Beheadings in the Third Reich

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marko10
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by marko10 » 13 Aug 2018 21:19

Was the use of the smock paper due to the low cost of the prisoner's dress or for practical reasons?

Pete26
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by Pete26 » 16 Aug 2018 14:52

marko10 wrote:
13 Aug 2018 21:19
Was the use of the smock paper due to the low cost of the prisoner's dress or for practical reasons?
Probably both. This way they did not have to launder the blood soaked prisoner's clothes after the execution. Paper smock they simply threw away.

marko10
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by marko10 » 17 Aug 2018 13:22

is there a description of how was this disposable paper smock?

Pete26
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Heinz Kapelle

Post by Pete26 » 18 Aug 2018 17:05

Heinz Kapelle.jpg

Heinz Kapelle was guillotined in Berlin Ploetzensee prison on 1 July 1941. He was 27 years old.


https://www.gdw-berlin.de/en/recess/bio ... no_cache=1
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Pete26
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Arrest photos of 8 women guillotined in Ploetzensee

Post by Pete26 » 18 Aug 2018 22:46


marko10
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by marko10 » 22 Aug 2018 14:05

Are there any news about the actual use of guillotines in concentration camps for experimental use?

Pete26
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by Pete26 » 26 Aug 2018 21:25

marko10 wrote:
22 Aug 2018 14:05
Are there any news about the actual use of guillotines in concentration camps for experimental use?
I have not seen any reference to guillotines being used in concentration camps.

Pete26
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Franz Doms

Post by Pete26 » 09 Sep 2018 05:24

Franz Doms.jpg

Franz Doms was guillotined at Vienna Regional Court on 7 February 1944. He was 21 years old.
7. Februar 1944. Landgericht Wien. Um 18 Uhr 41 Minuten wird Franz Doms vorgeführt. Um 18 Uhr 41 Minuten 8 Sekunden wird er dem Scharfrichter übergeben. Um 18 Uhr 41 Minuten 18 Sekunden meldet dieser den Vollzug des Todesurteils. Franz Doms war 21 Jahre alt.

https://oe1.orf.at/programm/20171101/493445
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Pete26
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Some interesting facts about Vienna fallbeil executions

Post by Pete26 » 09 Sep 2018 05:45

The fallbeil installation at the Vienna Regional Court was completed on 23 November 1938.

The fallbeil was a "Tegel type" made in Tegel prison and its cost was 550 Reichsmarks.

Convicted murderer Karoline Martha Marek was the first person beheaded with the new fallbeil on 6 December 1938.

More than 1200 people were beheaded by this fallbeil at Vienna Regional Court between 1938 and 1945. Of these, 619 were executed for political reasons, 67 were members of the military executed for various offenses, 31 were executed for criminal offenses, 49 were executed for war related offenses. A total of 93 women were executed.

The last mass execution of 17 prisoners took place on 22 March 1945.

The last execution by this fallbeil was a single execution on 4 April 1945 of a 23 year old baker convicted of burglary.

There were 47 prisoners still waiting to be executed just before Vienna liberation. Most were shot by the SS just before Vienna was liberated, only a few escaped.

The executions typically started at 1800 hours.

Prisoners were kept in upstairs cells and after they were sentenced to death, they were moved to cells downstairs, on the same floor as the execution room.

Several hours before the execution the condemned were moved into preparation cells where they could write the last letters and receive spiritual comfort from the prison chaplains.

The condemned, with their hands handcuffed behind their back were first brought into the execution room anteroom where the identity was verified.

There was a curtain hiding the fallbeil, most likely in the doorway of the execution room.

There were two principal executioners who operated this fallbeil: Johann Reichhart and Alois Weiss (starting in 1943).

The fallbeil was in operation at Vienna Regional Court for 6 and a half years.


http://www.geheimprojekte.at/info_justi ... richt.html

Pete26
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Gravestone for Johann Zak and Hermann Plackholm

Post by Pete26 » 09 Sep 2018 15:03

Johann Zak.jpg
Johann Zak and Hermann Plackholm were executed by shooting at Kagran firing range in Vienna on 31 October 1944. They are buried in Vienna Central Cemetery in mass graves with many Vienna fallbeil victims.
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Pete26
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An article about Johann Reichhart

Post by Pete26 » 11 Sep 2018 03:22

https://www.zeit.de/1964/44/ich-taets-nie-wieder

https://translate.google.com/translate? ... edit-text=

There is some interesting information on so called "N-cases" which were apparently guillotine executions outside of regular judicial channels. After regular execution session was over, Gestapo would bring in the prisoner and have him beheaded and take away his body in a casket. No name would be recorded. This provided yet another avenue to get rid of political opponents and inconvenient people without going through the court system. Apparently no one will ever know how many of such "N-case" beheadings were actually carried out.

The 1940 incident with the Vienna Tegel fallbeil where the blade got stuck over the prisoner's neck is mentioned. No wonder Reichhart preferred the Mannhardt fallbeils.
Last edited by Pete26 on 11 Sep 2018 12:12, edited 1 time in total.

Pete26
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Rudolf Mares

Post by Pete26 » 11 Sep 2018 03:49

Rudolf Mares.jpg


Rudolf Mares was guillotined in Pankrac prison by Alois Weiss on 20 October 1944. He was 34 years old.
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Pete26
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Pankrac prison execution notice

Post by Pete26 » 11 Sep 2018 03:54

Pankrac execution notice.jpg


This notice of execution is written in both German and Czech and lists names of six people guillotined in Pankrac prison on 29 June 1944. They were executed for having provided aid and place to stay to "Reich enemies".

https://www.prazskyden.cz/naciste-tu-se ... ani-hruzu/
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history1
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Re: 30 March 1943 Vienna Regional Court execution list

Post by history1 » 11 Sep 2018 07:48

Pete26 wrote:
02 Aug 2018 02:51
[...]
A handwritten list of 15 of 19 people guillotined at Vienna Regional court on 30 March 1943. The list was written by the prison chaplain Eduard Kock.
[...]
Eduard KÖCK, not Kock.
Further informations about the priest:
https://www.oecv.at/biolex/Detail/13209383
https://www.geschichtewiki.wien.gv.at/G ... _K%C3%B6ck

Pete26
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Prison chaplains at Vienna Regional Court

Post by Pete26 » 11 Sep 2018 12:34


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