Anafartalar Group Command

Discussions on the final era of the Ottoman Empire, from the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 until the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.
Tosun Saral
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Anafartalar Group Command

Post by Tosun Saral » 01 May 2006 17:46

Mustafa Kemal attented to Group commander of Anafarta region after his sucsess as Commander of 19th Division. In this picture you see his officers in his HQs. from left to right: Chief Staf Officer of the Group Staf Major Izzettin (Calislar), Staff Captain Tevfik (Biyiklioglu), Chief Medical Officer Dr. Huseyin, Cavalry Captain Pertev, Staf Captain Nes'et (Bora), Cavalry 2nd Lt. Saim (Major Gen. Onhon), Captain Hamit, 2nd Lt. Zeki.

General of the Army Izzettin Calislar graduated from the Harbiye in 1903 as an infantry officer. His army registration number is P. 1319-2. He retired from the Army Dec.20 1939. There are 4 His class served in Balkan Wars, WW1 and Turkish War of Independance. One of his class mates is Ismet Inonu, the 2nd President of Republic of Turkey.

Staf Col.Tevfik Biyiklioglu: He retired from the Army and entered to Foreign Department. He served as Ambassador in various capital cities. (I new him personly while he was a member of Turkish Military History Society. He was tall and huge.)
Major General Saim Onhon: He graduated from War school in 1912 as Cavalty Officer. His Army registration number is Sv.1328-c-4. He retired April 20 1950. One of his class mates is the famous General Tahsin Yazici the commander of Turkish Brigade in Korea.
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Peter H
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Post by Peter H » 02 May 2006 10:07

Tosun,

Any truth in the rumour that Kemal died of cirrhosis?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk
Atatürk died in 1938 at age 57 of liver cirrhosis due to a lifelong addiction to alcohol. His lifestyle had always been strenuous. Alcohol consumption during dinner discussions, smoking and very long hours hard at work with little sleep, and working on his projects and dreams had been his way of life. As the historian Will Durant had said, men devoted to war, politics, and public life wear out fast, and all three had been the passion of Atatürk.
Regards,
Peter

Kaan Caglar
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Post by Kaan Caglar » 02 May 2006 15:04

Dear Peter,
Although it is officially accepted that he passed away due to cirrhosis(which may seem very logical as he really had been smoking and drinking exclusively), there are many theories about his death. One of them is adopted by Dr. Aytekin Ertugrul, Dr. Sakir Coskuner, Prof. Dr. Sait Kapioglu from Gulhane Medicine Institute-Ankara, which claims he died because of malarian spleen.In other words he had Banti Syndrome,which is
Banti syndrome is a disorder of the spleen, the large, gland-like organ in the upper left side of the abdomen that produces red blood cells before birth and, in newborns, removes and destroys aged red blood cells, and plays a role in fighting infection. In the case of Banti syndrome, the spleen rapidly but prematurely destroys blood cells.

This syndrome is characterized by abnormal enlargement of the spleen (splenomegaly) due to obstruction of blood flow in some veins and abnormally increased blood pressure (hypertension) within the veins of the liver (e.g., hepatic or portal veins) or the spleen (splenic veins). The disorder may be due to any number of different factors causing obstruction of portal, hepatic, or splenic veins including abnormalities present at birth (congenital) of such veins, blood clots, or various underlying disorders causing inflammation and obstruction of veins (vascular obstruction) of the liver.
(Taken from http://www.webmd.com/hw/hepatitis/nord722.asp)
The diagnosis given by Prof. Dr. N. Fissinger ile Prof. Dr. Neset Omer Irdel back in 1938,was the chirrhosis due to alcohol and smoke. But this theory claims; Mustapha Kemal,in his long and tiring life, had Malaria 2 times(!) The medicines he used had complications and at last he had this Banti Syndrome and passed away because of this.
There are, of course, theories about assasinations but I dont think they are worth telling..
Best Regards
Kaan

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AJK
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Post by AJK » 02 May 2006 22:15

Hi Tosun,

Do you have any biogrpahical details about General Saim Önhon (date of birth, date of death, dates of promotion to Tuğgeneral, Tümgeneral, Korgeneral, commands held)? From checking on Google, it appears that his final rank was Korgeneral.

Many thanks in advance.

Best wishes,

AJK

Tosun Saral
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Post by Tosun Saral » 03 May 2006 09:38

Dear AJK, According to "Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri Generaller ve Amiraller Albümü" (The Album of Generals and Admirals of the Turkish Armed Forces) published by TC Genel Kurmay Başkanlığı (Turkish General Staf) p. 169 in 1991 rank of Saim Önhon is Major General. I noticed the mistake in a Gallipoli page and warned my friend Yetkin Iscen. (http://www.gallipoli1915.org/ - 87k -) Therefore the information in google is wrong.
In 1944 he was made Brigadier and 1946 Major General.
In 1936 Lt. Col. Önhon was the chief of Turkish riding teem in Berlin Olimpics.
He was made commarder of Cavaly War School.
In November 2 1950 he founded with same friends Turkish Jokey Cjup in Ankara. he was made first general Secratary.
After his retirement from the army in April 20 1950 he entered to politics and was elected MP from the province Kocaeli on the elections of May 1950. His party was Demokrat Party of Adnan Memderes.
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Last edited by Tosun Saral on 03 May 2006 12:54, edited 1 time in total.

Tosun Saral
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Post by Tosun Saral » 03 May 2006 10:07

Col.Tevfik Biyiklioglu
Gen.Izzettin Calislar
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AJK
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Post by AJK » 03 May 2006 16:11

Dear Tosun,

Thank you very much for your informative reply, and for posting the excellent photos. Do you know if the book "Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri Generaller ve Amiraller Albümü" is still available for purchase? I tried Google, but got no hits. This book would be perfect for my research into Turkish Generals and Admirals. Should I try contacting the Turkish General Staff directly to try and obtain a copy of the book?

Thanks again for all your help.

Best wishes,

AJK

Tosun Saral
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Post by Tosun Saral » 03 May 2006 16:42

Dear Ajk, 429 paged book contains 1886-1961 graduants also gives a brief information about chief of General stafs, commanders of Armee, air Force, navy and Jandarma. You can not purchase the book. It is an army issue. I have a photocopy of the original. If you write to the military atteche of Turkish Embassy in Washington DC may be you can get a copy. or try the public relations breau of the Staf "T.C. Genel Kurmay Baskanligi, Halkla Iliskiler, Bakanliklar Ankara"
But I am not sure.

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AJK
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Post by AJK » 03 May 2006 17:28

Dear Tosun,

Thank you very much for the quick reply. I will certainly try the sources that you suggested to try to get a copy of this extremely interesting book.

Best wishes,

AJK

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