German Confederation

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Mikael
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German Confederation

Post by Mikael » 02 Dec 2003 19:02

I am a little curious, who was members of the German Confederation.?

How did ti work.. i mean, organization. Was it a "Reichtag of the Confederation" and such things ?
How was the hierarchy ?

nondescript handle
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Post by nondescript handle » 03 Dec 2003 09:02

The German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) existed between 1815 and 1866, predecessor was the Sacrum Romanum Imperium Nationis Germaniae (843-1806), the successor was the North German Confederation 1867-1870 (Norddeutscher Bund).
It started with 39 members, but that changed quite a lot, ending with 35 members.
Members were:
The Empire of Austria (without Galicia, Hungary, Transylvania, Bukowina, Dalmatia and Croatia)
The Kingdom of Prussia ( without Provinze Posen, East Prussia and West Prussia)
The Kingdom of Bavaria
The Kingdom of Saxony
The Kingdom of Hanover
The Kingdom of Württemberg
The Grand Duchy of Baden
The Electorate of Hesse-Kassel
The Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt
The Duchy of Holstein (and Schleswig, from 1848)
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
The Duchy of Limburg (from 1839)
The Duchy of Brunswick
The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
The Duchy of Nassau
The Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
The Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (to 1825)
The Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha from 1826)
The Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
The Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen (Saxe-Altenburg from 1826)
The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
The Duchy of Oldenburg (Grand Duchy from 1829)
The Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau (Duchy of Anhalt from 1863)
The Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg (to 1863)
The Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen (to 1847)
The Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
The Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
The Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (to 1850)
The Principality of Liechtenstein
The Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (to 1850)
The Principality of Waldeck
The Principality of Reuß Senior Line
The Principality of Reuß Junior Line
The Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe
The Principality of Lippe
The Langraviate of Hesse-Homburg (from 1817)
The Duchy of Lauenburg
The Free City of Lübeck
The Free City of Frankfurt-am-Main
The Free City of Bremen
The Free City of Hamburg

A map: http://www.terra.es/personal7/jqvaraderey/181815ge.gif

All its members were totally souvereign. The only federal body was the Bundesvesammlung in Frankfurt a.M., the meeting of the rulers under the chairmanship of Austria.
A two third decistion of the Bundesvesammlung was imperative for the states, not the subjects. The Austrian Empire (namely the Foreign Minister Clemens Metternich) was most influential.
There was no parliament and no federal taxation, legislation, military or standards.
To foster the economy the customs union (Zollverein) was founded 1834 by Prussia, by 1842 it included most member states.

Regards
Mark
Last edited by nondescript handle on 07 Dec 2003 10:06, edited 1 time in total.

Karl da Kraut
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Post by Karl da Kraut » 06 Dec 2003 16:06

nondescript handle wrote:

Bundesverammlung


It should be Bundesversammlung. Sometimes, a single letter can make quite a difference... :D

Gwynn Compton
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Post by Gwynn Compton » 07 Dec 2003 01:14

And I'm fairly sure you mean 1866 rather than 1966 :)

Gwynn

nondescript handle
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Post by nondescript handle » 07 Dec 2003 10:05

Karl da Kraut and Gwynn Compton, you're both right :oops:

Regards
Mark

michael mills
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Post by michael mills » 21 Dec 2003 11:59

Karl da Kraut wrote:

It should be Bundesversammlung. Sometimes, a single letter can make quite a difference...


"Bundesverammlung" has no meaning, with the "s" left out.

But if an "r" is substituted for the "s", you would get "Bundesverrammlung", which could have a meaning, derived from the real verb "verrammeln", meaning "to barricade".

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