Muslims and the Reich

Discussions on the foreigners (volunteers as well as conscripts) fighting in the German Wehrmacht, those collaborating with the Axis and other period Far Right organizations. Hosted by George Lepre.
murx
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Muslims and the Reich

Post by murx » 17 Jul 2011 13:20

Muslims and the Reich


Kopanski AB, Ph.D.



The Third Reich strongly supported the anti-colonial
political and cultural self-determination of the Muslims in western
Asia. Haj Muhammed al-Husseini, the grand mufti of Jerusalem
and the spiritual leader of the Pan-Islamic Movement for the
Restoration of the Caliphate, received political asylum in Hitler’s
Germany in 1938.He was later elected as the supreme sheikh-ul
Islam of the Muslim troops of the Axis. The Germans tried to
establish a political alliance with the legendary Mullah Mirza All
Khan of Ipi, who with his Wazirimujahideen resisted the British
rule over the Northwestern Frontier Province for 11 years.
In the 1930s, the NSDAP government of Adolf Hitler
established a very good diplomatic and cultural relationship with
Afghanistan. In 1941, two German envoys from Kabul visited
Gurwekht, a stronghold of Patani Islamic guerrilla action inside the
British zone of occupied Sarhad. They supplied him a significant
amount of money and delivered a supportive letter from Hitler.
When the German emissaries were returning to Kabul, they were
ambushed by British agents. One of them was killed and others
captured by the Afghan border police. The Afghan king, mindful
what happened to pro-German Iran, which had been invaded by the
Anglo-Soviet armies, was forced by the British war party to expel
all German and Italian “terrorists” from his country. After the
expulsion of the German nationals from Afghanistan, the British
army dispatched from Peshawar a gas squad that was ready to use
CN (lachrymatory) and DM (nauseating) gases against the Islamic
fighters in three districts. In the last moment some sensible British
officers obstructed the genocidal plan.

The British colonial troops were never able to defeat the
“fakir of Ipi.” He died in his famous mountain cave in 1957,
passing the succession of the regional caliphate to his nephew Niaz
Ali.1 General Leon Degrelle, a leader of the Rexist Party in
Belgium and a war hero of 75 hand-to-hand combat actions in
Russia, described the approach of pan-European soldiers toward
non-Christian cultures and religions:


German racialism has been deliberately distorted. It
never was an anti-“other race”. . . National Socialist racialism
was not against the other races, it was for its own race. It
aimed at defending and improving its race and wished that all
other races did the same for themselves. It was demonstrated
when the Waffen SS enlarged its ranks to include 60,000
Islamic SS troops. The Waffen SS respected their way of life,
their customs and their religious beliefs. Each Islamic SS
battalion had an imam; each company had a mullah. It was
our common wish that their qualities found their highest
expression. . . . I was present when each of my Islamic
comrades received a personal gift from Hitler during the new
year. It was a pendant with a small Koran. He was honoring
them with what was the most important aspect of their lives
and their history.2

In October 1939, Husseini, the spiritual leader of Mutamar
al-Alam al-Islami (the Islamic World League), arrived in Baghdad
from Berlin and joined the Committee of Free Arabs led by the socalled
“colonels of the Golden Square” or the Salaheddin as-
Sabbagh. The Iraqi officers prepared an anti-British pan-Arabic
revolution. The mufti quickly organized a patriotic government led
by Rashid Ali Gilani and Minister of Justice Nadji Shaukat,who
began negotiations with the British colonial administration. The
Free Arabs, Husseini and members of the popular Futuwwat
movements demanded the immediate containment of the growing
Zionist settlement in Palestine and a military action against the
Jewish terrorism of Vladimir Jabotinski’s fascist organization
Betar. The British negotiator, Colonel S.F. Newcombe, signed the
new agreement with the Arab delegation, but the Foreign Office
rejected it under the pressure of the Zionist lobby, and on May 12,
1941, Arab fedayeen led by Rashid Ali Gilani declared the
independence of Iraq. The declaration of independence of free Iraq
ignited a greater anti-colonial intifada of patriotic Muslim Arabs in
Palestine, Syria and Egypt. Kurdish nationalists also rose up
against the British colonial regime and its Hashemite stooge in
Baghdad. Unfortunately, Rashid Ali appointed Nur Said as new


Iraqi minister of foreign affairs, who secretly collaborated with the
British Foreign Office. During his diplomatic visit in Ankara in
June 1940, when Nadhi Shaukat, a new Iraqi minister of justice,
negotiated the German-Arab Peace and Cooperation Treaty with
the German ambassador (von Pappen),Nur Said conspired in the
British embassy. In October 23, 1940, Osman Kemal Haddad, a
representative of the Committee of Free Arabs from Iraq, Syria,
Palestine and Transjordan, signed in Berlin the Axis-Arab
Manifesto of Liberation. Hitler and Mussolini expressed their
strong support for the independent, united Arab state.3

The U.S. government immediately refused to sell weapons
to Iraq and sided with the British colonial administration. During
his second visit in Berlin in January 22, 1941, Kemal Haddad
handed to Adolf Hitler a letter from Mufti Hadji Amin who wrote
to the Fuehrer that “all Arab nations will join the Axis and they
will fight against our common enemy: the Anglo-Jewish
coalition.”4 Churchill ordered the removal of Rashid Ali in
January 31, 1941, and after a dramatic power struggle within the
new Iraqi government, Nur Ali and Abdullah bni Ali seized power
in Baghdad as regent. But the British political victory was thwarted
by a coup d’état of the Golden Square on the night of April 1.

Abdullah and Nur Said escaped to Amman, and Rashid Ali
Gilani returned to his office of prime minister. The Iraqi
Parliament elected Sharif Sharaf as a new regent on April 1, 1941.
On May 2, without declaration of war, the British Royal Air Force
(RAF) launched a campaign of methodical bombardment of the
poorly armed Iraqis from its airbase at Habbaniya. Hitler’s
government recognized the free Arab Republic and strongly
condemned the barbaric bombardment of Arab villages. The
Germans sent their famous SS paratroopers, or fallschirmjaegers,
and weapons to the anti-British Arab and Kurdish freedom
fighters. Konunando Manteuffel, called also
Verbindungskommando Syrien, led by Colonel von Manteuffel
supported by Major von Blomberg Iraq’s wing of Junker-52s and
Heinkel-111s wiped out the RAF airbase near Mosul. The German
air force commanded by Col. Junck bombed also the Gurkhas’

positions in Habbaniya from its base in Damascus, but the French
anti-German rebels who closely cooperated with the Zionist
terrorist groups of Irgun Tzvei Leumi (Stern Gang) and Haganah in
the neighboring British-occupied Palestine damaged and grounded
the Luftwaffe at Damascus airport. The “neutral” Turkish regime
of Innonu did not allow the German transport planes, which tried
to reach Iraq from their bases in Romania, to land and refuel. On
May 9, the Mufti Hadji al-Hussein declared jihad against the
British colonialists, but Churchill skillfully used his Indian Muslim
troops and the Arab Legion led by Sir John Glub Pasha. In May 29,
the British army captured Baghdad and rescued besieged
Habbaniya. Husseini and Rashid Ali fled to Iran and Turkey.

On June 21, British troops and Charles de Gaulle’s anti-
Vichy rebels captured Damascus, and Syria was incorporated into
the British Levant. When the Muslim residents of Baghdad
discovered that the local Jews had closely collaborated with the
British police during their action of mass arrest of the patriots, they
rose up in a two-day anti-Jewish riot. On June 2, more than 200
Jews were killed, and thousands of others escaped to Tel Aviv in
Palestine. The next day, the British-supported Abdullah appointed
Jamil al-Midfai as a new prime minister of pacified Iraq, but in
October 1941, Nur Said was declared by the British as a new Arab
puppet, and Iraq was converted into the Middle East supply center
of the Anglo-American oil concerns. Four pro-German colonels
were hanged.

In January 1943, Nur Said obediently declared war against
Germany, Italy and Japan. His successor, Hamdi al-Bajaji,
established diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union in August
28, 1944.The hopelessly outgunned Muslim patriots who survived
the British reprisal after the fall of Gilani’s government in Baghdad
and the Soviet-British invasion of pro-German Iran in August 25,
1941, emigrated to German-controlled Europe and organized the
Freies Arabien volunteer militia.

The Muslim anti-colonial movement Futuwwat led by Dr.
Sami Shaukat established a good relationship with the German


Hitler Youth in 1937, when Baldur von Schirach, the leader of
young German Hitlerians visited Iraq. In October 1938, 30 Muslim
delegates of Futuwwat participated in the international congress of
the NSDAP in Berlin. Hitler invited them to his office and
expressed his strong support for their struggle. Hizbe al-Ummah
al-Arabiyya (Party of the Arabic Nation) was another organization
of the Muslim Arabs, which closely cooperated with the German
NSDAP.

The Egyptian national socialist movement of “the green
shirts” and the Arab masses enthusiastically welcomed the
stunning victories of the legendary General Erwin Rommel’s
Afrika Korps over the British and American troops in Libya and
Tunisia. Arab scouts of the “Desert Fox” played an important role
in the German “Desert Storm” operation against Montgomery’s
“Desert Rats.” The Abwehr considered using Abderra-hman Bel
Hadji Hamid “Yassin,” the best Arab proxy of the German secret
service in mission to assassinate Churchill during his visit in
Casablanca. In Cairo, Prime Minister Hassan Sabri refused to
declare war against Italy and Germany, but his mysterious death in
November 14, 1940, frustrated the pro-German parties, and again,
the corrupt King Farouk and his courtiers decided on an
international policy dictated by London. Hundreds of pro-German
Arab patriots were arrested or murdered. General Aziz al-Masri
tried to escape to German-controlled Libya, but the British
captured him in the airport. On June 21, 1941, Arab students in
Greece formed the Deutsche Arabische Lehr Abteilung (DAL)
under command of Captain Schoeber. Saida Savitri, a female
Muslim journalist from India, wrote in her enthusiastic letter to
Adolf Hitler that “the Islamic Revival and German National
Socialism are united by the idealism called by our foes ‘fanaticism’
and by a common goal in the struggle against the Jewish
usurocracy.”5

On February 1, 1942, when a half-million Muslims in Cairo
demonstrated their support for the Axis and for the independence
of a united Arab state, Sir Miles Lampson-Killearn, the British
ambassador to Egypt, forced King Farouk to remove the Prime

Minister Sirri Pasha and to replace him by the British puppet
Nahas Pasha, who obediently followed Churchill’s orders.6 His
successor, Ahmed Maher Pasha, who tried to declare war against
Germany and Japan during the session of parliament, was gunned
down by a pro-German Muslim member of Misr al-Fatat (Young
Egypt).

In 1943, thousands ofMuslim volunteers from Syria, Iraq,
Algeria, Egypt and Morocco joined the Kommando Deutsch-
Arabischer Truppen (KODAT) or the German-Arab Special Forces
led by Colonel Meyer-Ricks and the Deutsche-Arabisches
Infanterie Batallion 845 or the 845th German-Arab Batallion led
by General Felmi. After the fall of the Third Reich, veterans of
KODAT and DAIB 845 joined the anti-colonial Muslim
mujahideen in Algeria. On September 23, 1940, British warships
with 2,000 “Free Frenchmen” on their decks tried to invade the
Senegalese capital of Dakar in French Equatorial Africa, where
pro-German French followers of Marshal Petain and their Muslim
riflemen had no desire to surrender to “Joan of Arc,” as Roosevelt
and Churchill called their own French stooge Charles de Gaulle.
The heavy guns of the battleship Richelieu and the coastal batteries
did not allow Admiral Cunningham to repeat the brutal victory of
Admiral Somerville’s British naval squadron,which sank four
French battleships and killed 1,350 French sailors at the Algerian
ports of Oran and Mars-al-Kabir on July 4, 1940.

Since July 4, 1940, when Churchill declared war against
Marshal Petain’s government, many Frenchmen believed that de
Gaulle was an opportunistic traitor on the British-Jewish payroll
who did not hesitate to kill his own countrymen. The British
“liberation” of Muslim-populated Dakar had been a total fiasco
and peace returned to the increasingly independent North Africa,
monitored by 200 German and Italian officers of the cease-fire
commission, until 1942,when Churchill,wanting to avoid a second
Dunkirk, found that the Arab Maghreb was the perfect springboard
for assault on “the soft underbelly” of the Axis “Fortress
Europe.”
On November 8, 1942, Roosevelt sent American troops to
“liberate” the French colonies of North Africa from the pro-
German Vichy regime. The naive young American soldiers believed that
they would be greeted with open arms by the “oppressed”
Frenchmen and the terrorized Arabs. During three days of fighting
more than 1,000 American soldiers were killed by the French
colonial troops, who later decided to fight the Germans. On
Valentine’s Day, 1943, 30,000 GIs met the Afrika Korps. In
Kasserine Pass, in the heart of the Tunisian desert, 6,500 “Yanks”
and 4,000 “Tommies” were killed. Hundreds of American soldiers
surrendered to the Germans without firing a shot. Rommel’s
fighters captured 400 tanks, 500 trucks and 200 artillery pieces. It
was a massacre of inexperienced youthful GIs sacrificed to Bellona
by incompetent American generals. After giving the Americans a
bloody nose, Rommel called off his attack, believing that they
would go away. The whole Allied front in North Africa was on the
verge of collapse. But he, like many other well-trained German
generals of the Wehrmacht, was wrong: The war was not over. The
French troops, the biggest army in Africa, did not cooperate, either
with the Allies or with the Germans. They had been busied by the
crackdown on the Arab and Berber freedom fighters.

According to Charles Whiting, a military historian and
author of Kasserine: First Blood (1984), the Arabs wanted to
achieve liberty from the French colonial yoke by making
approaches to the Germans in Tunisia. “Virtually everywhere that
German troops operated they were assisted by the local Arabs. The
Nazi yoke seemed preferable to the Arabs to that of France.”7

Before the fall of the Afrika Korps, the German
“Kommando Schacht,” led by General Ramcke, liberated 1,000
Muslim political prisoners from the French dungeons in Tunis.
Among them was young Habib Burguiba, a leader of the Neo-
Destour Party and later a president of “independent” Tunisia. Thus,


generals Eisenhower, Clark and Murphy recognized Marcel
Peyrouton, a former Darlan minister of the interior as the governor
general of French Algeria. Peyrouton was a cruel anti-Muslim
henchman of Darlan who ordered crushed any attempt of the
Algerian Arabs at independence.8

In September 1941 in a Byelorussian forest near Mogilev,
hundreds of thousands of Russians deserted from the defeated Red
Army and joined the Germans. Former Soviet General Andrei A.
Vlasov formed two divisions of the Committee for Liberation of
Russian Peoples (Voruzhennye Sily Komiteta Osvobozhdenya
Narodov Rossii) or KONR, which fought under his command
against communist terrorism in Italy and Bohemia. About 1 million
Russians defected to Nazi Germany. Many of them joined the
Russian Fascist Movement of the Young Russians (Miodorussy)
and the Russian National Socialist party Soratniki led by P.
Svetzarov, K. Rodzaievsky, K. Steklov, A.L. Kasem-Beg,
Bermond-Avalov and A. Vonsiatzky.11

In Istanbul and Paris, the Muslim refugee group
“Prometheus” representing mostly freedom fighters from Idil-Ural
Tataristan, Turkestan, Caucasus and the Crimea organized the
Islamic Legion for Fighting the Soviets. Said Shamil, the grandson
of the legendary Dagestani hero of the 19th century anti-Russian
Muslim resistance, contacted the French General Weygand in
Beirut. He offered to him a force of 60,000 Chechen, Ingush and
Ossetian Muslim troops for a military expedition against the
Soviets in the Caucasus. General Maxime Weygand appointed
General Massiet as the commander of the expedition, but the
Turkish secular regime of Innonu declared neutrality and did not
allow transporting the Caucasian fighters through Turkish
territory.12


In German-controlled Crimea, mosques ruined and
destroyed by the Soviets were reconstructed under the rule of the
Axis. In Bosnia and Croatia new mosques were erected. All of
them were again destroyed by the Soviets and Tito’s rebels after
the end of the war.

From the Soviet Central Asian colonies over a half million
Muslim Turkomans, Tadjiks and Uzbeks agreed to fight on the side
of the Third Reich. After the tragic death of Mustafa Chokai, the
leader of theMillij Turkestan Birliki (United Nation of Turkestan),
in 1941, the German ministry for the occupied western part of the
Soviet Union made Kayum Khan the commissioner for Free
Turkestan. Other Muslim commissioners were appointed by Dr.
Alfred Rosenberg to deal with Islamic volunteers from Caucasus,
Crimea and Itil-Ural Tatarstan. They succeeded by the end of the
war in recruiting more than 180,000 Muslim soldiers. There were
19 independent Islamic combat battalions and 24 infantry
companies of the Wehrmacht. Muslim Turks and Tartars also
formed Waffen SS troops known as the Ostturkisches
Waffenverband and SS-Waffengruppe “Turkestan.” SS-
Waffengruppe “Idel-Ural” and Waffengruppe “Krim” were
composed of the Muslim Crimean Tartars, Boshkirs and Siberians.
In 1945, the Germans formed the Nord Kaukasischer
Waffengruppe for Muslim volunteers from Chechnya, Ingushetia
and Ossetia. The Muslim soldiers were recruited mostly from the
detention and labor camps by SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Andreas
Mayer. The Soviets did not respect the basic rights of German
POWs and sent them directly to the slave camps of the GULAG
(the Main Administration for Corrective Labor Camps), the
greatest slave enterprise in history. Under Stalin’s regime,
estimates of the slave labor population run from 10 million to 15
million. The Soviet concentration camps were established in 1918.

The Islamic Waffen SS fought to the last man in the ruins
of Stalingrad (Volgograd), and one Turkestani officer, Ghulam Ali
(Alimov), with his 200 ghazis, won every possible German
decoration for bravery.13


In Romania, the Muslim Tartar refugees Mustecip Uluksal,
the editor of Emel (“Hope”), writer Edige Kirimal and Jafar
Seidahamet (Said Ahmed), a veteran of the short-lived Crimean
Republic of 1918,were invited to Berlin in November 1941 by von
Papen, the German ambassador to Turkey. In the capital of the
Third Reich, the Muslim Crimean leaders assisted in the
formulation of German policy toward Islam and the Muslim
Tartars. Acting as Muslim lobbyists for the Crimean cause they
received a positive response from Alfred Rosenberg, and in
German-occupied Crimea, General Manstein did everything in his

power to foster cordial relations with the Muslim Tartars.
Encouraged by him, more than 20,000 Crimean Muslims formed
self-defense battalions, partially armed by the Germans. The
Muslim units protected the mountainous areas of Crimea against
communist partisans. The Volga Tartars contributed 40,000
volunteers to the German-backed Turkestan SS Legion. Caucasian
Muslims sent even more: 110,000 tough anti-communist fighters.
Among the 180,000 Muslim volunteers in the German army and
Waffen SS there were 87 Turkic-speaking Muslim officers and 33
Obersturmfuehrers and Hauptsturmfuehrers.14

In 1944, the Muslim regiments had been waging antiterrorist
operations in Belarus where Major Andreas Mayer was
killed by a Soviet sniper. He was replaced by a drunkard,
Hauptsturm fuehrer Billig from Rostock, who ordered an
execution of 78 Muslim mutineers. This cruel act prompted the
instantaneous desertion of hundreds of angered Muslims who
joined the anti-communist and anti-German guerrillas in Lithuania
and Poland. In April 1944, Billig was discharged from the position
of commander and replaced by SS-Standarten fuehrer Harun al-
Rashid (Wilhelm Hintersatz), an Austrian convert to Islam. Under
his command, several Muslim units participated in the liquidation
of the Jewish Militant Organization (ZOB), an extremist Zionist
group led by Mordekhai Anielewicz, who ignited the anti-German
uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in April 1943. Defeated and
besieged in their underground bunker, 80 Jewish extremists
committed suicide by poisoning themselves. During 19 days of
street fighting against the Jewish rebels armed with machine-guns,
“Molotov cocktails” and a large number of grenades, the German
penal brigade of Dirlewanger and the Muslim detachment lost only
16 men. The SS infantry crushed the rebellion and killed 7,000
Jewish rebels. But thousands of Jews were able to escape from the
Warsaw ghetto into the forests, where they joined the communist
armed bands. After the crackdown, 56,000Warsaw Jews were
transported to KL Treblinka. The Zionist rebellion seriously
damaged the political negotiations between the moderate Zionist
organizations and the ruling NSDAP in occupied Poland. The
relationship between the National Socialist government of the
Third Reich and the international Jewish organizations was not
very good since the beginning of war. In October 1941, two Jewish
terrorists from Poland,Miron Sheskin, a ringleader of the Union of
Zionist Soldiers (Brit Hachayal), and Marek Kahan, an editor of a
Warsaw Yiddish newspaper, Der Moment, arrived at the base of the
new Polish army in Totzkoye in central Russia and began to
organize a Jewish legion. Polish General Wladyslaw Anders, the
chief commander of the new Polish army, told his officers that he
“fully understands [your] hostility toward the Jews. However,
[you] have to realize that the Anglo-American politicians are under
the constant pressure of the Jewish lobby.” He strongly supported
the idea of racial segregation of Jews and Poles in his forces.15

Thousands of Polish deportees in Siberia preferred a
Jewfree Polish national army. But the Jewish volunteers comprised
about 40 percent of the Soviet-monitored Polish “people” army’s
enlistees. They were commanded by Colonel Jan Gladyk, who was
assisted by Rabbi Leon Rozen-Szczekacz.

General Anders’s 114,000 soldiers left the Soviet Union via
Turkmenistan and Iran in 1942. The British transported the Polish
and Jewish soldiers to Palestine, where about 6,000 armed Jewish
soldiers deserted from General Anders’s army. Among them was
Menachem Beginowicz, a fanatical supporter of Vladimir
Jabotinski’s Jewish terrorism. The majority of the Jewish deserters
joined the anti-Arab terrorist Irgun. The Polish Zionist leaders and
chiefs of the Betar militia; Moshe Sneh, Nathan Yalin-Mor and
Israel Seib-Eldad left Warsaw in 1939 on Soviet visas when the
Germans defeated Poland after the Four-Week War. They
emigrated to Palestine, where they commanded Irgun and
Haganah terrorist operations against Arab civilians. The German
authorities tolerated the Zionist organizations in occupied Poland
and appointed Josef Glazman, the leader of the Lithuanian Betar,
as an inspector of the Jewish police (Judensraat) in Vilnius. In
Warsaw, the Nazi administration des-ignated Adam Czerniakow,
the head of the Association of Jewish Artisans, as president of the
Jewish minority in Poland. All Jewish city councils approved by
the Nazi administration were headed by ardent Zionist activists and
rabbis. In the city of Piotrkow, the Germans allowed the
organization of the Jewish kahal by the Marxist Bund Party. Avram
Gancwajch, a member of the Labor Zionist Party, was the Zionist
leader most cooperative with the Gestapo. He ruled over the
Warsaw shtetl from his headquarters at 13 Leszno Street. In
Vilnius, Jacov Gens was the Nazi-appointed head of the Jewish
township. In 1940, Polish nationalists attacked the Jewish police
and started raiding Zionist offices in Lodz. Jewish leftists fought
the Polish demonstrators over two days, until the Polish Blue
Police and German troops pacified the street battles. After the
Polish-Jewish ethnic conflict, Utzak Zukerm, a young Zionist
extremist, founded the Jewish Militant Organization
(Zydowskaorganizacja Bojowa). The Jewish leftist terrorist
organization Swit was supported by a small Polish Marxist group
of “Security Corps” (Korpus Bezpieczenstwa). Jewish communists
organized their own terrorist groups like “The Friends of the
Soviet Union,” “Sickle and Hammer” and “To Arms,” which later
were unified in a Soviet supported People’s Guard (Gwardia
Ludowa).

In areas densely populated by the Jews, like Belarus and
southern Lithuania, Zionists were able to form several well armed
bands, which based themselves in the forests and marshes. In
January 1942, Zionists and communists organized their first larger
terrorist units. In the Jewish autonomous sector of Vilnius the
Soviet agents of stavka or Stalin’s center of the anti-Nazi
guerrillas established the United Partisans Organization. In 1942,
the Zionist and communist terrorists derailed several trains
carrying wounded German soldiers, and their urban death squads
assassinated many German officers in Warsaw, among them a city
police chief named Kucsera. The communist terrorists tossed
bombs into restaurants, robbed banks and mutilated alleged
collaborators. Such tactics enraged the Germans, who responded

with an iron fist policy of mass arrests, public executions,
deportation of hostile elements to concentration camps, creation of
strategic villages, collective punishment, detention of suspected
terrorists without trial, physical and psychological pressure during
investigations and home demolition.

Many German officials, infuriated by the anti-Nazi
terrorism of Jewish bands such as “Death to Fascists,” “Neqamah”
(“Revenge”), “La-Nizahon” (“To Victory”), “Ma’araq”
(“Struggle”), “Qadimah” (“Forward”), violated the human rights
of Jews, Poles and Russians when the Jewish terrorists in Lithuania
and Belarus struck. Led by Kaplinsky, Atlas, Dvorzak and
Gildenmann, these terror cells murdered several Lithuanian or
German officers and their families. In October 1942, Heinrich
Himmler created independent battalions of Ordnungpolizei and
Bandenkampfverbande designated to fight mercilessly the
“partisans,” which were regarded as criminal formations. The
German counterterrorist units were supported by the local pro-
German Baltic and Ukrainian auxiliary home guards (Schuma). A
large number of Polish Jews joined also themost popular anti-
German and anti-Soviet Polish Armia Krajowa (Home Army),
which preferred a moderate resistance against the German
occupation. In 1943, the Soviets parachuted Pincus Kartin, a
Jewish communist veteran of the Spanish Civil War, into Poland.
He coordinated the anti-German Jewish resistance. Polish anti-
Zionist guerrillas from Narodowe Sily Zbrojne (National Armed
Forces) controlled the countryside and did not hesitate to kill
Jewish communist terrorists. Until 1943, the Germans actively
supported the mass emigration of Jews to Palestine via Romania,
Bulgaria and neutral Turkey.

However, the majority of the eastern European Jews
preferred to go to the United States via the Soviet Far East and
Japan. They were temporarily camped in the Jewish autonomous
Soviet region of Birobadzhan near Chinese border. The Muslim
allies and the pro-Muslim lobby in Berlin vigorously opposed the
plan of expulsion of Jews from Europe to Arab Palestine, but until
1944, the German supporters of mass Jewish emigration to British
colonies were more influential in Berlin than the German friends
of Arabs.

In Crimea, under the rule of General Manstein, the
Muslims enjoyed full religious freedom. The mosques were
opened in all towns, and muezzins called faithful Crimeans from
minarets to prayer. Austrian Alfred Fraunfeld was nominated as a
Generalkommissar for the Crimean peninsula, and he was very
sympathetic to the Muslim requests. He ordered the establishment
of national Islamic-oriented schools for Tartars. The German
administration granted the Tartars full political rights. In 1942,
many exiled Muslim intellectuals returned from Turkey and
Romania to Crimea. Imams provided Islamic religious services to
the Tartar troops. The German sponsored radio broadcasts aired an
Islamic khutbas on Fridays. The Germans planned to open a new
Muslim university in Akmecet (Simferopol), but the Russo-Anglo-
American allies forced the Germans to withdraw from Crimea.

In 1943, the German authority of the Crimea restored the
institution of the mufti, abolished by the Bolsheviks. Elected by
Muslims in Berlin, the new mufti, Ozenbashi, guided the Crimean
Tartars until April 1944, when the Soviet army had reconquered
Crimea. During the first two weeks of the anti-Tartar pogroms,
Soviet soldiers murdered 12,000 Muslims. In Achjar (Simferopol)
the streets were lined with corpses hanging from tree branches and
telephone poles. Even women and children were shot without trial
or formal charges. One witness reported that intoxicated Soviet
soldiers raped Tartar children.17

In 1945, in the former ancient mosque of Yalta, converted
into a guest house, the Big Three, Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt,
signed the notorious Yalta Treaty, which divided Europe into
American and Soviet zones of subjugation for the next 50 years.
During the conference Stalin said to Churchill: “Eastern and
central Europe will not be permitted to group themselves into any
federation or association. . . . The rest of Europe will be reduced to
military and political impotence.”18



Endnotes

1M. Ibrahim, “The Story of the Faqir of Ipi.” The Nation, March 5,


1993, 18.
2 L. Degrelle, Epic: The Story of the Waffen SS. Torrance: IHR,
1985. 28-29.


3 M. Khadduri, Independent Iraq 1932-1958. A Study in Iraq
Politics. London: Oxford University Press, 187.
4 Quoted by Majid Khadduri, op. cit., 380.
5 S. Savitri, “L’Islam devant le National-Socialisme (flyer), Paris,


23



1940.Vide: C. Mutti, Il Nazismo e l’Islam, Saluzzo: FC 1986,
passim.

6 A. El-Sadat, Geheimtagebuch der Agyptischen Revolution.
Dusseldorf-Koln: E. Diederich Verlag, 1957, 60-65.

7 C. Whiting, Kasserine. First Blood. The Battlefield Slaughter of
American Troops by Rommel’s Afrika Korps. New York. Military
Heritage Press, 1984, 115.

8 Ibid., 121.

9 L’Humanité, May 11, 1945.

10 P. Knightley, The First Casualty. NY-London: a Harvest Book,
1975, 359.

11 R. Luckett. “A Million Russians Fight for Hitler,” Sunday
Times. May 21,

1972. General Vlasov had been arrested by U.S. troops and handed
to the Soviet NKVD.He was hanged in Moscow in 1946, after
many months of horrible torture. The pro-German Russian POWs
were exterminated in the Siberian death camps of the infamous
GULAG.

12 In 1944, the Germans and their Bosnian and Croatian allies
replaced the Cossacks, who were transferred to Italy, where they
established in Friali the Cosachistan or “the Cossack community.”
On May 3, 1945, the leader of the Cossacks, Ataman T.I.
Domanov, ordered the evacuation of the Cossack families from
Italy to Austria. After having been guaranteed their rights and
promised by the British officers that they would not be deported to
the Soviet Union, they surrendered to the Allies. But the British
commander of the 8th Argyll and Southerland Highlanders, Col.
Malcolm, immediately broke this promise and Italian communist
gangs were allowed to plunder the disarmed Cossack families.
About 15,000 men, 4,000 women and 2,500 children were interned
at Lienz in East Tyrol. On May 13, 1945, the first and second
Cossack divisions were disarmed by the British troops in
Voelkmart in Austria. Ten days later, Churchill ordered all

24



Cossacks handed to the Soviets. Their famous full-blood horses
and the cash savings of the Cossack families (6 million lires and 6
million Reichmarks) were confiscated by the British army in
Lienz. On May 29, 3,000 Cossack troops and their 205 generals
and colonels were massacred by the British prison guard in the
detention camp at Spittal. Those who survived the “Night of the
Bludgeons” were transported in locked trucks to Judenburg, where
they were turned over to the Soviet NKVD. Between May 31 and
June 2, 1945,more than 32,000 Cossacks and 750 German officers
were deported to USSR. Two years later, Ataman P.N. Krasnov. Lt.
Gen. A.S.G. Shkuro, Maj.-Gen. Prince Sultan Girey, Maj.-Gen.

S.N. Krasnov,Maj. Gen. T. I. Domanov and Lt. Gen. H. von
Pannwitz were slaughtered in the courtyard of Lefortovo prison.
13 M.Weygand. Memoires. Rappele’ au service, Paris: Flamarion
1950, 7-75.

14 O. Caroe, (ed.). Soviet Empire: The Turks of Central Asia and
Stalinism. London: Macmillan 1967, 246, 249, 251.

15 N. Muller. Wehrmacht und Okkupation 1941-1944. Berlin 1971,

124.
16 E. Kirimal, “Mass Deportation and Massacres in the Crimea,”
Cultura Turcica. vol. 1, no. 2, (1964), 253-265. idem.; Sovyet
Rusya Hakimyeti altinda Kirim Dergi, vol. 49, (1967), 59-66.

17 R.Ainsztajn, “The Sikorski Affair.” Jewish Quarterly, Spring
(1969), 31. also; Y. Gutman, “Jews in General Anders’ Army in the
Soviet Union,” Yad Vashem Studies, vol. 12, (1968), 12-15.

18 A.B. Kopanski. The Broken Crescent. The Rise and Fall of the
Muslim Crimea. Islamabad: Islamic Foundation, 1992, 100.

PROF. DR. ATAULLAH KOPANSKI is a professor of European
and American history in the International Islamic University of
Malaysia and is a citizen of the United States. His Ph.D. is from
the University of Silesia and he sits on the editorial board of TBR.


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Marcus
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Re: Muslims and the Reich

Post by Marcus » 17 Jul 2011 14:30

The source of that article includes among other things:
"The Ethic Cleansing that Claimed 20 Million German Lives – Michael McLaughlin reviews secret documents recently released by the British Records Office at Kew in London that reveal the stark horror of ritualistic executions of German POWs carried out by British, American and Jewish torturers—assisted by certified doctors."
"Holocaust Revisionism in One Easy Lesson – John “Birdman” Bryant explains the problems with the accepted state versions of the history of the Jews in World War II."
"The Soviet ‘Discoveries’ In Auschwitz – Udo Walendy’s research into the historical facts about Auschwitz that resulted in his being imprisoned for revealing “inconvenient” historical truths."
"Concentration Camp Money – Jennifer White gives many new facts about life in German concentration camps. "
"What’s So Special About ‘The’ Holocaust? – Michael Collins Piper examines why Americans know the 6 million number of WWII Jews but not how many Americans died in the war. "
"Leon Degrelle: Warrior for the West – W. A. Carto presents the inspiring and tragic story of an idealistic, indomitable and fearless leader who survived the worst that World War II had to offer, only to be struck down by treason in the twilight of his life. "
I'm sure the readers can make up their mind about the reliability of its material.

/Marcus

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Inselaffe
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Re: Muslims and the Reich

Post by Inselaffe » 17 Jul 2011 15:41

Marcus Wendel wrote:I'm sure the readers can make up their mind about the reliability of its material.


Indeed! The author has his own Facebook group for anyone who's interested, see http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=1 ... 878&v=info :roll:

Just a minor point....

murx wrote:the British
army dispatched from Peshawar a gas squad that was ready to use
CN (lachrymatory) and DM (nauseating) gases against the Islamic
fighters in three districts. In the last moment some sensible British
officers obstructed the genocidal plan.


Not quite sure how genocidal you can be with tear gas, 'cos that's what those two agents are (though DM is a bit more unpleasant). Neither could kill or cause lasting harm. Maybe they should have got hold of some Zyklon B. No doubt the 'historian' concerned thinks that was only ever used on rodents. I could go on...and on. :x

Cheers.
"It was like Hungary being between Germany and the Soviet Union. What sort of choice was that? Which language would you like your firing squad to speak?" Tibor Fischer 'Under the Frog'.

California
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Re: Muslims and the Reich

Post by California » 18 Jul 2011 18:22

biased view

AzeriHandschar
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Re: Muslims and the Reich

Post by AzeriHandschar » 01 Jan 2012 04:45

Over 427,000 volunteers from the East who were Muslims served within the Waffen SS and Wehrmacht ranks during World War II and they did so proudly. Around 20 or so relatives from my moms side served on the Eastern Front and many of them died, while at the front they said they saw a lot of Muslims or Hiwis, and said they were very loyal, hard fighting, and strong spirited men. God rest them all and their German and European comrades that died as brothers on the Eastern Front.

Rob - wssob2
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Re: Muslims and the Reich

Post by Rob - wssob2 » 02 Jan 2012 00:31

Over 427,000 volunteers from the East who were Muslims served within the Waffen SS and Wehrmacht ranks during World War II and they did so proudly.


Actually, they did so as a means to keep from starving to death in a POW camp.

while at the front they said they saw a lot of Muslims or Hiwis, and said they were very loyal, hard fighting, and strong spirited men.


Where and when were your relatives at the front? What ostruppen units did they see?

Many German assessments of the ostruppen were the opposite (e.g. the German 19th Army's assessment of the 30th SS Division in Nov 1944 as "completely unreliable"

God rest them all and their German and European comrades that died as brothers on the Eastern Front.


Comrades fleeing one genocidal dictatorship to serve in another, perhaps.

Ustuf.33
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Re: Muslims and the Reich

Post by Ustuf.33 » 02 Jan 2012 02:19

the exact truth is not like rob says, and is not like azerihandschar says...it is always between the two.

Rob is false when he says volunteers were use like "cannon fodder" (french SS volunteers were train for some 1 year , before to go to west Ukraine ...)
Azeri is wrong when he says "muslim" volunteers (very large scale of people...) were true brother in arms of the germans.

Exact truth is always between the two extreme view of the history.

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Re: Muslims and the Reich

Post by Jack Cope » 31 Jan 2012 07:14

The article is interesting to say the least but as other said it is a biased view. Still, useful for my research, thanks for sharing.

Jack

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LWD
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Re: Muslims and the Reich

Post by LWD » 31 Jan 2012 14:47

It would be interesting to know how many Muslims served in the allied armies. I suspect more than served with the axis but have little other than some elementary logic to back it. It may be OT for this thread as well although the relatiave levels of support might be relevant.

Jack Cope
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Re: Muslims and the Reich

Post by Jack Cope » 02 Feb 2012 16:13

LWD wrote:It would be interesting to know how many Muslims served in the allied armies. I suspect more than served with the axis but have little other than some elementary logic to back it. It may be OT for this thread as well although the relatiave levels of support might be relevant.


The Muslim Council of Britain released a document some years ago called 'Remembering the Brave' on this very topic. By their reckoning it was at least a million based on the fact that the Indian Army alone was 2.5 million men with huge numbers being drawn from the Punjab. No one that I've seen has any hard figures however... I hope to find or produce some myself eventually. But based on the large numbers of colonial regiments that drew from locals I think that a million is probably the lower estimate. Of course very few of these would have seen combat in any of the big theaters or were quickly eliminated at the start of the war (for example the Malay Regiments).

Thus my reckoning is like yours in that far more Muslims served with the allies than the axis, especially if we take into account axillary services such as the Merchant Navy that did so much in keeping the allies supplied and faced huge odds in doing so. Large numbers of these personnel would have been drawn from the seagoing Muslims of what is now Indonesia and Malaysia, as evidenced by the fact that early Muslim communities in Europe were made by these men and their families.

Jack

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