Japanese War Crimes

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David Thompson
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Japanese War Crimes

Postby David Thompson » 29 Feb 2004 18:24

As an aid to researchers, this is another a series of research "stickys" which group war crimes allegations by unit or administrative office. This "sticky" will deal with Japanese units implicated in war crimes.

If you have any facts about war crimes associated with Japanese units (trials, accusations in books etc), please post that info in this thread along with a source.

This is a research thread to post facts and references only. If you want to discuss anything mentioned here, please start a new thread to discuss it. Thanks.

Treatment of POWs

Generally
viewtopic.php?t=25842&start=0
http://vikingphoenix.com/public/rongsta ... ow/pow.htm
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/de ... ce&s=books

American POW Accounts
http://geocities.com/Pentagon/Barracks/ ... ticle.html
http://geocities.com/Pentagon/Barracks/2436/diary.html
http://geocities.com/Pentagon/Barracks/2436/hships.html
http://home.pacbell.net/fbaldie/book.html
http://home.pacbell.net/fbaldie/In_Retrospect.html
http://home.pacbell.net/fbaldie/Outline.html
http://www.battlingbastardsbataan.com/dbh.htm
http://home.pacbell.net/fbaldie/faces.html
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/alexander.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/calvit.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/durie.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/erickson2.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/graham_bio.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/hays.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/heinzel.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/jorgenson.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/makepeace.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/mck.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/murphy.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/pflueger.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/conrad.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/spaulding.htm
http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/walden2.htm
http://www.usmm.org/pow.html#anchor98513
http://home.attbi.com/~rgrokett/POW/index.htm

Massacre of American POWs on Wake Island
http://www.goldtel.net/ddxa/massacre.html

Australian POWs
http://www.awm.gov.au/journal/j34/blackburn.htm
http://www.awm.gov.au/journal/j33/blackburn.htm#16

Sandakan Death March
http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-bat ... ndakan.htm
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com ... dakan.html

Death Railway
http://www.scottmurray.com/bridge.htm
http://www.angelstation.com/swillner/
http://www.usmm.org/duffylifedeath.html
http://www.fepow-community.org.uk/resea ... h_Railway/
http://www.hellfirepass.com/index_railway.htm
http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-bat ... a-rail.htm
http://members.tripod.com/~thailandcoll ... ailway.htm
http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/715 ... deadbd.htm
http://www.kwanah.com/txmilmus/lostbattalion/

Hell Ships

http://www.awm.gov.au/research/infoshee ... n_ship.asp
http://www.west-point.org/family/japane ... photos.htm

Montevideo Maru
http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/remembering ... uments.htm
http://www.angelfire.com/alt2/prisoners ... lians.html
http://www.montevideomaru.info/Montevid ... 20Maru.htm

Lisbon Maru
http://www.fepow-community.org.uk/arthu ... n_maru.htm
http://www.hamstat.demon.co.uk/HongKong ... _Maru.html
http://www.far-eastern-heroes.org.uk/ja ... maru_1.htm

Suez Maru
http://www.cofepow.org.uk/pages/ships_suez_maru.htm
http://www.burmastar.org.uk/suez_maru_atrocity.htm

Harukiku Maru
http://www.stegro.nl/Website1/van%20Waerwijck(1).htm

Kachidoki Maru
http://www.cofepow.org.uk/remembrance/Kachidoki_Maru/

Rakuyo Maru
http://www.maritime.org/pows.htm
http://www.maritime.org/patrol3.htm

Shinyo Maru
http://www.submarinesailor.com/history/ ... hinyomaru/
http://people.csp.edu/saylor/POWproject ... mepage.htm

Junyo Maru
http://history1900s.about.com/library/p ... omaru1.htm
http://members.iinet.net.au/~vanderkp/junyopg1.html

Arisan Maru
http://www.angelfire.com/nm/bcmfofnm/calvingraef.html
http://members.aol.com/bcmfofnm2/hellships.html

Oryoku Maru
http://www.oryokumaruonline.org/oryoku_maru_story.html
http://www.oryokumaru.net/oryokumaru.htm

Nanking Massacre
http://centurychina.com/wiihist/
http://www.cnd.org/mirror/nanjing/
http://www.cnd.org/njmassacre/
http://web.missouri.edu/~jschool/nankin ... ing_02.htm
http://journalism.missouri.edu/~jschool ... /table.htm
http://www.china918.net/en/index_en.htm
http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro ... -9650.html
Warcrimes in Nanking 1937
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=40634
Nanking
viewtopic.php?t=57273
Rape of Nanking
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=79213
Wartime Japanese newspaper account of Nanking
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=140930
In the name of the Emperor (the rape of Nanjing documentary)
viewtopic.php?t=100883
1937 Nanjing Massacre - who is right?
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=122574
The beheading competition
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=117063
John Rabe - The good Nazi.
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=68435
John Rabe: The Nazi Who Saved Lives
viewtopic.php?t=51419
The death of Iris Chang
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=85764

Sexual Slavery
viewtopic.php?t=37660

Allegations of Cannibalism
viewtopic.php?t=5371
viewtopic.php?t=21498
http://www.danford.net/tsuji.htm
http://www.fortunecity.com/meltingpot/h ... crimes.htm
http://www.ijnhonline.org/volume1_numbe ... al.doc.htm
http://www2.gol.com/users/winjerd/Page05.htm
http://www.pressbox.co.uk/Detailed/6574.html
http://www.abcifer.com/nov02/

Unit 731
http://www.kimsoft.com/2002/731.htm
http://www.ask.ne.jp/~hankaku/english/kaibou.html
http://www-users.cs.umn.edu/~dyue/wiihi ... ermwar.htm
http://www-users.cs.umn.edu/~dyue/wiihi ... 731rev.htm
http://www.sjwar.org/Unit731.htm
http://www.kimsoft.com/korea/jp-germ4.htm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/2218266.stm
http://www-users.cs.umn.edu/~dyue/wiihi ... 731rev.htm
http://www.historyofmilitary.com/Unit_7 ... 37399.html
http://www.ww2pacific.com/unit731.html
http://shenware.virtualave.net/his_unit731.shtml
http://www.ipsystems.com/powmia/unit-731.html
http://roswell.fortunecity.com/skulls/37/unit731.htm

Comfort Women
Condom used by Japanese soldiers against Comfort Women
viewtopic.php?t=110980
U.S. House Takes Japan to Task Over Comfort Women
viewtopic.php?t=107989
Japan's Comfort Women (and US Comfort Women)
viewtopic.php?t=102556
The story of the comfort women
viewtopic.php?t=52431
Comfort women brothel
viewtopic.php?t=52429
Japan's crimes against women
viewtopic.php?t=37660

books
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ISBN% ... 37-3980614
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/ ... 37-3980614

Japanese War Crimes Trials
Japanese war crimes were not fully punished
viewtopic.php?f=6&t=136369

viewtopic.php?t=18895
viewtopic.php?t=10397
http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/hisakasu.htm
http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/isayama.htm
http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/chusaburo.htm
http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/yamashitafrwd.html
http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/sakai.htm
http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/ohashi.htm
http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/shinohara.htm
http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/shinohara.htm
http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/jaluit.htm

Japan and War Crimes Generally
http://www.jca.apc.org/JWRC/center/english/appeal1.htm
http://www.vikingphoenix.com/public/Jap ... pwcrmz.htm
http://www.fepow-community.org.uk/
http://www.powtaiwan.org/men.html
http://au.geocities.com/frans_taminiau/
http://www.abc.net.au/changi/
http://www.ean.co.uk/Bygones/History/Ar ... /index.htm
http://www.geocities.com/rcwpca/
http://ithascome.bravehost.com/

Confessions of Japanese War Criminals
http://centurychina.com/wiihist/confess/index.html
Last edited by David Thompson on 10 Nov 2006 22:37, edited 5 times in total.

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Wm. Harris
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Postby Wm. Harris » 29 Feb 2004 23:11

A nutshell description of the Battle of Hong Kong and the hardships endured by Canadian PoWs, which included slave labour in mines and naval shipyards in Japan.

http://www.valourandhorror.com/HK/HKsyn.htm

A series of video clips featuring Canadian soldiers who endured brutal treatment in Japanese PoW camps.

http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/general/sub.cfm?source=feature/hongkong/recollect

Additional personal reminisces presented by the Loyal Edmonton Regiment Museum: "They tied our hands together with barbed wire. A lot of boys that fell and couldn't walk because they were wounded so badly, they were cut loose and bayoneted right there. They don't believe in taking too many prisoners..."

http://www.lermuseum.org/ler/mh/wwii/pows.html

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Postby Dan W. » 06 Mar 2004 17:26

Image

More info:

If you are looking for a comprehensive overview of the vast system of Japanese POW camps throughout Asia during WWII, including the in-depth personal testimony of those who were there, then this book is the one of the best resources of its kind.

It explores the savage treatment of all Japanese POW's, be they Dutch, British, Fillipino, American or Australian, and looks at the inner workings of each of these POW camps.

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Postby James McBride » 07 Mar 2004 05:46

I had this one bookmarked, but it is broken.

http://www.ipsystems.com/powmia/unit-731.html

And this is another one someone mentioned in a discussion with general information and verdicts in trials. Maybe similar information is available in one of those, but I didn't look at them all.

http://www.marshallnet.com/~manor/ww2/unit731.html

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Wm. Harris
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Postby Wm. Harris » 29 May 2004 04:00

A well-researched and footnoted account of Japanese abuses against Indian PoWs:

http://www.awm.gov.au/journal/j37/indians.htm

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Anzac
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Postby Anzac » 21 Jun 2004 15:42

Tol Plantation
Located on Wide Bay, about 50 km south of Rabaul.
Some 160 Australian garrison at Rabaul were either captured, killed, or bayoneted to death at Tol Plantation after the Japanese occupation. Investigators finally discovered the fate of Lark Force in 1945, when the area was re-occupied after Japanese surrender. For most of those massacred, their only grave was the sea or the bush at Tol Plantation, where those massacred were never properly buried.

Sandakan Death March
Borneo
In 1945 a group of over 2000 Australian and British prisoners of the Japanese in Borneo were taken from Sandakan to Ranau. Of the 2345 men, only six survived. Of those who died, most were never found. At Labuan, Borneo, there is a war cemetery, containing the graves of the thousand men whose bodies were recovered. There is also a monument there with more than a thousand other names engraved on it - those who have no known grave. To some, the Sandakan Death March is Australia's 'Holocaust'. There are virtually no people alive today who were on that particular Death March - only six survived the experience at the end of the war.

Ambon Island, Indonesia
In December 1941, an Australian force known as Gull Force sailed for Ambon Island in the Netherlands East Indies. They were captured. Over 200 Australians were massacred at Laha, Ambon, on 6 February and between 15 and 20 February 1942

Burma–Thailand Railway
In all, 9,500 Australian prisoners of war worked on the construction of the Burma–Thailand Railway, which ran from Bampong, Thailand, to Thanbyuzayat, Burma . Building commenced at each end of the railway. Altogether, 2,646 Australians died working on the railway. Prisoners in Changi were divided into forces to work on the railway in either Burma or Thailand. The railway was completed on 16 October 1943.

Sumatra
On 12 February 1942 just before the capitulation at Singapore 65 Australian nurses embarked on the Vyner Brooke. On 14 February the Vyner Brooke was sunk just off Banka Island; 22 nurses made it to land but were shot by Japanese soldiers. The only nurse to survive was Sister Vivian Bullwinkel; after ten days of freedom she was captured and imprisoned at Muntok. The nurses were moved from Muntok to Palembang , then to Muntok again and finally Lubuk Linggau. At the end of the war, only 24 nurses returned to Australia, the rest having died in captivity.

Malaya
Japanese troops decapitated 200 wounded Australians and Indians left behind when Australian troops withdrew through the jungle from Muar.

Singapore
Japanese soldiers bayonet 300 patients and staff of Alexandra military hospital 9 Feb 1942, Australian patients included.

Aitape
New Guinea
Australian Commando who is captured with Dutch Commandos is beheaded on the beach.

Japanese Unit 731
It also carried out surgery on human victims - live autopsies in fact - and tested the effects of anthrax, typhoid and botulism on prisoners of war - Australian, American, British, Dutch, Chinese and many other nationalities.
[/b]

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Marcus Wendel
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Postby Marcus Wendel » 21 Jun 2004 16:34

Anzac,

Don't forget to post a source for your claims.

/Marcus

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Anzac
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Postby Anzac » 21 Jun 2004 16:54

Marcus,
Sorry. My sources were the Australian War Memorial (http://www.awm.gov.au), my Grandfathers diary - he was in a War Graves Unit and designed and built the Lae War Cemetery in Papua New Guinea. He sometimes had to find out how they died and he was horrified by the acts the Japanese troops had inflicted on the Australian troops.

Other Sources are -
http://www.anzacday.org.au/education/ac ... kan01.html
http://www.pacificwrecks.com/provinces/png_tol.html
http://www.pray4pows.org/australia/deat ... ivors.html

#RP#

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Anzac
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Postby Anzac » 22 Jun 2004 06:19

i suggest that you all read the following websites, they extensively cover the Sandakan Death March and the only soldiers to escape, 6 Australians.
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand01.htm
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand02.htm
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand03.htm
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand04.htm
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand05.htm
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand06.htm
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand07.htm
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand08.htm
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand09.htm
http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand10.htm


"Australia's Holocaust" - Sandakan Death March
During October and November 1945, the camp site and some of the jungle area to the west was searched by Australian War Graves units and 3 POW Contact and Enquiry Unit. Similar searches were also conducted in the area of a small settlement called Ranau, 260 kilometres west of Sandakan, in the mountains close to north Borneo’s largest mountain, Mount Kinabalu. Eventually, searches were also made all along a jungle track, or rentis, which ran from near Sandakan, through low-lying river swamps and up into the mountains to Ranau. In these areas at various times between 1945 and 1947 were found the personal relics and bodily remains of over 2163 Australian and British POWs. The remains of a further 265 known to have been at Sandakan in early January 1945 were never found.
- http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand02.htm

For their first three days in the swamp country they had a small amount of rice and six cucumbers among 40 POWs. This was, in Botterill’s words, just enough to keep them alive. Group 3 took 17 days to make the trip through swamp, jungle and mountain forest. Of the 50 who had started out, only 37 reached Ranau. Some had simply died of exhaustion and disease: others, unable to go on, were shot or sometimes beaten to death
- http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/sa ... sand04.htm


#RP#

Panzermahn
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Postby Panzermahn » 17 Jul 2004 07:59

Operation Sook Ching, February 1942, Singapore...Approximately 5,000 chinese and ethnic chinese residing in the malay peninsula and singapore were taken to the sentosa and executed by the Japanese..

Source: The National Development of Malaysia, publication by Kolej Universiti Teknologi Tun Hussein Onn (2003) textbook. Chapter 3, Japanese occupation of the Malayan Peninsula 1941-1945. (TRANslated from Malay)

David Thompson
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Postby David Thompson » 17 Jul 2004 15:46

Joachim -- Can we get any more details on that operation?

Panzermahn
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Postby Panzermahn » 18 Jul 2004 14:31

Hi David,

it's only few statement from the paragraph on the chapter about colonisation and occupation in the Malay penisula from the 16th century onto the 20th century..But i tried to get more info from my lecturer on this...

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Peter H
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Postby Peter H » 17 Sep 2004 12:39

Parit Sulong Malaya,1942.

http://www.nesa.org.uk/html/malayan_massacre.htm

A new book has been published on the massacre,The Bridge at Parit Sulong by Lynette Silver

http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/09/ ... click=true

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Zebedee
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Postby Zebedee » 27 Feb 2005 18:04

May I recommend Knights of Bushido by Lord Russell of Liverpool. It is not an 'in-depth study' but it is good foundation material giving an overview of both culture and events. I believe it is now back in print.



http://www.greenhillbooks.com/booksheet ... shido.html

zstar
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Postby zstar » 12 Jul 2005 14:49

http://english.people.com.cn/zhuanti/ww ... crimes.php

41 pictures by China's official Communist Party Paper People's Daily which commemorates the Japanese War crimes commited in China.


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