Names of high ranking SS officers who died btw 33 and 45 ?

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Wilfried Abenaschon
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Names of high ranking SS officers who died btw 33 and 45 ?

Post by Wilfried Abenaschon » 15 Aug 2002 19:32

Hi !
Who could give names of high ranking SS officers who died before and during the war with the circumstances ?
Willab
Last edited by Wilfried Abenaschon on 18 Aug 2002 02:34, edited 1 time in total.

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Marcus
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Post by Marcus » 15 Aug 2002 19:35

Circumstances of what?

/Marcus

Wilfried Abenaschon
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Post by Wilfried Abenaschon » 18 Aug 2002 02:22

:) Sorry... who have died...

Willab

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Michael Miller
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RF-SS ~ SS-Gruf. (A ~ M)

Post by Michael Miller » 18 Aug 2002 07:49

The following are all Reichsführer-SS through SS-Gruppenführer with names beginning in “A” through “M” who died between 1935 and 1945. I will post “N” (Arthur Nebe) through “Z” (Karl Zech) soon.

Best wishes,
~ Mike Miller
Axis Biographical Research


* Friedrich Ludwig Herbert Alpers
SS-Obergruppenführer / Staatssekretär / Reichsstellenleiter der NSDAP/
Preußischen Staatsrat / Generalforstmeister /
Major der Reserve / Staatsminister a.D.

Born: 25. March 1901 in Sonnenberg / Kreis Braunschweig.
Suicide: 3. September 1944 near Bougnies-Mons-Maubeuge, France (following capture by Allies on 1. September).


* Theodor (Theo) Berkelmann
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Polizei / M.d.R. /
Oberleutnant der Reserve a.D.

Born: 17. April 1894 in Martinsbann bei Metz.
Died: 27. December 1943 in Posen (brain tumor).


* Martin Ludwig Bormann
Reichsminister / Reichsleiter /
SS-Obergruppenführer /
SA-Obergruppenführer / M.d.R.

Born: 17. June 1900 in Halberstadt / Mecklenburg.
Suicide: 2. May 1945 in Berlin (by cyanide).


* Philipp Bouhler
Reichsleiter /
SS-Obergruppenführer /
M.d.R. / Leutnant a.D.

Born: 11. September 1899 in München / Bayern.
Suicide: 19. May 1945, in U.S. internment camp at Alt Aussee near Dachau / Bayern (by cyanide along with Frau Bouhler).


* Franz Breithaupt
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS /
Major a.D.

Born: 8. December 1880 in Berlin.
Murdered: 29. April 1945 in Bach (shot from behind by his aide, SS-Untersturmführer Karl Lang).


* Josef Bürckel
Gauleiter / Reichsstatthalter /
SS-Obergruppenführer /
NSKK-Obergruppenführer / M.d.R.

Born: 30. March 1895 in Lingenfeld / Pfalz.
Suicide: 28. September 1944 in Neustadt.


* Dr. med. Leonardo Conti
Staatssekretär /
SS-Obergruppenführer / Reichsgesundheitsführer /
Oberarzt der Reserve / Preußischen Staatsrat / M.d.R.

Born: 24. August 1900 in Lugano, Switzerland.
Suicide: 6. October 1945; hanged himself with his shirt in his cell at Nürnberg Prison.


* Joachim Albrecht Leo Eggeling
Gauleiter / Reichsstatthalter / Oberpräsident /
SS-Obergruppenführer /
M.d.R. / Preußischen Staatsrat /
Hauptmann der Reserve

Born: 30. November 1884 in Blankenburg / Harz.
Killed in action: 14. April 1945 in Halle (shot in the head).


* Theodor (“Papa”) Eicke
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS /
M.d.R.


Born: 17. October 1892 in Hudingen (Hampont) / Kreis
Chateau-Salines / Bezirk Lothringen / Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen.
Killed: 26. February 1943 over Artelnoje, 15 km east of Orelka / Kreis Dimitrowsk Orlowski / Gebiet Orel, Russia (shot down at approximately 1640 hours by Soviet ground fire while on an inspection flight in a Fieseler “Storch”).


* Hans Georg Otto Hermann Fegelein
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS

Born: 30. October 1906 in Ansbach / Kreis Mittelfranken / Bayern.
Executed: Night of 28. April 1945 in Reichskanzlei, Berlin (shot by an SS squad for alleged desertion some time after 2300).


* Josef (“Joschi”) Fitzthum
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei /
M.d.R. / Oberleutnant a.D.

Born: 14. September 1896 in Loimmersdorf / Niederösterreich.
Killed: 10. January 1945 in auto accident on the Neuenkirchenallee south of Wien.


* Bruno Erich Alfred Freyberg
SS-Gruppenführer /
Oberbürgermeister /
Ministerpräsident a.D. /
M.d.R. / Leutnant der Reserve a.D.

Born: 12. July 1892 in Harsleben bei Halberstedt / Mecklenburg.
Suicide: 18. April 1945 in his office, Leipzig / Sachsen, along with his wife and daughter (the same day U.S. troops arrived in Leipzig).


* Helmuth Friedrichs
SS-Gruppenführer /
Oberbefehlsleiter der NSDAP /
Oberleutnant der Reserve / M.d.R.

Born: 22. September 1899 in Otterndorf / Unterelbe.
Died: 31. December 1945.


* Karl Gerland
Gauleiter /
SS-Gruppenführer / Reichsamtsleiter der NSDAP /
M.d.R. / Unteroffizier der Reserve

Born: 14. July 1905 in Gottsbüren / Hessen.
Killed in Action: 22. April 1945 in area of Oderbogen (while serving in an Army unit against Soviet forces).


* Dipl.-Ing. Odilo Lotario Globocnik
("Globus")
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei /
Staatssekretär / M.d.R. / Gauleiter a.D.

Born: 21. April 1904 in Trieste.
Suicide: 31. May 1945, by cyanide at Moesslacher-Alm in the Karavanken Alps, Kärnten (Carinthia) soon after his capture by a British patrol.


* Richard Glücks
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS

Born: 22. April 1889 in Odenkirchen / Kreis Rheydt / Rheinland.
Suicide: 10. May 1945, in British captivity, Flensburg Naval Hospital.


* Friedrich Freiherr von der Goltz
SS-Gruppenführer /
Oberst a.D.

Born: 25. October 1873 in Berlin.
Died: 27. August 1945 (place unknown).


* Curt von Gottberg
SS-Obergruppenführer und General
der Waffen-SS und Polizei /
Generalkommissar


Born: 11. February 1896 in Preußisch-Wilten / Kreis Bartenstein / Ostpreußen.
Suicide: 31. May 1945 in Leutzhöft / Kreis Flensburg / Schleswig-Holstein.


* Prof. Dr. med. Ernst-Robert Grawitz
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS

Born: 8. June 1899 in Berlin.
Suicide: 24. Apil 1945 in Berlin.
(The following account of Grawitz’s suicide appears in Cornelius Ryan’s The Last Battle:

“A few hours later that evening, Professor Ernst Grawitz, head of the German Red Cross and friend of Heinrich Himmler, sat down to dinner with his family. When everyone was seated Grawitz reached down, pulled the pins on two hand grenades, and blew himself and his family to oblivion.”)


* Wilhelm Grimm
Reichsleiter /
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei /
Hauptmann der Reserve /
M.d.R. / Gauleiter a.D.

Born: 31. December 1889 in Hof an der Saale / Franken / Bayern.
Killed: 21. July 1944; in auto accident near Coswig / Anhalt; buried in Schliersee, 26. July 1944.


* Karl August Hanke
Gauleiter / Reichsstatthalter / Oberpräsident /
Reichsführer-SS und Chef der deutschen Polizei /
Hauptmann der Reserve / M.d.R.

Born: 24. August 1903 in Lauban / Schlesien.
Killed: 8. June 1945, in vicinity of Neudorf / Komotau / Sudetenland, by Czech partisans.


* Dr. jur. h.c.
Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein
Gauleiter / Reichsstatthalter /
SS-Obergruppenführer /
Major der Reserve / M.d.R.

Born: 6. May 1898 in Maffersdorf bei Reichenberg / Böhmen.
Suicide: 10. May 1945, by slashing his wrists with a razor blade in U.S. internment camp Rotzikau, near Pilsen.


* Maximilian von Herff
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS /
Oberst a.D. (Heer)

Born: 17. April 1893 in Hannover / Niedersachsen.
Died: 6. September 1945 at Cornshead Priory POW Camp, Lake Windermere, Scotland; buried in the German War Cemetery, Cannock Chase, Staffordshire.


* Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Polizei /
M.d.R. / Preußischen Staatsrat /
Stellvertreter Reichsprotektor /
Major der Reserve

Born: 7. March 1904 in Halle an der Saale.
Died: 4. June 1942 in a Bulovka Hospital, following assassination attempt on 27. May 1942; buried in Invalidenfriedhof, Berlin (tomb removed after World War II).


* Georg Paul Erich Hilgenfeldt
SS-Gruppenführer /
Oberbefehlsleiter der NSDAP /
Hauptmann der Reserve / M.d.R.

Born: 2. July 1897 in Heinitz / Kreis Ottweiler / Saargebiet.
Suicide: 25. April 1945 (or 2. May 1945) in Berlin.


* Dipl.-Landwirt
Heinrich Himmler
Reichsführer-SS und Chef der deutschen Polizei /
Reichsminister / Reichsleiter / Reichskommissar / Preußischen Staatsrat / M.d.R.


Born: 7. October 1900 in Landshut / Bayern.
Suicide: 23. May 1945 at Lüneburg, by cyanide capsule while under British interrogation.


* Heinrich Friedrich Johann Jürs
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei /
Preußischen Staatsrat

Born: 17. January 1897 in Altona / Elbe.
Killed: 28. April 1945 in an auto accident, Bach.


* Prof. Dipl.-Ing.
Rudolf Jung
SS-Gruppenführer /
Gauleiter e. h. / M.d.R.

Born: 16. April 1882 in Plaß / Böhmen.
Suicide: 11. December 1945 in Pankrac Prison, Prague.


* Richard Jungclaus
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei /
SS-Obersturmführer der Reserve

Born: 17. March 1905 in Freiburg / Stade.
Killed in Action: 14. April 1945 in Sadovice, Yugoslavia.


* Dr. med. Hugo Jury
Gauleiter / Reichsstatthalter /
SS-Obergruppenführer / Staatsrat / M.d.R.

Born: 13. July 1887 in Mährisch-Rothmühl.
Suicide: 9. May 1945 in a hotel near Zwettl (by pistol).


* Dr.-Ing.
Hans Friedrich Karl Franz Kammler
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS

Born: 26. August 1901 in Stettin / Pommern.
Suicide: 9. May 1945 near Eule / Böhmen (probably by cyanide, according to members of his staff).


* Curt Kaul
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei /
SS-Sturmbannführer der Reserve /
Ministerialdirektor / M.d.R.

Born: 5. October 1890 in Brodowo / Provinz Posen.
Killed in Action: 25. December 1944 in Budapest.


* Matthias Kleinheisterkamp
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS

Born: 22. June 1893 in Elberfeld / Berisches Land.
Suicide: 2. or 8. May 1945 near Halbe / Kreis Feltow in Soviet captivity.


* Friedrich-Wilhelm Krüger
SS-Obergruppenführer und
General der Waffen-SS und Polizei /
M.d.R. / Preußischen Staatsrat /
SA-Obergruppenführer a.D. / Staatssekretär a.D. / Oberleutnant a.D.

Born: 8. May 1894 in Straßburg / Elsaß.
Suicide: 10. May 1945 in Austria.


* Walter Krüger
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS

Born: 27. February 1890 in Straßburg / Elsaß.
Suicide: 22. May 1945 near Prussian-Lithuanian border (surrounded by a Soviet patrol in a forest, shot himself to prevent capture)


* Richard Paul Wilhelm Kube
Generalkommissar / M.d.R. /
SS-Gruppenführer a.D. / Gauleiter a.D.

Born: 13. November 1887 in Glogau / Schlesien.
Assassinated: 23. September 1943 in Minsk (killed by a landmine placed beneath his bed by Yelena Mazanik, a chambermaid in his employ; buried in Berlin-Lankwitz).


* Wilhelm Friedrich Loeper
Gauleiter / Reichsstatthalter /
SS-Gruppenführer /
M.d.R. / Major a.D.

Born: 13. October 1883 in Schwerin / Mecklenburg.
Died: 23. October 1935 (of throat cancer; buried in Napoleonturm, Mildensee bei Dessau, 26. October 1935).


* Ewald von Massow
SS-Gruppenführer /
Generalleutnant a.D.

Born: 17. April 1869 in Belgard / Pommern.
Died: 12. October 1942 (in Berlin?).


* Paul Moder
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei /
SS-Sturmbannführer der Reserve / M.d.R.

Born: 1. October 1896 in Neheim / Kreis Arnsberg / Westfalen.
Killed in Action: 8. February 1942 in Kalinitz, south of Lake Ilmen (on northern sector of the Eastern Front).


* Heinrich Müller
(“Gestapo- Müller”)
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei

Born: 28. April 1900 in München / Bayern.
Killed or Suicide: 29. April 1945 in Berlin.


* Dr. jur. Dr. rer.pol. Heinrich Müller
SS-Gruppenführer / DRK-Generalhauptführer /
Staatsminister a.D. / Leutnant d.R. a.D.

Born: 7. June 1896 in Pasing bei München / Bayern.
Died: 26. April 1945 in Potsdam (suicide?).


* Artur Mülverstadt
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Schutzpolizei

Born: 30. June 1894 in Gebesee bei Erfürt / Thüringen.
Killed in Action: 10. August 1941 south of Luga, Russia by artillery fire).


* Wilhelm Murr
Gauleiter / Reichsstatthalter /
SS-Obergruppenführer / M.d.R.

Born: 16. December 1888 in Eßlingen a. Neckar.
Suicide: 14. May 1945 in Egg / Bregenz (by cyanide along with Frau Murr).

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Michael Miller
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SS-Ogruf. & SS-Gruf. (N - Z); died 1934-1945

Post by Michael Miller » 18 Aug 2002 08:07

And here are the rest of the SS-Ogruf. and SS-Gruf. who did not live to see 1946:



* Arthur Nebe
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei


Born: 13. Nov. 1894 in Berlin
Hanged: 21. Mar. 1945 by SS due to implication in the 20. Jul. 1944 assassination plot against Hitler.


* Werner Ostendorff
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS


Born: 15. Aug. 1903 in Königsberg / Ostpreußen.
Died: 4. May 1945 in Reservelazarett, Bad Aussee, Austria (as a result of incendiary shell wounds received in Hungary on 9. Mar. 1945); buried in Nordfriedhof, Alt Bad Aussee.



* Carl-Friedrich
Graf von Pückler-Burghauß
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS / M.d.R.


Born: 7. Oct. 1886 in Breslau / Schlesien.
Suicide: 12. May 1945 in Cimelice near Pilsen after capture by U.S. troops (to avoid transfer to Soviet custody); buried in Central Cemetery of Brno, Czech Republic.




* Ing.-chem.
Friedrich (Fritz) Max Karl von Scholz,
Edler von Rarancze
(“der alte Fritz”)
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS


Born: 9. Dec. 1896 in Pilsen / Böhmen.
Killed in Action: 28. Jul. 1944 near Narwa, Estonia; buried in Main Cemetery of Tallinn, Estonia.




* Siegfried Seidel-Dittmarsch
SS-Gruppenführer /
M.d.R. / Major a.D.


Born: 4. Jan. 1887 in Pammin / Kreis Arnswalde
Died: 20. Feb. 1934 (due to illness)



* Dr. med.
Max Gareon Alexander Thomas
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei


Born: 4. Aug. 1891 in Düsseldorf.
Suicide: Nov. 1945.


* Karl Zech
SS-Gruppenführer /
M.d.R. / Hauptmann a.D.


Born: 6. Feb. 1892 in Swinemünde / Pommern.
Suicide: 1. Apr. 1944 in Altenberg / Thüringen.


* Artur Martin Phleps
(gen. Stolz)
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS


Born: 29. Nov. 1881 in Birthälm / Siebenbürgen.
Killed: 21. Sep. 1944 near Arad / Siebenbürgen
(Shot in captivity by Soviet troops)



* Hans-Adolf Prützmann
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS und Polizei /
Preußischen Staatsrat / M.d.R.


Born: 31. Aug. 1901 in Tollkemit / Ostpreußen.
Suicide: 21. May 1945 (by cyanide in British custody, Lüneburg)


* Ernst Rudolf Querner
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS und Polizei


Born: 10. Jun. 1893 in Lehndorf bei Kamenz / Sachsen.
Suicide: 27. May. 1945 in Magdeburg (after capture).


* Wilhelm Rediess
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS und Polizei / M.d.R.


Born: 10. Oct. 1900 in Heinsberg / Rheinland.
Suicide: 8. / 9. May 1945
(by explosive charge, along with Reichskommissar
Terboven, Castle Skaugum, Oslo).




* Paul Scharfe
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS


Born: 6. Sep. 1876 in Danzig.
Died: 15. Aug. 1942 in Starnberg / Bayern.



* Ernst-Heinrich Schmauser
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS und Polizei /
M.d.R. / Hauptmann a.D.


Born: 18. Jan. 1890 in Hof an der Saale / Franken / Bayern.
Died: 31. Dec. 1945 in Soviet captivity.



* Walter Schmitt
SS-Obergruppenführer
und General der Waffen-SS /
Major a.D. / M.d.R.


Born: 13. Jan. 1879 in Hamburg.
Executed: 18. Sep. 1945 in Czech captivity at Dablice.



* Friedrich Graf von der Schulenburg
SS-Obergruppenführer /
char. General der Kavallerie a.D. / M.d.R.


Born: 21. Nov. 1865 in Bobitz / Mecklenburg.
Died: 19. May 1939 in Tressow bei Plüschow / Mecklenburg.



* Fritz Wächtler
Gauleiter / Reichshauptamtsleiter der NSDAP/
SS-Obergruppenführer /
M.d.R. / Staatsminister a.D. /
Leutnant der Reserve a.D.


Born: 7. Jan. 1891 in Triebes / Thüringen.
Executed: 19. Apr. 1945 (shot on charges of defeatism by an SS squad led by his deputy Gauleiter, SS-Brigadeführer Ludwig Ruckdeschel; Ruckdeschel ran the Gau until war's end).



* Fritz Philip Weitzel
SS-Obergruppenführer /
M.d.R. / Preußischen Staatsrat /
Polizeipräsident


Born: 27. Apr. 1904 in Frankfurt/Main
Killed: 19. Jun. 1940 in RAF air raid while home on leave in Düsseldorf.

Georges JEROME
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SS Ogruf +

Post by Georges JEROME » 18 Aug 2002 16:48

Congratulation Mike.

Comments:

Breihaupt died on 28 april 45 at Bach
Jurs died on 29 april 45 at Bach
in different circumstances any connection ?

re Heinrich Muller
how do you consider the work of Gregory Douglas upon post war activities of Muller in USA

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Marcus
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Post by Marcus » 18 Aug 2002 16:50

Mike,

Excellent posts as always.

/Marcus

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Marcus
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Re: SS Ogruf +

Post by Marcus » 18 Aug 2002 16:54

JEROME Georges wrote:how do you consider the work of Gregory Douglas upon post war activities of Muller in USA


I have not read them myself but I understand that most regard them as fiction, I'm a huge fan of the books published by Bender but I'm goinging to stay away from those.

Image Image Image Image

"Gestapo Chief: The 1948 Interrogation of Heinrich Muller, Volume 1"
"Gestapo Chief: The 1948 Interrogation of Heinrich Muller, Volume 2"
"Gestapo Chief: The 1948 Interrogation of Heinrich Muller, Volume 3"
"Müller Journals: 1948-1950 the Washington Years, Volume 1"

/Marcus

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Ken McCanliss
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Last survivor

Post by Ken McCanliss » 19 Aug 2002 02:57

Great post, Mike - the kind of information that can't be found anywhere else on the internet!

At the other end of the spectrum, the question arises about who the last survivors of the higher SS were.

I believe that Paul Wegener, who died on 5 May 1993, was the last surviving SS-Obergruppenführer.

Can you give me the name and date of death of the last Gruppenführer?

I eagerly await the publication of your book on the subject of the members of the higher SS.

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Michael Miller
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Harster...

Post by Michael Miller » 19 Aug 2002 05:14

Ken~

You are correct, of course. Paul Wegener was the last ex-Obergruppenführer to "give up the ghost".

Of the SS-Gruppenführer, I believe the longest to live was one of the worst in the batch- this fellow:

Dr. jur. Wilhelm Harster
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei


Born: 21. July 1904 in Kelheim / Niederbayern.
Died: 25. December 1991 in München / Bayern.


Thanks very much for your kind and encouraging words re: "Leaders of the SS & German Police". It is no overstatement to say that I could not have come anywhere near this far without your support and countless contributions.

I am actually near the end of the project- just six biosketches need some finishing touches and it's off to the publisher. Among the most tiresome and difficult biographies- Wilhelm Kube. I have much information on him, but all in German (having it translated now), and my knowledge of the intricacies of that language is- shamefully- rather limited.

Thanks again, Ken, and to all others who've helped me in so many ways with this venture.

~ Mike

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Post by Wilfried Abenaschon » 19 Aug 2002 10:32

Yes, Mike, thank you very much indeed !!! :D Astonishing work...

What was the cause of the death of Paul Scharfe ?

Willab

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Re: Harster...

Post by Phil Nix » 25 Oct 2002 13:41

Michael Miller wrote:Ken~

You are correct, of course. Paul Wegener was the last ex-Obergruppenführer to "give up the ghost".

Of the SS-Gruppenführer, I believe the longest to live was one of the worst in the batch- this fellow:

Dr. jur. Wilhelm Harster
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei


Born: 21. July 1904 in Kelheim / Niederbayern.
Died: 25. December 1991 in München / Bayern.
Can I disagree re Harster he was certainly not one of the worst, In Holland his sucessors Naumann and Schongarth were far worse. Harster worked diligently but he is reported to have worked " in a comparitivly conservative and conciliatory manner" with the Dutch police. He was heavily ionvolved in the deportations of Dutch Jews but was not as "enthusiastic" as his successors. He was also in volved in the Ardentine Caves killings in Rome but he was a prime mover in the surernder in Italy being the first to approach the US and he covered Wolffs tracks were Kaltenbrunner was involved.
Philmil


Thanks very much for your kind and encouraging words re: "Leaders of the SS & German Police". It is no overstatement to say that I could not have come anywhere near this far without your support and countless contributions.

I am actually near the end of the project- just six biosketches need some finishing touches and it's off to the publisher. Among the most tiresome and difficult biographies- Wilhelm Kube. I have much information on him, but all in German (having it translated now), and my knowledge of the intricacies of that language is- shamefully- rather limited.

Thanks again, Ken, and to all others who've helped me in so many ways with this venture.

~ Mike

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Deaths of Gruppenführer 1933 - 1945

Post by Phil Nix » 28 Oct 2002 14:08

One Gruppenführer forgotten
Rolf Reiner Party nr 297947 SS Nr 23077 Born Gmunden 2.1.1899KIcked out of the SS 16th November 1944 by a Party Court for implication in the Röhm affair. Missing believed killed as Oberleutnant in a Flak Unit

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Michael Miller
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Reiner

Post by Michael Miller » 28 Oct 2002 15:57

Philmil~

Thanks very much for this name I'd overlooked! Have you further information, a photo perhaps?

Re: Harster: He was highly educated, brilliant, refined, cultured- but it appears his ambition was greater than any of these qualities and allowed him to turn a blind eye to the obvious fate of those he was sending "East". Such desk murderers are, I think, in some ways worse than the Globocniks, Wirths, and other such animals who are inherently violent and brutal. The fact that he was more gentle than Schöngarth or Naumann in rounding up tens of thousands human beings, locking them into cattle cars, and dispatching them to extermination camps (and confessed to having been told their eventual fate by Adolf Eichmann in 1942) is not a mitigating one in my opinion (a little bio of Harster appears at bottom of this post).

Also missing from my list is [Ernst] Konrad Hitschler, SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei, Born: 21. Dec. 1896 in Zweibrücken (Pfalz);
Killed in Action: 20. February 1945 in Budapest as BdO "Ungarn".


Best wishes,
~ Mike Miller / ABR




Dr. jur.
Wilhelm Harster
SS-Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei


Born: 21. July 1904 in Kelheim / Niederbayern.
Died: 25. December 1991 in München / Bayern.

NSDAP-Nr.: 3 226 954
(Joined, 1. May 1933)
SS-Nr.: 225 932
(Joined, 9. November 1933)

Promotions:
SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei: 9. November 1944
SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei: 9. November 1942
SS-Oberführer: 9. November 1941
Oberst der Polizei: 1. January 1941
SS-Standartenführer: 1. August 1940
SS-Obersturmbannführer: 1. August 1938
(promoted directly from
SS-Ustuf. to SS-Ostubaf.,
skipping three ranks)
SS-Untersturmführer: 9. November 1937
SS-Hauptscharführer: 20. April 1937
SS-Scharführer: 20. April 1936
SS-Rottenführer: 30. January 1936
SS-Mann: 9. August 1934
SS-Anwärter: 9. November 1933

Career:
Attended three classes of Volksschule, then Gymnasium; obtained his Abitur. Freikorps service with the Bund Oberland: June 1920 - August 1926. Head of the fascist-oriented youth group "Wehrkraftenverein": 1921 - 1929. Reichswehr service with 4.(MG)Kompanie/Infanterie-Regiment 19: 1. October 1923 - 4. November 1923. Studied law at the University of München (8 semesters); Promoted Dr. jur.: 1927. Assigned to Polizeiverwaltung in Stuttgart: October 1929 - January 1934. Joined NSDAP: 1. May 1933. Polizeidirektor in Tübingen : 1933 - May 1934. Joined SS, assigned to 13.SS-Standarte (Base: Stuttgart): 9. November 1933 - 1. February 1934. Assigned to 2.Sturm / 63.SS-Standarte (Base: Reutlingen): 1. February 1934 - 29. October 1935. Assigned to SD-Hauptamt (later Reichssicherheitshauptamt): 29. October 1935 - 8. May 1945. Reichsheer training with Ersatz-Bataillon 30 (in Weingarten) as Schütze and Unteroffizieranwärter (NCO candidate): 13. November 1935 - 15. January 1936. Member of the Lebensborn Society: . Chef of Stapo-Leitstelle Innsbruck: March 1938 - October 1939. Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienstes (BdS) Krakau (Generalgouvernement): October 1939. Chef of Stapoleitstelle Innsbruck: November(?) 1939 - December(?) 1939. Inspekteur der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienstes (IdS) Kassel (Wehrkreis IX): December 1939 - July 1940. Assigned to 4.(MG.)Kompanie / Gebirgs-Jäger-Ersatz-Regiment 136: 3. June 1940 - 17. June 1940. Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienstes (BdS) Niederlande (Den Haag): July 1940 - 4. September 1943. Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienstes (BdS) Gardasee-Verona (northern Italy): 4. September 1943 - 8. May 1945.

Postwar Career:
Became a Regierungsrat in the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior in München, 1956, then promoted to Oberregierungsrat, 1958. Retired with a pension due to public and media pressure over his Nazi past, 1963. Disqualified from service with General Reinhard Gehlen’s Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND; West German Intelligence Service), as he was deemed a security risk. He nevertheless pretended to be an agent of the BND, and recommended many of his former SS colleagues to Gehlen’s organization as prospective intelligence agents.

Postwar Prosecution:
Arrested by Italian authorities, 13. May 1945. Incredibly, he was released soon thereafter, and the Italian government was never to request his extradition from West Germany. Tried by a Dutch court in 1947, he was sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment for his role in the deportation and extermination of Dutch Jews. Released in 1963. Released, 1955 and returned to West Germany. Arrested in January 1966, he was tried by a München court, 1967, charged with responsibility for the murder of 83,000 Dutch Jews. During his trial, he admitted that he knew the fate of those Jews deported to the East (having been informed of their fate by Adolf Eichmann in 1942). Sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment with credit for time served, he was pardoned in 1969, as he had “shown remorse” during his trial.

Decorations & Awards:
~ Deutsches Kreuz in Gold: 7. February 1945 as SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei, BdS “Gardasee-Verona”
1939 Eisernes Kreuz I. Klasse: 1944
1939 Eisernes Kreuz II. Klasse: 1944
Kriegsverdienstkreuz I. Klasse mit Schwertern
Kriegsverdienstkreuz II. Klasse mit Schwertern
Kriegsverdienstkreuz I. Klasse ohne Schwerter
Kriegsverdienstkreuz II. Klasse ohne Schwerter
Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13. März 1938
Polizei-Dienstauszeichnung III.Stufe
Deutsches Reichssportabzeichen in Silber
SA-Sportabzeichen in Bronze
Abzeichen der Deutschen Lebensrettungsgesellschaft- DLRG- Grundschein (Badge of the German Life Saving Association- Basic Certificate)
Ehrendegen des RF SS
Totenkopfring der SS
SS-Zivilabzeichen Nr. 23 346
Ehrendolch
Julleuchter

Notes:
* Son of the judge Theodor Harster (died 1. November 1914).
* Religion: Protestant until 1938, then declared himself “gottgläubig”. His wife, a Catholic, and children left the church in 1942.
* Married on 30. September 1930 to Maria Hirsch (born 28. December 1907); Member of NS-Frauenschaft). Two sons (Klaus, born 5. August 1933 and Gerd, born 23. July 1937).
* As BdS in the Netherlands, Harster reported to Reichskommissar Dr. jur. Artur Seyss-Inquart on 25. June 1943: “Of the 140,000 Jews who were reported in the Netherlands, the 100,000th Jew has been removed from the nation.... On Sunday, 2. June, during a special action in Amsterdam, 5,500 Jews were seized within twenty-four hours.”
* At 2100 hours on 23. March 1944, Harster received a call from his subordinate, SS-Standartenführer Herbert Kappler (the BdS in Rome). Kappler informed him of the Italian partisan attack which had left 32 German policemen dead in the Via Rasella, Rome. Kappler was now developing a list of Italian civilians to be shot in retaliation; his problem was that only a few of those arrested in the Via Rasella possessed evidence- such as Communist propaganda leaflets- that might identify them as actual enemies of the Reich. Harster replied, “What do you want to do? If you can’t reach the right figure, take as many Jews as you need. The important thing is to complete the list.” 335 men (57 of them Jews) were massacred by Kappler’s SD in the Ardeatine Caves on 24. March 1944.
* Height: (170 cm).

thomas
Member
Posts: 891
Joined: 31 Mar 2002 08:42
Location: Basel, Switzerland

Post by thomas » 28 Oct 2002 16:29

Dear Michael

I am always surprised about your information you have on the different SS-Men. To Harster i have one questioin:

You write "released 1963, released, 1955 and returned to West Germany.. " The right release must be 1955, otherwise he could not became Regierungsrat 1956.

Thank you very much for a short answer.

Greetings

thomas

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