Artillery

Discussions on all aspects of the German Colonies and Overseas Expeditions. Hosted by Chris Dale.
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cj
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Artillery

Post by cj » 21 Jul 2008 14:34

Hello all,

Im looking for some numbers on the topic of Artillery in the colonies.

How many guns and of what sizes were available to the forces in each of the German African colonies? Im particularly interested in Togo and Cameroon. Did the Polizeitruppe in Togo even have anything? and were all the guns of the Königsberg salvaged?

thanks
CJ

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Re: Artillery

Post by CharlesRollinsWare » 25 Jul 2008 23:50

I presume you are talking about during 1914, which is the only period I have interest in.

Togo had no artillery at all. Its weapons were limited to the weapons of the Polizeitruppe, some MG (IIRC, 8), and Gewehr-71 & Karbiner-88, and the privately owned weapons of the European settlers in the colony.

Kamerun had 8 Kanonen [4 x 9 cm c73/91 Geschütze, 3 x 3,7 cm Schnellfeuergeschütze, 1 x 6 cm Gebirgs-haubitze], 60 MG, 3,861 Karabiner-98 (2,2 million rounds), and 2,920 Gewehr-71 & Karbiner-88 (0.5 million rounds).

DSWA had 68-75 kanonen in the colony (sources differ on whether the old "museum pieces" were ever mounted) of a myriad of makes and not all of which were fielded in the defense of the colony [only the first 46 took the field at any point, the rest were in various forts], to wit 4 x 10,5-cm leFH 98 (2,000 shells), 8 x 7,7-cm FK 96 n.A., 22 x 7,7-cm FK 96 (16,000 shells), 12 x 7,5-cm Ehrhardt Geb.K L/17 m08 (6,000 shells), 4 (9?) x 3,7-cm Krupp Maschinenkanone (pom-pom), 3 x 5,7-cm QF guns, 3 (2?) x 3,7-cm Revolverkanone, 6 x 7 cm Krupp Geb.K L/14 M 98, 4 (3?) x 6-cm Krupp Geb.K, 4 x 8-cm FK C/73 [not used]

DOA eventually fielded 59 kanonen, although not all at one time. At the start of the war there were 35 kanone available in the colony of which they were able to field 31: nineteen 3,7 cm light guns with 3,120 shells, three 4,7 cm light guns with 1,189 shells, two 6 cm colonial guns with 257 shells, seven 7,85 cm Krupp C 73 field cannon with 2,512 shells (five were saluting guns; four others were lost on a lighter on 5 August 1914 and were not recoverable)

Additionally, the Germans were able to field ten other kanonen in early 1914: two old 4 cm guns that had been supplied years before for Hedwig von Wissmann and Hermann von Wissmann to use in tariff enforcement, three old cast off museum & show pieces [a 6,5 cm Gebirgs gun, a old C.73 gun, and a old 15 cm naval gun that could only fire ancient British ammunition (which was obtained from duds!)]. When Möwe was scuttled she supplied three 3,7 cm revolverguns, and the light cruiser Königsberg had sent ashore two 8,8 cm QF guns with 400 shells she had carried to equip a raider.

In addition, eighteen other kanonen were fielded by some point: two 6-cm- Bootslandungskanonen brought by Rubens in 1915, ten 10.5 cm Schnellladekanone salvaged from Konigsberg in 1915, and four 10,5-cm-Feld-Haubitze m.98/09 and two 7,5-cm- Gebirgs-kanon m.08 brought by Marie in 1916.

Hope this helps.

Mark E. Horan

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Chris Dale
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Re: Artillery

Post by Chris Dale » 27 Jul 2008 00:32

CharlesRollinsWare wrote:
Hope this helps.

Mark E. Horan
Possibly the understatement of the year! That helps an awful lot, I was trying to piece together lots of different sources to compile a list like this, you've done it in one mail. Thank you very much.

Cheers
Chris

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cj
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Re: Artillery

Post by cj » 30 Jul 2008 14:08

wow, thanks

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nuyt
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Re: Artillery

Post by nuyt » 29 Sep 2008 23:13

Was any German artillery captured by the Portuguese during WW1 in Africa?

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