Trials in Russia

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ansata1976
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Trials in Russia

Post by ansata1976 » 19 Jan 2009 05:23

I need further informations about trials in Russia(Place,date,sentences and date and place of execution):

Karl BURCKHARDT
Heinrich REMLINGER
Hellmuth Becker
Nikolajs Galdins
Eberhardt Herf
Paul Scheer
Ernst Heinrich Schmauser
Rudolf Kerpert
Otto Meder
Werner von Kunowski
Robert Kirschfeld
Paul Scheer

Has someone more informations(names and dates) of trials in Russia and the sentences.

ansata1976
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by ansata1976 » 23 Apr 2009 22:12

The German defendants were selected to represent an assortment of military ranks and branches of the German armed forces: an NCO of the Secret Field Police, a captain of military counterintelligence, and an SS second lieutenant. They appeared in court in full military regalia—a rare practice in Soviet trials. Such a display, however, did not betoken that the tribunal would take into consideration the defendants' low ranks in the German military hierarchy. On the contrary, the prosecution pointed out that the decorations were rewards received for the atrocities committed against the Soviet people. The Soviet defendant, a chauffeur at the Khar'kov SD, was charged with high treason, and his fate was to serve as a grim warning to residents of the German-occupied territories. Closely following the pattern established in Krasnodar, the prosecution stressed the culpability of the entire German army in war crimes. The defense pleaded that the main guilt rested with those who had inspired these crimes—the Nazi regime. While a dozen witnesses appeared in the courtroom, they were not asked to identify the defendants but rather to describe German crimes in the Khar'kov region. As in the Krasnodar case, the defendants fully admitted their guilt. All four were sentenced to death and promptly hanged in public.
Although the Soviet press maintained that the Khar'kov trial was only the beginning, similar proceedings never materialized. Stalin proved receptive to British and American government requests, and temporarily suspended highly publicized open trials. 29 The trials continued with much less publicity, and in May 1944 a government decree substituted non-public shooting for public hanging. 30 The machinery of military justice worked without stop, however, and during April 1943-July 1944, military tribunals applied the April decree to more than 5,200 alleged culprits. Most of the defendants were sentenced to hard labor for collaborationist activities. In addition to military tribunals, drumhead courts martial and SMERSH (the acronym for "death to spies"—the title of the Soviet military counterintelligence) panels executed many Axis personnel without court proceedings. During January-May 1945 alone, in Soviet-occupied Germany SMERSH, military, and NKVD tribunals also sentenced to death approximately 5,000 Soviet citizens under Article 58.
The defendants represented the army, the SS, the security police (Sipo), the Order Police, and the administration. Among the most prominent defendants were the Order Police commander (Kommandeur der Ordnungspolizei, or KdO) in Kiev, Paul Albert Scheer; the commander of the 213th Security Division, Hans von Tschammer und Osten; officer of Einsatzkommando 7B, SS-Obersturmführer and Kriminalkommissar Hermann Koch; the KdO Minsk, Eberhard Herf; and the commandant of Riga, Siegfried Ruff. The highest-ranking defendant was Higher SS and Police Commander (Höhere SS-und Polizeiführer, or HSSPF) in the Ukraine and the Baltic region, Friedrich Jeckeln. Defendants were selected and grouped according to their wartime activities in a specific region, each within the jurisdiction of a given tribunal. In addition to individual counts, the prosecution charged high-ranking defendants with the organization and implementation of the mass murder of Soviet citizens, thus including all crimes committed within the jurisdiction of generals and senior officers.
Jeckeln admitted to the interrogators that, as the HSSPF in the Ukraine and the Baltic lands, he supervised the annihilation of Jews by the Einsatzgruppen, police, and Waffen-SS. In November 1941, he testified, Himmler summoned him to Berlin and ordered the liquidation of all Jews in the Baltic region and Belorussia. The Reichsführer-SS stressed that in case of friction with the civil administration (the Reichskommissar for the Ostland, Hinrich Lohse, apparently objected on economic grounds to the murder of Jews), Jeckeln should specify that this gruesome task was to be carried out on Himmler's orders and per Hitler's wishes. After arriving in Riga, Jeckeln proceeded with liquidating the Riga ghetto, where by late fall 1941 the Einsatzkommandos and the police had murdered between 20,000 and 25,000 Jews, including 8,000 children.
Two Order Police generals, Eberhard Herf and Paul Albert Scheer, were also charged with the organization and murder of Jews in the areas within their jurisdictions (Minsk and Kiev, respectively). Both maintained that they had arrived in their jurisdiction areas after the murder had largely been accomplished, and that in the subsequent police actions—whether against partisans or civilians—they had only carried out their superiors' orders. Herf and Scheer conceded, however, that the Order Police had participated in the genocide. Herf stated that in January 1942 he received the Minsk ghetto liquidation order from the Generalkommissar of Belorussia, Wilhelm Kube. 50 The interrogators questioned several witnesses, who incriminated the Order Police in killing the ghetto inmates. Former ghetto inmate Wolf Okun' recounted that the executions had proceeded in waves in August and November 1941, and again in March and July 1942. After the murder was complete, special ghetto details were forced to dig ditches and to cover the corpses with lime chloride.
Detailed testimony was given by Hermann Koch, who was a Sipo referent in Orel during the period October 1942-August 1943, and who served as a temporary Sipo representative in Slonim during January-February 1944. 55 According to Koch, Sonderkommando 7B murdered 30,000 "Soviet activists" and Jews in the cities of Orsha, Borisov, and Orel. After the deactivation of Sonderkommando 7B in spring 1942, its manpower provided cadre for the Sipo stations in Belorussia and central Russia. Given the small staff of the Sipo—in Orel, it comprised Koch, ten police functionaries, four interpreters, and twenty Russian policemen—it could not cope with the task of combating partisans and killing large numbers of Jews. Therefore it often had to rely on army units and the Order Police. Mass shootings were alternated with gassing, which was used to murder Jews and the mentally ill in Orsha, Briansk, Borisov, and Orel.
Koch told the interrogators that in October 1942, SS-Sturmbannführer Walter Blume told him that Berlin had issued a secret oral command for the total extermination of Jews and Gypsies in the occupied areas. By this time much of the Jewish population of Belorussia and central Russia had been killed, and Koch and his subordinates finished off virtually all of the few survivors who had not fled. In September 1943, Koch attended a Sipo officers' conference in Mogilev, where the high Sipo-SD commander (Befehlshaber des Sicherheitspolizei und des SD, or BdS) for Belorussia and central Russia, SS-Standartenführer Erich Ehrlinger, ordered his subordinates to obliterate all traces of Nazi crimes. The gathering then drove to a site near the city, where they witnessed a demonstration of the procedure. Afterwards, Koch headed a unit that exhumed and burned corpses from the mass graves.
The charges of organizing and implementing the murder of Jews were also proffered against the German military and the civil administration. Generalmajor Hans Küpper and Generalleutnant Theodor Ditfurth (in the Riga trial), and Generalmajor Siegfried von Erdmannsdorf (in the Minsk trial) were charged with the murder of Jews within their respective jurisdictions. Although the prosecution did not present any direct evidence implicating the generals, it pointed to the murder of noncombatants as a crime proscribed by international and Soviet laws. A number of eyewitnesses described the persecution and murder of Jews in the Dvinsk, Vitebsk, and Mogilev areas, where these generals were the highest military authorities. 60 The witnesses insisted that the military had ordered the ghettoization and registration of Jews. The army also aided the Einsatzkommandos and police, who in fall 1941 murdered between 7,000 and 10,000 ghetto inmates. In spring 1942, with the consent of the military administration, the execution squads gassed 700 to 800 mentally ill inmates from the local Mogilev asylum.
Information supplied by other witnesses added to the picture of the army's involvement in the genocide. In the Kiev trial, witness and Novomoskovsk resident Trofim Panchenko testified against Generalmajor von Tschammer und Osten. Panchenko stated that in November 1941, after the arrival of the 213th Security Division inthe city of Novomoskovsk of Dnepropetrovsk Oblast, the divisional command published an order calling for the registration of the Jewish population. Jews were required to wear yellow armbands with stars and were forced to hard labor. In November and December 1941, the division units took part in mass executions of Jews on the outskirts of the city. According to Panchenko, Generalmajor von Tschammer und Osten personally supervised the execution. 64 Other witnesses attested to the criminal activities of the rear army command in Haivoron and Pervomaisk in the Kirovograd Oblast, where in fall 1941 the commandant Georg Heinrich Truckenbrod introduced a curfew and yellow armbands for the Jewish population. The commandant and his subordinates also aided the killing units in the execution of Jews.
The participation of the army in the Holocaust was further underscored by the testimony of Paul Karl Eick, a deputy of the district commandant in Orsha. Subordinated directly to the command of the 286th Security Division, Eick set out to organize a Jewish ghetto in the city. The district command supervised Jewish work details and controlled the Jewish ghetto police who guarded all entrances and exits. Eick admitted that the regime in the ghetto was designed to kill its inmates by starvation, and up to twenty-seven people died every day. The district command also levied upon the ghetto a "contribution" of 150,000 rubles in valuables and cash, which was transferred to the Reichsbank in Berlin. In November 1941, acting under orders of his superiors, Eick prepared for the liquidation of the ghetto by posting German gendarmes and Russian policemen to guard the entrances, while a Sipo detail ordered the ghetto "elders" to announce the "resettlement." The entire ghetto population was divided into small groups, who were taken to a nearby cemetery and executed.
Sonderführer Rolf Oskar Burchard, an interpreter for the district command in the town of Chechersk in the Gomel Oblast, also incriminated the army command in the Holocaust. He testified that it was General der Infanterie Max von Schenkendorf, commander of army group "Center" Rear Area, who had given the order to liquidate the Chechersk ghetto. Army units in collaboration with the SS squads then murdered all Jews and Gypsies in the rear area of that army group.
The tribunals accentuated the fact that the German army consistently and consciously violated international laws regarding the treatment of civilians during wartime and that the rank-and-file were actively involved in the genocide. The depositions of Gefreiter Johann Paul Lauer and SS-Rottenführer Heinz Fischer were cases in point. A member of the separate 73rd Battalion, 68 Lauer testified that, from the beginning of the Soviet-German war, the march of the battalion marked major execution sites in the Ukraine. Alongside the SS killing units, the battalion took part in the executions of Jews in L'vov, Vinnitsa, Khar'kov, Stalino (Donetsk), Mariupol', Poltava, and Kremenchug. [End Page 14] In the last two cities alone, the battalion murdered about 900 Jews. 69 Fischer, a member of the SS-Cavalry Brigade—one of the most notorious killing units on the Eastern Front—took part in the mass murder of Jews in Belorussia and the Ukraine.
It was customary for the press and the prosecution in the courtroom to refer to the defendants in derogatory terms such as "thugs," "bandits," "degenerates," "cannibals," and "perverts." The media emphasized the involvement of tens of thousands of Germans in atrocities and demanded that all "fascist criminals [be sent] to the gallows" as "just and only punishment" for crimes committed. 72 Given the courtroom atmosphere and the surrounding propaganda campaign, the prosecution had merely to recapitulate the main argument that each defendant had played a specific role in the Nazi machinery of destruction. In turn, the tribunals made short work of the deliberation process. All the defendants were indicted under the April decree, Articles 319-320 of the RSFSR Criminal Code, or corresponding articles of the republics' criminal codes. Sixty-seven defendants, including all the generals, were sentenced to death by hanging, while the rest received lengthy prison terms. The death sentences were carried out in public and were attended by tens of thousands of spectators; the corpses often remained on the gallows until the following day.
In Minsk a member of an execution detail, SS-Unterscharführer Franz Karl Hess admitted that he personally had killed more than one hundred people. 75 His codefendant Generalleutnant Johann Richert stated, "horrible and mind-shattering facts were demonstrated in the court.... Now I am a determined opponent of the Nazi regime, and ready to do my share in the antifascist struggle."
Hermann Koch confessed to having personally murdered up to five hundred people and emphasized his own initiative in carrying out criminal orders: "I was a fascist and remain a fascist. I did not simply carry out orders, but I was firmly convinced in the rightness of what I was doing. Racial theory made me a criminal. Much blood is on my hands; I ask for the death penalty for I do not know whether I could ever be able to remedy my crimes."
Apparently some defendants were selected for trial because they agreed to cooperate—possibly upon promises of leniency (often unfulfilled), or simply because they were resigned to their fate. For example, there are indications that General Erdsmanndorf was a member of the Soviet-sponsored "Committee for a Free Germany," which carried out anti-Nazi propaganda among German POWs. 81 One of the defendants in the Kiev trial, former Gebietskommissar of Melitopol' Georg Heinisch, had appeared as a witness in the Khar'kov trial in December 1943, where he willingly implicated high-ranking German leaders in the organization of atrocities. In Kiev, Heinisch confessed that in October 1942 he consented to the murder of 3,000 Jewish children of mixed marriages in the Melitopol' district. His confession, however, did not save his life.
A defendant in the Kiev trial, Wachtmeister Boris Drachenfels, revealed how his 320th Police Battalion took part in the execution of Jews near Rovno:
Screams of thousands of people were heard from far away.... They stood surrounded by many policemen and awaited their fate.... The policemen drove groups of people to the ditches, where they undressed. Special SD details and the policemen of our battalion shot them at the nape of the neck. Adults were forced to lie down in the ditches and were shot, while children were torn away from their mothers and shot. Most of the shooters were drunk ... People begged for mercy, mothers begged us to spare their children.
The trials revealed the active participation of the German civil administration, the Order Police, and rear army units in the Holocaust. For example, the Minsk Order Police commander during March-August 1942, Generalmajor der Polizei and SS-Brigadeführer Erik von Heimburg, stated that the Order Police and the native auxiliaries (Ukrainian and Lithuanian Schutzmannschaften) participated in the murder of Jews in Belorussia. 96 Recent studies corroborate the instrumental role played by the army in the murder of Soviet Jews. According to Generalkommissar Kube, in June and July 1942 the army rear area command in the Glubokoe district (Belorussia) executed 10,000 Jews "without consulting [him]."
Defendants' criminal activities often can be deduced only circumstantially. Generals Herf and Scheer maintained that they had assumed their positions as KdOs in Minsk and Kiev after the majority of Jews already had been murdered. Indeed, Herf was the KdO Minsk during December 1941-March 1942, and again during September 1943-January 1944, while mass executions of Jews took place in fall 1941 and spring 1942. Still, the killing in the Minsk area continued well into fall 1943. 100 When Scheer arrived in Kiev in October 1941, the Einsatzkommandos, the Waffen-SS, and the Order Police already had murdered thousands of Jews in the Right-Bank Ukraine. Nevertheless, the shootings had not stopped entirely, and they resumed in spring 1942, when Scheer was the KdO Kiev. 101 Taking into consideration the command structure and the activities of the Order Police, it is most likely that Herf's and Scheer's subordinates participated in the last phase of the Holocaust on occupied Soviet territory.
Truckenbrod's involvement in the killing of Jews in Pervomaisk can be tested only against the itinerary of the Einsatzgruppe C, which operated in the Pervomaisk vicinity in winter 1941-42. Since this killing unit did not report executions in this period, it can be assumed that other units—perhaps the Order Police with the assistance of army rear area command—committed those murders. 102 In the case of Heinisch, the available sources show that in October 1941, Sonderkommando 10A and the Order Police murdered about 2,000 Jews of Melitopol'. However the Melitopol' Jewish population did not exceed 10,000 people (the 1926 census recorded 6,040 Jews). Since the percentage of marriages between Jews and non-Jews in the entire Ukraine constituted on average 0.03 percent for the period 1926-1939, Heinisch's report of 3,000 murdered Mischlinge seems certainly exaggerated. 103 Yet both Truckenbrod as the commandant of the area and Heinisch as Gebietskommissar must have been at least informed of the massacres, although such supposition naturally does not confirm their guilt.

I need more informations about the mentioned persons(bold text).

ansata1976
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by ansata1976 » 24 Apr 2009 22:01

Freidrich-Gustav Bernhard
5.10.1888 in Bad Harzburg Hanged in Russia 1945

Karl Burckhardt
13.3.1889 at Reutlingen Hanged in Russia 1945

Baron Albrecht Digeon von Monteton
8.12.1887 in Bernburg/Saale Hanged 1946 in Libau

Wolfgang von Ditfurth
28.2.1879 at Berlin Hanged 1946 in Russia

Gottfried von Erdmannsdorf
25.4.1893 at Kamenz/Sa. Hanged 1946 in Minsk

Adolf Hamann
3.9.1885 at Gross Laasch/Mecklenberg Hanged 1945 by the Russians at Bryansk

Hans Kupper

22.9.1891 at Karlsruhe Hanged Feb 1946 in Riga

Helmuth Pannwitz
14.10.1898 at Botzanowitz/Upper Silesia Hanged by the Russians 16.1.1947

Bronislaw Pawel
29.7.1890 at Pleschen Hanged Jan 1946 in Riga

Fritz-Georg von Rappard
15.8.1892 at Sogeln/Osnabruck Hanged 1946 in Russia

Heinrich Remlinger
19.3.1882 at Poppenweiler/Ludwigsburg Hanged 1946 in Pleskau

Johann-Georg Richert
14.4.1890 at Liebau/Silesia Hanged 30.1.1946 at Minsk

Siegfried Ruff
20.2.1895 at Cunersdorf Hanged 3.2.1946 in Riga

Eckart von Tschammer und Osten
5.12.1885 at Dresden Hanged 1945 in Minsk

Friedrich Werther
29.12.1890 at at Benndorf/Saalkreis Hanged in Riga 1946

Hermann Winkler
11.8.1888 at Dresden Hanged by Russians at Nikolajew 1946

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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by David Thompson » 24 Apr 2009 23:13

Burckhardt, Karl (1889-29.1.1946) [Generalleutnant] -- Reichswehr service; commander, 6th Signal Detachment; signal commander, VI Army Corps 1 Oct 1935; signal commander, 9th Army 25 Oct 1939; signal commander, Army Group D 25 Oct 1940-31 Jul 1942; commander, 593rd Army Rear Area (Korueck 593) [6th Army] 27 Feb 1943-summer 1944 {taken prisoner by Soviet troops summer 1944 (ABR-Croisier-H); put on trial for war crimes -- killing 75,000 civilians and deporting 25,000 women for slave labor -- by a Russian court at Kiev; sentenced to death by hanging 29 Jan 1946 (NYT 20 Jan 1946:25:3; NYT 22 Jan 1946:3:4; NYT 29 Jan 1946:4:4; LT 29 Jan 1946:4f); executed 29 Jan 1946 at Kiev (LT 30 Jan 1946:3d; History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 525, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948) or 30 Jan 1946 (ABR-Croisier-H) or 30 Dec 1945 (Cruel Hunters 77).}

Galdins, Nikolajs (1902-1945) [SS Waffen-Obersturmbannführer] -- commander, SS 42nd Waffen Grenadier Regiment "Voldemars Veiss" of the SS 19th Waffen Grenadier Division "Latvian No. 2" (Kdr. Waffen-Gren.Rgt. 42 der SS "Voldemars Veiss" (lettisches Nr. 1) / 19.Waffen-Gren.Div.d.SS (lettische Nr. 2)) [Knights Cross 1945] {shot by Soviet authorities at Leningrad 1945 (ABR-Knights Cross).}

Herf, Eberhard (20.3.1887-6.2.1946) [SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei] -- NSDAP: 1322780; SS: 411970; commander of German Order Police (Kdr ORPO) at Minsk Dec 1941-28 Feb 1942 and 2 Aug 1943-1 Feb 1944; commander of German Order Police (Kdr ORPO) at Charkow (Kharkov) 28 Feb 1942-28 Aug 1943; chief of staff of the German Anti-Partisan command (Chef des Stabes Bandenkampfverbande) 23 Jul-1 Aug 1943 and 1 Feb-1 Apr 1944; staff, SS Region (SS-Oberabschnitt) "Bohemia and Moravia" (SS-Oberabschnitt "Boehmen und Maehren") (on 9 Nov 1944) {sentenced by a Soviet court at Minsk to death by hanging; executed at Minsk 6 Feb 1946 (Axis Biographical Research, SS und Deutschen Polizei [SS and German Police], http://www.geocities.com/~orion47/SS-PO ... izei.html; History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 531, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948; Stroop Report n31; Reitlinger p. 509; Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP [9 Nov 1944]; Third Reich Historical Forum, "Crimes of SS-Brigadefuehrers," http://www.thirdreichforum.com/viewtopic.php?t=24845).}

Remlinger, Heinrich (?-5.1.1946) [Generalmajor] -- military commander, Pleskau (Pskov) {put on trial 29 Dec 1945 by a Soviet military tribunal at Leningrad for war crimes in the Leningrad area (NYT 30 Dec 1945:6:4); convicted and sentenced to death by hanging 4 Jan 1946; executed at Leningrad 5 Jan 1946 (NYT 6 Jan 1946:20:2; LT 7 Jan 1946:3c; History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 528, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948) or at Pleskau (ABR-Croisier-H).}

Scheer, Paul (4.4.1889-29.1.1946) [SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei] -- NSDAP: 3144248; SS: 337771; commander of Order Police (Befehlshaber der Ordnungspolizei - BdO) at Saarbrücken in Military District XII (Wehrkreis XII) 1940-15 May 1941; commander of Order Police (Befehlshaber der Ordnungspolizei - BdO) at Wiesbaden in Military District XII (Wehrkreis XII) 15 May 1941-1 Mar 1942; commander of Order Police at Kiev (Kommandeur der Ordnungspolizei - KdO "Kiew") (on 30 Jan 1942); commander of Order Police (Befehlshaber der Ordnungspolizei - BdO) at Paris May 1943-1944; staff, SS Region "Southeast" (SS-Oberabschnitt "Südost") (on 9 Nov 1944); staff, Reichsfűhrer-SS (as of 9 Nov 1944) {put on trial by a Soviet court at Kiev on charges of killing 75,000 civilians and deporting 25,000 Russian women for slave labor; convicted and sentenced to death by hanging 29 Jan 1946 (NYT 20 Jan 1946:25:3; NYT 22 Jan 1946:3:4; NYT 29 Jan 1946:4:4; LT 29 Jan 1946:4f); executed at Kiev 29 Jan 1946 (LT 30 Jan 1946:3d). (ABR-SS; Nazi Crimes in Ukraine 1941-1944 pps. 193, 203; History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 532, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948; Marcus Wendel, "Third Reich Factbook-Befehlshaber der Ordnungspolizei BdO", http://www.skalman.nu/third-reich/polis ... haber.htm; Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP [9 Nov 1944]).}

ansata1976
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by ansata1976 » 25 Apr 2009 13:45

And do you have informations about:

SS-Standartenführer Erich Ehrlinger
Generalmajor Hans Küpper
Theodor Ditfurth
Georg Heinrich Truckenbrod
deputy of the district commandant in Orsha Paul Karl Eick
Sonderführer Rolf Oskar Burchard
Gefreiter Johann Paul Lauer(73rd Battalion)
SS-Rottenführer Heinz Fischer(73rd Battalion)
SS-Unterscharführer Franz Karl Hess
Generalleutnant Johann Richert
Gebietskommissar of Melitopol' Georg Heinisch
Wachtmeister Boris Drachenfels
Generalmajor der Polizei and SS-Brigadeführer Erik von Heimburg,
Hans von Tschammer und Osten
August Josef Bittner
Georg Robert Weißig
Reinhard Georg Moll
Hans Joseph Checht
Ernst Heinrich Schmauser

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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by David Thompson » 25 Apr 2009 15:06

For Hellmuth Becker, mentioned in the first post, see the bio sketch at viewtopic.php?p=492616#p492616

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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by ThomasG » 25 Apr 2009 15:43

ansata1976 wrote:the commander of the 213th Security Division, Hans von Tschammer und Osten;

Any relation to his namesake, Reichssportführer von Tschammer und Osten?

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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by David Thompson » 25 Apr 2009 17:54

von Ditfurth, Wolfgang (1879-3.2.1946) [Generalleutnant] -- Reichswehr service; commander, Berlin Guards Regiment (Kdr. Wach R. Berlin) 1 Feb 1931; retired with rank of Colonel (Oberst) 1 Apr 1932; recalled for service, OKH 1 Oct 1934; retired as Generalmajor 31 Mar 1939; bei der kriegsgeschichtl. Forschungsanstalt 1 Sept 1939; commander, 403rd Security Division 5 Oct 1939-14 May 1942 (ABR-H) or 15 Mar 1941-15 May 1942 (Third Reich Factbook); discharged from active duty serrvice (Mob. Best. Aufgehoben) 31 Jul 1942 {taken prisoner by Soviet troops; put on trial by a Soviet tribunal at Riga for war crimes committed while commander of the 403rd Security Division; convicted and sentenced to death by hanging 3 Feb 1946; executed at Riga 3 Feb 1946 (ABR-Croisier-H; History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 525, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948; see also NYT 4 Feb 1946:2:4).}

Ehrlinger, Dr. jur. Erich (14.10.1910-?) [SS-Oberführer und Oberst der Schutzpolizei] – NSDAP-Nr.: 541195 (joined 1 Jun 1931); SS-Nr.: 107493 (joined 22 Jun 1935); service, Action Command Prague (Einsatzkommando Prag) Mar-Sept 1939; commander, Special Command 1b of Action Group A (Sonderkommando 1b / Einsatzgruppe A) at Riga May-Dec 1941; service, German Security Police and Security Service (Sicherheitspolizei und Sicherheitsdienst – Sipo/SD) Kiev Dec 1941-Aug 1943; commander, Action Group B (Einsatzgruppe B) Sept 1943-Apr 1944; commander, Security Police and Security Service "White Ruthenia" (Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienstes - BdS "Weissruthenien") at Minsk Sept 1943-Apr 1944; SS and Police Commander "White Ruthenia" (SSPF "Weissruthenien") at Minsk 6 Sept 1943-1 Apr 1944; commander, Sipo/SD schools Apr 1944-May 1945; commander, Reich Security Main Office Department I (Reichssicherheitshauptamt - RSHA Amt I) (on 9 Nov 1944); service, 1st SS Division "Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler" {arrested Nov 1958 by West German police on war crimes charges; indicted by a West German court at Karlsruhe 11 Jan 1961 for mass executions of Jews by shooting at Kovno, Daugavpilis and Kiev (NYT 12 Jan 1961:4:6); sentenced 20 Dec 1961 to a term of 12 years in prison by a West German court in Karlsruhe for war crimes (NYT 21 Dec 1961:10:3); prosecution appealed due to lightness of sentence; verdict set aside by the West German Federal Supreme Court and retrial ordered 28 May 1963 (NYT 29 May 1963:3:6); released Dec 1964; retrial attempts ended in 1969 due to continuous incapacity to stand trial (Rueckerl p. 129; Field Men p. 53; Allgemeine-SS p. 60; Nazi Crimes in Ukraine 1941-1944 pps. 193, 203; Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP [9 Nov 1944]).}

von Heimberg, Erik (6.10.1892-?) – Commander of Order Police (Ordnungspolizei) at Minsk in Apr 1942 (Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel 20 Apr 1942. I have a poor copy of this document. His NSDAP-Nr. is possibly 4,230,305; SS-Nr. possibly 337,729.)

Heinisch, Georg [SS-Obersturmbannführer] -- commander, civil administration, Melitopol area of Ukraine {placed on trial by a Soviet war crimes court at Kiev 18 Jan 1946 (NYT 20 Jan 1946:25:3; NYT 22 Jan 1946:3:4; NYT 27 Jan 1946:29:2); subsequent disposition unknown.}

Kuepper, Hans (?-3.2.1946) [Generalmajor] -- military commander, Saldas; military commander, Frauenburg (Kurland) {put on trial by a Soviet tribunal at Riga on war crimes charges; convicted and sentenced to death by hanging 3 Feb 1946; executed by Soviet authorities at Riga 3 Feb 1946 (ABR-Croisier; see also NYT 4 Feb 1946:2:4; History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 526, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948).}

Richert, Johann-Georg (14.4.1890-30.1.1946) [Generalleutnant] – b. at Liebau; commander, 286th Security Division 15 Jun 1942-1 Nov 1943; commander, 35th Infantry Division 5 Nov 1943-9 Apr 1944 and 11 May-Aug 1944; commander, 35th Volksgrenadier Division Aug 1944-May 1945 {taken prisoner by Soviet forces; put on trial by a Russian court at Minsk for war crimes 15 Jan 1946 (NYT 16 Jan 1946:7:1); convicted and sentenced to death by hanging; executed 30 Jan 1946 at the Minsk racetrack (LT 31 Jan 1946:3e) or on 6 Feb 1946 (History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 528, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948). (Cruel Hunters 77; Hitler's Greatest Defeat p. 174; ABR-Croisier; Third Reich Factbook).}

Truckennbrot or Ruckennbrot, Georg [Lieutenant General (NYT 24 Jan 1946:10:4) or Lieutenant Colonel (NYT 20 Jan 1946:25:3)] -- military commander, Perbomaisk 1941 {placed on trial by a Soviet war crimes court at Kiev 18 Jan 1946; subsequent fate unknown (NYT 20 Jan 1946:25:3; NYT 24 Jan 1946:10:4).}

von Tschammer und Osten, Eckhardt or Eckart (?-29.1.1946) [Generalmajor] -- commander, 531st Field Command (Feldkommandantur – FK 531) {arrested and put on trial by a Soviet court at Kiev for killing 75,000 civilians and deporting 25,000 Russian women for slave labor; convicted and sentenced to death by hanging 29 Jan 1946 (NYT 20 Jan 1946:25:3; NYT 29 Jan 1946:4:4; LT 29 Jan 1946:4f); executed at Kiev 29 Jan 1946 (LT 30 Jan 1946:3d; History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 529, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948) or subsequently executed at Minsk (ABR-Croisier-H).}

ansata1976
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by ansata1976 » 26 Apr 2009 17:36

I need more informations about trials( between December 1945 until January 1946) in:

Kiev(Lieutenant general Burkhard...)
Minsk(Brigade leader Gert, August Josef Bittner,Georg Robert Weißig,Reinhard Georg Moll...)
Leningrad
Briansk
Velikije Luki(Oberstleutnant von Sass...)

I only have this information: 85 former army members and collaborators of the occupation zone, including 18 generals, 28 officers and 39 NCOs and soldiers(Sentences: 66x death by hanging,19x hard labour(12-20 years)).

And trials 1947 in:

Sewastopol(Colonel general Erwin Enecke...)
Nowgorod
Stalino
Gomel
Tschernigow
Bobruisk
Witebsk
Kischinev

I only have this information: 119 accused( 21 generals,18 colonels,67 officers and 28 NCOs and crew degrees).

David Thompson
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by David Thompson » 26 Apr 2009 18:17

Unfortunately, my files are indexed only by the defendants' names.

ansata1976
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by ansata1976 » 26 Apr 2009 19:13

In Leningrad on 5 January 1946 the former members of the German armed forces Heinrich Remmlinger, Karl Hermann Strüfling, Ernst Böhm, Fritz Engel, Eduard Sonnenfeld, Gerhard Jahnicke, Erwin Skotki and Ernst Gehrer were condemned because of alleged war crimes to death by hanging.

I need more informations about the condemned men ( i have only informations about Remmlinger).

David Thompson
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by David Thompson » 26 Apr 2009 20:04

For the Remlinger trial see the news articles at viewtopic.php?p=162112#p162112 and viewtopic.php?p=162113#p162113

See also:

Germans Hanged for Katyn
viewtopic.php?t=26603
A False Confession Made by a German POW under Torture?
viewtopic.php?t=18473
Germans executed for Katyn
viewtopic.php?t=15730

I don't have any further information about this trial, or his co-defendants.

ansata1976
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by ansata1976 » 17 May 2009 22:33

Trial in Minsk:

Eberhard Herff
Gottfried von Erdmannsdorff
Johann Georg Richert
Rolf Oskar Burchard
August Josef Bittner
Georg Robert Weißig
Hans Herman Kock (Koch)
Karl Max Languth
Reinhard Georg Moll
Hans Joseph Chechtl/ Hans Josef Khekhtl/
Franz Karl Hess
Bruno Max Getz
Ernest-August Falk
Paul Karl Eick
Bruno Franz Mittmann
Heinz Johann Fischer
Albert Johann Rodenbusch


Trial in Kiev:

Paul Albert von Scheer
Hans Ekkand von Tschammer und Osten
Karl Burkhardt
Georg Heinrich Truckenbrod
Georg Josef Heinisch
Wilhelm W. Hellerforth
Oskar Walliser
Emil Fridrich Jogschat
Emil Knoll
Willi Meyer
Hans Wilhelm Isenmann
Fritz Bekenhof
Johann Paul Lauer
August Schadel



Trial in Babruisk (Bobruysk):

Wilhelm Robert Ochsner
Hans Julius Traut
Alexander Edmund Conrady
Heinz Heinrich Franke
Alfred Konstantin Grimm
Josef-Josef Bürg
Harold Otto Emisch
Ludwig Wilhelm Gross
Willi Wilhelm Dreger
Helmut Gottschalk
Karl August Kühnhold
Robert Adam Zoeller
Johann Tarbuk
Michael Friedrich Sichnitz
Roman Schrötter
Adam Künzig
? Koschinski
Wilhelm Georg Kraus
Bruno August Juschkus
Herbert Adolf Krämer
Wilhelm Georg Janetzke

Trial in Sevastopol:

Erwin Gustav Jaenecke
K.Ch. Eimaier
Otto Johann Willert
Helmut Konrad Alberti
Ernst August Schwere
Paul Gustav Kaibel
Adam Johannes Hahn
Paul Kinne
Friedrich Georg Redatus
Braun/Gusemann/Flesner/Lineberg

Trial in Kishinev:

? Devitz-Krebs
Heinz Hans Klick
Justin Georg Marino
Wilhelm Geiselhardt
Aurel Bugnar
Redukan Dymitri Shontya
Iori Nikolai Zhurya
Petre Georg Shuvar
Vasile Konstantin Marinash

Trial in Chernigov:

Zoltan Johann Aldya-Pap
Laszlo Antal Sabo
Istvan Ferenc Bauman
Georg Jakob Bukovar
Gesa Agoston Erlich
Sandor Isztvan Zachar
Ferenc Andras Amon
Bela Imre Shatran
Miklos Imre Michke
Laszlo Erns Shiprak
Deszo Ferenc Berdef
Josef Paul Borosh
Bruno Franz Baier
Stefan Erich von Tülf
Heinrich Droste
Kurt Prüfer
Karl Schultz
Gustav Braun
Fritz Zander


unknown place of trial:

Eberhard von Kurovsky- Military Tribunal of the Byelorussian district in the case of Eberhard von Kurovsky 1947
Max Gildesgaim
George Gove
Siegfried Schubert
Karl Horst
Wilhelm Franz Limann
Hans Behrstein
Alfred Drimmel
Max Schumacher
Gustav Linke-Military Tribunal of garrison of Berlin in the case of Gustav Linke
Heinrich Fressemann
Ludwig Röhn
Ernst Adolf Breunscheidt

I need more informations about the defendants and their sentence.
Last edited by ansata1976 on 18 May 2009 09:08, edited 1 time in total.

David Thompson
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by David Thompson » 18 May 2009 02:20

Jaenecke (Jänecke), Erwin (22.4.1890-3.7.1960) [Generaloberst] – b. at Freren; commander, 389th Infantry Division 31 Jan-1 Nov 1942; commander, IV Army Corps 1 Nov 1942-27 Jan 1943; commander, LXXXII Army Corps 1 Apr-1 Jun 1943; commander, 17th Army 24 Jun 1943-30 Apr 1944 [Knights Cross 1942] {taken into custody by Soviet forces 11 Jun 1945; put on trial by a Soviet tribunal at Sevastopol for war crimes; convicted and sentenced 25 Nov 1947 (History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 526, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948) or Feb 1948 (NYT 29 Feb 1948:14:1) to 25 years imprisonment; held after May 1950 as war criminal (NYT 7 May 1950:35:3); impending release pursuant to "Adenauer amnesty" announced by Nikita S. Khrushchev 9 Sept 1955 (Gulag Archipelago vol. 3, pps. 441-2); released from Soviet captivity 13 Oct 1955 (ABR-Croisier-H); died at Cologne (Koeln) 3 Jul 1960 (ABR-H). (Nazi Conspiracy & Aggression VI, pps. 624-634 [Document 3739-PS]; Hitler Moves East p. 615; ABR-H).}

Ochsner, Wilhelm "Willifrank" (31.03.1899-5.12.1990) [Generalleutnant] – b. Munich; commander, 31st Infantry Division 2 Aug 1943-Jun 1944; commander, Leadership Training Division (Div. Führer Lehrgang) [Knights Cross] {captured by Soviet forces Jun 1944 in collapse of Army Group Center (Scorched Earth p. 597; Hitler's Greatest Defeat p. 174); put on trial by a Soviet tribunal at Bobruisk on war crimes charges; convicted and sentenced 3 Nov 1947 to 25 years imprisonment (History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 527, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948); held after May 1950 as war criminal (NYT 7 May 1950:35:3); impending release pursuant to "Adenauer amnesty" announced by Nikita S. Khrushchev 9 Sept 1955 (Gulag Archipelago vol. 3, pps. 441-2); released from Soviet captivity 10 Oct 1955; died 5 Dec 1990 at Marquartstein (ABR-Croisier-H; ABR-H; Third Reich Factbook).}

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Heimatschuss
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Re: Trials in Russia

Post by Heimatschuss » 18 May 2009 05:24

Hello,

ansata1976 wrote:Trial in Kishinev:
? Devitz-Krebs

I need more informations about the defendants and their sentence.


I suppose it's Maj.Gen. Stanislaus von Dewitz called von Krebs. See http://www.geocities.com/~orion47/WEHRM ... SLAUS.html

Best regards
Torsten

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