escort ordered stop in village of Urycz. Whole group of prisoners were closed in the barn, supposedly to spent a night in there.
After closing the barn Jan Marek saw from the hole in wall, as German soldiers ordered by their commander put benzine on the walls. Soon after that they started shoot to the barn and throw grenade there. Barn was immedietely put in fire. PoWs, trying to escape, were able to break one of the wall, but their were coverred by fire from machine guns and grenades. Marek was ble to jump over the fence near the field, but was shot in arm and fall down. He was able to arise and run few another steps, but the grenade was thrown after him. He was wounded again, this time in face. He fall down losing consience. Seemingly German thought he is dead. In night he was found by Soltys of village and transported him to hostpial. Marek is alive to this day. but has deep scares.
His testimony is confirmed by Antoni Dobij from Grodziska, one of few surviving from the massacre Poles.
I am a bit tired with quoting the rest...
In the page 57 It is mentioned by two Polish soldiers, survivors from another massacre: by Tadeusz Nowak and Jozef Nycz. They testified that a groupd of about 20 people were shot by Whermacht sodleris near Majdan the Great.In exhumation done by Polish red Cross in 1940 in mass grave 42 bodies were found.
Another crimes described: shooting of 14 PoWs near Lipsko, described by wojt of village nearby, Stanislaw Gozdur.(page 58 ). Massacre of Polishj prisoners in temporal camp in Zamborw 13-14 septmber.
Page 60-63 is description of crime of murdering 300 Polish PoWs in Ciepielow.
The webmaster was using following books when compiling the list i copied earlier:
- Gumkowski Janusz, Leszczyński Kazimierz, Okupacja hitlerowska w Polsce.
- Datner Szymon, Zbrodnie Wehrmachtu na jeńcach wojennych w II wojnie światowej