Fall of Athens only a Matter of Hours

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Globalization41
Member
Posts: 1299
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

Fall of Athens only a Matter of Hours

Post by Globalization41 » 25 Jul 2004 06:21

London, United Press, The New York
Times,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: [Late Friday,
U.S. time.]
Britons early today considered the
collapse of Greek resistance and the fall of
Athens a matter of hours.
... ... Athens,
Associated Press, The New York Times,

Friday, April 25, 1941: Reliable military
reports said tonight that a New Zealand anti-
tank unit had wrecked 23 German tanks and
repelled an armored attack near Mount Oeta
[7,080 feet], just west of Thermopylae Pass.
... The New Zealanders, in a position behind
a swamp that the armored column tried to
cross, poured a devastating fire into the
attackers. ... It was reported that German
forces had attacked Euboea, the long island off
the Eastern Greek mainland, but they were said
to have been repulsed. ... Undisclosed but
heavy casualties occurred yesterday when
German bombers sank the steamer Hellas in
Piraeus harbor. British refugee survivors were
being cared for by the United States Legation,
which has taken over duties of the British
Legation since the Greek Government went to
Crete. ... Today German planes were declared
to be running far out into the Mediterranean in
attacks on everything from big ships to fishing
boats. ... Reports from Crete said the
Government held its first Cabinet meeting there
today and a proclamation called on Greeks to
remember they are "Greeks first and last" and
not to lose hope under the German yoke. ...
The Athens military governor tightened control
and exhorted soldiers and civilians alike to
disregard rumors. ... ... Zurich, Switzerland,
United Press, The New York Times,
Friday,
April 25, 1941:
The waters around the Greek
island of Crete "are strewn with the wreckage
of all kinds of British and Greek shipping"
after fierce German and Italian air bombings,
the Rome radio boasted tonight. ... "There
will be no pause in Axis military operations
after the successful conclusion of the Balkan
campaign and all the enemy's vital points in
the Mediterranean will be attacked," the Italian
radio said. The wreckage around the island,
where the Greek Government has set up its
capital after fleeing Athens, was said to include
that of troopships and warships. ... ... Athens,
United Press, The New York Times,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: [Late Friday, U.S.
time.]
British imperial troops are leaving Athens
[a port city] under a constant blasting attack of
German bombers after battling for 20 days
against the German Army, which is driving
nearer to this ancient city. ... Weary and
battle-worn British, Australian and New
Zealand troops boarded waiting ships after
fighting desperately alongside their Greek
comrades. ... Women and girls rushed out and
threw garlands of Spring flowers at the Empire
troops who had fallen back in a stubborn and
orderly rear-guard
action that had slowed the
German advance. ... Many of the British
imperial forces were moving southward to
Crete. ... Greece's hour of fate approached in
an orgy of German aerial bombings aimed at
ports, shipping, and communications of the
Athens region. ... The Ministry of Public
Security reported that a ship was bombed and
wrecked and a passenger train machine-gunned
when a Nazi squadron attacked the port of
Megara, 15 miles west of Athens, beyond the
heavily bombed port of Piraeus and along the
railroad line to Corinth. Other bombs smashed
upon Piraeus, the Athens suburb of Eleusis,
and the Gulf of Corinth. Another German
squadron, said the communique, bombed the
Island of Kea (Keus), 70 miles south of
Athens,
along the sea route to Crete. ... ...
Rome, By Telephone to The New York
Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: Italian troops
were "completing the occupation of the zone of
Epirus" [150 to 200 miles northwest of Athens]
yesterday, says today's war bulletin. ... ...
The problem of two capitulations by the
Greeks, one to the Germans and one to the
Italians, has not yet been cleared up here.
Yesterday's German communique confused the
issue still further by saying that part of the
Greek force approached the Germans as early
as last Sunday, while another delegation
surrendered to the Italians on Tuesday. ...
The Greeks for their part claim that when they
capitulated the Italians were not on Greek soil

and the claim has received an angry denial
from the zone of operations. ... ... Smyrna,
Turkey, Wireless to The New York Times,

By C.L. Sulzberger, Friday, April 25, 1941: The
British Army is fighting courageous rear-guard
actions as it retreats to constantly-bombed
southern ports,
losing fine desert fighting
equipment brought up from African victories.
[Thinning out the British forces in North Africa
had eased General Rommel's drive to the
Egyptian border.]
... Some of the best blood
of the noblest English regiments and of
stalwart Australian and New Zealand families
is being shed in the lost battle. ... Most tragic
of all are those Greeks who showed the world
that a brave heart can defy overwhelming odds
[by stalemating a 1940 Italian invasion prior
to Germany's April intervention].
The Greeks
are dying by the thousands rather than make
peace so the British will have a fighting chance.

Berne, Switzerland, By Telephone to The
New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: On
April 19 the Secretariat of the League of
Nations received the following telegram from
Admiral Francois Darlan as the Foreign
minister of the French government at Vichy:
"I have the honor to inform you that, availing
itself of the terms of Paragraph 3, Article I, of
the covenant of the League of Nations, the
French Government has decided to withdraw
from the League of Nations.
The French
Government, however, reserves its position on
the eventual continuation of its participation in
the International Labor Office and other purely
technical institutions connected with the
League of Nations." ... The interim Secretary-
General of the League of Nations, Sean
Lester,
answered by telegram in the following
terms: "I have the honor to acknowledge
receipt of Your Excellency's telegram of the
19th of April announcing your government's
intention of withdrawing from the League of
Nations in conformity with Paragraph 3, Article I,
of the covenant. I will communicate the text of
your telegram to the members of the League of
Nations." ... The following day Admiral Darlan
announced in Vichy that France had given
notice of her intention of withdrawing from the
League, but intended to continue her
collaboration with the technical services of the
League. He stressed that this action had been
taken in the face of "the realities of the
situation." ... Article I, Paragraph 3, enables a
member of the League to withdraw after two-
years notice. France's contribution of
1,484,000 gold francs last year was reduced to
577,000 gold Swiss francs this year, owing to
the circumstances in which the country found
itself [i.e., France's military defeat by Germany
in 1940].
... Hungary's and Peru's resignation
from the League became effective early this
month -- Hungary's on April 10, Peru's on April 8.
Spain's resignation becomes effective on May
8. ... ... Valletta, Malta, United Press, The
New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941:
German planes made a mass attack on this
British island last night, turning night into day
with hundreds of flares and damaging civilian
property in several areas.

Budapest, Hungary, United Press, The
New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: Pro-
German quarters reported persistently today
that a Turkish-German friendship and neutrality
pact might be expected soon. They said that
the reported German occupation of such
Aegean islands as Samothrace and Lemnos
had greatly impressed the Turks. ...
Regardless of these reports, Germany was
expected to do all she could to wean Turkey
from Great Britain by peaceful means.
It was
pointed out that peaceful penetration of Turkey
would give Germany a bridgehead for big-
scale action, diplomatic if not military, against
Syria and Iraq.

Tokyo, United Press, The New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: A government
spokesman denied today that the Russian-
Japanese neutrality treaty was another link in
an Axis plan to encircle the United States.
Secretary Knox made the charge in a speech
in New York last night. The spokesman
insisted the treaty was one for peace. ... "This
is self-evident if one reads its text," he said.
"We cannot prevent American officials from
making their own in interpretation to suit their
own purposes." There seemed to be a general
opinion in semi-official circles that speeches of
Knox and Secretary Hull were intended to lead
American public opinion to favor convoying of
American war materials to Britain.

Comiskey Park, Chicago, Associated
Press, The New York Times,
Friday, April
25, 1941:
The Indians scored three times after
two were out in the 9th inning today to defeat
the White Sox, 5-3, and nullify a protest they
had made on a play in the 4th inning. ...
Manager Roger Peckinpaugh said he was
playing the game under protest when Ray
Mack
was called out on a fly ball to Julius
Solters,
Chicago White Sox left fielder. Solters
caught the ball, but dropped it in what
appeared to be an attempt to throw. ... The
Sox held a 3-2 lead behind Ted Lyons [nine
innings, ten hits, no walks, two strikeouts]

going into the 9th. [Firstbaseman] Hal Trosky
opened with a single and Charley Workman
ran for him. Jeff Heath and Mack went out, but
Clarence Campbell, batting for [thirdbaseman]
Russ Peters, singled. So did Rollie Hemsley.
Roy [Beau] Bell, batting for the pitcher and then
taking over first base, doubled. Bob Feller
[one inning, no hits, no walks, one strikeout]
then went in to hold the Sox in their half.
[Chicago counted for single tallies in the 2nd,
5th,
and 6th off Cleveland starter Jim Bagby
(five innings, nine hits, one walk, one
strikeout). Joe Heving (three innings, one hit,
two walks, no strikeouts) replaced Bagby in
the 6th and pitched effectively through the 8th,
getting the win via Cleveland's 9th-inning
uprising. ... The Indians scored single runs in
the 3rd and 4th. ... Hal Trosky led Cleveland
hitters with three singles. Rollie Hemsley
followed with a double, single, two runs scored,
and one batted in. Jeff Heath added a double
while Roy Weatherly and Bagby contributed
singles. ... For the Chisox, Larry Rosenthal
singled twice and doubled, scoring once and
batting in one. Joe Kuhel singled and
doubled. Bill Knickerbocker doubled. And
Luke Appling, Dario Lodigiani Mike Kreevich,
and Mike Tresh each singled. ... The loss
evened Ted Lyons's 1941 record to 1-1, both
appearances being complete games. He
served eight flyball outs (five by Kreevich in
center, three by Solters in left) and nine
fielding assists (three each by Appling at
short and Lodigiani at third, one each by
Knickerbocker at second, Kuhel at first, and
Bagby). Lyons stranded six Indians. In his
19th big-league season, all with the White
Sox, Lyons's lifetime W-L record now stood
at 234-211 with 310 complete games in 439
starts. ... Cleveland turned in two twin killings,
going 2-5 (Hemsley to Peters) and 4-3 (Mack
to Trosky). ... The White Sox left eight
runners on base. ... The victory improved
Cleveland's record to 6-4. Chicago fell to 4-4.
... The umpires were Harry Geisel at home,
Art Passarella at first, and George Pipgras at
third. ... The attendance was 2,924. ... Time
of game was 1:59.]


Starting Lineups

Cleveland Indians

Roy Weatherly cf
Lou Boudreau ss
Gee Walker lf
Hal Trosky 1b
Jeff Heath rf
Ray Mack 2b
Rusty Peters 3b
Rollie Hemsley c
Jim Bagby Jr. p

Chicago White Sox
Bill Knickerbocker 2b
Luke Appling ss
Joe Kuhel 1b
Moose Solters lf
Dario Lodigiani 3b
Larry Rosenthal rf
Mike Kreevich cf
Mike Tresh c
Ted Lyons p

[Stay tuned for late breaking war bulletins.
... Globalization41.]
Last edited by Globalization41 on 06 Aug 2004 05:32, edited 1 time in total.

Globalization41
Member
Posts: 1299
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

General Rommel Awarded Italian Military Medal for Valor

Post by Globalization41 » 25 Jul 2004 20:54

Rome, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: Stefani, the
official Italian news agency, announced today
that General Erwin Rommel, commander of the
German tank forces in Libya, had received an
Italian silver military medal for valor. ... The
award was made personally by General Italo
Garibaldi,
commander of the Italian armed
forces in Libya, who visited German
headquarters to confer the decoration, the
agency said. ... ... Washington, Associated
Press, The New York Times,
Friday, April 25,
1941:
A bill requested by the Administration
to authorize President Roosevelt to use as he
decides the foreign merchant vessels tied up in
American waters was reported to the House
today by the committee on Merchant Marine
and Fisheries. ... Chairman Bland of the
committee said that the measure would
probably be brought to the floor early next
week. ... Covering the Danish, Italian, and
German vessels seized several weeks ago by
the Coast Guard and put into protective
custody, the measure authorizes the President
to compensate the owners
out of the
$7,000,000 appropriated under the lease-lend
act. ... In addition it gives the maritime
Commission, the Army, the Navy, or other
appropriate governmental agency, the power to
charter vessels either of American or foreign
registry for defense purposes. ... The powers
conveyed by the bill would be effective until
June 30, 1942, or until the end of the present
emergency.

Rome, United Press, The New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: Six British generals
captured by Axis forces in North Africa
arrived today at Villa Orsini, at Sulmona,
Central Italy. ... The captives were listed as
Lieut. Gen. Sir Richard O'Connor, Lieut. Gen.
Philip Neame, General Adrian Carton de
Wiart,
Major Gen. M.D. Gambier-Parry, Brig.
Gen. J.F.B. Combe, and Brig. Gen. E.J.
Todhunter.
... Colonel Norman Fiske, military
attache at the United States Embassy in Rome,
which is in charge of British interests in Italy,
interviewed the British generals after their
arrival. ... "I found them all in good health,
although naturally they are depressed over
being prisoners," Colonel Fiske said. "They
are determined, however, to keep up their
spirits. They were particularly interested in
having some bridge cards and dart sets." ...
... Cairo, Egypt, Associated Press, The New
York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: General
O'Connor, right-hand man of General Sir
Archibald P. Wavell,
and [five other generals]
were captured April 7 by a German motorcycle
patrol.
... ... Berlin, United Press, The New
York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: D.N.B.
reported that Nazi planes had destroyed several
ships in the Libyan port city of Tobruk in a
heavy attack today. ... ... Cairo, Egypt,
United Press, The New York Times,
Friday,
April 25, 1941:
Axis forces in the Libyan
desert were repulsed yesterday when they made
another strong attack on British troops at
Tobruk, today's British communique said. The
Germans and Italians were reported to have
suffered heavy losses,
and 127 of them were
captured, including two officers. ... Both sides
pushed out motorized patrols across the
wastelands near Solum, Egypt, the farthest
point of Italian-German advance, the British
communique said. ... Heavy damage was
inflicted on Tripoli by an R.A.F. raid last
night, the British announced. The British
bombers scored a direct hit on a seaplane
hanger, a warehouse, and government offices
in the battered city, a communique said. ...
On Tuesday night British bombers attacked
Bengazi
and started fires in many parts of the
city. Motor transport moving westward was
heavily bombed. ... British troops in East
Africa
were reported to have penetrated to
within a few miles of Dessye, the last major
Italian stronghold in Ethiopia.
More than 700
prisoners were captured by the British near
Dessye yesterday, a communique said, and 112
others were taken from another Italian column
that was being "closely pursued" farther south.
... ... Athens, Associated Press, The New
York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: The
Greek island of Lemnos, only 40 miles
[southwest] from Turkey's Dardanelles, was
seized by German troops yesterday after a
four-hour battle with the small garrison, the
Greek Home Security Ministry announced
today. ... ... Ankara, Turkey, Associated
Press, The New York Times,
Friday, April 25,
1941:
Turkey pressed her defense precautions
today, requisitioning vehicles in Istanbul and
Adrianople to facilitate the collection of food
stocks, and enrolling 500 high school graduates
in air schools. ... Newspapers gave high
praise for the heroism of the Greeks.
...
Reliable informants heard that several German
freighters, plying presumably from occupied
Rumanian or Bulgarian ports, had slipped
through the Straits recently without stopping or
flying the required transit flag.

Fenway Park, Boston, Associated Press, The
New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941:
Heber (Dick) Newsome, 26-year-old Red Sox
rookie, gave a glittering five-hit performance
today in his first start of the season to beat the
Athletics, 3-1, and snap a four-game Boston
losing streak. [Newsome, a five-year (1936-
1940) Pacific Coast League veteran, was
actually 31 years old and making his first big-
league appearance. For San Diego in 1940 he
finished at 23-11 with 315 innings pitched, 319
hits allowed, 74 walks issued, and a 2.62 ERA.
Newsome had appeared in nine minor league
seasons, winning 99 and losing 91 in 1,608
innings.]
... A surprise starter when a sudden
cold snap forced abandonment of plans to send
the aging Lefty Grove against Philadelphia,
Newsome held his hard-hitting opponents to a
pair of widely spaced singles until the final
frame. ... In the 9th he granted successive
singles to Dick Siebert, Sam Chapman, and
Pete Suder. Siebert scored when a pinch
hitter, Harold Wagner, forced Suder at second.
Newsome regained control and struck out pinch
hitter, Chubby Dean, then forced Eddie Collins
Jr.
to roll out to Bobby Doerr. ... Jimmie
Foxx
belted his first home run of the season to
open the Boston scoring in the 1st.
[Foxx's four-bagger was the only extra-base hit
of the contest. ... Boston also scored single runs
in the 4th and 5th. ... Jack Knott hurled seven
innings for the A's. ... Newsome served seven
outfield fly outs while Sox fielders turned 14
assists. ... The attendence was 2,900 paid and
2,000 ladies. ... Time of game was 1:46.]


Starting Lineups

Philadelphia A's

Eddie Collins Jr rf
Benny McCoy 2b
Bob (Lee) Johnson lf
Frankie Hayes c
Dick Siebert 1b
Sam Chapman cf
Pete Suder 3b
Fred Chapman ss
Jack Knott p

Boston Red Sox
Dom DiMaggio cf
Stan Spence lf
Jimmie Foxx 1b
Bobby Doerr 2b
Lou Finney rf
Jim Tabor 3b
Frankie Pytlak c
Skeeter Newsome ss
Dick Newsome p

Rome, Associated Press, The New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: The normal working
day in Italian metal and mechanical industries
will be increased soon to ten or 12 hours,
the official Italian news agency, Stefani, said
today. Those working at continually operating
furnaces will put in 72 hours a week, and
those in other branches of the industries
ten hours a day or 60 hours a week, the
agency said. [A further] two hours of daily
overtime will be authorized only in "exceptional
cases." ... ... [Without the checks and
balances of labor unions, it's a safe bet to
assume that, in accordance with the laws of
human nature,
management would in general
work its people until they drop. On the other
hand, the laws of math will automatically check
labor unions when it becomes unprofitable for
management to remain in business. Meanwhile
U.S. government policy should be protectionist
to the point of creating a labor shortage of
U.S. citizens by de-motivating U.S. business
from seeking cheap foreign labor while
ensuring a zero foreign trade deficit.
Additionally, more persons working normal 40-
hour weeks leaves less available time to
organize inner-city crime, thereby requiring
less court workers,
who could then be available
to produce material goods, etc.]


[Stay tuned for late breaking war bulletins.
... Globalization41.]

Globalization41
Member
Posts: 1299
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

Five U.S. Correspondents Missing in Action

Post by Globalization41 » 26 Jul 2004 05:50

Athens, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: Five United
States war correspondents, including four who
undertook a hazardous 400-mile sea trip in a
large rowboat equipped with a motor, have
not been heard from since shortly after the
start of the German invasion of Yugoslavia and
Greece. ... The five, all of whom were last
seen at Cattaro, in Yugoslavia, are Robert St.
John
of The Associated Press, Leigh White of
the Columbia Broadcasting System and the
Overseas News Agency, Leon Kay of The
United Press, Russell Hill of The New York
Herald Tribune,
and Ray Brock of The New
York Times.
... Messrs. St. John, White, Kay,
and Hill have been unheard from since April
16, when The Associated Press received word
that this group had started to try to reach
Greece by coming down the Albanian coast in
a large rowboat.
Mr. Brock also was in
Cattaro on April 16, and so far as is known
remained there. ... It was reported that
William Phillips, United States Ambassador to
Rome, had requested the assistance of the
Italian Government in locating the missing
correspondents. Those in the boat, it was
believed, probably put it in at an Albanian
port. ... ... Budapest, Hungary, United
Press, The New York Times,
Friday, April 25,
1941:
Four Americans arrived in Budapest
tonight from Belgrade, Yugoslavia, by
automobile
. ... They were Sam Brewer,
correspondent for The Chicago Tribune; Cecil
Brown
, correspondent for the Colombia
Broadcasting System; Cavendish Cannon,
second secretary of the United States Legation
at Athens, and Mrs. Cannon. They had left
Belgrade yesterday morning. ... They said
that, as far as they knew, all Americans,
except members of the legation staff, had left
Belgrade. Mr. Brewer and Mr. Brown
reported that Max Harrelson, Associated Press
correspondent, had been stranded at Zagreb,
where the new Croat authorities took away his
passport. Mr. Harrelson was said to be unable
to leave Zagreb or file any dispatches. ... The
American party reached here with difficulty,
crossing the Danube and the Drava by
Hungarian pontoon bridges. The permanent
bridges had been blown up in the course of
hostilities in Yugoslavia.

Ebbets Field, Brooklyn, The New York
Times,
By Roscoe McGowen, Friday, April 25,
1941:
From now on it will be difficult to convince
young Kirby Higbe that 13 is an unlucky number.
Wearing No. 15 on his uniform, Higbe lost his
first two starts as a Dodger. [Friday] he tried
again, this time against the Bees [4-7, 6th
place],
with new digits looming large across his
sturdy shoulders, and this time No. 13 hit the
jackpot. [Between seasons, Brooklyn sent Vito
Tamulis, Bill Crouch, Mickey Livingston
, and
$100,000 to the Phils for Kirby Higbe.]
...
Higbe shut out Boston with four hits, all singles
[by Sisty, Rowell, Dahlgren, and Berres], before
a half-frozen ladies' day crowd of 10,520 [5,643
paid, 4,877 ladies],
while the Durochers [8-4,
2nd place]
were collecting seven blows for a
5-0 triumph. ... For a time it appeared as if
Higbe's luck was all bad, what with a Giant cast-
off, Manual Salvo [5.1 innings, five hits, four
walks, two strikeouts],
hurling four hitless innings
and permitting only one Dodger to reach first
base. ... But Dolph Camilli changed all that in
the 5th. He met Salvo's first pitch squarely and
sent the ball far across Bedford Avenue for his
fifth homer of the season, his fourth in five
games. ... With two out in the same inning,
Mickey Owen doubled to left center and Higbe
scored him [2-0] with a single to right center.
... Three runs scored in the next inning, during
which Manager Casey Stengel sent Frank
Lamanna
[1.2 innings, one hit, no walks, one
strikeout]
to Salvo's rescue. Cookie Lavagetto
opened with a two-bagger off the right-field
concrete and moved to third as Muscles
Medwick
grounded out to Eddie Miller.
Camilli walked, and when Jimmy Wasdell
grounded to Babe Dahlgren, with the infield in,
Cookie slid home safely [3-0]. The decision
brought voluble protests from the Bees to
Umpire Babe Pinella, but to no avail. ...
Followed another pass to Alex Kampouris, to
fill the bases, and Owen immediately lined a
single to left field, scoring Camilli [4-0]. With
Max West coming in fast, it appeared as if he
might make a shoestring catch and Wasdell
scampered back to third, only to find
Kampouris there. Kampy hotfooted it back
toward second and Ray Berres, who had taken
West's throw, held the ball, finally deciding to
throw it to Bama Rowell at second. Kampy
got back to second safely and Rowell, with
Salvo at the plate pleading for the ball, also
held it while Wasdell came home [5-0]. ... ...
Higbe walked five batters, but fanned seven,
getting West three times. [Higby's hurling
yielded nine infield assists (three by Reese
at short, two by Lavagetto at third, three by
Kampouris at second, and one by Higby), and
six outfield flyouts (four by Walker in center
and one each by Medwick in left and Wasdell
in right). The only Dodger doubleplay went
6-4-3.]
... Pete Reiser [beaned Wednesday]
felt so chipper [Friday] that he is expected to
be in uniform [Saturday], although he isn't
likely to get into action. No chances will be
taken on sending him back too soon. ... Curt
Davis
draws [Saturday's] pitching assignment.
Hugh Casey will be held over for the Giants
[Sunday]. Wesley Ferrell, whose comeback with
the Bees has netted him two triumphs, will hurl
for Stengel [Saturday]. [Lefty Art Johnson (one
inning, one hit, no walks, no strikeouts) mopped
up for the Bees. ... Boston turned two doubleplays,
going 4-6-3 and 8-2. ... The umpires were Babe
Pinelli
behind the plate, Lee Ballanfant at first,
and Al Barlick at third. ... The contest lasted
2:09.]


Starting Lineups

Boston Bees

Sibby Sisti 3b
Johnny Cooney cf
Bama Rowell 2b
Gene Moore rf
Max West lf
Eddie (R.) Miller ss
Babe Dahlgren 1b
Ray Berres c
Manny Salvo p

Brooklyn Dodgers
Pee Wee Reese ss
Dixie Walker cf
Cookie Lavagetto 3b
Joe Medwick lf
Dolph Camilli 1b
Jimmy Wasdell rf
Alex Kampouris 2b
Mickey Owen c
Kirby Higbe p

[The 1940 Phils (50-103) finished in the
basement for the third straight season. Their
prospects for the 1941 campaign looked grim
with the off-season loss of their top two pitchers,
Kirby Higby (283 innings, 14-19 W-L,
3.72 ERA) to the Dodgers and Hugh Mulcahy
(280 innings, 13-22 W-L, 3.60 ERA) to the
Army.]


Washington, Special to The New York
Times,
By Frank L. Kluckhohn, Friday, April 25,
1941:
President Roosevelt asserted [in a press
conference]
today that he and the
overwhelming majority of the American people
were willing to fight for the democratic
processes,
and that the danger of attack on the
Western Hemisphere was much greater today
than just after the start of the war in 1939.
Greenland might already be occupied in part by
the Axis, he stated, and the U.S. was taking
steps to counteract this situation. ... ... Aids
have privately maintained, however, that the
President was reluctant to provide Naval
escorts for shipping unless public demand for
such action was overwhelming
. ... [F.D.R. also
coupled his remarks]
with a denunciation of
appeasers and defeatists.
... ... Madrid,
United Press, The New York Times,
Friday,
April 25, 1941:
The Madrid newspaper ABC
said that the White House and Wall Street were
allied in a fight against the American masses in
an attempt to involve the U.S. in conflict.

Chicago, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: Baseball
Commissioner K.M. Landis, again taking issue
with President Larry MacPhail of the Dodgers,
today ordered Brooklyn to pay $2,424 in salary
to Jimmy Ripple, star of the 1940 world series,
and directed Brooklyn to pay $500 to
Montreal, the International League club from
which Ripple went to Cincinnati in time to help
the Reds win the world championship. ... The
ruling followed lengthy correspondence
between MacPhail and the commissioner, who
have differed on numerous occasions. ...
MacPhail had contended the Cincinnati club
should pay the difference
between Ripple's
Brooklyn and Montreal salaries, amounting to
$3,424. Landis rejected this view, pointing out
that the actual ownership of Ripple's contract
was with Brooklyn, which had optioned the
outfielder to Montreal. ... Ripple received
$1,000 from Brooklyn on July 10, 1940, and
Landis ordered that sum, plus any legal tax,
deducted from the $3,424.

Smyrna, Turkey, Wireless to The New York
Times,
By C.L. Sulzberger, Friday, April 25,
1941:
The Greeks always feared offending the
Germans and [hoping to avoid invasion] left
[the German] legation [in Athens] a free hand
until the Nazi invasion. The German Legation
had a radio transmitter, and although the
British had discovered the key to the codes [the
Germans]
didn't stop the messages to Berlin.

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Globalization41
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Posts: 1299
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C.B.S. Correspondent Arrives in Budapest from Belgrade

Post by Globalization41 » 31 Jul 2004 05:14

The New York Times, Friday, April 25,
1941:
[The following excerpts are from a
broadcast by Cecil Brown, C.B.S.
correspondent who had just arrived in
Budapest from Belgrade after witnessing the
early April blitzkrieg of Yugoslavia.]
I saw the
Yugoslav Army crumble to pieces under
tremendous hammer blows of the German
Air Force and tanks. I saw Croats deserting
by the thousands. I saw Serbian people die
with unparalleled bravery.
... I first escaped
[during the initial Blitzkrieg] from Belgrade
under a hail of German incendiary bombs.
The bombs seemed to pursue me all the way
through the Bosnian Hills to Sarajevo. ... All
Easter Sunday the Italians bombed Sarajevo
and me. Sarajevo is destroyed, even the
Moslem quarter. ... Seven thousand Belgrade
citizens died in two days of bombing. The
odor of death hangs over the half-destroyed
capital. Yesterday I watched German soldiers
still removing the remains of 225 bodies buried
when a 1,000-pounder made a direct hit upon
a shelter one block from the American
Legation. ... Belgrade is starving. Every
available house and school are filled with
German troops. Autos, tanks, armored cars,
and motor cycles race through the streets. ...
Daily groups of 10,000 to 20,000 Yugoslav
prisoners straggle through the streets
bound for
prison camps, unshaven, tired, their eyes sharp
and alert, vanquished but unconquered. ... All
Jews now wear yellow arm-bands. Able-
bodied males have been set to work clearing
up debris.

The New York Times, Friday, April 25:
With her cabins and cargo holds crowded
under conditions reminiscent of the old
steerage days, the little Portuguese liner
Nyassa, from Lisbon, docked in Brooklyn
[Friday] with the latest group of refugees from
European nations now dominated by
Germany. ... On her last trip here in
December
the liner brought 451 passengers,
and it was said then to be filled nearly to
capacity. [Friday] 816 arrived, 400 of them
having traveled in two dormitories set up in
the forward and after holds, where rows
of double-deck two-section beds had been
installed in compartments usually used for
merchandise. ... While they grumbled at the
lack of ventilation, the darkness, and the fact
that standing room was so scarce that many
of them passed the time between meals lying
in their bunks, the refugees were fairly
unanimous in expressing delight over their
escape from Europe. ... Some complained
about the unsanitary conditions resulting from
the assignment of one lavatory to 200
passengers,
and several said that they had
been defrauded in Portugal by speculators
who exacted bonuses before passage on the
ship could be obtained at the tariff rates. ...
The passage rates ranged from $160 for third
class, in the cargo holds, to $480 for first
class. ... The only American-born passenger
was Miss Dorothy Muckley, 24 years old, who
lived at the Hotel Granada in Brooklyn before
she went abroad to study art in February,
1939. She declared the people in Germany,
where she spent considerable time, had been
surprised when the war extended for more
than a year. She said the food conditions in
Germany were not acute and that the people
seemed satisfied
. There were two
naturalized Americans among the
passengers, Joseph Jaros and Jacob
Jacobson,
both of whom had been living in
Rumania for several years. ... Max Bernstein,
83-year-old father of Arnold Bernstein, the
New York shipping man who was imprisoned
in Germany several years ago for violation of
exchange laws
, arrived on the ship to join his
son, who is an American citizen. He [Max]
has been living with a daughter, Mrs. Walter
Tretel
, in Breslau, Germany, and he told
reporters with the aid of an interpreter that his
daughter's husband, Dr. Walter Tretel, was
now in the United States. He was well known
as a physician in Breslau before the advent of
National Socialism and in the United States
he is working in a shirtwaist concern and
meanwhile studying for his State medical
examinations, Mr. Bernstein said. ... His
interpreter, Herman Rothschild, who traveled
in the same cabin with him, is a former
Netherlands art dealer
. He said he had a
shipment of 17 cases of Dutch paintings now
on the way to the United States. ... Another
passenger was Henry van der Voort, 25, a
Netherlands lawyer. His mother is French
and he served during the early months of the
war with the American Field Service. ... Mr.
van der Voort said that traveling conditions on
the Nyassa were "abominable" and that there
were several clashes between the
passengers, whose tempers cracked
because of the conditions.

Yankee Stadium, The New York Times, By
James P. Dawson, Friday, April 25, 1941:
Ernie Bonham, 220-pound Yankee pitcher,
tested his strength [Friday] by disregarding the
brace he had been wearing since training camp
days in Florida as a support for his ailing back.
Tiny voted the experiment a success. ...
Without the aid, or perhaps handicap of the
brace, the huskiest of Joe McCarthy's flippers
went out at the Stadium and covered the
Senators with a fresh coat of whitewash. ...
Holding the Senators to three scattered hits,
two of them scratches, Bonham shut out Bucky
Harris's
clan, 6-0. Yankee swingers clubbed
Dutch Leonard and Arnold Anderson for 11
blows, to give Bonham appropriate
encouragement for his second victory of the
campaign and bring the Yanks the satisfaction
of turning the Senators back scoreless for the
second time. ... Because his back-support
handicapped him in fielding, Bonham discarded
it. He wanted to feel free in handling bunts or
topped shots. Without the brace he gave one
of the best pitching performances of the major
league season. Bonham pitched to 30 batters.
He walked none and fanned four. He retired
11 straight men before Ben Chapman
interrupted the routine in the 4th with a single
that just missed Red Rolfe's diving clutch. ...
Past an even dozen more, Bonham pitched
serenely until George Archie dribbled a ball to
Jerry Priddy that went for a hit with two gone
in the 8th. When Mickey Vernon, swinging
for Anderson, sent a high bounder between the
box and third to open the 9th, the Senators had
their third hit. Not one Washington batter got
beyond first base. ... The Yanks clubbed
Leonard for their runs in the first three
innings. Four came in the 1st. Rizzuto beat
out a bunt and scored when George Case
fumbled Rolfe's single. After Tommy Henrich
sacrificed Rolfe to third, Red slid home under
Buddy Lewis's throw on Joe DiMaggio's
grounder [2-0]. Charlie Keller walked and Joe
Gordon's
single scored DiMaggio [3-0].
Keller raced in from third on Bill Dickey's
long fly [4-0]. ... In the 2nd Priddy rode
home on Rolfe's single [5-0]. And in the 3rd
Gordon singled, raced to third on Dickey's
single, and scored [6-0] when Lewis threw
Priddy's grounder over Rick Ferrell's head in
trying to head off the run. ... Anderson came
on the scene with the 4th, but by that time the
Yanks had more than enough. ... ... It was the
first ladies' day game at the Stadium, and the
women let the occasion slip by almost
unnoticed. The crowd numbered 8,542,
including 2,021 women, who were quiet in the
chill of the mezzanine deck. ... Bonham now
has held the Senators scoreless in 17 innings.
... Leonard, incidently, still is trying to beat
the Yanks for the first time this year. He has
lost three games in the effort. ... DiMaggio
came out of his slump with a looping single in
the 4th, after going hitless in three games. ...
Anderson caught a four-hit smacking and was
lucky to escape without a score. ... Manager
McCarthy announced the release on option of
Buddy Blair to Kansas City, leaving Frankie
Crosetti
and Johnny Sturm as his extra
infielders. ... Jake Early risked his neck in a
diving catch of Bonham's foul bunt in the 7th,
making a great play after Bonham had
automatically become a strikeout victim by
bunting the third strike foul. [In general,
Bonham's offerings resulted Senator batters
swinging under the ball as Yankee fielders
registered only five assists, two each by
Rizzuto at short and Rolfe at third and one by
backstop Bill Dickey. Meanwhile, Yankee
outfielders tracked down 12 fly balls, six
each by DiMaggio in center and Keller in
left. ... Time of game was 1:56. ... The
umpires were Bill McGowan calling balls and
strikes, John A. Quinn at first, and Bill Grieve
at third.]


Starting Lineups

Washington Senators

George Case rf
Doc Cramer cf
Ben Chapman lf
Buddy Lewis 3b
Jimmy Pofahl ss
Jimmy Bloodworth 2b
George Archie 1b
Rick Ferrell c
(Emil) Dutch Leonard p

New York Yankees
Phil Rizzuto ss
Red Rolfe 3b
Tommy Henrich rf
Joe DiMaggio cf
Charlie Keller lf
Joe Gordon 1b
Bill Dickey c
Jerry Priddy 2b
Ernie Bonham p

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Globalization41
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Posts: 1299
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

Luftwaffe, R.A.F. Trade Blows

Post by Globalization41 » 06 Aug 2004 05:11

London, Special Cable to The New York
Times,
By Craig Thompson, Saturday, April
26, 1941:
[Late Friday, U.S. time.] German
bombers made sporadic raids on several British
cities last night and early today. Coastal cities
in the northeastern and western parts of the
island were bombed in short, sharp attacks
during which incendiaries and heavy explosives
were dropped. ... Reports were made public
here of homeless women and children making
their way afoot from Plymouth. ... Another
badly mauled area was visited by Prime
Minister Winston Churchill
yesterday. He
rode through the streets of Berkenhead, along
the Merseyside, smiling greetings to the
people. ... ... London, Special Cable to The
New York Times,
By James MacDonald,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: [Late Friday, U.S.
time.]
British Royal Air Force bombers heavily
attacked Kiel and Wilhelmshaven, Germany's
principal naval bases
, over Thursday night. ...
The British fliers reported they encountered
a heavy anti-aircraft barrage over Kiel. At
dawn yesterday the R.A.F. struck at Nazi
shipping and other targets along the Norwegian
coast and off the Low Countries and France.
... Later in the day British bombs were
unloaded on a steel plant at Ijmuiden, the
Netherlands, that had been working on German
war orders. Explosions were seen bursting at
the base of the blast furnaces. Anti-aircraft
shell fragments struck one plane and damaged
the motors. They began to sputter and oil
splashed in the cabin.
The R.A.F. plane
struggled safely to its home base. ... While on
an offensive patrol over Northern France
during the day, a Spitfire pilot machine-gunned
several Messerschmitt 109s parked on a field.
Another British fighter pilot spent his bullets
on enemy barges near the French coast. ... ...
Shanghai, Wireless to The New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: Chinese banking
business of both Chungking and Nanking
controlled banks is virtually at a standstill in
Shanghai as both groups refuse to open their
doors. The main reason for the refusal of the
Chungking banks to reopen is terroristic acts.
... Wang Ching-wei's Nanking authorities
have promised retaliation for any terroristic
assassinations, shootings, or bombings
.

Berlin, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: Warnings that
United States war materiels for Britain
would be sent to the bottom of the sea as fast
as German military power was able to act,
convoyed or not, were repeated with increasing
emphasis in Berlin tonight. ... The general
attitude was that Germany "will not permit
herself to be provoked by intemperate
statements of American war agitators
," and the
Reich, obviously, was trying to avoid any
incident which would further strain relations
with the United States. ... "We hate the
Knoxes, Frankfurters, Morganthau, and that
smart aleck Donovan (Colonel William J. [Wild
Bill]
Donovan,
unofficial American observer
who toured Europe) [and later chief of the
Office of Strategic Services, forerunner of the
Central Intelligence Agency],
but we also know
that the great majority of American people do
not think their way," a spokesman said.
"Obviously the prognosis of these gentlemen
regarding the indubitable efficacy of American
aid to Yugoslavia and Greece have been proven
so wrong and Donovan proved such a
nincompoop that they must befuddle the
American people with vocal strength [referring
to recent speeches]
rather than logic. By
conjuring up alleged dangers of German
designs on America, interventionist circles are
attempting to drag the rest of the United States
into their camp."

Ottawa, United Press, The New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: It is believed here that
[President Roosevelt's] reference [to the
possibility of Germans in Greenland, a colony
of Denmark, the latter blitzed and occupied
by Germany in 1940]
might be to scientific
agents that Germany is known to have had in
Greenland to facilitate weather reports to
Berlin.
... These reports, which are of utmost
importance to Nazi war plans against England,
have been furnished by German fliers [and] it
is also assumed that there has been
considerable measure of ground cooperation.

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Globalization41
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Posts: 1299
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

Germans Resume Advance on Athens

Post by Globalization41 » 08 Aug 2004 05:23

Berlin, By Telephone to The New York
Times,
By C. Brooks Peters, Friday, April 25,
1941:
The German High Command announced
today that the Pass of Thermopylae had been
taken by an "enveloping" attack and that the
British had been thrown from their carefully
built defense positions there. ... The Germans
declare not a man from the British Isles was
encountered [in the defense of the pass] but
that New Zealand troops gave them a fierce
fight for three days, during which the advance
was halted. ... Thus the German advance to
the south, with Athens as its goal, appears to
have been resumed after a three-day
enforced halt at Thermopylae. The German
forces are believed to be in the vicinity of a
line that could be drawn from Krisso to
Thornion with Thebes as the immediate
objective. ... The raids on British shipping in
Greek waters
, designed to cut off the British
retreat appears to have continued unabated.
... Yesterday the German Air Force is officially
reported to have destroyed 13 merchant ships
and to have badly damaged 17 additional
ships.

Stockholm, Sweden, Special Cable to The
New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: The
usually well-informed Istanbul correspondent of
the pro-German newspaper Aftonbladet reports
today that among the questions discussed by
Reichsfuehrer Hitler with Franz von Papen,
Ambassador to Turkey; Count Friedrich
Werner von der Schulenburg
, Ambassador to
Russia; King Boris of Bulgaria, and other
personalities who visited him on his birthday
near Sofia, two problems figured prominently:
An attack against the Mosul oil fields [in Iraq
near southeastern Turkey]
in the event of
Russia's agreeing to join the new order
[meaning the Axis] or, alternatively, an attack
against the Caucasus oil fields [in the Soviet
Union near northeastern Turkey]
if Turkey
agrees to become a German satellite. ... The
report attracted a great deal of attention
among neutral observers in Stockholm, who
were reminded only last Sunday (by Pravda's
disclosure that a German invitation to join the
tripartite pact [Germany, Italy, and Japan] has
been declined by Russia) that the Moscow
government seems to have closed the door to
any change in Russia's attitude in this respect.
[Actually, it was Hitler who had closed the
door to Russia joining the Axis. Stalin's
cautious diplomatic feelers to Germany
indicating his sudden interest in making a deal,
with the prospect of substantial concessions,
were now being ignored by Hitler.]
On the
other hand, it is considered that this first report
in the Swedish press of a German proposal to
attack the Caucasus oil fields, coming from a
source other than England and the United
States, shows how definite this possibility
seems to have become. ... Rumors of
movements of German troops toward the new
Russian frontiers
, especially those of Baltic
States and Poland, are widely circulated here.
It is confirmed also that passenger traffic to
the Far East on the Russian railways has been
stopped
and that the Russian-Finnish frontier
will also be closed for passenger trains for 13
days beginning May 1.

The New York Times, Friday, April 25, 1941:
Increased danger to shipping in the Far East,
based on possible ship seizures by Japan, was
indicated in cable advices received in the local
market Friday from London marine
underwriters. ... The London underwriters
withdrew their scheduled rates
on shipments
consigned to or intended for the Chinese
Government or Army and shipped to Burma,
India, Straits Settlements, Thailand, China,
Indo-China, and Asiatic Russia. ... At the
same time, the London war risk underwriters
excluded rates on shipments by Japanese flag
vessels from their schedules and will quote
such rates only on application, according to the
cable. ... In quoting rates on application, the
implication was that they would be
substantially higher.

Tokyo, Wireless to The New York Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: Although the
existence of a formal pact for the pooling of
military and naval resources of the United
States, the British Empire, the Netherlands
Indies, and China to check Japan's southward
advance
has been denied by all countries
concerned, including Japan, the Japanese
newspapers continue to publish reports
purporting to show that the alleged provisions
of such a pact are already being put into effect.
... ... Washington, Special to The New York
Times,
Friday, April 25, 1941: [Concerning
Japanese press speculations of specific moves
against Japan by the Allies]
Diplomatic circles
in Washington felt that the Japanese were
worried and sending up trial balloons through
the press in an attempt ascertain the plans of
the United States government. ... ... Tokyo,
Special to The New York Times,
Friday,
April 25, 1941:
The Japan Times and
Advertiser
makes fun of the Australian Labor
party's outcry against the employment of
Australian troops in Greece. ... "Axis
people," it comments, "will roar with laughter
at the idea of military leaders, in the midst of
critical fighting, asking politicians for
permission to move troops." ... Since the days
of Hannibal, says the newspaper, "the chief
defeats of any force can be traced to the
interference of civilian authorities in purely
military questions."

[Japan denied a charge by Knox that the
Soviet-Japanese pact was part of an Axis plot
to encircle the U.S. ... The death sentence of
a Rumanian woman for hiding seven revolvers
was commuted to ten years at forced labor.]


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Posts: 1299
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Location: California

Nazi Artillery Salvos From French Coast Crash on Dover

Post by Globalization41 » 13 Aug 2004 03:16

London, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: German
guns on the French coast shelled the Dover
area for an hour this afternoon. Salvos of
from two to four shells crashed into the
vicinity every three minutes. This time the
usually hardened citizens took shelter. ... ...
Kunming, China, Associated Press, The New
York Times,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: Nine
Japanese planes bombed this Yunnan Province
terminus of the Burma Road today, inflicting
casualties. Frequent alarms have sounded
since the big attack of April 8. ... ... An
Eastern Canadian Port, Special to The New
York Times,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: Thirty-
four Canadian officers and men of the armed
merchant cruiser Rajputana,
sunk recently in
the North Atlantic by a submarine, landed here
yesterday. ... The Rajputana, they said, was
hit by two torpedoes an hour apart, and
although her engine rooms were flooded, she
remained afloat for about an hour and a half
after being hit a second time. Her gun crews
continued firing and her signalers were busy
summoning help until the after deck was
awash,
but they do not claim to have sunk the
enemy submarine. ... Two men were killed by
the explosion of the first torpedo and 38 are
missing
, believed drowned. ... The heavy list
of the ship after the first attack made the
launching of the boats on the port side difficult
and a number of men dived into the water.
Among them was a midshipman, William
Gardner
of Winnipeg, who told of hanging on
a raft with six others for more than an hour
before he was picked up by a Royal Navy
destroyer. ... At the time of the attack, the
Rajputana was alone and the sea was rough.
That she remained afloat so long with two
torpedoes in her is attributed to the fact that, as
usual with British armed merchant cruisers, her
holds were packed with empty barrels. ... ...
Shanghai, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: Twenty-five
Japanese soldiers and civilians were injured
today when time bombs exploded in two
Japanese movie theatres
in the Japanese-
occupied part of the International Settlement.
Among the injured were women and children.
Japanese said the blasts were caused by pro-
Chungking "terrorists." ... ... Cairo, Special
Cable to The New York Times,
Saturday,
April 26, 1941:
British Headquarters
announced today that British artillery at
Tobruk, Libya, had given Axis positions near
the city a deadly hammering, forcing a
concentration of Axis troops to disperse amid
the desert gulches and other natural defenses.
... British artillery action around Solum,
Egypt, also was effective, and offensive British
patrol work was continuing in that area. Thus
far, most of the fighting has been on the
escarpment above the village itself. ... Bombs
dropped by the Royal Air Force near several
vessels in the harbor at Bengazi were believed
to have damaged a tanker, a merchant ship,
and a tug. Military buildings were fired. ...
The returning raiders bombed and strafed an
Axis [land] convoy near El Argub, a few miles
east of Barce. Bombs landed among the
vehicles causing two heavy explosions and four
large fires. Trucks and troop concentrations
near Akroma and Derna also were attacked.
... Sudanese forces operating in Ethiopia
captured a small Italian fort at Mota, between
Lake Tana and Debra Markos, on Thursday,
increasing the isolation of the Italian garrison
at Gondar. Twelve Italian officers and many
hundreds of colonial troops were taken,
together with two guns and a quantity of war
material. ... Gondar and Dessye are the only
places where the Italians are known to be
assembled in great strength, although the
headquarters of the Duke of Aosta, Viceroy of
Ethiopia
, operating farther south in the Gimma
area, are directing considerable mobil forces.
... South African forces are operating against
the Italians at Dessye, and yesterday they
occupied more positions covering the town
from the south. Dynamited roads covered by
Italian rifle, artillery, and machine-gun fire
delayed Indian forces advancing on the Italians
from the north. ... British aircraft were active
in Ethiopia, making raids on Gimma and Argio
and cooperating with Dessye attackers by
machine-gunning near-by Combolcia airdrome.
Two Italian fighter planes were destroyed at
Combolcia. ... ... The New York Times, Sat.,
April 26:
New Yorkers and millions of other
persons [will begin] observing daylight-saving
time, which is one hour ahead of Eastern
standard time, at 2 A.M. [Sunday]. It will
continue until Sept. 28 at 2 A.M. Railroads,
airlines, and bus companies have altered local
schedules to conform with the new time. ...
Most of New York State and 16 other States
in whole or in part follow daylight-saving time,
affecting about 35-million people. ... ... A
Northeast English Town, Associated Press,
The New York Times,
Sat., April 26: The
thickly populated area of this town suffered
its most serious raid of the war last night and
casualties were feared heavy as rescue crews
worked today in the debris of homes and
shops. ... ... The New York Times, Sat.,
April 26:
The Germans said their overnight
attack was concentrated on Newcastle. ... ...
Liverpool, England, Associated Press, The
New York Times,
Sun., April 27, 1941: [Late
Sat., U.S. time.]
German raiders subjected this
port city and other Merseyside boroughs early
today to the heaviest raid this section has had
for weeks, but authorities said only a few
deaths and other casualties resulted.
Anti-
aircraft guns put up a heavy barrage with the
help of searchlights playing about the sky. ...
... London, Special Cable to The New York
Times,
Sunday, April 27, 1941: [Late
Saturday, U.S. time.]
The Germans' naval base
and U-boat building center at Kiel was the
main focus again of the British air offensive
Friday night. An R.A.F. bomber group also
attacked Berlin. The raids were the 40th on
each city; Kiel was attacked for the second
night in succession. Other Friday night targets
of the R.A.F. were Bremerhaven, Luebeck,
Wilhelmshaven, Emden, and Friedrichstadt.
Oil tanks were also bombed, officials said. ...
In the Kiel raid many fires were started in the
shipyards where U-boats are built and
elsewhere in the dock area. ... Additional
activity of the Bomber Command during
daylight Friday was reported yesterday. At the
German island of Baltrum a factory building
was bombed and other bombs were dropped on
a railroad between Middleburg and Flushing on
the island of Walcheren. In Denmark railroads
and two wireless stations were bombed. ... ...
Copenhagen, Denmark (via Berlin),
Associated Press, The New York Times,

Saturday, April 26, 1941: No butter dishes
will be placed on restaurant tables and bread
will be served already buttered.

Crosley Field, Cincinnati Associated Press,
St. Louis Globe-Democrat,
Saturday, April
26, 1941:
Johnny Vander Meer [nine innings,
six hits, two passes, two strikeouts]
took
another long step on the comeback trail today
by holding Pittsburgh [3-7] hitless for six
innings while the Reds [6-5] banged away for
a 10-3 victory, their first at home this season.
... The southpaw, who spent a couple of bad
years [including a two-month stint at
Indianapolis of the American Association in
1940]
after hanging up two successive no-
hitters in 1938, had the Pirates befuddled until
Jeep Handley beat out an infield hit in the 7th.
... Then Vander Meer let up and coasted in,
giving the Pirates four singles [to Gustine, Joe
Schultz Jr.
(who had relieved Al Lopez behind
the plate), Wilkie, and Handley]
and all their
runs in the 8th and letting Frankie Gustine
blast a triple in the 9th. [Pittsburgh batters
lifted eight flyball outs to the outfield while
Cincinnati fielders turned 12 assists.]
... The
Reds, starting with Frank McCormick's triple
and run on Ernie Lombardi's foul fly in the 2nd,
scored at will off Russ Bauers [five innings,
eight hits, six walks, three strikeouts]
through
the 5th. [The Reds scored one in the 2nd,
five in the 3rd, one in the 4th, and three in
the 5th. Bauers left for a pinch hitter in the
6th.]
Relief Pitcher Aldon [Lefty] Wilkie [three
innings, one hit, three walks, no strikeouts]

kept [Cincinnati] subdued the rest of the way.
[For the Reds Jim Gleeson singled and doubled;
Lonny Frey (2 RBIs), Ival Goodman, Eddie
Joost
, Harry Craft (2 RBIs), and Vander Meer
each singled, and Frank McCormick (2 RBIs), in
addition to his triple, chipped in with a single.
... The Bucs stranded five runners; the Reds
left nine. ... Pirate shortstop Alf Anderson
handled eight fielding chances, three putouts
and five assists. ... Each team turned one
twin killing, both going 4-6-3. ... The
attendance was 8,112 paid, 10,920 ladies. ...
The umpires were George Barr calling balls and
strikes, John Sears at first, and Lou Jorda at
third. ... Time of game was 2:08.]


Starting Lineups

Pittsburgh Pirates

Alf Anderson ss
Lee Handley 3b
Elbie Fletcher 1b
Maurice Van Robays lf
Bob Elliot rf
Vince DiMaggio cf
Frankie Gustine 2b
Al Lopez c
Russ Bauers p

Cincinnati Reds
Bill Werber 3b
Lonny Frey 2b
Ival Goodman rf
Frank McCormick 1b
Jim Gleeson lf
Ernie Lombardi c
Harry Craft cf
Eddie Joost ss
Johnny Vander Meer p

[Stay tuned for late breaking war bulletins.
... Globalization41.]

Globalization41
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Posts: 1299
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

German Blitz Stalled at Thermopylae Pass

Post by Globalization41 » 20 Aug 2004 02:59

Athens, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Thursday April 24, 1941: Hurled back
when they attempted to storm the historic
pass of Thermopylae, 80 miles north of Athens,
with infantry, the Germans today brought up
the heaviest artillery yet used in the Balkan
campaign and shelled British-Greek positions.
Meanwhile, German dive bombers, darting
down in the rays of the setting sun,
heavily
attacked Piraeus, the port of Athens, bombing
a ship taking refugees.
The ship immediately
burst into flames. The government,
identifying it as 2,295-ton Hellas, a converted
yacht, said many of the women and children
boarding it for sanctuary from the war in the
Greek islands were killed or wounded. ...
Another steamer, said a Home Security
Ministry
communique, was damaged heavily
off the Greek island of Kea and two hospital
ships
, both with conspicuous Red Cross
markings, were sunk. A few of the crew of
the hospital ship Andros, sunk at Lutraki,
were reported killed or wounded [as German
raids centered]
on Greece's southern coast and
the clusters of islands off it. ... It was said
anti-aircraft fire brought down three Nazi
bombers. ... In Athens, air-raid sirens had
been silent for most of the day, and the civil
administration was functioning smoothly when
three waves of Stuka dive-bombers roared
over at dusk amid the crash of anti-aircraft
fire. They released their thunderous cargo on
Piraeus and then disappeared out to sea. The
heart of Athens trembled under the
explosions. ... A soldier who participated in
the Epirus fighting before that army
surrendered declared German planes were the
decisive factor.
... "We were bombed
continuously every daylight hour," he said.
"We only had one or two roads on which to
withdraw to new positions and waves of
German bombers ranged up and down
machine-gunning and bombing these roads
until they were unusable."

London, United Press, The New York Times,
Thursday, April 24, 1941: A British Cabinet
shakeup, possibly to include David Lloyd
George,
victory leader of the last war, was
widely discussed tonight after Prime Minister
Churchill appealed to the House of Commons
to preserve a sense of proportion in viewing
the Greek situation. ... The name of the 78-
year-old former Prime Minister was mentioned
frequently for a Cabinet post as disquiet spread
in the press and the Commons, as well as
among the general public, over unfavorable
military developments
in Greece and the
Eastern Mediterranean. ... Mr. Churchill's
government appeared in no danger, however,
despite the growing unrest, and no Cabinet
reshuffling was expected here before
conclusion of the Greek campaign. ... Mr.
Churchill appeared before a restless House,
which demanded a detailed statement on the
War situation. He said: "Don't let us loose
our sense of proportion regarding the gravity
or otherwise of these events." He promised he
would discuss issues "soon" and told the
members he would give them full information
when he was in position to do so. Critics of
the Greek campaign
are demanding a general
debate into all phases of the war.

Shanghai, Wireless to The New York Times,
By Douglas Robertson, Thursday, April 24,
1941:
The recent reports that the Soviet had
refused to grant visas for foreign travel on the
Transsiberian Railway because troops were
being withdrawn from Siberia to Europe are,
generally speaking, untrue. The Soviet
General Staff long since formulated plans for
two armies, one in Europe and one in the Far
East. ... The Soviet withdrawals of troops
and war supplies are not going to Europe, but
to the new Trans-Northern Siberian Railway,
connecting Lake Baikal with Komsomolsk,
the new important harbor town north of
Vladivostok. After four hard years of work
which 400,000 political prisoners and political
dissenters have been employed, it is expected
that this new railway will be completed and
opened on Nov. 1st of this year. It is along
this railway that the Soviets are establishing
army and air bases. The original
Transsiberian Railway, however, will not
remain neglected. The 1st Far Eastern Army
will remain at its posts from Vladivostok to
Chita, while the 2nd Far Eastern Army will
take up positions along the new railway. ...
The Transsiberian Railway at present is
undergoing numerous momentous changes.
These have been accelerated since the signing
of the Soviet-Japanese pact. Across Siberia's
bleak tundra for a long time past, the Soviets
have been massing troops, munitions, guns,
and war supplies at virtually every railway
station because the railway stations were the
only sizable towns in this vast wilderness.

Cairo, Egypt, Associated Press, The New
York Times,
Thursday, April 24, 1941: It is
two weeks now since the Axis drive toward
the Suez Canal stalled at Solum, and with a
steady, growing strength the desert veterans
at General Sir Archibald P. Wavell's
headquarters here viewed the situation with
confidence and some optimism. ... This
outlook was strengthened by reports from
Ethiopia that British South African forces
were routing Italian defenders from mountain
barricades before Dessye, 140 miles northeast
of Addis Ababa, in the fiercest battle of the
East African campaign. The British were
said to have taken Maji, an Italian supply
depot north of Lake Rudolf. ... The frequent
British forays from Tobruk were described as
anything but attempts to break through and
abandon the port. Instead, the British termed
the sorties highly successful harassment of
Axis forces attempting to by-pass Tobruk to
push their thrust beyond Solum. ... The
Royal Air Force reported that eight German
planes had been shot down when British
fighters intercepted a large force over
Tobruk. ... More than a dozen large fires
were said to have been started in Bengazi
during a heavy raid on Tuesday night. Axis
aircraft at Derma were attacked yesterday.
Troop concentrations and supply lorries
were bombed in Eastern Libya, the British
reported, and a damaging raid on shipping
and harbor facilities at Tripoli was carried
out.

[Stay tuned for late breaking war bulletins.
... Globalization41.]
Last edited by Globalization41 on 20 Jun 2005 04:33, edited 1 time in total.

Globalization41
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Posts: 1299
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

Yanks Announce "Star-Spangled Banner" Will Now Ope

Post by Globalization41 » 01 Sep 2004 07:27

Starting Lineups

Washington Senators

George Case rf
Doc Cramer cf
Ben Chapman lf
Buddy Lewis 3b
Jimmy Pofahl ss
Jimmy Bloodworth 2b
George Archie 1b
Rick Ferrell c
Sid Hudson p

New York Yankees
Phil Rizzuto ss
Red Rolfe 3b
Tommy Henrich rf
Joe DiMaggio cf
Charlie Keller lf
Joe Gordon 1b
Bill Dickey c
Jerry Priddy 2b
Red Ruffing p

Yankee Stadium, The New York Times, By
James P. Dawson, Saturday, April 26, 1941:
Bucky Harris introduced half a dozen of his
players to protective helmets [Saturday]
providing the first occasion on which the
headgear has been employed on a grand
scale in the American League, but before the
afternoon was over the Yankees convinced the
Senators they will need more than helmets as
protection if they intend going anywhere this
year. ... Starting with surprise bunting in their
game at the Stadium, going from that to
accidental hitting, and running on to a
demoralizing clubbing of Sid Hudson [6.1
innings, ten hits, three walks, one strikeout],

the Yankees scored their fourth straight victory,
8-3, and left Manager Harris, along with 14,605
chilled fans, uncertain whether the headguards
were being worn as protection against pitchers
or [for] self-defense against the ten hits that
showered about the heads of the hapless
Washington fielders. ... In stretching their
longest winning streak of the young campaign,
the Yankees wasted little time or ceremony.
They rushed over four runs on Hudson in the
1st round. In the 7th inning Hudson's two errors
paved the way for four more runs. ... This
outburst insured for Charley Ruffing [seven
innings, six hits, four walks, five strikeouts]
his
second victory of the year, although Red wasn't
in the box at the finish. He was withdrawn in
the 7th. Ruffing hurt his back in the 2nd, but
went determinedly through the five succeeding
innings, although his pitching was spotty. The
big right-hander left the park early to undergo
examination and treatment, leaving Spud
Chandler
[two innings, two hits, one walk, no
strikeouts]
the job of cleaning up. The extent
and nature of Ruffing's ailment probably will be
made known [Sunday]. ... Charlie Keller, who
hammered in four runs, Red Rolfe, with two
hits, and Bill Dickey, who struck a couple of
doubles and a single, were prime factors in the
downfall of Hudson and the Senators. ... Rolfe
started the attack dragging a surprise bunt
toward Jimmy Bloodworth after Phil Rizzuto
had fouled out in the 1st. Tommy Henrich took
a half-swing and accidentally rolled a double
down the left-field line. ... Joe DiMaggio
singled Rolfe home, Keller exploded a
gorgeous triple to the left-field bleacher wall,
and, on Joe Gordon's fly, Charlie tore home
before Dickey bashed his first double. ... Not
until the 7th did confusion again assail Hudson.
Then Rizzuto singled, Hudson erred on Rolfe's
sacrifice bunt and, not content with that, tossed
Henrich's sacrifice into left field, letting Rizzuto
score. ... DiMaggio walked, filling the bases,
before Keller larruped a single that chased in
two. Another long Gordon fly let DiMaggio
lope home from third, and when Dickey
stroked his second double, Bill Zuber [0.2
innings, no hits, one walk, no strikeouts]
was
called to the rescue. [(Emil) Dutch Leonard
(no hits, no walks, no strikeouts) pitched the
8th.]
... The first of four passes issued by
Ruffing, together with Dickey's error, gave the
Senators a run in the 3rd. George Case's
double and Buddy Lewis's single fashioned
another in the 5th and a pass off Chandler, with
singles by Bloodworth and Rick Ferrell, gave
Washington a third run in the 8th. ... ...
Manager McCarthy forgot the pain of an
impacted tooth with that four-run splash as a
starter. ... It was announced that Johnny
(Lindy) Lindell
, pitcher, had been optioned to
Newark. [Lindell had made his debut in the
majors earlier in the season, on April 18, as a
pinch hitter, which was his only appearance
for the Yanks in 1941. As a minor league
pitcher, his won-lost record at this point stood
at 58-37 in 832 innings. Pitching for Newark
in 1941, the righthander went on to win The
Sporting News
Minor League Player of Year,
posting a 23-4 record with a 2.05 ERA, hurling
228 innings, allowing 205 hits, fanning 100,
walking 59, and, in 114 at bats, hitting .298.
He returned and remained with the Yanks in
1942, relieving in 21 games and starting twice
for a 3.76 ERA in 52 innings. Lindell
converted to an outfielder in 1943, tying for
the triples lead that year and again in 1944,
and continued with the Yankees until 1950,
when he was sold in midseason to the
Cardinals as his season's average faded to
below .200. But Lindell wasn't finished yet as
he tuned up his knuckleball and reported to
Hollywood of the Pacific Coast League in
1951 as a pitcher. In 1952 he won 24 and
lost nine while batting cleanup and winning
the Most Valuable Player award. In 1953 he
was back in the majors pitching for the Pirates
for most of the year before going to the Phils
late in the season, working 199 innings with a
6-17 record and 4.66 ERA, completing 15 of
26 starts, and relieving in six contests.
Lindell closed out his big-league career in
1954 for the Phils with one for five as a pinch
hitter. His major league career batting
average in 12 seasons and 2,795 at bats was
.273 with 72 home runs (which is about 14
homers every 550 at bats).]
Release of
Lindell cuts the Yankee squad to 26, one
above the limit. Another pitcher is due to feel
the axe. ... "The Star-Spangled Banner" was
heard through the amplifier before hostilities
started. President Ed Barrow said that
henceforth the national anthem would open all
games. ... Lewis robbed Gordon of his best
chance for a hit in the 5th when he dived to his
left and grabbed the Rock's hot liner. In the 7th
Gordon lofted to Chapman in the left-field
corner, just short of a homer, with two aboard.
... Keller had a single chance in his pasture
and committed larceny by pulling down
Archie's drive on the run in the 6th. ... The
power an accuracy of Rizzuto's arm overcame
the flashing speed in Case's legs in the 7th
when the Washington fly-chaser rapped a
sharp grounder at the Scooter. Rizzuto
launched the game's only double play to end
the inning. ... A rugged individualist interrupted
play briefly in the 7th by taking a walk along the
third-base box fronts. He was stopped by two
special officers. ... Case backed to the front of
the stand and leaped to pull down Henrich's fly
in the 8th and rob Tommy of a homer. ... Case,
Doc Cramer, Ben Chapman, Jimmy Pofahl,
and Bloodworth were among the Senators who
had headgear. ... [On Sunday] Steve Sundra,
recently sold down the river to the Senators by
the Yankees, will attempt to halt the winning
streak of his old mates. Atley Donald will pitch
for the Yanks. [The umpires were John A.
Quinn
behind homeplate, Bill Grieve at first,
and Bill McGowen at third. ... The Senators
stranded nine, the Yankees eight. ... Yankee
hitters drove ten outfield flyouts, four to Case
in center and three each to Cramer in right
and Ben Chapman in left. ... Yankee
shortstop Rizzuto converted five fielding
assists to lead both teams. ... Time of game
was 2:15.]


Moscow, Associated Press, The New York
Times,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: The
magazine Communist International today
published a May Day appeal to "workers and
people of capitalistic countries to unite their
efforts for a struggle against capitalism-
breeding wars." ... The magazine's leading
editorial said workers of many countries would
pass May 1 "under conditions of a 20-month
war which has been converted from a
European into a World War" and that the
United States "is being more actively and
decisively drawn into it." ... The magazine said
the "struggle of American Communists against
involvement of their country in the war" meant
that they were striving for the protection of the
real interests of the American people
. [The
American Communist Party answered to
Stalin, who wanted to avoid war with Hitler.]

... ... Berlin, Associated Press, The New
York Times,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: A total
of 232,600 tons of British transports and
shipping has been sunk in ten days since April
16, and 52 transport ships have been so
seriously damaged that they no longer are fit
for service, D.N.B., the official German news
agency, said today. ... The transports and
shipping destroyed or made unfit for use total
about 700,000 tons, D.N.B. said. [The
average tonnage of the ships damaged but
not sunk divided into the tonnage sunk
converts to about 26 ships sunk.]


The New York Times, Saturday, April 26,
1941:
The setbacks of the British and their
allies in Yugoslavia and Greece necessitate an
acceleration in the pace of American defense
efforts, Rabbi Louis I. Newman declared in a
sermon in Temple Rodeph Sholom, 7 West
83rd Street [Saturday]. "America's faith in the
power of Britain to win must remain
unshaken," Rabbi Newman said, "and Britons
must not doubt for a moment our readiness to
help her in this critical hour. The setbacks in
Greece and Yugoslavia should jolt Americans
into a renewed consciousness of their
responsibilities
. Every single hour lost in the
work of preparation is a service to the Nazis.
America must toil unceasingly on all fronts --
civilians, workers, soldiers alike -- to prepare
our nation against the enemies without and
within. Hitler is seeking to win the war before
America can further fortify Britain
, and unless
we hurry he may gain the victory before our
maximum help arrives." ... In Temple B'nai
Jeshurun, 88th Street, west of Broadway,
Rabbi Israel Goldstein [also president of the
Jewish National Fund]
asserted: "Courage in
the face of overwhelming odds is the noblest of
human traits
. Such courage in adversity has
been and is being displayed by the valiant
Greeks
and their English allies. If defeat
becomes their bitter portion today, let
it be remembered that there is a tomorrow."
... Rabbi Joseph Zeitlin in Temple Ansche
Chesed, 100th Street and West End Avenue,
said the heroism of Greece should move us
"spiritually to fortify ourselves by reaffirming
our faith in the democratic way of life, creating
the will to freedom, an indispensable element
in the attainment of an ideal." ... In West End
Synagogue, 160 West 82nd Street, Rabbi
Hyman J. Schachtel
declared: "If the 200-
million people of the Anglo-Saxon world are
going to be enslaved by 80-million Germans,
this can only happen by an inner spiritual
collapse, by dangerous wishful thinking, by
selfishness, and the refusal to sacrifice."
... Rabbi Herbert S. Goldstein in West Side
Institutional Synagogue, 120 West 76th
Street, said: "We need a revival of complete
religion, which means the seed of faith
generating into the flower of ethical practice."

Sportsman's Park, St. Louis Globe-Democrat,
By Maurice O. Shevlin, Saturday, April 26,
1941:
Southpaw Edgar Smith was master of
all he surveyed at Sportsman's Park [Saturday]
afternoon as the White Sox handed the Browns
their fourth straight defeat, 2-1, by virtue of
the fact that Haney's men could muster only
three hits. ... Smith needed everything he had,
however, for during the first eight innings he
was opposed by George Caster, the former
Athletic right-hander, making his debut as a
Brownie starting pitcher, and George was in
pretty fine fettle himself. He gave up both of
the Chicago runs, but the White Sox batsmen
were able to collect only five hits off his
delivery. Big Bill Trotter, who hurled the 9th,
[was] touched for a double by Joe Kuhel. ...
The Chicago runs came one at a time in the
2nd and 3rd innings, the first being the result
of a base on balls to Larry Rosenthal and a
triple by Mike Kreevich and the other on a
double by Billy Knickerbocker, first man up, a
single by Luke Appling, and a double-play ball
that Joe Kuhel lashed at McQuinn. McQuinn
started and finished the twin killing while the run
scored. ... After that, Caster settled down and
only 15 men faced him in the next five innings.
[A walk and a scratch single were erased by a
double play and a caught stealing.]
... The
Browns scored their run in the 4th on a pass to
Clift and a double to the right field wall by
Judnich. The play was close at the plate on
Kreevich's fine throw to Tresh. ... In the 8th,
the Browns threatened and Dykes had a couple
of pitchers warming up after Lucadello batted
for Heffner and singled off Knickerbocker's
glove. Swift sacrificed him to second and
Bobby Estalella batted for Caster and walked.
Smith bore down at this point and got Clift on
a long fly to Kreevich, which enabled
Lucadello to reach third, and then forced
Radcliff to ground to Appling for the third out.
... Two unbeaten hurlers have been nominated
by Haney and Dykes for mound duty [Sunday],
Eldon Auker for the Browns and Bill Dietrich
for the White Sox. Each has won two games.
Game time is 2:30. ... The Browns
rescheduled their postponed games with the
Tigers, announcing that the game of Tuesday,
April 15, will be played as part of a
doubleheader on Saturday, July 5, and the
game of Thursday, April 17, will be played as
part of a twin bill on Sunday, August 17.
[Smith walked four and fanned five. ...
Brownie batters drove six outfield flyouts, five
to Mike Kreevich in center and one to Moose
Solters
in left. ... Chicago infielders totaled 11
assists, with Luke Appling at short and Dario
Lodigiani
at third getting four each. ...
Caster fanned five and walked two. ... St.
Louis firstbaseman George McQuinn turned two
doubleplays, one unassisted and the other
going 3-6-3. ... The umpires were Joe Rue
behind the plate, Ernest Stewart at first, and
Bill Summers at third. ... Time of game was
2:01. ... The attendance was 3,393 paid,
1,378 women, 2,234 children.]


Starting Lineups

Chicago White Sox

Bill Knickerbocker 2b
Luke Appling ss
Joe Kuhel 1b
Moose Solters lf
Dario Lodigiani 3b
Larry Rosenthal rf
Mike Kreevich cf
Mike Tresh c
Edgar Smith p

St. Louis Browns
Harlond Clift 3b
Rip Radcliff lf
Chet Laabs rf
Walt Judnich cf
George McQuinn 1b
Johnny Berardino ss
Don Heffner 2b
Bob Swift c
George Caster p

St. Louis, United Press, The New York
Times,
Saturday, April 26, 1941: Johnny
Rigney
, 26-year-old right-handed pitcher for
the White Sox, said today he had informed his
local draft board at Forrest Park, Illinois, that
he would not appeal the 1-A rating given him
Thursday. ... Rigney, here for a three-day
series with the Browns, said he had been given
a 4-F rating in an examination during Spring
training season at Pasadena, California, in
March. The Pasadena board referred the case
to the Forrest Park board, and ten days ago he
was given another examination. ... He
explained that in some altitudes he was
bothered with a "running ear," which troubled
him only slightly when he returned to the
Midwest.

[Stay tuned for late breaking war bulletins.
... Globalization41.]
Last edited by Globalization41 on 06 Sep 2004 16:27, edited 1 time in total.

Globalization41
Member
Posts: 1299
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 02:52
Location: California

Blitz in Greece Nears Catastrophic Conclusion for British

Post by Globalization41 » 06 Sep 2004 06:48

Berlin, By Telephone to The New York
Times,
By C. Brooks Peters, Tuesday, April 22,
1941:
All information from the Greek theatre
of war tonight indicates that what the
Germans term "the Dunkerque of the Aegean"
is in full progress. Therewith the Blitzkrieg of
the German forces operating in Greece appears
to be nearing an imminent and, for the British,
catastrophic conclusion. ... Officially reported
by today's reticent communique of the German
High Command to have taken Lamia, at the
entrance to Thermopyla Pass, German
motorized forces must now be somewhere
nearer Athens, which is only about 80 miles
distant along a comparatively narrow neck of
land. ... Somewhere on the Attic Peninsula,
the British forces may possibly make a stand
in the endeavor to cover the evacuation of as
many of their troops as is possible from the
harbor of Piraeus. But their position either
there or on the Peloponnesus, viewed from
Berlin, appears desperate. ... In military
quarters here, it is said that the British,
following five days of furious resistance,
offered chiefly by New Zealanders in the
rugged regions between Mount Olympus and
the Pindus Mountains, have for the past three
days been in full retreat that is here termed a
"flight" or "rout." ... Although the British are
reported to be evacuating their troops as
quickly as the German Air Force will allow,
they are, according to German sources,
experiencing great difficulties. Not only have
merchant vessels of all sizes been put into
service for the evacuation, but also small
motorboats. ... Concentrations of these
vessels, wherever picked out by German
reconnaissance planes, are subjected to the
onslaught of dive bomber attacks, the effects
of which are said to be devastating. Since
last Thursday, for example, the German Air
Force is reported to have sunk about 122,000
tons of Allied shipping, either in Greek harbors
or in the immediate vicinity of the Greek
theatre of war. For instance, six vessels
totaling 31,000 tons were reported sunk off
Crete last night. According to German
estimates, the British have probably lost
30,000 men as a result of these attacks. ...
Judging from the successes reported to have
been achieved by the German Air Force
against British shipping in and about Greek
harbors and in the relatively few air battles
reported in the German High Command
communiques since the Greek campaign began,
it would appear that the British felt themselves
unable to spare either enough planes or
enough anti-aircraft artillery to prevent the
free movement of Luftwaffe formations over
the Greek war theatre.The German advance
through Libya and into Egypt, with the threat
that it appears to offer to one of the lifelines
of the British Empire, may well have played a
role in this. ... Even should the British
succeed in getting larger numbers of their
forces into boats and under way to Egypt, the
Germans point out, the way is long. ... On the
Greek mainland, meanwhile, the rapid German
advance appears to have divided the combined
Anglo-Greek forces into at least three pockets,
from two of which they can hardly escape.
For the German forces that crossed the Oindus
Mountains in the west and occupied Yanina
appear to have cut off the Greek forces
fighting the Italians on the Albanian front,
both from their lines of supply and retreat. ...
In this sector the resistance being offered to
the Italian advance from Albania in a southerly
direction by the Greeks is reported by the
German High Command to be in many places
still "tenacious." ... It would not be surprising
if the Germans in the immediate future
announced the capture of Arta. By this
achievement further resistance by the Greek
forces on the Epirus front would appear
fruitless, if it is not so already, for the Allied
forces fighting in this sector appear to face
the alternatives either of being wiped out,
caught as they are between Italian and
German fire, of being pushed into the Ionian
Sea, or of capitulating. ... To the east of the
Pindus Mountains, meanwhile, German units
progressed southwest from Larissa along the
route of the main highway, crushed resistance,
and took the port of Volos. How many
prisoners were captured in this push has not
yet been revealed. Volos is one of the harbors
from which the British are reported to have
expected to evacuate their troops, and it was
consistently bombed by German planes,
therefore the numbers may well be
considerable. ... Yesterday the British are
reported to have lost 11 Hurricane fighters in
air battles and five others on the ground in an
attack on the airport of Arginion. Today the
Germans declare that they raided five Allied air
bases in Greece and on Crete, destroying 20
planes. Eight of the 20, the official news
agency report adds, were destroyed at the
airport of Eleusis. ... The German losses,
semi-official quarters declare, have been lower
both relatively and absolutely in the Greek
campaign than in any previous campaign in
this war and are less than they had expected.

Beehive Field, Boston, Associated Press,
The Washington Post,
Tuesday, April 22,
1941:
The Philadelphia Phillies, blessed with
exceptional pitching, broke their six-game
losing streak the hard way today by topping
the Boston Bees, 6-4, in a 14-inning battle.
... Slim Tom Hughes [three innings, one hit,
two walks, one strikeout],
21-year-old right-
hander who took over the mound from a highly
efficient Si Johnson in the 12th, showed the
way to victory by opening the 14th with a
single. He scored the winning run after
[advancing to second on Pinky May's single, to
third on Chuck Klein's fly out, and then home
on Joe Marty's RBI single.] [Pinky May slapped
two singles and a double in seven at bats,
scoring twice and driving in one run. ... Joe
Marty collected two singles in six at bats, a
free pass, one tally, and two RBIs.]
... Two
runners were on when Hughes scored and Jim
Tobin
[14 innings, 15 hits, four walks, five
strikeouts, 13 Phils stranded],
who went the
distance
for the Bees, forced in another run
by passing Dan Litwhiler and Nick Etten.
[Tobin left the bases loaded by getting the
next two Philly batters.]
... Infield errors [by
Hank Majeski at third and Bama Rowell at
second]
gave the Phillies two previous runs in
the 5th and 7th after Litwhiler [who went one
for five and drew two passes]
had homered
over the left-field barrier with Marty on base
in the 4th. [For the Phils, Etten singled and
walked twice. Additionally, Bill Nagel, Mickey
Livingston
, and Bobby Bragan each
contributed two singles to the Philly offense
with Stan Benjamin chipping in with one single.
... Behind Tobin, Boston fielders tracked down
eight outfield flyballs and registered 20 assists,
seven by shortsop Eddie Miller.]
... Johnson
[11 innings, ten hits, five walks] piled up 14
strikeouts
and kept the Bees under control
until the 8th, when they scored three runs on
doubles by Tobin [two doubles and a single]
and Bama Rowell [who also singled once],
Gene Moore's triple [Moore also added two
singles to the Bee attack],
and Max West's
grounder. Pinch hitter Buddy Hassett's single
and Tobin's second two-bagger tied matters
in the 9th. [Johnny Cooney and Eddie Miller
also singled for the Bees. ... Boston manager
Casey Stengel, known for complicated lineup
adjustments, kept it simple with his ace
pitcher Jim Tobin. Casey let Tobin bat in the
home 8th trailing 4-0 and again in the 9th
behind 4-3. Each time Tobin delivered key
doubles. With the Phils in front 6-4 in the
14th, starting pitcher Tobin again reached
base but was relieved by pinch runner Frank
Lamanna
. ... Fifteen Bees saw action in the
14-inning contest which lasted 3:22. Since
hurler Tobin, doing double duty, supplied most
of Boston's offense, Stengel used the
catcher's batting slot (instead of the
pitcher's) for substitutions. Casey pinch ran
Mel Preibisch for Phil Masi in the 5th, sent Ray
Berres
in to catch in the 6th, pinch hit
Hassett for Berres in 9th, and used Buddy
Gremp
behind the plate the rest of the way.
Earl Averill, fading ex-Cleveland slugger,
batted for the aging Johnny Cooney in the 8th
and remained in the contest in centerfield. ...
Boston batters went 11 for 51, .216. ... The
Bees stranded 12 runners and totaled 58 plate
appearances, making it four batters into their
seventh time around the order. ... Meanwhile,
Philadelphia made it through seven batters
into their seventh time through the lineup,
i.e., 61 appearances. The Phils banged 15
safeties in 55 official at bats for and average
of .273. ... Philadelphia skipper Doc Prothro
subbed Bennie Warren (three ABs) at catcher
for Mickey Livingston (four ABs) and pinch hit
Chuck Klein, who finished in rightfield, for
Benjamin in the 14th. Twelve Phillies saw
action. ... Philadelphia's Si Johnson
contributed the game's only sacrifice and
Boston's Bama Rowell stole the only base. ...
Johnson's 14 whiffs left Philly fielders with less
chances. Only six outfield flyouts were hauled
in, four by Litwhiler in left and two by Marty in
center. Phil infielders turned 12 assists with
Nagel getting four at second and Bragan with
five at short. ... Boston turned a 6-4-3 twin
killing; Philadelphia's only doubleplay went 6-3.
... The attendance for the Tuesday afternoon
game at Beehive Field (also Braves Field) was
1,317. ... The umpires were Tom Dunn calling
pitches, George Magerkurth at first, and Bill
Stewart
at third.]


Starting Lineups

Philadelphia Phillies

Pinky May 3b
Stan Benjamin rf
Joe Marty cf
Danny Litwhiler lf
Nick Etten 1b
Bill Nagel 2b
Mickey Livingston c
Bobby Bragan ss
Si Johnson p

Boston Bees
Bama Rowell 2b
Johnny Cooney cf
Gene Moore rf
Max West lf
Eddie (R.) Miller ss
Babe Dahlgren 1b
Hank Majeski 3b
Phil Masi c
Jim Tobin p

[Stay tuned for late breaking war bulletins.
... Globalization41.]

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