Proposed Baku Operation

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Peter H
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Proposed Baku Operation

Post by Peter H » 24 Jan 2008 13:42

http://web.archive.org/web/200606172043 ... helved.htm

Operation Edelweiss
A small part was to be played out by the Fallschirmjäger in the planned army operation, Edelweiss. This was supposed to take place in the summer of 1942 and the objective was the Baku oil fields in the Caucasus.Paratroops were to take off from airfields in the Crimea and seize the oil fields until relieved by elements of Army Group South.Luckily for the Paras a breakthrough elsewhere on the front called for their mobilization and they were not used.


Any details on this planned Operation would be appreciated.

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Doudou
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Post by Doudou » 27 Jan 2008 11:13

Hi Peter H,

I think there is a confusion with operation "Schamil" (the name of the chechen imam who leaded the caucasian rebellion against Russia from 1834 to 1859) which concerned the oilfields of Grozny in Chechenia. Following elements are taken from the books of Europa Books edition on the "Sonderverband Bergmann" and the one of Eric Lefevre on "the Brandenburg Division". The operation was planned on summer 1942 by the Abwehr pressed by his caucasian émigré agents (Georgians, Armenians, Azeris, Chechens...) to help the uprising of caucasian people which began in 1940 (a revolt leaded in Chechenia by the poet Hassan Israilov). The intention of the Abwehr was to drop three commandos named "Schamil 1" (Oberfeldwebel Moritz), "Schamil 2" (Leutnant Lange) and "Schamil 3" (Oberleutnant Johansen) and was composed of 288 volunteers of the Sonderveband « Bergmann » (a gebirgsjäger special unit of caucasian soldiers) commanded by Germans from Lehr-Regiment Brandenburg z.b.V. 800. The plan had two objectives: to help the chechen rebels and with them to take control of the oilfields in the region. The three commandos took off from crimean airfields aboard Junkers Ju 52.
Group "Schamil 1" was parachuted in July 1942 on Neftegorsk, south-west of Maïkop, and prevented the destruction of the Chadyzenskaya oilfields. "Schamil 2" was a failure: they had to be drop in the region of Grozny and to contact chechens rebels. Then they had to capture Grozny oilfields before the tanks of 1. Panzer-Armee arrival. On August 25th, Group "Schamil 2" landed too far from his objective because the pilot of the Ju 52 and Olt Lange failed to find the drop zone. The succes of this operation was impossible so Lange and his caucasian soldiers attempted to reach german lines but they were pursuited by NKVD troops. On December 10th 1942, Lange and the only survivor of his commando (a Tartar) reached german lines, after a 550 km raid by feet. Lange was awarded with Ritterkreuz on january 1943 because his action retained 5 soviet divisions in the rear of the frontline. So the mission to take Grozny oilfields was attributed to "Schamil 3" but it was cancelled because of the impossibility for 1. Panzer-Armee to advance to Grozny.

Greetings,

Doudou.

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Peter H
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Post by Peter H » 28 Jan 2008 11:01

Hi Doudou

Thanks

Regards
Peter

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Bernd R
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Post by Bernd R » 04 Feb 2008 18:08

Info / material about "Operation Schamil" is also to find here (two links included) :
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=100274&highlight=operation+schamil

Bernd

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