An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 09:45

The following was then posted on Peters post viewtopic.php?f=45&t=229474#p2086621

Re: Berlin Volkssturm ... at last !
Postby Georges JEROME » 07 Jul 2017, 00:42

SA-Ogruf. Günther GRÄNTZ was F SA-Gruppe Berlin Brandenburg from jan. 44 till the end.
Front Service as Leutnant der Reserve. Deutsche Kreuz in Gold on 2.42 as Zugführer in 4.(M.G.° Kp. I.R. 468 (I.D. 268).
18.9.1943 from O.K.H. left army service for leasdership SA Gruppe Nieersachsen
Finally discharged from army as Major der Reserve in 1944.
10.44 Gaustabsführer Volksturm Gau Berlin. +30.4.1945 K.I.A.
(Michael Miller and Andreas Schulz Leaders of the SA volume 1)
Best regards

Georges

Re: Berlin Volkssturm ... at last !
Postby lutrebois » 07 Jul 2017, 04:57

Hello Halfdan and Georges,
GRÄNTZ is the man !
He kept his word: " ... Die Reichshauptstadt wird bis zum letzten verteidigt..."
Regards
Gräntz (1) 14.jpg
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Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 09:48

Additional information supplied on Peters post was supplied by Halfdan S
Re: Berlin Volkssturm ... at last !
Postby Halfdan S. » 06 Jul 2017, 00:06

Hi Peter,

very interesting. The overall leader of the Berliner Volkssturm was off course Dr. Joseph Goebbels, his chief of staf (Gaustabsführer) was SA-Ogruf. Günther Gräntz, who fell in Berlin-Zehlendorf on April 30th, 1945.

The Chief of Staff Kissel that you mention must be:
Chef des „Führungsstabes Deutscher Volkssturm beim Reichsführer SS”, Generalmajor Hans Kissel … I must look out for this book ...

Here is a list of the Bataillons within the Berlin Volkssturm:

3 Berlin
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/1
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/2
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/3
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/4
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/5
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/6
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/7
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/8
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/9
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/10
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/11
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/12
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/13
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/14
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/15
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/16
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/17
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/18
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/19
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/20
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/21
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/22
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/23
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/24
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/25
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/26
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/27
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/28
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/29
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/30
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/31
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/32
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/33
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/34
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/35
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/36
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/37
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/38
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/39
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/40
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/41
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/42
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/43
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/44
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/45
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/46
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/47
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/48
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/49
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/50
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/51
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/52
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/53
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/54
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/55
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/56
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/57
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/58
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/59
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/60
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/61
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/62
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/63
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/64
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/65
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/66
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/67
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/68
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/69
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/70
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/71
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/72
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/73
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/74
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/75
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/76
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/77
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/78
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/79
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/80
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/81
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/82
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/83
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/84
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/85
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/86
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/87
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/88
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/89
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/90
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/91
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/92
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/93
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/94
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/95
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/96
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/97
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/98
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/99
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/100
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/101
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/102
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/103
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/104
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/105
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/106
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/107
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/108
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/109
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/110
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/111
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/112
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/113
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/114
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/115
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/116
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/117
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/118
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/119
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/120
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/121
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/122
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/123
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/124
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/125
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/126
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/127
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/128
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/129
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/130
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/131
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/132
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/133
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/134
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/135
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/136
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/137
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/138
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/139
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/140
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/141
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/142
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/143
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/144
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/145
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/146
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/149
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/155
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/162
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/163
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/164
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/191
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/201
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/202
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/203
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/204
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/205
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/209
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/211
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/229
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/260
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/283
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/301
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/302
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/303
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/304
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/305
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/306
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/307
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/308
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/309
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/310
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/311
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/312
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/313
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/314
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/315
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/316
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/317
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/318
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/319
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/320
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/321
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/322
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/323
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/324
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/325
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/326
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/327
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/328
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/329
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/330
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/331
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/332
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/333
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/334
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/335
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/336
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/337
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/338
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/339
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/340
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/341
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/342
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/343
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/344
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/345
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/346
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/347
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/348
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/349
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/350
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/351
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/352
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/353
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/354
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/355
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/356
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/357
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/358
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/359
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/360
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/361
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/362
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/363
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/364
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/365
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/366
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/367
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/368
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/369
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/370
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/371
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/372
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/373
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/374
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/375
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/376
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/377
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/378
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/379
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/380
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/381
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/382
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/383
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/384
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/385
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/386
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/387
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/388
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/389
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/390
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/391
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/403
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/404
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/405
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/406
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/407
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/410
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/411
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/412
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/413
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/414
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/415
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/425
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/426
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/427
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/432
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/456
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/469
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/501
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/502
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/503
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/504
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/505
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/506
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/507
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/508
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/511
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/512
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/513
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/514
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/515
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/516
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/517
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/521
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/552
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/555
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/556
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/569
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/591
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/603
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/604
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/605
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/606
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/607
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/608
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/609
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/610
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/611
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/612
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/613
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/614
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/615
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/616
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/617 (Packebusch)
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/618
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/619
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/628
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/669
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/691
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/699
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/705
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/706
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/707
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/708
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/709
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/715
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/721
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/722
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/723
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/801
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/802
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/803
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/807
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/808
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/809
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/810
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/811
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/869
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/899
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/903
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/962
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/990

The only Bataillons leaders that I have are:

SS-Stubf. Walter Heberer, leader of a Ämter-Bataillon according to Thomas Fischer Mohnke-book; Dr. Werner Naumann, leader of another Ämter-Bataillon. Furthermore I have the above mentioned Packebusch, who was awarded a Ritterkreuz during the Battle:
Packebusch, Karl 26.04.1945 Fhr eines Volkssturm-Btls in Berlin-Wedding [announcement in "Flensburger Nachrichten" on 27.04.1945]

Regards
Halfdan S.

Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 11:00

The following website relates to Verteidigungs Abschnitt B and Verteidigungs Abschnitt C at Berlin 1945. This was inspired by Peter 'lutrebois' outstanding work on Verteidigungs Abschnitt B viewtopic.php?f=45&t=229474#p2086621, for me to locate further information on the Verteidigungs Abschnitt. I came across the information by accident, I will now present it for the reader.

I will post the relevant information relating to the Volkssturm from this website. It is like Peter's work very detailed. I believe it is complimentary to both works and it would have been a major undertaking by both Peter and the author of the website.
The Berlin 1945 defense area - a little explored topic

After the storm of January 1945, the Red Army was now on the Oder and had already trained Brückköpfe over this last natural obstacle before the storm on Berlin. The Wehrmacht report of 3 February reported attacks by combat groups against Soviet associations near Reppen. Reppen was a thoroughly familiar name for the Berliners. The delightful lake and forest landscape had been a popular destination for the Red Army! On the night of 1 February the Volkssturm was called. Berlin, as a fortified fortress, was now declared a defensive area. Stations, bridges and public buildings were occupied. The atmosphere in the city was tense and nervous. But the next days and weeks passed without any major news from the Oder front.

Defensive sections on Soviet maps
Berlin-Verteidigungsbereiche- 1.jpg
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Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 11:17

A defensive area was, according to the military definition, a fortress not yet fully developed. Fortresses, on the other hand, were, according to National Socialist understanding, places and places which had to be defended to the last man. Hitler himself had just given up on the Eastern Front, even in hopeless situations, under the threat of the death penalty to generals, prohibition of retreat.

At the Hohenzollerndamm 144, in the building of the Wehrbereichskommando III, the headquarters for the coordination of the Berlin Abwehrkampf was located since February. The General Reymann, who was responsible for the defense, would, according to his own estimate, have needed around 200,000 well-trained soldiers for an effective defense of Berlin. In fact, he had about 94,000 available, of which 60,000 belonged to the Volkssturm.

This was, however, consistent, since the military leadership assumed that the struggle for Berlin would be decided on the Oder anyway. The backbone of the defense of the Reichshauptstadt therefore constituted badly equipped ethnic storm units. Only relatively few units of the Wehrmacht were assigned to the city, most of the active soldiers were sent to the Oder fronts near Seelow, Küstrin and Frankfurt / Oder.

General Reymann listed 92 Volkssturmbataillone, divided into Volkssturm I and Volkssturm II. Wehrmacht units in the city were, for example, fortress PAK units and alarm units. Lothar Loewe (born in 1929), a television journalist, took part in the battles in Berlin as a 16-year-old. In addition to his written report in the Venghaus, he gave me some important background information on the structure of the PAK-Verband III Berlin Hitlerjunge belonged: "Commander of our unit [Stabes] (...) was Panzerjägermajor Theodor Baechle from Crailsheim. A highly dignified, caring officer, who was a Protestant pastor in the civilian profession. " The Fortification PAK Verband III Berlin essentially consisted of three elements. The first element was pest control compartments. These were mainly equipped with no longer ready-to-go or semi-finished tanks placed or buryed at roadsides and other prominent points. In addition, so-called training tanks, on which formerly Panzeroldaten were trained, but in their functionality were partly very limited. These had, for example, wood gas engines instead of diesel engines. The crew or staff consisted mostly of regular armored soldiers, who had come from hospitals, or who had already been dismissed from the defenses and were now to be deployed in the last battle. These were mainly equipped with no longer ready-to-go or semi-finished tanks placed or buryed at roadsides and other prominent points. In addition, so-called training tanks, on which formerly Panzeroldaten were trained, but in their functionality were partly very limited. These had, for example, wood gas engines instead of diesel engines. The crew or staff consisted mostly of regular armored soldiers, who had come from hospitals, or who had already been dismissed from the defenses and were now to be deployed in the last battle. These were mainly equipped with no longer ready-to-go or semi-finished tanks placed or buryed at roadsides and other prominent points. In addition, so-called training tanks, on which formerly Panzeroldaten were trained, but in their functionality were partly very limited. These had, for example, wood gas engines instead of diesel engines. The crew or staff consisted mostly of regular armored soldiers, who had come from hospitals, or who had already been dismissed from the defenses and were now to be deployed in the last battle. On which former tanks were trained, but which were partly limited in their functionality. These had, for example, wood gas engines instead of diesel engines. The crew or staff consisted mostly of regular armored soldiers, who had come from hospitals, or who had already been dismissed from the defenses and were now to be deployed in the last battle. On which former tanks were trained, but which were partly limited in their functionality. These had, for example, wood gas engines instead of diesel engines. The crew or staff consisted mostly of regular armored soldiers, who had come from hospitals, or who had already been dismissed from the defenses and were now to be deployed in the last battle.

The second element of the fortified PAK units were the Panzerjagdeinheiten or armored units, mostly occupied by Hitlerjungen. These units were mainly mobile. With bicycles, carriages, cars, etc., the guys should hunt for enemy tanks.

The third element were companies or PAK trains, which were used on certain streets, squares and places with 8.8cm guns. Lothar Loewe estimated the number of members per company to be about 120. A company consisted of 3 trains, a PAA train usually consisted of three 8.8 cm guns. Richard Göbel is probably very likely to have been a gunman in the PAK train "Spernat" in Berlin. The unit presumably belonged to the fortified PA area Berlin. Until the end, Richard's open address in Berlin was the "Army Weapons Master's School" at Treptower Park 4-8. Here various battle groups were equipped and supplied.
The Berlin Verteidigungsbereich [area of ​​defense] was divided into eight Abschnitt [sections] AH on the instructions of General Reymann, each section under the command of a commander with the command authority of a divisional commander. In the center, the inner (ninth) Kampfring, the citadel "Z", was formed, which corresponded to the course of the government quarter. The image of the defensive area corresponded to a cake with a diameter of about 40 - 60 km. The individual command sections had the form of cake pieces. The central command post of the overall defense of Berlin was, as already mentioned, in the Generalkommando at the Hohenzollerndamm 144. Each section had its own committees of the section commanders. These goods:

Abschnitt [Section] A: Otl bearers (missed since 2.5.45 in Berlin) - Field mailing number "FPN" 64366

Abschnitt B: Colonel Clausen - FPN 64821 / Battlefield Pioneer School in Karlshorst

Abschnitt C: Colonel Mootz - FPN 65178

Abschnitt D: Generalmajor Schreder - FPN 65719

Abschnitt E: Lieutenant Colonel Römhild (t) - FPN 65976

Abschnitt F: Obersteder - FPN 66518

Abschnitt G: Colonel Schaefer - FPN?

Abschnitt H: Oberstleutnant Rossbach - FPN 67105

Abschnitt Z [Zitadelle]: Lieutenant Colonel - FPN 67602
Within the respective sections there were Festungsregiment [fortress regiments], which were assigned to Kampfbataillone [combat battalions]. These were essentially Volkssturmbataillone / -kompanies, reinforced by Wehrmachts- and HJ Einheiten [units].

Abschnitt [Section] A: Festungsregiment 57

Abschnitt B: Festungsregiment 58

Abschnitt C: Festungsregiment 59

Abschnitt D: Festungsregiment 60

Abschnitt E: Festungsregiment 61

Abschnitt F: Festungsregiment 62: Commander Oberstleutnant Löling

Abschnitt G: Festungsregiment 63

Abschnitt H: Festungsregiment 64

Abschnitt Z / Town Center: Festungsregiment 65

Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 11:43

On the basis of my research in the DRK archives, the image searchlists of the DRC, the research on the Internet and people who contacted me via my website, I tried to make a list of soldiers who fought in Berlin as members of a fortification PAK unit .

On a parallel page, I tried to identify members of the Volkssturm. My personal research is limited to the Verteidigungsabschnitte [defensive sections] C and D, ie the area Neukölln, Britz, Buckow, Mariendorfer Damm, etc. These areas were in the main thrust of the Red Army attacking from the south.
http://richard.tom-goebel.de/berlin-194 ... 35ac6-1302

Volkssturmeinheiten - Britz, Buckow, Neukölln

Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/3
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/301
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/311
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/321
Capture A.JPG
Capture B.JPG
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Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 11:44

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 12:25

The following I found from a Russian website in relation to the Volkssturm

Great Patriotic War: T. 15 (4-5). Battle for Berlin

Volkssturm-Bataillons "Breslau", "Strehlen", "Olau" "Brig"

Volkssturm

Volkssturm battalion combat group GDO [???? My question marks]

Chief of Staff of the 150th Infantry Division, Colonel Diachkov

Head of the general political department of the 3rd Shock Army Captain Sin

Russian Federation. F. 233. Op. 2374. D. 71. L. 210. Head. copy.

Number 81. Battle report of chief of staff of the 79th Infantry Corps Commander of the 3rd Shock Army to storm the Reichstag

Number 0078 30 April 1945 18:00

1. Opponent defeated 617, 403, 407 and 421 Volkssturm Battalion continues to provide resistance, to the advancing thrust housing parts. 04/28/45, at its way to the aircraft in the collecting area Reichstag battalion SS consisting of sailors, pilots, selected infantry renders stiff resistance, having a reinforced concrete tank obstacles around Reichstag tank ditch, filled with water, barbed wire, a trench profile with full communication trenches .

In the first 2-3 days of the onset of these parts of our enemy was defeated. Remnants of these parts together with planted Volkssturm battalions (713, 803, etc.) Tried to stop our offensive on the near approaches to Berlin.

Part of our army, breaking through the defenses around Berlin, April 21, broke into its suburbs.

It began fighting in the streets. In this period a large number of remnants of the defeated regular units were concentrated in Berlin, the Volkssturm battalions, detachments of police and SS. Including the remains of [236] division "Berenfenger", Division "Nordland", battalions of the Volkssturm-Bataillon 811, Volkssturm- Bataillon "Roland", the Volkssturm-Bataillon 320, 4th training Luftwaffe-Field-Bataillon, Flak-Bataillon "Aylers" tank-fighter group 'Hitler-Jugend'.

The German command of the Berlin garrison took the most cruel measures to curb desertion. On what size accepted by desertion, shows indication of non-commissioned officer of Maksa Ryugera 309th convalescent team. He testified: "Now the parts are in Berlin, developed desertion. Our platoon was 30 people, of whom deserted for April 25, 6 people. Every day in Berlin - Spandau publicly shot up to 30 people for desertion. The population is angry at the soldiers. It requires that soldiers threw to fight. "

Gari Noyman soldiers of the 1st company of the Volkssturm "Roland" revealed: "The German command makes a lot of orders for the executions of soldiers for cowardice. In Berlin, on one of the railway bridges hanged German Obergefreiter, and gallows nailed a placard: "I did not want to protect his wife and children, so there is hanged."

Number 200. From the report a political poll commander Infantry Division "Berwald" Lieutenant-General V. Raytelya. On the prospects of war
March 14, 1945

Willie Raytel (Willi Raithel), was born in 1894 in Ingolstadt (Bayern). He graduated from the classical. Gymnasium in Munich. He is married and has two daughters, a Catholic, a professional military - artillery. Father - a retired major.

For military service voluntarily joined in 1918, "Lieutenant" title was in 1914. In the war of 1914-1918. He participated as a battery commander. In 1918 he received the rank of "Lieutenant". Then - continuously on military service in artchastyah. In 1939 - the commander of the division in the art. school Juterborg. In 1940 - the staff-officer of artillery in the Army Group "B" in France. In 1941 - the first beginning. Artillery 18 ak in Greece, then - early. Artillery 36 ak in Finland. In 1942 - the commander of 199 PD in Norway. In 1943 - early. Artillery of the 4th tank. Army (Ukraine), from May 1944 to February 1945 - beg. Artillery School Grossborn. Since the beginning of February 1945 - the division commander, "Berwald."

He knows a little Russian, in 1938 passed the test interpreter.

The title of "captain" was in 1925, "major" - in 1934, "Colonel" - in 1936, "Colonel" - in 1940, "Major-General" - in 1942 and "General -leytenant »〿 in 1943 [...]

Question: Your assessment of the Volkssturm.

Answer: Volkssturm is great in concept, but the military its importance is negligible. Then play the role of people age, their poor military training and the almost complete absence of weapons. Volkssturm battalions, which I have seen, were very poorly outfitted and worse armed. For Volksshturm in Pomerania it was simply impossible, in my opinion, to deliver a weapon. They are supposed to be equipped with captured weapons, available in abundance, but it was impossible due to lack of transport, which could give him a ride from the central regions of Germany. At best I have seen battalions Volkssturm only on the trench works. When the question arose of how to replenish my division at the expense of the Volkssturm, I refused. Volksshturm would reduce the fighting capacity of my division and would have even more unpleasant variety in its already pretty motley composition.

Thus, the captive commander of 569 Volkssturm-Battalion, captain Ethel Maier Krestian, showed that his soldiers "especially confidently defended in areas destroyed by bombing, as they could anywhere in the house to choose a location for shooting and not fear that they their shooting attract Russian artillery fire on civilized people. "

http://lib.rus.ec/b/311211/read

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 12:38

The following is an interesting piece written about the Volkssturm and the Werewolf movement I discovered on a Russian website.

Werewolf. Ruth Fraiger

Volkssturm and the Werewolf Movement.

Bormann and Goebbels, as well as other party functionaries like Robert Leigh, gradually came to the idea of ​​the need for a "populist" (one might even say, to a certain extent, left) policy, which was to become a pledge of the beginning of a truly "people's war". There are obvious parallels with the Soviet Union and the role assigned to the Communist Party during the Great Patriotic War. But at the same time, we should not forget that the consistent supporters of this political line were the CA, the assault detachments of the NSDAP. At the time of the arrival of the Nazis to power it was the storm troopers who insisted on the formation of a "people's army". The CA leadership even started creating their own training camps, where the training of storm troopers was more like guerrilla training. All this led to a conflict with the Reichswehr, which ended in the massacre of 1934, Known in history as "the night of long knives". But even after CA lost its former position and lost political weight, they continued to train civilians. In 1939, instructors-stormtroopers were instructed to teach civilians the skills of shooting from a rifle. In the summer of 1944, this program was significantly expanded. It seemed that the stormtroopers had left the shadow again. But this takeoff was short-lived. When, in the autumn of 1944, the Red Army and the Allied troops approached the borders of Germany, it became clear that this was nothing more than a banal precaution. In addition, numerous party functionaries joined the struggle, who intended to multiply their political capital. As a result, CA remained an auxiliary organization. After suppressing the "coup of Röhm", the stormtroopers could not recover from the impact they had inflicted. Captured to the Americans, one of the high-ranking storm troopers said that the leadership of the Third Reich did not even consider the possibility of involving the CA in the preparation of partisan detachments.

When in September 1944 the Wehrmacht was on the verge of collapse for the first time, a number of generals agreed to the involvement of civilians. But in this case it was a question of building fortifications in the border areas of Germany. However, some military men expressed the idea of ​​the need to create detachments of civilian militia, the nucleus of which could be played by local groups of CA. In this situation, even Hitler admitted that there was a need for such units. Not wishing to share this "pie" with the military and stormtroopers, he gave orders on the party line. He appointed Gauleaters of the NSDAP as Special Commissioners for the defense of the Reich. Now the power of party functionaries began to grow as the situation worsened on the fronts. It seemed that at such a critical moment for the Hitler regime ideological moments were more important. In this situation, the most energetic of the Gauleiters were already beginning to create their own militia detachments. But over time, these initiatives were blocked by the SS, as Himmler believed that the establishment of order in the country was his prerogative. However, in the border areas such initiatives were overlooked. For example, Erich Koch hatched plans to create his own "frontier corps" in East Prussia. Franz Hofer intended to put in the Tyrolean foothills for a gun 50 thousand people who would make up the "Corps of the Alpine Riflemen." In the eastern Ruhr, Albert Hoffmann formed a regional paramilitary formation of the Sauerland Volunteer Corps. That the establishment of order in the country was his prerogative. However, in the border areas such initiatives were overlooked. For example, Erich Koch hatched plans to create his own "frontier corps" in East Prussia. Franz Hofer intended to put in the Tyrolean foothills for a gun 50 thousand people who would make up the "Corps of the Alpine Riflemen." In the eastern Ruhr, Albert Hoffmann formed a regional paramilitary formation of the Sauerland Volunteer Corps. That the establishment of order in the country was his prerogative. However, in the border areas such initiatives were overlooked. For example, Erich Koch hatched plans to create his own "frontier corps" in East Prussia. Franz Hofer intended to put in the Tyrolean foothills for a gun 50 thousand people who would make up the "Corps of the Alpine Riflemen." In the eastern Ruhr, Albert Hoffmann formed a regional paramilitary formation of the Sauerland Volunteer Corps.

Later, all these formations were poured into the National Militia, whose activities were coordinated by the Party Chancellery. It can be assumed that both the Werewolf and the National Police and the Volkssturm were a reflection of the same program, with the difference that Volkssturm was a component of the "people's war" going along this front line, and "Werwolf" in the rear of the enemy . At least that's what was thought in theory. It was assumed that Volkssturm and the "Werewolf" were to unite the efforts of the NSDAP and the SS. In this tandem, the party was supposed to represent ideological and political interests, and the "guard detachments" were purely military. The possibility of starting a "people's war" faced certain difficulties. Nazi propaganda hinted at the possibility of waging war "behind the front line," but it was done very carefully,

During the creation of the Volkssturm, there were many doubts whether its members should act 6 enemy lines, like French franktiers, or only provide armed support to the acting army on this side of the front. The formal date for the creation of the Volkssturm can be considered September 6, 1944, when Hitler gave a secret order. Officially it was published only three weeks later. But the real point of reference was the speech delivered by Himmler on October 18. It is by no means accidental that the speech was uttered in East Prussia, where there already existed a kind of similarity of these detachments. Their appearance was timed to coincide with the celebration of the century of the Battle of Nations, which occurred in 1813. It was in this battle that the Prussian Landwehr took an active part. Himmler repeatedly spoke about them with inspiration and again returned to the problem of guerrilla warfare. He even hinted at the possibility of the revival of the "werewolf" units that existed during the Thirty Years' War. In particular, he uttered the following phrase: "Even on the territory occupied by the enemy, he does not need to believe that she has been conquered. The Germans will rise to resist. Again and again, these outbreaks will occur in the enemy's rear, just as the "werewolves" have challenged the death, the volunteers who took up arms to destroy the enemy. "

Such statements naturally aroused concern among both opponents and supporters of the Nazi regime. "Hitler revives the guerrillas!" - under this headline came the newspaper "Stars and Stripes", issued by the Allied Forces Command. The Allied officers immediately began to work among the soldiers, explaining that members of the Volkssturm who would fight in the rear would not be subject to the Hague Convention, and therefore they can not be regarded as prisoners of war when they are detained. On the same day, when Himmler announced the creation of the Volkssturm, the Allied Command issued a legal instruction detailing how to deal with civilians who resisted. Counted on it or not, but the presentation of the contents of this instruction fell into the hands of the Germans.

Thus, Nazi bonzes, who intended to create Volkssturm, faced an insurmountable obstacle - the legal status of the members of this organization. Almost immediately German propaganda began to shift the emphasis, essentially changing the idea of ​​Himmler beyond recognition. And inside Germany and beyond, open text said that Volkssturm was never planned as a partisan movement. One of the German newspapers wrote: "Volkshturm is not some heap of badly armed civilians. This is an army of disciplined soldiers. They will not fight with chains and braids, they will not be cowardly in ambush, but they will perform with modern weapons in their hands, like true soldiers do. " This declaration was not only transmitted by all German media, but, most importantly, sent to foreign journalists. The author of this statement was propagandist Zandermann, who wrote it on the same day when Himmler delivered his speech in East Prussia. The Germans were very cautious: they did not want the members of the Volkssturm to be treated as they had dealt with the Poles of the Craiova Army who took an active part in the Warsaw Uprising. Against this background, in a number of concentration camps, the regime was even relaxed. For example, treatment with Yugoslav guerrillas became more "courteous", which was to be fixed by a special commission of the Red Cross. In response to these concessions, it was expected that the Allies would consider militia from Volkssturm as prisoners of war who had all the rights provided for by the Hague Convention on the Rules and Practices of Warfare. When Himmler delivered his speech in East Prussia. The Germans were very cautious: they did not want the members of the Volkssturm to be treated as they had dealt with the Poles of the Craiova Army who took an active part in the Warsaw Uprising. Against this background, in a number of concentration camps, the regime was even relaxed. For example, treatment with Yugoslav guerrillas became more "courteous", which was to be fixed by a special commission of the Red Cross. In response to these concessions, it was expected that the Allies would consider militia from Volkssturm as prisoners of war who had all the rights provided for by the Hague Convention on the Rules and Practices of Warfare. When Himmler delivered his speech in East Prussia. The Germans were very careful: they did not want the members of the Volkssturm were treated the same way as they dealt with the Poles of the Home Army, took an active part in the Warsaw Uprising. Against this background, in a number of concentration camps, the regime was even relaxed. For example, a "suave" was an appeal to the Yugoslav partisans, that had to fix a special committee of the Red Cross. In response to these concessions it was expected that the Allies will be treated as a Volkssturm militia of prisoners of war who possess all the rights under the Hague Convention on the rules and customs of war. Who took an active part in the Warsaw Uprising. Against this background, in a number of concentration camps, the regime was even relaxed. For example, a "suave" was an appeal to the Yugoslav partisans, that had to fix a special committee of the Red Cross. In response to these concessions it was expected that the Allies will be treated as a Volkssturm militia of prisoners of war who possess all the rights under the Hague Convention on the rules and customs of war. Who took an active part in the Warsaw Uprising. Against this background, in a number of concentration camps, the regime was even relaxed. For example, treatment with Yugoslav guerrillas became more "courteous", which was to be fixed by a special commission of the Red Cross. In response to these concessions, it was expected that the Allies would consider militia from Volkssturm as prisoners of war who had all the rights provided for by the Hague Convention on the Rules and Practices of Warfare.

Strangely enough, but this trick worked. At the end of October 1944 the counterintelligence of the Allies decided that she had perverted the original essence of the Volkssturm organization. A week later, the Chief of Staff of the Allied Command, General V. Smith issued a directive stating that Volkssturm detachments must be treated in accordance with the requirements of the Hague Convention, provided they met the first and second paragraphs of the convention (that is, the detachment was commanded by an officer who had Signs of distinction, and the members of the detachment openly carried weapons). British intelligence already inquired as to whether the "werewolves" mentioned by Himmler were part of the Volkssturm or not. At least on October 31, 1944, the British Foreign Minister reported to the House of Commons, That "from the point of view of international law there are no significant differences between Volkssturm and our local self-defense forces that were established in 1940". And he added: "They have the right to be perceived as a legal entity of the belligerent side." The subsequent policy of the Allies was limited to arresting only the commanders of the Volkssturm detachments. As for the other members of the detachment, as a rule, they were released to freedom. At the same time, all those released were warned that the next captivity would be punishable by death.

The Soviet side, never strictly following the letter of the Hague Convention, was not so lenient. In addition, the Soviets had previously used the people's militia as partisan detachments. The Germans carried out bloody punitive operations against them. As a result, one should not expect that after the crisis in the war the situation on German soil will somehow be different. In addition, many Red Army men misled the brown color of the uniform of Volkssturm. Prisoners were mistaken for Nazi functionaries. Although in many cases employees of Volkssturm did not have any uniform at all. Provided that they often did not wear any identification marks, it is not surprising that citizens from Volkssturm were accepted either for partisans or for saboteurs. One of the Red Army men, who was captured by the Germans at the end of the war, confirmed these suspicions. Only at the very end of the war the Soviet occupation administration began to create separate camps for the prisoners from Volkshturm, although they were still perceived as Nazi guerrillas. According to reports, one of these camps was established in East Prussia in the town of Insterburg.

So was Volkssturm a partisan formation? The directives of the party office clearly indicate that this organization should be regarded as a means to stop tank breakthroughs, acting strictly within the limits prescribed by the Hague Convention. Martin Bormann even sent out to all Gauleiter the copies of the Hague Convention, so that they brought local units of Volkssturm in strict compliance with it. One of the leaders of the Volkssturm Hans Kissel also issued a refutation, in which he stated that his organization had nothing in common with the "werewolves" and the partisan movement. After the war, Kissel argued that in order to maintain order in the detachments of this "people's militia", in 1945 a special system of military justice was introduced. Perhaps this is what kept Volkssturm from turning into a simple armed crowd.

Of course, Volkssturm had his own patrol reconnaissance, which could penetrate into the rear of the enemy. Given that the members of Volkssturm could only be distinguished by armband, such attacks were very reminiscent of partisan actions. For example, on April 9, 1945, a special detachment Haupt threw into the American rear a lot of such patrols, which moved mostly on bicycles. It happened in the area of ​​the Thuringian Forest. But the task of scouts from Volkssturm in this situation was to learn about relations between Americans and local residents in detail. In February 1945, the commander of Army Group Center, Field Marshal Schörner suggested that most of the Volkssturm was absorbed by the army units. But at the same time he stressed that the patrol intelligence had to remain unchanged, Since the collection of information was the only thing in which Volkssturm succeeded. He said: "Small local groups of Volkssturm were very active in the rear and on the flanks of the enemy." In general, this proposal, which was never implemented, can be regarded as one of the Wehrmacht's attempts to strengthen its power in order to launch a successful guerrilla war in the enemy's rear.

Despite the refutations of Hans Kissel, it is possible that on the initiative of local Gauleiter and kraeslayter whole battalions of Volkssturm could be trained in the tactics of guerrilla warfare. So, for example, many civilians from Eschweiler, questioned by the counterintelligence of the First US Army, claimed that Volkssturm, formed in their city, was trained in sabotage, sabotage and ambushes. Most of those who passed out such training were not grouped in detachments. To avoid capture by the enemy, they had to portray themselves as ordinary civilians. Or another example: the soldiers captured in Rheinland reported that several times a week they trained civilians. The training program assumed the same sabotage, sabotage and tactics of partisan actions. A similar situation was observed in the Tyrolean foothills, where the Alpine hands from March to April passed training courses that did not differ much from those practiced in the Werwolf camps. By the way, many of them eventually ended up among the "werewolves."

Similar initiatives were taken on Volkssturm on the Eastern Front. In early January 1945, German officers who served in the army intelligence, began a campaign to replenish their units. In the course of it, they selected a lot of Volkssturmists who had to undergo "special training". The selected persons were mostly stormtroopers, gendarmes and party officials. Approximately thirty people were sent to the Landsberg camp in East Brandenburg, where they were actively trained in partisan activities, which they had to put into practice in the Soviet rear. The chef of this program was an Abwehr officer, Richard Graivn. On the eve of the offensive of the Red Army, these "graduates" were divided into several groups, which consisted of five to ten people, and transferred to the disposal of another scout, By the name of Geldenbrand. These small groups were supposed to destroy bridges and railways in the Soviet rear, to attack small detachments of the Red Army. At the disposal of Geldenbrand, even there were two equipped airfields, which were secretly built near Landsberg. All this indicated that the groups thrown into the rear of the Red Army had to be supplied with weapons and food from the air, and therefore, to act for a long time. As soon as the Red Army was occupied by Landsberg, Soviet counterintelligence tracked the radio transmitter. As a result, most of the saboteurs trained here were detained. They were quickly condemned and publicly shot for "educational" purposes. And therefore, to act long enough.

Similar detachments also operated in Silesia, except that here they consisted of adolescents, led by experienced officers. These teams waited for the advance of the Red Army, automatically falling into the Soviet rear. According to reports of the NKVD, in the winter of 1945, these groups not only made several attacks against the Red Army, but also actively participated in the defense of "fortresses" like Breslau and Glogau. In addition, Volkssturm created the so-called volunteer corps "Upper Silesia". From it, 350 people were selected, trained in the camp of Nysa-Luzhitsk, which was controlled by the Werewolf. The tactics of these saboteurs were no different from the usual: sabotage, sabotage, the presence of caches with weapons in the forests.

As the Soviet offensive gained momentum, and the Red Army approached Berlin, more and more desperate attempts were made to provoke "popular resistance". Propaganda, held under the slogan "Hatred and revenge", called on the population of East Prussia "to use any means to fight the Bolsheviks." Kreislaiter Koenigsberg on March 1 declared: "The struggle must be wily, like the Indians. All means are good for fighting Bolshevism. " Captured in late April, the German admitted: on the eve of the fall of the city, almost the entire male population was broken up into teams that were supposed to operate in the Soviet rear. Some of these sabotage groups were fairly well armed. In the eastern part of the city was created a huge number of hiding places.

Such facts only reinforce the feeling that in reality Volkshturm was not very different from the "Werwolf." Especially if we take into account that part of the Volkssturm became "werewolves." For example, in Cologne several fanatical Nazis from the local Volkssturm were sent to a five-day "internship" in Osnabruck. All "trainees" were junior officials of the Nazi Party and old party members. Apparently, the leadership of the "Werewolf" believed that these "proven comrades" did not need much effort to master the wisdom of guerrilla warfare. In Eastern Austria, the differences between Volkssturm and Werewolf were completely obliterated, mainly because both organizations were led by the same person - Obersturmbannführer-SS SS Farion. Army officers, who trained "werewolves" in Graz, That most of the recruits were members of Hitler Youth and Volkssturm. Farion himself repeatedly notified the higher-ranking SS chief that he had actively recruited future "werewolves" in Volkssturm. Another factor that contributed to blurring the line between Volkshturm and Werwolf was the reluctance of the Gauleiter of the Lower Danube, Hugo Yuri, to attract adolescents from the Hitler Youth to the Werwolf. In these conditions, the Nazi guerrillas had to look for another source of replenishment of their movement. There was a fundamental reluctance of the Gauleiter of the Lower Danube to Hugo Yuri to attract adolescents from the Hitler Youth to the "Werewolf." In these conditions, the Nazi guerrillas had to look for another source of replenishment of their movement. There was a fundamental reluctance of the Gauleiter of the Lower Danube to Hugo Yuri to attract adolescents from the Hitler Youth to the "Werewolf." In these conditions, the Nazi guerrillas had to look for another source of replenishment of their movement.

https://history.wikireading.ru/71017

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