The Laws of War

Discussions on the Holocaust and 20th Century War Crimes. Note that Holocaust denial is not allowed. Hosted by David Thompson.
David Thompson
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The Laws of War

Postby David Thompson » 16 Jul 2003 17:56

For the convenience of the readers of this section of the forum, here is a list of the laws of war posted at the Avalon Project website, together with their urls:

The Avalon Project: Laws of War
The Avalon Project at Yale Law School
The Laws of War

Miscellaneous Treaties, Conventions and Agreements

1856 - Declaration of Paris; April 16
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/decparis.htm

1868 - Declaration of St. Petersburg; November 29
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/decpeter.htm

1928 - Kellogg-Briand Pact and Associated Documents; August 27
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/kbpact/kbmenu.htm

Hague Conference of 1899

Correspondence, Instructions and Reports of the United States Commission
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawof ... guemen.htm

Hague I - Pacific Settlement of International Disputes: 29 July 1899
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague01.htm

Hague II - Laws and Customs of War on Land: 29 July 1899
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague02.htm

Hague III - Adaptation to Maritime Warfare of Principles of Geneva Convention of 1864: July 29, 1899
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague993.htm

Hague IV - Prohibiting Launching of Projectiles and Explosives from Balloons: July 29, 1899
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague994.htm

Declaration I - on the Launching of Projectiles and Explosives from Balloons; July 29, 1899
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/dec99-01.htm

Declaration II - on the Use of Projectiles the Object of Which is the Diffusion of Asphyxiating or Deleterious Gases; July 29, 1899
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/dec99-02.htm

Declaration III - on the Use of Bullets Which Expand or Flatten Easily in the Human Body; July 29, 1899
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/dec99-03.htm

Final Act of the International Peace Conference; July 29, 1899
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/final99.htm

Hague Conference of 1907

Hague I - Pacific Settlement of International Disputes: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/pacific.htm

Hague II - Limitation of Employment of Force for Recovery of Contract Debts: October 18, 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague072.htm

Hague III - Opening of Hostilities: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague03.htm

Hague IV - Laws and Customs of War on Land: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague04.htm

Signatories to the Hague IV Convention of 1907
viewtopic.php?p=625802#625802

Hague V - Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers and Persons in Case of War on Land: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague05.htm

Hague VI - Status of Enemy Merchant Ships at the Outbreak of Hostilities: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague06.htm

Hague VII - Conversion of Merchant Ships into War Ships: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague07.htm

Hague VIII - Laying of Automatic Submarine Contact Mines:18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague08.htm

Hague IX - Bombardment by Naval Forces in Time of War: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague09.htm

Hague X - Adaptation to Maritime War of the Principles of the Geneva Convention: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague10.htm

Hague XI - Restrictions With Regard to the Exercise of the Right of Capture in Naval War: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague11.htm

Hague XIII -Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers in Naval War: 18 October 1907
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague13.htm

Geneva Conventions

1864 - Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded on the Field of Battle; August 22
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/geneva04.htm

1928 - Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating Gas, and for Bacteriological Methods of Warfare; February 8
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/geneva01.htm

1929 - Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armies in the Field. Geneva, 27 July 1929
http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/0/09dfb7a98 ... enDocument

1929 - Convention Between the United States of America and Other Powers, Relating to Prisoners of War; July 27
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/geneva02.htm

1949 - Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, August 12
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/geneva05.htm

1949 - Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, August 12
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/geneva06.htm

1949 - Convention (III) Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War; August 12
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/geneva03.htm

1949 - Convention (IV) Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, August 12
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/geneva07.htm

The Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949: Commentary; Jean S. Pictet, General Editor http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... -1949.html

1975 - Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (1972); March 26
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/un/bact.htm

1977 - Protocol I: Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts, 8 June 1977
http://www.globalissuesgroup.com/geneva/protocol1.html

Chemical Weapons Convention
http://www.opcw.org/docs/cwc_eng.pdf

For genocide see:

UN Convention on Genocide 1948
viewtopic.php?t=66189

For more texts of treaties, see the International Red Cross site at: http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
http://www.un.org/law/icc/index.html (Website)
http://cicr.org/IHL.nsf/52d68d14de6160e ... 900039e535 (Statute)
Ratifications
http://untreaty.un.org/ENGLISH/

UN International Law webpage
http://www.un.org/law/

Additional: On 21 Jan 2005, DrG wrote:
I think that the members whose native language isn't English will appreciate, just for documentation (of course during debates in this forum it would be better to use the English translations, so everybody can understand), these links:
http://www.difesa.it/NR/exeres/C86287D8 ... B837F8.htm : from the site of the Italian Ministry of Defence; there aren't only the international treaties, but also the Italian laws of war and neutrality, the Italian military penal code and a few links to foreign laws.
http://www.admin.ch/ch/i/rs/0.5.html , http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/0.5.html , http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/0.5.html links : to the Italian, French and German versions of the page of the Swiss Govern's site about the laws of war and neutrality.


Rules for Aerial Warfare (1923 Hague Rules, etc.)
viewtopic.php?t=71763

War reprisals (study by prof. N. Ronzitti)
viewtopic.php?t=74646

Learned treatises on international law:

Hugo Grotius, On the Law of War and Peace (1625)
http://www.constitution.org/gro/djbp.htm
Samuel, Freiherr von Pufendorf, Of the law of nature and nations : eight books (1719)
http://www.archive.org/details/oflawofnaturenat00pufe
Emmerich de Vattel, The Law of Nations (1758)
http://www.constitution.org/vattel/vattel.htm
Joseph Chitty, A practical treatise on the law of nations: relative to the legal effect of war on the commerce of belligerents and neutrals; and on orders in council and licenses (1812)
http://www.archive.org/details/apractic ... 12chitgoog
James Kent, Commentaries on American Law (1826-30)
PART I - Of the Law of Nations
Lect. 1: Foundation and History of the Law of Nations
http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/kent/kent-01.htm
Lect. 2: Of the Rights and Duties of Nations in a State of Peace
http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/kent/kent-02.htm
Lect. 3: Of the Declaration, and Other Early Measures of a State of War
http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/kent/kent-03.htm
Lect. 4: Of the Various Kinds of Property Liable to Capture
http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/kent/kent-04.htm
Lect. 5: Of the Rights of Belligerent Nations in Relation to Each Other
http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/kent/kent-05.htm
Lect. 6: Of the General Rights and Duties of Neutral Nations
http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/kent/kent-06.htm
Lect. 7: Of Restrictions upon Neutral Trade
http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/kent/kent-07.htm
Lect. 8: Of Truces, Passports, and Treaties of Peace
http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/kent/kent-08.htm
Lect. 9: Of Offences Against the Law of Nations
http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/kent/kent-09.htm
Henry Maine, International Law (1888)
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/econ/intmenu.htm

and a few more treatises on the customs and usages of war:

An act establishing rules and articles for the government of the armies of the United States, with the regulations of the War department respecting the same, to which are added, the several laws relative to the army the militia when in actual service, volunteers, rangers, Ordnance department, and the Quarter master's and Commissary General's department (1812)
http://www.archive.org/details/actestab ... 00unitrich

H. Byerley Thomson, The Laws Of War, Affecting Commerce And Shipping (1854)
http://www.archive.org/details/thelawsofwaraffe13858gut

Revised United States army regulations of 1861. With an appendix containing the changes and laws affecting army regulations and Articles of War to June 25, 1863 (1863)
http://www.archive.org/details/revisedusarmy00artirich

1863 - General Orders No. 100 - Instructions For the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field by Francis Lieber:April 24
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lieber.htm

Henry Wager Halleck, International law and laws of war; or, Rules regulating the intercourse of states in peace and war (1865)
http://www.archive.org/details/internat ... 00hallrich

Henry Wager Halleck, Elements of international law and laws of war (1866)
http://www.archive.org/details/elements ... 00hallrich

General court martial, orders no. 32. [Charges against Captain Jack, Schonchis, Black Jim, Boston Charley, Barncho, alias One Eyed Jim, and Sloluck, alias Cok, Modoc Indian captives, and sentence to death] (1873)
http://www.archive.org/details/generalc ... 00unitrich

James Owen Dorsey, An account of the war customs of the Osages (1884)
http://www.archive.org/details/osagescustoms00dorsrich

James Anson Farrer, Military manners and customs (1885)
http://www.archive.org/details/military ... 00farrrich

Sir Thomas Barclay, Problems of international practice and diplomacy (1907)
http://www.archive.org/details/problems ... 00barcuoft

Thomas Erskine Holland, The Laws Of War On Land (1908)
http://www.archive.org/details/lawsofwaronland032477mbp

The military laws of the United States (1908)
http://www.archive.org/details/militaryunited00unitrich

Alexander Pearce Higgins, The Hague peace conferences and other international conferences concerning the laws and usages of war : texts of conventions with commentaries (1909)
http://www.archive.org/details/haguepea ... 00higguoft

ed. James Brown Scott, The Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907 (1909)
vol. 1 Conferences
http://www.archive.org/details/haguepea ... 01scotuoft

vol. 2 Documents
http://www.archive.org/details/haguepea ... 02scotuoft

Joseph H. Choate, The first Hague Conference (1912)
http://www.archive.org/details/firsthag ... 00whituoft

Joseph H. Choate, The Two Hague Conferences (1913)
http://www.archive.org/details/twohague ... n009416mbp

Signatures, ratifications, adhesions and reservations to the conventions and declarations of the first and second Hague Peace Conferences (1914)
http://www.archive.org/details/signatur ... 00carnuoft

Rules of Land Warfare (1914) [US Army Manual]
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... e-1914.pdf

The German War Book: Being 'The Usages of War on Land," issued by the Great General Staff of the German Army, trans. J. H. Morgan (1915)
http://www.archive.org/details/germanwa ... 00prusiala

ed. James Brown Scott, The Hague Conventions And Declarations Of 1899 And 1907 Accompanied By Tables Of Signatures Ratifications And Adhesions Of The Various Powers And Texts Of Reservations (1915)
http://www.archive.org/details/haguecon ... s028140mbp

ed. James Brown Scott, The Hague Court Reports (1916)
http://www.archive.org/details/haguecou ... t028086mbp

Instructions To The American Delegates To The Hague Peace Conferences And Their Official Reports (1916)
http://www.archive.org/details/instruct ... h003135mbp

ed. James Brown Scott, The Reports To The Hague Conferences Of 1899 And 1907 (1917)
http://www.archive.org/details/reportst ... u008427mbp

R. A. Reiss, Kingdom of Serbia - infringements of the rules & laws of war committed by the Austro-Bulgaro-Germans (1919)
http://www.archive.org/details/kingdomo ... 00reisiala

The Leipzig trials; an account of the war criminals' trials and a study of German mentality (1921)
http://www.archive.org/details/leipzeigtrialsac00mull

Snow, Alpheus Henry, The question of aborigines, in the law and practice of nations, including a collection of authorities and documents (1921)
http://www.archive.org/details/question ... 00snowuoft

US Army, Military Law and Precedents (1920)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... edents.pdf

Rules of Land Warfare (1934) [US Army Manual]
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... e-1934.pdf

Rules of Land Warfare (1940) [US Army Manual]
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... e-1940.pdf

US Army, Law of Land Warfare (1943)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... fare_7.pdf

US Army, Law of Belligerent Occupation (1944)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... ion_11.pdf

The Law of Land Warfare (1956) [US Army Manual]
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... e-1956.pdf

DA Pamphlet 27-161-1 Law of Peace vol. 1 (1979) [US Army pamphlet]
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... _Vol-1.pdf

Law of War Handbook (2005) [US Army Manual]
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... k-2005.pdf

The Law of War: Can 20th Century Standards Apply to the Global War on Terrorism?
http://usacac.army.mil/CAC/Repository/M ... 30-DOC.pdf

International Committee of the Red Cross, Weapons that may Cause Unnecessary Suffering or have Indiscriminate Effects: Report on the Work of Experts (1973)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... eapons.pdf

International Committee of the Red Cross, The SIrUS Project; Toward a determination of which weapons cause 'superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering' (1997)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/ ... roject.pdf
Last edited by David Thompson on 26 Jan 2008 06:51, edited 21 times in total.

David Thompson
Forum Staff
Posts: 22835
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
Location: USA

Postby David Thompson » 30 May 2004 05:46

Here are some references, and threads containing discussions of allied war crimes trials during and after WWII:

Declaration regarding the defeat of Germany and the assumption of supreme authority with respect to Germany by the Governments of the United States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom and the Provisional Government of the French Republic, June 5, 1945
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/wwii/ger01.asp

The Moscow Declaration of October 1943
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/wwii/moscow.htm
Control Council Law No. 10
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/imt10.htm
International Conference on Military Trials: London, 1945
Minutes of Conference Session of July 23, 1945
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/j ... jack44.htm
London Agreement of August 8th 1945
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/proc/imtchart.htm
Constitution of the International Military Tribunal
http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/proc/imtconst.htm

Theory of war crimes

Criminal organizations and the IMT
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=147426
When is a war criminal not a war criminal -- scenario
viewtopic.php?t=8139
Would Rommel be a war criminal?
viewtopic.php?t=32248
The ghost of Tomoyuki Yamashita
viewtopic.php?t=14827
Crimes against humanity - an ex post facto law?
viewtopic.php?t=27987
Ex post facto law and the Nuremberg trials
viewtopic.php?t=15033
On the validity of the Nuernberg trials
viewtopic.php?t=63153
Rules of Evidence
viewtopic.php?t=63284
The Laws of War: To whom do they apply?
viewtopic.php?t=69194
Ordinary Crimes/War Crimes
viewtopic.php?t=80590
Crimes Against Peace (Waging Aggressive War)
viewtopic.php?t=21755
The Defense of Superior Orders
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=126214
The Defense of Necessity
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=126274
The Defense of Jurisdiction
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=126242
Status of Int'l Law and Change of Governments?
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=167668

The Leipzig war crimes trials 1921
viewtopic.php?t=30207

"Open Cities"
viewtopic.php?p=657554#657554

"Other" war crimes -- Reprisals
viewtopic.php?t=14263
The Nazis in Rome - The Ardeatine Caves Massacre
viewtopic.php?t=27453
The Crime of Erich Priebke
viewtopic.php?t=32883
Italian terrorist guerrillas bomb attack at Via Rasella, 1944
viewtopic.php?t=45840
Nazi anti-partisan reprisals in Italy 1944
viewtopic.php?t=34951
Is revenge shooting allowed?
viewtopic.php?t=28438
Anti-partisan warfare and the "Hostage Case"
viewtopic.php?t=54441
Are reprisals always war crimes?
viewtopic.php?t=57935
Nazi Reprisals and "communist insurrection" 9/41
viewtopic.php?t=61092
Documents on German reprisals in WWII Greece
viewtopic.php?t=61241
Anti-partisan warfare and reprisals in WWII Yugoslavia
viewtopic.php?t=60988

Allied war crimes trials

IMT Trial at Nuernberg

IMT indictment, at:
viewtopic.php?p=399522#399522

IMT judgment against Martin Bormann
viewtopic.php?t=45084
IMT testimony of Karl Doenitz
viewtopic.php?t=23948
IMT judgment against Karl Doenitz
viewtopic.php?t=25074
IMT judgment against Hans Frank
viewtopic.php?t=45085
IMT judgment against Wilhelm Frick
viewtopic.php?t=29555
IMT judgment against Hans Fritzsche
viewtopic.php?t=45086
IMT judgment against Walther Funk
viewtopic.php?t=45087
IMT judgment against Hermann Goering
viewtopic.php?t=63165
The crimes of Rudolf Hess
viewtopic.php?t=27191
Hess: His crimes and sentence
IMT judgment against Alfred Jodl
viewtopic.php?t=71478
IMT judgment against Wilhelm Keitel
viewtopic.php?t=29333
IMT judgment against Erich Raeder
viewtopic.php?t=25073
IMT testimony of Joachim von Ribbentrop
viewtopic.php?t=25259
IMT judgment against Joachim von Ribbentrop
viewtopic.php?t=25156
IMT judgment against Alfred Rosenberg
viewtopic.php?t=29522
IMT judgment on "Fritz" Sauckel
viewtopic.php?t=21528
IMT judgment against Baldur von Schirach
viewtopic.php?t=65193
IMT judgment against Albert Speer
viewtopic.php?t=25075
IMT testimony of Albert Speer
viewtopic.php?t=23861
IMT judgment against Julius Streicher
viewtopic.php?p=240416#240416
Final statements of the Nuernberg defendants
viewtopic.php?t=15464
Nazi leaders and Holocaust denial
viewtopic.php?t=33295

IMT Testimony of Paul Hausser in defense of the Waffen-SS
viewtopic.php?t=51461
IMT -- Testimony of Field Marshal Albert Kesselring
viewtopic.php?t=74617
IMT testimony of Erich von Manstein
viewtopic.php?t=56504

The SS and war crimes
viewtopic.php?t=15441
Defense of the SS
viewtopic.php?t=15475
Judgment on the SS as a criminal organization
viewtopic.php?t=15476
The Gestapo, the SD and war crimes
viewtopic.php?t=15607
Defense of the SD
viewtopic.php?t=15723
Defense of the Gestapo
viewtopic.php?t=15675
IMT judgment on the criminality of the Gestapo and SD
viewtopic.php?t=15732
The Nazi dictatorship
viewtopic.php?t=15380
Nazi persecution of the Jews
viewtopic.php?t=16116
Nazi slave labor overview
viewtopic.php?t=15224

Ribbentrop and crimes against humanity
viewtopic.php?t=2008

Nuremberg trials - who wanted them?
viewtopic.php?t=24335
Trial, execution, or else . . . for the Nazi elite
viewtopic.php?t=16782
Nuremberg
viewtopic.php?t=17429
Nuremberg for germans only?
viewtopic.php?t=1131
any recommended books? [On Nuernberg trials]
viewtopic.php?t=1506
Nuremburg and Strategic Bombing
viewtopic.php?t=2235

American military tribunals at Nuernberg

Help: Nuremberg
viewtopic.php?p=880661&highlight=crimes+warnings#880661

NMT judgment in the "Medical Case"
viewtopic.php?t=64839

NMT judgment against Field Marshal Erhard Milch
viewtopic.php?t=65002

NMT judgment in the Einsatzgruppen Case
viewtopic.php?t=64901

The RuSHA Case - the Indictment
viewtopic.php?t=56401
The RuSHA Case -- the prosecution's argument
viewtopic.php?t=56404
The RuSHA Case - The Judgment of the Tribunal
viewtopic.php?t=56438

NMT Indictment in the "Justice Case"
viewtopic.php?t=63245
NMT judgment in the Justice Case
viewtopic.php?t=63931

NMT Full Judgment in the WVHA Case
viewtopic.php?t=63325

NMT judgment in the "Hostage case"
viewtopic.php?t=54441

American Military Tribunals at Dachau

American military tribunals at Dachau 1945-1949
viewtopic.php?t=34954
Dachau Trials & Landsberg Executions
viewtopic.php?t=54631
Landsberg executions
viewtopic.php?t=23517
Dachau trials
viewtopic.php?t=84227

Miscellaneous

The trial and execution of General Nicola Bellomo
viewtopic.php?t=41756
Kharkov trial Dec 1943
viewtopic.php?t=43263
Waldheim trials 1950
viewtopic.php?t=248

List of double standards and injustice of Nuremberg Trial
viewtopic.php?t=55352
Allied double standards in war crimes trials
viewtopic.php?t=28026
War crimes trials - Righteous or bogus victor's justice?
viewtopic.php?t=14807
"Victor's Justice"
viewtopic.php?t=2950
British War Crimes Tribunal
viewtopic.php?t=707
Concentration camp trials
viewtopic.php?t=725
A thought
viewtopic.php?t=3162
why double standards?
viewtopic.php?t=3286
Has an allied war criminal ever been sentenced?
viewtopic.php?t=1279

Recent citizenship proceedings & war crimes trials

Warm your heart [expulsion of citizen on Nazi charges]
viewtopic.php?t=3164
Former SS officer tried for murder
viewtopic.php?t=2266
Just a thought.. [Time to end Nazi-hunting]
viewtopic.php?t=839
Hunting the old men.
viewtopic.php?t=2115
Last edited by David Thompson on 08 Nov 2007 14:09, edited 10 times in total.

David Thompson
Forum Staff
Posts: 22835
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
Location: USA

Postby David Thompson » 11 Aug 2006 01:36

International Conventions on Terroristic Practices

OAS Convention to Prevent and Punish Acts of Terrorism Taking the Form of Crimes against Persons and Related Extortion that are of International Significance, concluded at Washington, D.C. on 2 February 1971
http://untreaty.un.org/English/Terrorism/Conv16.pdf
European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism, concluded at Strasbourg on 27 January 1977
http://untreaty.un.org/English/Terrorism/Conv15.pdf
SAARC Regional Convention on Suppression of Terrorism, signed at Kathmandu on 4 November 1987
http://untreaty.un.org/English/Terrorism/Conv18.pdf
Arab Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism, signed at a meeting held at the General Secretariat of the League of Arab States in Cairo on 22 April 1998
no link available
Treaty on Cooperation among States Members of the Commonwealth of Independent States in Combating Terrorism, done at Minsk on 4 June 1999
http://untreaty.un.org/English/Terrorism/csi_e.pdf
Convention of the Organization of the Islamic Conference on Combating International Terrorism, adopted at Ouagadougou on 1 July 1999
http://www.oic-un.org/26icfm/c.html
OAU Convention on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism, adopted at Algiers on 14 July 1999
http://untreaty.un.org/English/Terrorism/oau_e.pdf

United Nations Documents on Terroristic Practices

UN Action Against Terrorism Site
http://www.un.org/terrorism/gadoc.htm
Action by the General Assembly (Resolutions)
http://www.un.org/terrorism/res.htm
Reports of the Sixth Committee
http://www.un.org/terrorism/repsc.htm
Reports of the Working Group of the Sixth Committee
http://www.un.org/terrorism/infgt.htm
Reports of the Secretary-General
http://www.un.org/terrorism/repsg.htm
Notes by the Secretary General
http://www.un.org/terrorism/notes_sg.htm
Reports of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
http://www.un.org/terrorism/hchr_rep.htm
Ad Hoc Committee established by General Assembly Resolution 51/210 of 17 December 1996
http://www.un.org/law/terrorism/index.html
Reports of the Ad Hoc Committee established by General Assembly resolution 51/210 of 17 December 1996
http://www.un.org/terrorism/comesp.htm

Draft Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism
http://www.nti.org/e_research/official_ ... tlterr.pdf

Conventions

Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed On Board Aircraft ("Tokyo Convention", 1963--safety of aviation)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... craft.html
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft ("Hague Convention", 1970--aircraft hijackings
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... izure.html
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation ("Montreal Convention", 1971--applies to acts of aviation sabotage such as bombings aboard aircraft in flight)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... ation.html
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected Persons
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... rsons.html
International Convention Against the Taking of Hostages ("Hostages Convention", 1979)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... tages.html
Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material ("Nuclear Materials Convention", 1980--combats unlawful taking and use of nuclear material)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... erial.html
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation (Extends and supplements the Montreal Convention on Air Safety), (1988)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... ports.html
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, (1988--applies to terrorist activities on ships)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... ation.html
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf (1988--applies to terrorist activities on fixed offshore platforms)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... forms.html
Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection (1991--provides for chemical marking to facilitate detection of plastic explosives, e.g., to combat aircraft sabotage)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_co ... sives.html
International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombing (1997) (UN General Assembly Resolution)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/resolution_1998-01-09_1.html
International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism (1999)
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/resolution_2000-02-25_1.html
International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005)
http://untreaty.un.org/English/Terroris ... _18_15.pdf

Declarations

Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism
no link available yet
Declaration to Supplement the 1994 Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism
no link available yet

UN Security Council Resolutions

United Nations Security Council Resolution 635 of 14 June 1989
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement

Resolutions of the UN General Assembly (starting with the most recent)

A/RES/60/158 Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/60/78 Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/60/73 Preventing the risk of radiological terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/60/43 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/59/290 International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/59/195 Human rights and terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/59/191 Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/59/80 Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/59/46 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/58/187 Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/58/174 Human rights and terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/58/81 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/58/48 Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/57/220 Hostage-taking
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/57/219 Protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/57/83 Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/57/27 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/56/160 Human rights and terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/56/88 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/56/1 Condemnation of terrorist attacks in the United States of America
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/55/158 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/54/164 Human rights and terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/54/110 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/54/109 International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/53/108 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/52/165 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/52/133 Human rights and terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/51/210 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/50/186 Human rights and terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/50/53 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/49/185 Human rights and terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/49/60 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/48/122 Human rights and terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/ ... penElement
A/RES/46/51 Measures to eliminate international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/44/29 Measures to prevent international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/42/159 Measures to prevent international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/40/61 Measures to prevent international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/39/159 Inadmissibility of the policy of State terrorism and any actions by States aimed at undermining the socio-political system in other sovereign States
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/38/130 Measures to prevent international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/36/109 Measures to prevent international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/34/145 Measures to prevent international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/32/147 Measures to prevent international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/31/102 Measures to prevent international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement
A/RES/3034(XXVII) Measures to prevent international terrorism
http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION ... penElement

openmind
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Posts: 93
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Location: Peru

Postby openmind » 23 Aug 2007 01:47

David:

That's a great contribution, thanks for compling it.

Barry

Redbeard
Member
Posts: 43
Joined: 26 Aug 2007 00:10
Location: North America

Postby Redbeard » 30 Aug 2007 04:14

Yes, thank you David.

As one who has been incredulously been attacked as anti-American and socialist apologist for pointing out that despite my own family's ongoing reparation law-suits against Japan, that the law must be applied to all equally, it's nice to see someone else out here linking the same documentations and their meaning.

I notice they don't level the same attacks on you for pointing out that principle of equal justice for all, otherwise the international perception of hypocricy we get so saddled with.

And thanks Openmind too.

Cheers

btw...'Red' does not infer being a communist nor fan of 'That 70s Show', but instead short for having a red-beard; which if anything, would make me either a screaming Royalist Scot (which I am) or a Viking, or ancient Roman bashing German, freckled brawling Irishman or clutz employee of a paint factory.

David Thompson
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Location: USA

The Laws of Naval Warfare

Postby David Thompson » 10 Jan 2010 14:46

Since there has been some recent interest in this subject, here's a list of sources available on the internet dealing with the law of war at sea:

Laws of the Sea, with Reference to Maritime Commerce During Peace and War (1818)
http://www.archive.org/details/lawsseaw ... 00fricgoog
H. Byerley Thomson, The Laws Of War, Affecting Commerce And Shipping (1854)
http://www.archive.org/details/thelawsofwaraffe13858gut
Paris Declaration Respecting Maritime Law of 16 April 1856
http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Paris_ ... ritime_Law
1899 Hague III Convention: Adaptation to Maritime Warfare of Principles of Geneva Convention of 1864
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/hague993.asp
The Laws and Usages of War at Sea: A Naval War Code (1900)
http://www.archive.org/details/lawsandu ... 00stocgoog
Convention for the Exemption of Hospital Ships, in Time of War, From the Payment of All Duties and Taxes Imposed for the Benefit of the State; December 21 1904
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/lawwar_001.asp
Commerce & property in naval warfare (1906)
http://www.archive.org/details/commerce ... 00hirsgoog
1907 Hague VI Convention: Status of Enemy Merchant Ships at the Outbreak of Hostilities
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/hague06.asp
1907 Hague VII Convention: Conversion of Merchant Ships into War Ships
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/hague07.asp
1907 Hague VIII Convention: Laying of Automatic Submarine Contact Mines
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/hague08.asp
1907 Hague IX Convention: Bombardment by Naval Forces in Time of War
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/hague09.asp
1907 Hague X Convention: Adaptation to Maritime War of the Principles of the Geneva Convention
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/hague10.asp
1907 Hague XI Convention: Restrictions With Regard to the Exercise of the Right of Capture in Naval War
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/hague11.asp
Declaration concerning the Laws of Naval War. London, 26 February 1909
http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/FULL/255?OpenDocument
Manual of the Laws of Naval War, Oxford, Adopted by the International Institute of International Law, August 9, 1913
http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/1913a.htm
Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare (1917)
http://www.archive.org/details/defensiv ... 00higggoog
Treaty relating to the Use of Submarines and Noxious Gases in Warfare. Washington, 6 February 1922
http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/FULL/270?OpenDocument
Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armament, London, 22 April 1930
http://www.microworks.net/pacific/road_ ... treaty.htm
Procès-verbal relating to the Rules of Submarine Warfare set forth in Part IV of the Treaty of London of 22 April 1930. London, 6 November 1936
http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/FULL/330?OpenDocument
1949 Geneva II Convention: Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/geneva06.asp
UN Convention on the Laws of the Sea (1982)
http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_ ... ention.htm
San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea (1995)
http://www.icrc.org/IHL.nsf/52d68d14de6 ... enDocument
Development of the San Remo Manual and its intended purpose
http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/57JMST
Legal Aspects of Modern Submarine Warfare (2001)
http://www.mpil.de/shared/data/pdf/pdfm ... oach_6.pdf
Commander's Handbook on the Law of Naval Operations (2007)
http://www.usnwc.edu/getattachment/a9b8 ... _(Jul_2007)_(NWP)
Annotated Supplement to the Commander's Handbook on the Law of Naval Operations (1999)
http://www.usnwc.edu/Research---Gaming/ ... ol-73.aspx

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revans618
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Location: Salem, Oh

Re: The Laws of War

Postby revans618 » 03 Feb 2011 18:10

Alot of reading above. Thanks for taking the time to compile and post all of that information. :)

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wbell
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Location: Halifax, Canada

Re: The Laws of War

Postby wbell » 30 Oct 2017 17:22

David, I noticed that the Yale information notes "Page not Found." Thanks for all your effort in compiling this!

David Thompson
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Re: The Laws of War

Postby David Thompson » 14 Nov 2017 00:09

wbell -- The Avalon Project got a lot bigger and changed its website. Their laws of war section can now be accessed at http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/lawwar.asp.

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wbell
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Location: Halifax, Canada

Re: The Laws of War

Postby wbell » 15 Nov 2017 12:02

David Thompson wrote:wbell -- The Avalon Project got a lot bigger and changed its website. Their laws of war section can now be accessed at http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/lawwar.asp.


Thank you :thumbsup:


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