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Japan during the early 20th century (and indeed up to 1945) was a popular destination for Indochinese anti-French revolutionaries. In Viet Nam at the time there was a movement known as the 'Go East Movement' (Đông Du), where Vietnamese intellectuals and revolutionaries were encouraged to travel to Japan for study: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%90%C3%B4ng_Du
The Franco-Japanese Treaty of 1907 involved both countries recognizing their respective "spheres of influence" in Asia, and encouraged cooperation between Japan and France in cracking down on Indochinese revolutionaries in Japanese territory: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franco-Ja ... ty_of_1907
Cường Để was one such revolutionary who faced deportation under this Franco-Japanese cooperation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C6%B0%E ... 0%E1%BB%83
Later, in the Showa period, Japan would show a more cooperative attitude to the Indochinese revolutionaries (or at least to the ones who were anti-communist and could be made subservient to Japanese war goals). But that's after the period you're asking about.
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associated to the following thread:Arm purchases and deliveries,
only «50 000» for these onesArasaki Rifles sold to France 1914
I have a citation that a shipload of Arasaki rifles, perhaps as a many as 150,000 were sold to France in 1914 BUT while the ship was still at sea, France agreed to turn them over to Great Britain and then the ship was diverted to a port in Great Britain and landed, perhaps in late January or early February 1915. From the dates--assume the rifles were on a French ship? Can anyone pin down this sale? September-October-November 1914, the name and date of the ship carrying them (...) The first ship I have possibly carrying Japanese arms sold to France was the Cordillere in the fall of 1914. Many thanks in advance.
L'administration n'avait d'ailleurs pas attendu d'y être invitée pour chercher à se procurer des fusils par achats d'armes existantes ou par commandes données à l'industrie. Dès le mois d'août 1914, elle avait acheté au Japon 50.000 fusils d'un modèle déjà ancien qui, à la fin de 1914, furent rétrocédés à l'Angleterre, très dépourvue d'armes portatives.
Souvenirs d'un Directeur de l'Artillerie
Général Baquet 1921
Nos cessions à l'armée anglaise se bornèrent à (...) 50 000 fusils japonais et 20 millions de cartouches (...)
Mémoires du Maréchal Foch
Documents Diplomatiques Français 1914-1919
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