The SS-WVHA: violent police entrepreneurs

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The SS-WVHA: violent police entrepreneurs

Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 20:48

This is a research thread, dedicated to documents on the sprawling wartime SS industrial empire. The first of these is Document NO-1016, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 309-313.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1016

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 46

NOTE TO DEFENDANT FANSLAU, 13 JULY 1944, FOR DEFENDANT VOLK, AND ENCLOSURE: DESCRIPTION OF "ORGANIZATION AND TASKS OF OFFICE GROUP W" OF WVHA

[illegible marginal sign]
Berlin,
13 July 1944
Dr. [illegible] /Mi.

To SS Oberfuehrer Fanslau
in the building

Subject: Contribution to lectures.
Reference: Your letter of 1 July 1944
Enclosures: 2

Oberfuehrer!

In the enclosure 2 compositions are submitted for SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Dr. Volk, presently absent.

[initial illegible]
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer


******************************************
[Enclosure]

Organization and Tasks of Office Group W [Wirtschaft-Economy]

Division W comprises all economic enterprises under SS control. In studying the W enterprises first of all the urgent question arises: Why does the SS engage in business? This question was brought forward especially by circles who think in exclusively capitalistic terms and who do not like to see the development of public enterprises, or of enterprises which at least are of a public character.

The era of the liberal economic system demanded the precedence of economy, that is to say: first came the economy and then the State. In contrast to that National Socialism maintains this point of view:

The State gives orders to the economy; the State does not exist for the benefit of the economy; but the economy exists for the benefit of the State.

The activities of the Allies, which brought about the present World War, confirmed the rightness of the principles of National Socialist economic leadership, which introduced an economy controlled by the State as early as 1933. The economy had to face problems which under all circumstances had to be solved in case war should break out. It was during this time that the economic enterprises of the SS were developed.

The Reich Leader SS in his capacity as chief of the German Police was confronted with the task of solving problems, which the Reich as such was not able to solve, viz. to get hold of all antisocial elements, who no longer had a right to live within the National Socialist State, and to turn their working strength to the benefit of the whole nation. This was effected in the concentration camps. The Reich Leader SS, therefore, delegated SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl to set up concentration camp enterprises. In addition, he gave orders to establish companies on a private economy basis for the purpose of employing the prisoners.

All shareholders or partners in the single companies, carried on in the form of the joint stock company [AG] or of a limited company [G.m.b.H.] are united in the Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H., all shares of which in their turn are under the supervision of the chief of the main office of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office, SS Obergruppenfuehrer and Lieutenant General of the Waffen SS Pohl acting in a trustee capacity for the Reich Leader SS. Apart from this capital relationship most of the economic enterprises furthermore are linked with the holding company by an organic tax relationship.

According to this identity in the field of production the single economic enterprises maintained by the SS are united in the offices W I-VIII. At head of these offices stands the W staff of SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl, regarded from the point of view of private economic the Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H.

Office W I includes enterprises connected with the exploitation of minerals and soil, granite quarries, and tile works. Prisoners are used as labor. In several porcelain factories, also belonging to office W I some of the workers are prisoners, others civilian workers. The porcelain factory Allach Munich G.m.b.H and the "Bohemia" Keramische Werke AG are firms known to everybody.

Arising from the cultural endeavor of the SS and originating in the idea, of providing every SS man and his family with a suitable home, wood manufacturing firms were set up at a very early date which in part are working with prisoners and in part with civilian manpower. While in peacetime these factories manufactured the finest furniture, today, governed by the idea of mobilizing all available forces for victory, they are almost exclusively engaged in work for armament and war economy.

The enterprises important for war economy, include the following firms:

Deutsche Ausruestungswerke G.m.b.H.
Deutsche Meisterwerkstaetten G.m.b.H., in Prague.
Deutsche Edelmoebel AG, in Butschowitz near Brno.
Deutsche Heimgestaltung G.m.b.H.

In 1939 Poland was defeated in a unique campaign of 18 days. Many people of German race from the Bucovina, Bessarabia, Galicia etc., found a second home within this territory which became incorporated into the greater German Reich as the Government General.

It was a task of highest ranking importance to build residences and houses for the German population in the new German Eastern territories with the maximum possible speed, in order to provide them [population] again with a proper home.

In order to get the market for building material under way the first condition was that building materials had to be produced. At that time SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl, acting on the orders of the Reich Leader SS in his capacity as Reich Commissioner for the Strengthening of Germanism, took over the eater part of these building material production plants as a trustee. These building material production plants for the greater part were kept working by Polish or Jewish capital funds.

Almost 400 plants had to be administered by the chief of the Main Office. He founded the office W II which was in charge of keeping up production in these plants. It was clear from the beginning that these enterprises could not be carried on for good trusteeship enterprises. Therefore, in agreement with the Reich Commissioner for the Strengthening of Germanism, a limited company was established, the Ostdeutsche Baustoff G.m.b.H., which carries on production in the tileworks, on behalf of the Reich. A subordinate company is represented by the Klinker Zement G.m.b.H., which mainly produces fire bricks and cement. Office W III comprises all the food producing plants under SS control. In founding these enterprises the Reich Leader SS was governed by the idea that alcohol is responsible to a great extent for the large number of accidents and crimes. In order to decrease the drinking of alcohol it was necessary to bring into the market a cheap beverage, available also to the poorest of our fellow citizens. So it happened that the shares of the Mattoni AG, of the Apollinaris Brunnen AG, as well as the shares of the Sudetenquell were acquired by the SS, which after carrying through these transactions holds 75 percent of the mineral water market.

Besides the cheap, but delicious table and medical waters the Reich Leader SS however has ordered that the enterprises under office W III have to produce fruit juice from purest fruit only, in order to counteract lack of vitamins especially now under the prevailing war conditions. This so-called "Vitaborn", which in the first place is intended for expectant and nursing mothers as well as for the soldiers, is being produced by the Freudenthaler Getraenke G.m.b.H. The Deutsche Lebensmittel G.m.b.H, which also works under the supervision of the chief of office W III is purely a supply enterprise for the concentration camps and the troops. It produces sausage, bread, and meat.

The economic enterprises have not only industrial agriculture factories, but are also occupied with agriculture. All these enterprises are included in office W V. Numerous estates are used for agriculture or forestry. The legal possessor is the Deutsche Versuchsanstalt fuer Ernaehrung und Verpflegung G.m.b.H. The Deutsche Versuchsanstalt also has plantations for herbs. As a result of the war it is hardly possible to import the spices which are absolutely necessary for housekeeping, the products of the herb plantation, Dachau, furnish a welcome substitute.

The Textil- und Lederverwertung m.b.H., is another industrial enterprise within office W VI. It produces clothing for prisoners and troops.

The circle of the economic enterprises of the SS would not be complete, if it did not also have a great publishing office, to introduce the ideological views of the SS to its SS members and further to additional circles of the population. The Nordland Publishing Office G.m.b.H., has developed a great deal during the last year and now belongs to the main publishing firms and already today occupies the fifth place among the main publishing firms of the greater German Reich. Besides this Nordland publishing firm, we have the Voelkischer Kunstverlag which in the main produces pictures, e.g., photographs of the Fuehrer, the Reich Leader SS and other important Party and State personalities. In addition it produces reproductions of oil paintings. Nordland Publishing House and Voelkischer Kunstverlag work under supervision of the chief of office W VII.

Office W VIII is the last office of the economic enterprises. Attached to it are:

1. Recreation centers fuer Naturgemaesse Heil- und Lebensweise e. V.
2. Recreation centers fuer Naturgemaesse Heil- und Lebensweise
3. Gesellschaft zur Foerderung und Pflege deutscher Kulturdenkmaeler G.m.b.H.
4. Koenig Heinrich foundation.
5. Externsteine foundation.

The Gesellschaft zur Foerderung und Pflege deutscher Kulturdenkmaeler has the task of carrying out the development of certain places of culture, e.g., the Wewelsburg.

In the recreation centers fuer Naturgemaesse Heil- und Lebensweise, which will be enlarged considerably after the war, each SS man and his family are to be able to enjoy real recreation, that is the idea of Reich Leader SS. During the war, the administration, also the administration of all SS hospitals, is conducted by office W.
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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 21:05

Document NO-1451, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. p. 293.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1451
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 21


HIMMLER'S ORDER, 20 APRIL 1939, ESTABLISHING THE "MAIN OFFICE ADMINISTRATION AND ECONOMY" [See testimony of defendant Pohl, pp. 319 to 334, concerning period prior to this reorganization of the office of the administrative chief of the SS.] ALSO KNOWN AS "ADMINISTRATIVE AND ECONOMIC MAIN OFFICE"

Distributor 4a
Berlin,
20 April 1939

The Reich Leader SS and Chief of the German Police
Subject: Establishment of a New Main Office.

1. With effect from 3 April 1939 the Office of the Administrative Chief of the SS will be raised to the status of Main Office in the Reich Leadership.

2. The new Main Office will be called: "Main Office Administration and Economy" abbreviated: "V and W Main Office".

3. The Administrative and Economic Main Office is a main office like the other Main Offices of the Reich Leadership SS (SS Main Office, SD Main Office, Race and Settlement Main Office, Constabulary Police [Ordnungspolizei] Main Office, and Security Police Main Office).

4. The chief of the Administrative and Economic Main Office in the Reich Leadership SS will at the same time be chief of the Main Office Budget and Buildings of the Reich Leader SS and chief of the German Police in the Reich Ministry of the Interior (Ministerialdirektor). His activities as such will be dependent on the organization of the work of the office. The tasks of the SD connected with politics and intelligence service will not be affected (Administration and Economy).

The Reich Leader SS
[Signed] H. HIMMLER

Certified true copy:
BY ORDER OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE CHIEF OF THE SS
[Signature illegible
SS Obersturmfuehrer and Adjutant
[Stamp] SS Race and Settlement Main Office

No...........19 April 1939

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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 21:08

Table IV. Table of Organization of the SS Main Office Budget and Buildings and Main Office Administration and Economy before establishment of WVHA: Document NO-620, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. [facing page 293].

[The SS Main Office Budget and Buildings was one of the predecessors of the WVHA. It handled the budget of the SS and construction work of the SS. Its Office I/5 dealt with allocation of concentration camp prisoners for construction work.]

[ed: The name of each office holder follows the name and description of said office]

A copy of the organizational chart may be seen courtesy of the Mazal Library at:

http://www.mazal.org/archive/nmt/05/NMT05-T0292a.htm
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-620

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 33


Main Office Budget and Buildings (Reich and Main Office Administration and Economy (Party) - SS Gruppenfuehrer POHL.
Adjutant's Office - SS Obersturmfuehrer PAULSON.
Staff Officer (Stabsfuehrer) - SS Hstuf. SCHMIDT.

Main Division Law (Court Officer) - SS Hstuf. Dr. jur. SCHMIDT-KL.
Main Division W Economic Examiner - Dr. HOHBERG.
Main Division Personnel - SS Ustuf. ENGELKE.

Budget and Buildings Office I-Budget - SS Oberfuehrer LOERNER.
Budget and Buildings Office II-Buildings - SS Gruppenfuehrer POHL.

Administration and Economy Office II A - SS Staf. Dr. jur. SALPETER.
Administration and Economy Office III B - SS Ober fuehrer MOECKEL.
Administration and Economy Office III C - SS Ostubaf. MAURER.
Administration and Economy Office III D - SS Stubaf. VOGEL.
Administration and Economy Main Division-Special Tasks - SS Stubaf. KLEIN.

Budget and Buildings Office I-Budget - SS Oberfuehrer LOERNER.

Main Division I/1 (Pay, Budget and Treasury, Building Management, Preliminary Auditing) - SS Ostubaf. PREITZEL.
Main Division I/2 (Legal Division) - SS Hstuf. FRICKE.
Main Division I/3 (Clothing) - SS Stubaf. WEGGEL.
Main Division I/4 (Billeting) - SS Ostubaf. KOEBERLIEN.
Main Division I/5 (Allocation of Prisoners) - SS Hstuf. BURBOECK.
Main Division I/6 (Food Supply) - SS Hstuf. FICHTINGER.
Division I/H Receiving [Eingang] (Archives and Personnel Office) - SS Ustuf. LANGE.
Division I/K (Transportation) - SS Ustuf. LEITNER.

Budget and Buildings Office II-Buildings - SS Gruppenfuehrer POHL.

Main Division II A (Waffen SS) - SS Hstuf. SESEMANN.
Main Division II B (Special Tasks) - SS Ustuf. GEBER.
Main Division II C (Concentration Camps) - SS Hstuf. LIST.
Main Division II D (Napola) - SS Hstuf. Dr. FLIR.
Division II E (Personnel-Correspondence.

Administration and Economy Office III A - SS Staf. Dr. jur. SALPETER.

Main Division III A 1 (Deutsche Erd- u. Steinwerke GmbH.) - SS Stubaf. MUMMENTHEY.
Main Division III A 2 (Foreign Enterprises).
Main Division III A 3 (Cooperative House and Home Building GmbH.) - SS Stubaf. MUMMENTHEY.
Main Division III A 4 (East German Building Material Plant GmbH.) - SS Ustaf. OPPERBECK.
Administration and Economy Office III B - SS Oberfuehrer MOECKEL.

Main Division III B 1 (Mineral Water Springs) - SS Aspirant _____
Main Division III B 2 (Porcelain Manufacture) - SS Stubaf. WARTENBERG.
Main Division III B 3 (Exploitation of Patents) - SS Ustuf. _____

Administration and Economy Office III C - SS Ostubaf. MAURER.

Main Division III C 1 (Picture Publishing GmbH.) - SS Stubaf. F. F. BAUER.
Main Division III C 2 ( Nordland Publishing GmbH.) - SS Ustuf. Dr. MISCHKE.
Main Division III C 3 (German Equipment Plant GmbH.) - SS Hstuf. NIEMANN.

Administration and Economy Office III D - SS Stubaf. VOGEL.
Main Division III D 1 (Agriculture) - SS Stubaf. VOGEL.
Main Division III D 2 (Forestry) - SS Ostuf. SCHMIDT.
Main Division III D 3 (Manufacturing Industries) - SS Ostuf. _____

Administration and Economy Main Division-Special Tasks - SS Stubaf. KLEIN.
Main Division H S I (Society for Sponsoring and Maintaining German Cultural Monuments) - SS Stubaf. KLEIN.
Main Division H S II ( (Exterstein-King Henry Memorial Foundation) - SS Ustuf. MONTAG.
Main Division H S III (Rest and Convalescent Homes) - SS Ustuf. _____
Main Division H S IV (Buildings) - SS Ostuf. GIESEMANN.

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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 21:14

Document NO-019(a), in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. p. 295.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-019(a)
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 24

EXTRACT FROM LETTER OF HIMMLER, DECEMBER 1939 TO SS GRUPPENFUEHRER HILDEBRANDT, STATING RESPONSIBILITIES OF GLUECKS AND DEFENDANT POHL

Berlin, December 1939
The Reich Leader SS
Journal No. A/R

To the Head of the SS Main Sector Weichsel [Vistula] Danzig SS
Gruppenfuehrer Hildebrandt

* * * * * * *

I decree for your Main Sector [Oberabschnitt], as well as for all other Main Sectors:

Concentration camps may be established only with my approval. Concentration camps existing at present are placed by me, with immediate effect, under the Inspectorate of Concentration Camps in charge of which is at present SS Oberfuehrer Gluecks. The supervision of the economic matters of these institutions and their application to work is the responsibility of SS Gruppenfuehrer Pohl.

Reich Leader SS]
[initial] H H
[handwritten] 15/12

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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 21:23

Document NO-3698, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 294-295.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-3698
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 556

LETTER FROM DEFENDANT GEORG LOERNER, 23 SEPTEMBER 1940 CONCERNING ESTABLISHMENT OF BRANCH OFFICES OF THE MAIN OFFICE BUDGET AND BUILDINGS AT THE CONCENTRATION CAMPS TO HANDLE LABOR ALLOCATION OF PRISONERS

[handwritten]
Buchenwald (Grimm)
received 23 September 1940
[initials] GR[imm]

Berlin-Lichterfelde-West, 14 September 1940
Unter den Eichen 126a

The Reich Leader SSand Chief of the German Police
in the Reich Ministry of Interior
Main Office Budget and Buildings
Office I/1 254 Pr.Qu.

Subject: Branch offices of the Main Office Budget and Buildings for prisoner allocation.

In order to regulate the labor allocation of prisoners, offices of the Main Office Budget and Buildings have been established at the Inspector of the Concentration Camps. They will be under the business address of the Main Office Budget and Buildings and in addition to it will carry the name of the respective concentration camp. For instance

"The Reich Leader SS and Chief of the German Police in the Reich Ministry of Interior Main Office Budget and Buildings Branch Office Mauthausen."

Effective immediately the members of these offices will administratively be attached to the camps where they perform their duty.

Official residence is the place of the respective concentration camp. This will be in force as of 1 October 1940, in case other arrangements had been made before. All payments will be made at the competent finance office of the respective concentration camp.

This administrative transfer is solely for the purpose of expediency and is of no influence to the official position of the individuals concerned, who, as far as their official duty relationship is concerned, remain employees of the Main Office Budget and Buildings.

The Chief of Office I-Budget
[Signed] Loerner
SS Oberfuehrer

[Signed] Groenlund
SS Sturmbannfuehrer

Certified true copy:
[signature illegible]
SS Hauptscharfuehrer
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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 21:49

Document NO-495, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 296-297.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-495
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 37

CIRCULAR OF DEFENDANT POHL, 19 JANUARY 1942, ANNOUNCING NEW ORGANIZATIONAL SET-UP UNDER WVHA AND STATING POSITIONS OF DEFENDANTS FRANK, GEORG LOERNER, AND POHL

[handwritten]
The Reich Leader SS
Berlin, 19 January 1942

Subject: Organization of the Administration
Distribution: Special Distribution
[rubber stamp with handwritten insertions]
Office for Welfare and Maintenance SS Munich Administration
Received: 29 January 1942

File/No. . / . Encl.: 1
Chief V 1 V 2 V 3 V 4 W.V. file
[illegible initial] Chief to remain

[Handwritten note]
Copy to Dept. Welfare
Dept. Maintenance
Administration Medical officer

Effective as of 31 January 1942 the following offices are dissolved:

1. Main Office Budget and Buildings.
2. Main Office Administration and Economy.
3. Administrative Office SS.

The tasks of the offices enumerated under 1-3 will be taken over as of 1 February 1942 by the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office [SS W. V. Hauptamt] Berlin-Lichterfelde-West, Unter den Eichen 127/136

Chief: SS Gruppenfuehrer and Major General of the Waffen SS Pohl
Deputy: SS Brigadefuehrer and Brigadier General of the Waffen SS Frank

In this Main Office all economic, administrative, and construction matters of the Reich Leader SS will be dealt with at ministerial level. The SS Economic and Administrative Main Office is split up into the following divisions and offices:

Division A Chief: SS Brigadefuehrer and Brigadier General of the Waffen SS Frank with offices:

A I Budget office, Budget of the Waffen SS and of the General SS (Reich cashier of the SS).
A II Cash and salary matters.
A III Legal office.
A IV Auditors' office.
A V Personnel office.

Division B Chief: SS Brigadefuehrer and Brigadier General of the Waffen SS Loerner with offices:

B I Food.
B II Clothing.
B III Housing.
B IV Raw materials, price control, foreign currencies, and purchases.

Division C Chief: SS Oberfuehrer Dr. Ing. Kammler with offices:

C I General construction tasks.
C II Special construction tasks.
C III Special technical spheres.
C IV Special artistic spheres.
C V Central inspectorate for constructions.
C VI Maintenance of building and business economy.

Division W Chief: SS Gruppenfuehrer Pohl

W I Stones and soil (Reich).
W II Stones and soil (East).
W III Food enterprises.
W IV Timber enterprise.
W V Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries.
W VI Utilization of textiles and leather.
W VII Books and pictures.
W VIII Special tasks.

The "Office IV Administration" in the Operational Main Office continues to exit.

As of 1 February 1942 all offices subordinated to the Operational Main Office have to address their letters in administrative matter to Office IV in the Operational Main Office.

The Chiefs of administration of all Main Offices, Main Sectors, the Higher SS and Police Leaders, Military Camp Stores, the Inspectorates for Constructions and other independent units will negotiate as of 1 February, directly with the Economic and Administrative Main Office.

This change in organization will result in either the dissolution or concentration of a number of administrative offices in the Reich and in the occupied territories. The necessary orders will be given soon.

[Signature] POHL
SS Gruppenfuehrer and Major General of the Waffen SS

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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 21:50

Document R-129, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 298-301.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENTS R-129
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 40

REPORT BY POHL TO HIMMLER, 30 APRIL 1942, REGARDING TAKING OVER
INSPECTORATE OF CONCENTRATION CAMPS; CIRCULAR OF POHL, SAME DATE, ON ADMINISTRATION OF THE CAMPS

Personal Staff Reich Leader SS
Records Section
File No. AR 1/24

The Chief of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office
Berlin, 30 April 1942

The Reich Leader SS
Prinz Albrechtstr. 8
[pencilled note]
Education and supervision remain the same
[initials] H. H.

Subject: Incorporation of the Inspectorate of Concentration Camps into the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office.
[Stamp] Secret

Reich Leader!

Today I report about the present situation of the concentration camps and about measures I have taken in order to carry out your order of 3 March 1942.

I.

1. At the outbreak of war there existed the following concentration camps:

a. Dachau: 1939 4,000 prisoners: today 8,000.
b. Sachsenhausen: 1939 6,500 prisoners: today 10,000.
c. Buchenwald: 1939 5,300 prisoners: today 9,000.
d. Mauthausen: 1939 1,500 prisoners: today 5,500.
e. Flossenbuerg: 1939 1,600 prisoners: today 4,700.
f. Ravensbrueck: 1939 2,500 prisoners: today 7,500.

2. In the years 1940 to 1942 nine further camps were erected, viz:
a. Auschwitz.
b. Neuengamme.
c. Gusen
d. Natzweiler.
e. Gross-Rosen.
f. Lublin
g. Niederhagen.
h. Stutthof
i. Arbeitsdorf.

3. These 15 camps conformed to the organization of the old concentration camps in regard to duties, work, composition of the commanding staffs, and discipline of camps for protective custody. Besides these 15 camps the following special duties have been assigned:

a. To SS special camp Hinzert: Commanding staff and guards are under my orders. The camp for protective custody is attached to the Reich Security Main Office. No workshops, no opportunity to work.
b. Camp for the protection of youth, Moringen: no workshops.
c. Camp for the protection of youth, Uckermark: is being erected.
d. Camp for the protection of youth, Lodz: is planned.

4. During the last weeks the Reich Security Main Office and headquarters of the Waffen SS have applied for SS leaders for the camps planned by these authorities in Riga, Kiev, and Bobruisk. I think it right to submit such plans to the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office so that they may be planned and carried out uniformly by one authority for SS and Police. There may easily be lack of collaboration and consequently ensuing muddle.

II.

1. The war has brought about a marked change in the structure of the concentration camps and has changed their duties with regard to the employment of the prisoners. The custody of prisoners for the sole reasons of security, education, or prevention is no longer the main consideration. The economic situation has now become the most important factor. The mobilization of all prisoner labor [forces], for purposes of the war now (increased production of armament), and for purposes of construction in the forthcoming peace, come to the foreground more and more.

2. From this knowledge some necessary measures result with the aim to transform the concentration camps into organizations more suitable for the economic task, while they were formerly merely politically interested.

3. For this reason I called together all the leaders of the former Inspectorate of Concentration Camps, all camp commanders, and all plant managers on 23 April 1942 and 24 April 1942, and I explained to them personally, the new development. I have compiled in the order attached the main essentials which have to be brought into effect with the utmost urgency if the commencement of work for purposes of the armament industry is not to be delayed.

4. The transfer of the Inspectorate of Concentration Camps to the Economic and Administrative Main Office has been carried out under full agreement of all Main Offices concerned. The collaboration of all authorities goes on without any friction, the abolishment of lack of coordination in the concentration camps is hailed everywhere as the shedding of the fetters hindering progress.
Heil Hitler!
[Signed] POHL
SS Obergruppenfuehrer and Lieutenant General of the Waffen SS

1 Enclosure

*************************************************
Personal Staff Reich Leader SS
Records Section
File No. AR 1/24
The Chief of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office
Berlin, 30 April 1942

Distribution:
Chief division D
all camp commanders
all plant managers
all Economic Offices
[handwritten] agreed
[initials] HH [?]

Order

The instructions and advices given to the camp commanders and plant managers at the occasion of the discussions on 24 April 1942 and 25 April 1942, are herewith issued as an order to become applicable as of 1 May 1942.

1. The management of a concentration camp and of all the economic enterprises of the SS within its sphere of organization is in the hands of the camp commander. He alone is therefore responsible that the economic enterprises are as productive as possible.

2. For the management of the economic enterprises the camp commander avails himself of the services of the plant manager. The plant manager is bound to report to the camp commander whether he expects any risks or disadvantages in carrying out an order of the camp commander as to the work or the economic results.

3. By this duty the plant manager becomes jointly responsible if any damages of failures ensue with regard to the work or the economic results.

4. The camp commander alone is responsible for the employment of the labor available. This employment must be, in the true meaning of the word, exhaustive, in order to obtain the greatest measure of performances. Work is allotted by the chief of the division D centrally and alone. The camp commanders themselves may not accept on their own initiative work offered by third parties and may not negotiate about it.

5. There is no limit to working hors. Their duration depend on the kind of working establishments in the camps and the kind of work to be done. They are fixed by the camp commanders alone.

6. Any circumstances which may result is a shortening of work hours (e.g., meals, roll calls) have therefore to be restricted to the minimum which cannot be condensed any more. It is forbidden to allow long walks to the place of working and noon intervals only for eating purposes.

7. Guard duties have to be freed from their traditional rigidity and to be made more flexible having regard to the coming tasks of peace. Sentries on horseback, watchdogs, movable watch towers, and movable obstacles are to be developed.

8. Much more than before is required from each and every camp commander if they carry out his order correctly. Hardly any camp is like any other one, therefore, no uniform instructions shall be issued. But the whole responsibility is shifted on to the initiative of the camp commander. He needs a clear professional knowledge of matters military and economic and he must be a clever and wise leader of men whom he has to weld into a big potential of performance.

[Signed] POHL
SS Obergruppenfuehrer and Lieutenant General of the Waffen SS

For correct copy:
[Signed] SCHILLER
SS Obersturmfuehrer and Adjutant
Last edited by David Thompson on 06 Nov 2004 22:18, edited 1 time in total.

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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 21:54

Document NO-719, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 301-302.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-719
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 42

HIMMLER'S REPLY, 29 MAY 1942, TO DEFENDANT POHL'S REPORT OF 30 APRIL 1942

Fuehrer Headquarters
The Reich Leader SS
Journal No. AR. 31/4/42
Personal Staff Reich Leader
File No. AR 1/24

Subject: Incorporation of the Inspectorate of Concentration Camps into the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office.

Reference: Yours [report] of 30 April 1942 2192/42g.

I have received your report of 30 April as well as your order of 30 April concerning the incorporation of the Inspectorate of Concentration Camps.

On the whole, I quite agree with all points. I think however, that it should be stressed somehow that no change of policy took place regarding the questions of a reexamination of the custody order as well as the educational aims for those fit for education. Otherwise, the idea could arise that we arrest people, or keep them in custody after they have been arrested in order to get workers. For this reason the emphasis on and clarification of the fact that reexamination of custody order remains unchanged and independent from the economic purpose. Besides that, and giving a hundred percent priority to the labor to be gotten out [of the prisoners], I feel that the camp commanders should take care of the education of those fit for education.

[initials] HH [Heinrich Himmler]

(2) Chief of the Security Police and SD
Copy for information transmitted.
[initial] B[randt]
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer

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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 22:02

Document 1063(F)-PS [1063-PS], in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 302-303.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT 1063(F)-PS
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 39

CIRCULAR OF MUELLER (RSHA 30 MAY 1942, ANNOUNCING TRANSFER OF OFFICE OF INSPECTOR OF CONCENTRATION CAMPS TO WVHA AS DIVISION D

Berlin, 30 May 1942
Chief of Security Police and SD (Security Service)
(IV C 2 Allg No.42 111)

To: All Offices of the Security Police and the SD
Distribution D
For information
SS Economic Administration Main Office (with 20 points for division D, concentration camps, and concentration camp commanders)

Subject: Incorporation of the office of Inspector of Concentration Camps into the SS Economic Administrative Main Office.

By order, dated 3 March 1942, of the Reich Leader SS and Chief of the German Police, the office of the Inspector of Concentration Camps was transferred from SS Operational Main Office (Fuehrungshauptamt) to the SS Economic Administrative Main Office and in the future is to be known as division D Amtsgruppe D], concentration camps.

This measure serves the direction of the war effort with regard to manpower and does not affect the responsibilities of the Reich Security Main Office for arrests and releases of inmates, leaves, etc.

[Signed] MUELLER

Office employee

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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 22:13

Document NO-1994, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 303-307.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1994
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 88

REPORT BY DEFENDANT POHL TO HIMMLER, 28 JULY 1942, ASKING APPROVAL FOR TRANSFER, PROMOTION, AND DETACHMENT OF CONCENTRATION CAMP COMMANDERS; ANSWER BY BRANDT, ON BEHALF OF HIMMLER, 23 AUGUST 1942

Personal Staff Reich Leader SS
Records Section
File AR/ ....... 67 ........
SS Chief of Economic and Administrative Main Office
Diary No. 635/42 Secret
Berlin, 28 July 1942
Lichterfelde-West
Unter den Eichen 126-135
Telephone: Local call 76/52/51
Trunk call 76/51/01 303

To the Reich Leader SS
[illegible shorthand notations]

Chief of the SS Personnel Main Office
SS Obergruppenfuehrer Schmitt,

Subject: Reassignment and detachment of commanders of concentration camps.

Enclosure: Suggestion and Explanations. Reich Leader!

Enclosed, I am sending the recommendation on the reassignment and detachment of commanders of concentration camps, already announced in my letter of the 27 July 1942, last paragraph.

For better clarity I listed all camps, even where no changes are intended.

As far as promotion is necessary and justifiable in official interest, I added the recommendation for promotion.

The remarks to the recommendation indicate what use is to be made of the replaced commanders of the concentration camps.

Reich Leader, I request communication via teletype whether you agree to this suggestion.

[Signature] POHL
SS Obergruppenfuehrer and Lieutenant General of the Waffen SS

******************************************
Personal Staff Reich Leader
Records Section

Explanations

To current No. 1: As of 15 September 1942 SS Obergruppenfuehrer Loritz will be available as SS and Police Leader. Up to now SS Sturmbannfuehrer Weiss was commander of the Neuengamme camp.

[illegible shorthand notations]

To current No. 2: SS Standartenfuehrer Koch is to be employed with replacement work as he is fit for rear garrison service.

To current No. 5: SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Hoppe is to take over Stutthof camp on 15 August 1942, at the same time he will be promoted to Sturmbannfuehrer.

To current No. 6: SS Sturmbannfuehrer Huettig is still in Norway until October 1942. Till then the first protective custody camp leader [Schutzhaftlagerfuehrer] Flossenbuerg, SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Fritsch will act as his substitute. SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Kuenstler takes over a battalion of the "Prinz Eugen" division. Obersturmbannfuehrer Kuenstler has already been line officer [Truppenoffizier], Juettner agrees.

[illegible shorthand notes]

To current No. 7: SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Roedl is to be assigned to the SS and Police Leader Taurien [Southern Crimea].

[illegible shorthand notes]

Up to now SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Gideon was in Neuengamme concentration camp.

To current No. 8: On 15 August 1942 SS Obersturmfuehrer Suhren is to take over that camp. At the same time he will be promoted to Hauptsturmfuehrer. Up to now, he has been first protective custody camp leader at Sachsenhausen.

[illegible shorthand notes]

To current No. 10: SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Piorkowski will be employed by SS Brigadefuehrer Dr. Haertel in the office for welfare and maintenance. SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Kaindl, who is to take over that camp on 1 September 1942, was up to now on the staff of SS Brigadefuehrer Gluecks, division D. SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Kaindl served with the Division Eicke for 2 years as official in the administration service and commander of the economics unit [Wirtschaftseinheit].

To current No. 12: Up to now SS Sturmbannfuehrer Pauly was commander of Stutthof camp.

To current No. 14: That camp will be disbanded on 10/1/1942.

[Current No.; Concentration camps; Commander up to now; Replaced by; Effective]

1; Concentration Camp: Sachsenhausen; Commander Up To Now: SS Oberf. Loritz; Replaced By: SS Stubaf. Weiss; Effective: 15 September 1942.

2; Concentration Camp: Lublin; Commander Up To Now: SS Staf. Koch; Replaced By: SS Ostuba. Koegel; Effective: 20 August 1942.

3; Concentration Camp: Buchenwald; Commander Up To Now: SS Ostubf. Pister.

4; Concentration Camp: Mauthausen; Commander Up To Now: SS Ostuba. Ziereiss.

5; Concentration Camp: Stutthof; Commander Up To Now: SS Stubaf. Pauly; Replaced By: SS Hstuf. Hoppe; Effective: 15 August 1942.

6; Concentration Camp: Flossenbuerg; Commander Up To Now: SS Ostubaf. Kuenstler; Replaced By: SS Stubaf. Huettig; Effective:

7; Concentration Camp: Gross-Rosen; Commander Up To Now: SS Ostubaf. Roedl; Replaced By: SS Hstuf. Gideon; Effective:

8; Concentration Camp: Ravensbrueck; Commander Up To Now: SS Ostubaf. Koegel; Replaced By: SS Ostuf Suhren; Effective:

9; Concentration Camp: Auschwitz; Commander Up To Now: SS Ostubaf. Hoess.

10; Concentration Camp: Dachau; Commander Up To Now: SS Ostubaf. Piorkowski; Replaced By: SS Ostubaf. Kaindl; Effective:

11; Concentration Camp: Natzweiler; Commander Up To Now: SS Stubaf. Zill.

12; Concentration Camp: Neuengamme; Commander Up To Now: SS Stubaf. Weiss; Replaced By: SS Stubaf. Pauly; Effective:

13; Concentration Camp: Niederhagen; Commander Up To Now: SS Hstuf. Haas.

14; Concentration Camp: Arbeitsdorf; Commander Up To Now: SS Hstuf. Schitli.

15; Concentration Camp: Special camp Hinzert; Commander Up To Now: SS Ostuf. Sporrenberg.

[Handwritten] "noted"
[initial illegible]
30 July 1942
*******************************************
Personal Staff Reich Leader SS
Records Section
File No. AR/ 67

The Reich Leader SS

Personal Staff
Diary No. AR 18/32/42, Bra/Dr.
Field Detachment Office

Personal Staff Reich Leader SS
Records Section File No. AR/ 67

Subject: Reassignment and detachment of commanders of the concentration camps.

Reference: Your letter of 28 July 1942 Ch.A/Fr/B. Diary
No. 635/42 Secret

1. To SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl

Dear Obergruppenfuehrer!

Unfortunately I did not have the opportunity in Berlin to inform you of the opinion of the Reich Leader SS as to your letter of 28 July 1942. As I already told you, the Reich Leader in principle agrees to your recommendations for changes of appointment in the concentration camps. He only made the following remarks:

1. Legal action should be taken against SS Standartenfuehrer Koch. Only after conclusion of this action should he be employed with replacement work.

2. SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Kuenstler has to be adequately reprimanded. If the Reich Leader SS would once more hear about orgies and drinking excesses, SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Kuenstler would loose his epaulettes; then he would be locked up for years.

3. Legal action shall be taken against SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Piorkowski. The Reich Leader SS would like to know why he is not in service. During the next days I will tell the Reich Leader SS your information by telephone that P. is fit for rear garrison service only.

4. The Reich Leader SS agrees to the promotion of SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Hoppe to SS Sturmbannfuehrer, and of SS Obersturmfuehrer Suhren to SS Hauptsturmfuehrer, which you asked for.

The SS Personnel Main Office received a copy of this letter addressed to you.

[Signed] BRANDT
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer

2. To the SS Personnel Main Office, Berlin
Copy for information.

SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Roedl can be placed at the disposal of SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pruetzmann for road construction.

[Initial] Br
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer

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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 22:17

Document No-4510, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. p. 308.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-4510
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 718

ORDER SIGNED BY DEFENDANT FANSLAU, 27 AUGUST 1942, TRANSFERRING
CONCENTRATION CAMP COMMANDER SUHREN FROM SACHSENHAUSEN TO RAVENSBRUECK

SS Main Economic & Administrative Main Office
Telephone: Local 765261
Long distance: 765101
File No.: AV/2b/Per/SP/Scho
Berlin, 27 August 1942
Lichterfelde - West
Unter den Eichen 12135

SS Main Personnel Office

Order of Transfer

In agreement with the SS Personnel Main Office Obersturmfuehrer (R) Fritz Suhren, SS No. 14682, at present:

Concentration Camp Sachsenhausen 1st Protective Custody Camp Leader

is, effective 1 September 1942, transferred to the F.[women] concentration camp Ravensbrueck as camp commandant and, at the same time, promoted to SS Hauptsturmfuehrer (R)

Entering duty on 1 September 1942.

The Chief of the Personnel Office
[Signature] FANSLAU
SS Standartenfuehrer

[handwritten] 3918
To be informed:
1. SS Main Personnel Office.
2. SS Main Economic and Administrative Office Amtsgruppe D.
3. Concentration camp Sachsenhausen.
4. SS Hauptsturmfuehrer (R) Suhren.
5. To the files.

[initials illegible]
[initial illegible]
SS Main Personnel Office
lA1 Central Filing office
Change of card index:done
Change of files 23. 9. Uf

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Post by David Thompson » 06 Nov 2004 22:22

Document NO-111, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 313-319.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-111
PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 38

TABLE OF ORGANIZATION OF WVHA (UNDATED)

[Note: Parenthesis ( ) = crossed out material in original document. Italic = handwritten insertions in original document.]

SS ECONOMIC ADMINISTRATIVE MAIN OFFICE

Chief : SS Obergruppenfuehrer and General (Leutnant) of the Waffen SS Pohl
Deputy: (SS Brigadefuehrer and General Major of the Waffen SS Frank) SS Gruppenfuehrer Loerner

Secret

Secret Journal No. 173 /42
Only for service use,
publication prohibited!

Adjutant's Office
Personal Office
Legal and Welfare Offices
Reviewing Offices for Economic Matters — German Economic Enterprises G.m.b.H.
Factory Inspector
Main Reception Office
Headquarter's Commandant
Archives
__________

DIVISION [OFFICE GROUP] A ADMINISTRATION OF TROOPS

Chief : (SS Brigadefuehrer, Generalmajor of the Waffen SS Frank)
(Deputy: SS Standartenfuehrer) Fanslau SS Brigadefuehrer
(Adjutant and Company Commander: SS Hauptsturmfuehrer) Solleder
Office A I : Office of budgets.
SS Oberfuehrer
(SS Standartenfuehrer) Loerner

313

A 1/1: Budget of the Waffen SS.
A I/2: Budget of the General SS. (Reich Treasury Administration) [Reichskassenverwalter] [Parenthesis in original.]
A I/3: Savings deposits bank [Spargemeinschaft].

Office A II : Finance and payroll matters.
(SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Eggert)
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Kukatsch i.V. [acting for].
A II/1: Payment matters.
A II/2: Treasury and accounts.
A II/3: Office of fees.

Office A III: Legal office.
SS Oberfuehrer Dr. Salpeter
SS Brigadefuehrer and Generalmajor of the Waffen SS Frank.
A III/1: General legal, tax, and contract matters.
A III/2: Real estate and buildings register.

Office A IV : Accountant's office.
Standartenfuehrer Vogt SS
(Obersturmfuehrer)
A IV/1: Examination of treasury and accounts.
A IV/2: Examination of army installations
(organized camps for troops, clothing factories, and others) [parenthesis in original].

Office A V: Personnel office.
SS Brigadefuehrer Fanslau
(SS Standartenfuehrer)
A V/1: Replacements, recruiting, discharges.
A V/2: Promotions, assignments, transfers.
A V/3: Training and schools.
A V/4: Concentration camps: Replacements, releases, promotions, assignments, transfers, training (attached to division D). [Parenthesis in original.]

__________

DIVISION B
TROOP ORGANIZATION

Chief : SS Gruppenfuehrer (SS Brigadefuehrer) Generalmajor of the Waffen SS Loerner
Tschentscher

314

Deputy: SS Standartenfuehrer (Prietzel)
Adjutant and Company Commander: SS Obersturmfuehrer Manzenberger

Office B I : Food supplies.
(SS Standartenfuehrer Prietzel)
SS Standartenfuehrer Tschentscher
B I/1: Planning and requisitioning of food supplies for men and horses.
B I/2: Military camp-stores.
B I/3: Testing of food, training of cooks, and schools for cooks.

Office B II: Clothing matters.
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Lechler
B II/1: Clothing and equipment for enlisted men and officers.
B II/2: SS clothing factories.
B II/3: SS clothing funds.

Office B III: Billeting office.
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Koeberlein
B III/1: Planning and procuring of housing equipment.
B III/2: Camp quarters.
B III/3: Maintenance and supply of motor vehicles for divisions A and B, including camp depots.

Office B IV: Raw materials and procurement.
belongs to Office B II.
(SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Weggel)
(B IV/1: Raw materials (textiles and leather).)
(B IV/2: Procurement of clothing.)
(B IV/3: Office of price control.)
(B IV/4: Transfer of orders.
Procurement abroad.)

Office B V Traffic matters
SS Sturmbannfuehrer Scheide
[Pencilled arrow drawn to left margin.]
__________

DIVISION C
CONSTRUCTION MATTERS

Chief:: SS Gruppenfuehrer
(SS Oberfuehrer) Dr. Ing. Kammler SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Sehleif
Deputy: (SS Sturmbannfuehrer) Busching
Office C I: General construction assignments.
(SS Sturmbannfuehrer Sesemann)
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Schleif

315

C 1/1: Constructions of the Waffen SS.
C I/2: Constructions of the concentration camps and prisoner of war camps.
C I/3: Constructions of the German police.
C I/4: Constructions of the General SS.

Office C II. Special construction tasks.
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Kiefer
C II/1: Constructions for the storage of food and clothing.
C II/2: Storage places for weapons, munitions, and signals.
C II/3: Hospitals and infirmaries.
C II/4: National political educational establishments and homes for children.
C II/5: Housing welfare.
C II/6: Economic and special constructions

Office C III : Technical specialist branches.
SS Sturmbannfuehrer (Wirtz) Floto
C III/1: Engineering.
C III/2: Irrigation and draining.
C III/3: Construction of machines.
C III/4: Surveying. Office

C IV: Special art projects.
SS Sturmbannfuehrer ((S) Blaschek)
Schneider
C IV/1: Drafts and planning for urban construction.
C IV/2: Landscape planning and interior decoration.

Office C V: Central construction inspection office.
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer (Lenzer) Noell
C V/1: Supervision of the SS construction offices and projects.
C V/2: Budgets and giving in accounts.
C V/3: Office of raw materials constructions, and storage of construction material.
C V/4: Motor vehicles for division C.

Office C VI: Maintenance of construction and internal operational administration.
SS Standartenfuehrer : Eirenschmalz
C VI/1: Real estate of the Waffen SS.
C VI/2: Real estate of the General SS.
C VI/3: Office for preliminary examination in construction matters
____________

316

DIVISION D CONCENTRATION CAMPS

Chief: Gruppenfuehrer
SS Brigadefuehrer and Generalmajor of the Waffen SS: Gluecks
Deputy: SS (Obersturmbannfuehrer Liebehenschel)
Standartenfuehrer Maurer
Adjutant: SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Harbaum
Sturmbannfuehrer

Office D I: Central office.
SS Obersturmbannfueher Hoess (Liebehenschel)
D I/1: Matters concerning inmates.
D I/2: Intelligence and camp security measures, watchdogs.
D I/3: Motor vehicles.
D I/4: Weapons and equipment.
D 1/5: Training of the troops.

Office D II: Commitment of inmates for labor.
SS Standartenfuehrer
(SS Sturmbannfuehrer) Maurer
D II/1: Putting in work of inmates.
D II/2: Training of inmates.
D II/3: Statistics and accounts.

Office D III: Medical affairs and camp hygiene.
Standartenfuehrer
SS (Obersturmbannfuehrer) Dr. Lolling
D III/1: Medical and dental care of the SS.
D III/2: Medical and dental care of the inmates.
D III/3: Hygienic and sanitary measures in concentration camps.

Office D IV: Concentration camp administration.
SS Sturmbannfuehrer Burger
(SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Kaindl)
D IV/1: Budget, finance, and pay system.
D IV/2: Food.
D IV/3: Clothing.
D IV/4: Quarters.
D IV/5: Legal, tax, and contract matters.
______________

317

DIVISION W ECONOMIC ENTERPRISES

Chief : SS Gruppenfuehrer Pohl
Deputy: SS Brigadefuehrer Loerner

Office W I : Stones and soils. (Reich)
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Mummenthey (S)
W I/1: German Earth and Stone Works Limited [G.m.b.H.] (4 big brickworks)
W I/2: German Earth and Stone Works Limited (6 quarries)
W I/3: Porcelain Manufactory Allach Limited
Bohemia — Ceramic Works Joint-Stock Company.
"Porag" — Porcelain Radiators Limited.
Victoria — Porcelain, Joint-Stock Company.

Office W II: Stones and soils (East).
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Dr. Bobermin Reserve Corps [d. Res.]
W II/1: East-German Building Material Works Limited (292 brickworks)
W II/2: General trustee for building material production sites in the districts of Styria and Carinthia. (18 establishments)
W II/3: Russian Works.

Office W III: Food manufactories.
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Rabineck
(SS Oberfuehrer Moeckel) (General SS)
W III/1: Sudetenquell Limited Heinr. Mattoni A.G. [joint-stock company],
Apollinaris Brunnen joint-stock company, and Rheinahr Glass Works Limited.
W III/2: Freudenthaler Getraenke Limited.
W III/3: Deutsche Lebensmittel Limited.

Office W IV: Timber works.
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Opperbeck
(SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Dr. May (General SS)
W IV/1: German Equipment Works [Deutsche Ausruestungswerke] Ltd., (6 plants).

318

W IV/2: Deutsche Heimgestaltung Ltd., (13 plants).
W IV/3: Deutsche Meisterwerkstaetten Ltd., (1 plant).

Office W V: Organization of agriculture, forestry, fisheries.
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Vogel, Reserve Corps
W V/1: German experimental station for nutrition and food Limited (30 establishments).
W V/2: Forestry administration (10 plants).
W V/3: Fisheries administration (10 plants).

Office W VI: Utilization of textiles and leather.
SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Lechler
W VI/1: Society for utilization of textiles and leather, Limited.

Office W VII: Books and pictures.
Sturmbannfuehrer
SS (Hauptsturmfuehrer) Dr. Mischke, Reserve Corps
W VII/1: Nordland Publishing House Limited.
W VII/2: German picture service.

Office W VIII: Special tasks.
SS Oberfuehrer Dr. Salpeter
(SS Sturmbannfuehrer Klein (General SS)
W VIII/1: Society for care and promotion of monuments of German culture registered association [e.V.].
W VIII/2: Externsteine-Stiftung Registered Association. King Henry Memorial Foundation Registered Association.
Sanatoriums and convalescent homes.
W VIII/3: Cultural monuments

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Post by David Thompson » 11 Nov 2004 17:50

Document NO-1034, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case').
US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 484-486.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1034

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 444a

LETTER BY HOHBERG TO POHL 18 SEPTEMBER 1940, CONCERNING INCORPORATION OF SS ECONOMIC ENTERPRISES IN DACHAU INTO GERMAN EQUIPMENT WORKS, LETTER OF POHL, 31 JANUARY 1940, ORDERING THIS INCORPORATION; LETTER OF HOHBERG, 11 SEPTEMBER 1940, CONCERNING INTEREST OF SS IN FURNITURE FACTORIES IN THE GOVERNMENT GENERAL

Berlin, 18 September 1940
St. W. Ho/ Ha.

To: SS Gruppenfuehrer Pohl Here

Subject: Incorporation of the SS Economic Enterprises in Dachau into the German Equipment Works.

By your letter of 31 January 1940, addressed to SS Standartenfuehrer Dr. Salpeter you have given instructions for the transfer of the Economic Enterprises Dachau to the German Equipment Works on the basis of the former's balance sheet of 31 December 1939.

SS Sturmbannfuehrer Maurer guarantees the assets on the balance sheet of the Economic Enterprises not to be over-estimated and all liabilities to be included in the balance sheet. Checking of the assets therefore is not necessary, since they will be examined anyhow in the course of the review of the German Equipment Works due on 31 December 1940.

With the object of rounding off the capital it would be advisable to put on the credit side an additional item for the rectification of values in stock on hand of RM 9,864.18 and another item of RM 10,000 as a reserve against possible bad debts, and to reduce the capital account to RM 500,000.

The capital of the German Equipment Works should be raised accordingly.

I attach a draft of a letter on this subject to the German Equipment Works.

[Signed] Hohberg

* * * * * * *
III A/3Ma/Fe.
[Marginal note] File
To the Chief of Office III A
SS Standartenfuehrer Dr. Salpeter

Subject: Incorporation of the SS Economic Enterprises into the German Equipment Works G.m.b.H.
Reference:
Enclosure:

I herewith direct, with effect from 1 January 1940, that the SS Economic Enterprises in Dachau be incorporated into the German Equipment Works Ltd. with all assets and liabilities.

The transfer is to be based on the balance sheet of 31 December 1939.

The Chief of the Administration and Economy Main Office

[initialled] P.
SS Gruppenfuehrer

* * * * * * *

St. W.Ho /Ha.
[Initialled] Sch 11/9
Mailed on: 11 September 1940
[Initial illegible]

To the Plenipotentiary for the Governor General of the Occupied Polish Territories
c/o SS Dr. Helmut Pfeiffer
[corrected to: Hauptsturmfuehrer]
Berlin W 35
Standartenstr. 14

With reference to the telephone conversation with SS Sturmbannfuehrer Maurer and economic examiner Dr. Hohberg we herewith inform you that the Schutzstaffel [SS] is endeavoring at present to expand the basis for the production of household furniture.

You kindly undertook to locate furniture factories situated in the Government General and to endeavor if possible to arrange for such factories to be transferred to the Schutzstaffel. We already know that a good-sized furniture factory in Radom (750 workmen) could possibly be acquired.

Please accept our thanks in advance for your endeavors.

[Marginal note] Follow up directly.

Heil Hitler!
[Signed] HOHBERG

David Thompson
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Post by David Thompson » 11 Nov 2004 18:04

Document NO-1276, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 486-487.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1276

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 428

LETTER CO-SIGNED BY MUMMENTHEY AND SALPETER, TO POHL, 30 DECEMBER 1940, REJECTING THE OFFER THAT DEST (GERMAN EARTH AND STONE WORKS LTD.) ACQUIRE THE GMUNDEN LIME CO. IN AUSTRIA

The Chief of Office III A
III A A/Dr. S/A.
Berlin, 30 December 1940
[Handwritten notation] 1204 Abl
R
P5

To the Chief of the Main Office Administration and Economy
Berlin-Lichterfelde-West
Unter den Eichen 127

Subject: Gmunder Kalkwerke AG [Gmunden Lime Co.]
Enclosure: 1 Reference matter

In our capacity as managing directors of the Deutsche Erd Und Steinwerke G.m.b.H. [German Earth and Stone Works Ltd.] we still adhere to the principle that it would be advisable to keep the present form of this enterprise as a typical enterprise run an prison labor. This policy does not allow for partnership of other enterprises, which are run on strict lines of private economy as e.g., the Gmunder Kalkwerke AG [Gmunden Lime Co.]

Moreover, there are no means available to us to seek partnerships in private enterprises. The splitting-up of funds allotted by the GBI [Plenipotentiary General for the Industries] for enterprises run on prison labor would be contrary to the existing agreements. And finally, our staff of co-workers is not large enough to engage in another enterprise.

These should be decisive reasons for rejecting the offer of comrade Berger.

Reference matter is herewith returned.
[Signatures] DR. SALPETER
SS Standartenfuehrer
SS Sturmbannfuehrer.

David Thompson
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Post by David Thompson » 11 Nov 2004 18:17

Document NO-3798, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case').
US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 489-491.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-3798

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 698

LETTER BY POHL TO REICH COMMISSIONER FOR PRICE CONTROL, 19 SEPTEMBER 1941, STATING SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES AND MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES OF THE MAIN OFFICE ADMINISTRATION AND ECONOMY FIRMS, STRESSING, THEIR CULTURAL AND SOCIAL AIMS, AND REQUESTING, PREFERENTIAL TAX TREATMENT

Berlin-Lichterfelde-West, 19 September 1941
Unter den Eichen 127

St/W — Ho/N
To the Reich Commissioner for Price Control
Berlin W 9,
Leipziger Platz 6/S
Department A 1,

Subject: Statement as to corporations affiliated to the Main Office Administration and Economy according to article 22 of the War Economy Decree.

A larger number of corporations belong to my main office. The total of their shares are with the Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H., which also belongs to my main office.

The following individual concerns have been incorporated in the Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H.:

Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke G.m.b.H.,
Anton Loibl G.m.b.H.,
Porzellan-Manufaktur Allach-Muenchen G.m.b.H.,
Bohemia Keramische Werke AG,
Sudetenquell G.m.b.H.,
Heinrich Mattoni AG,
Porag Porzellan-Radiatoren G.m.b.H.,
F.F. Bauer G.m.b.H.,
Nordland-Verlag G.m.b.H.,
Deutsche Ausruestungswerke G.m.b.H.,
Deutsche Versuchsanstalt fuer Ernaehrung und Verpflegung G.m.b.H.

In the course of the year 1941 a number of further corporations were added. However, they are not yet of interest for the statement according to article 2 of the War Economy Decree for 1939 and 1940.

The "Fuehrerprinzip [leadership principle] which is strictly applied within the SS also has been applied in the SS enterprises with the same strictness and effectiveness as in the administrative sector. In charge of the enterprises are either office chiefs [Amtschefs] or chief department leaders [Hauptabteilungsleiter] who, without any exception, are disciplinarily subordinate to me in my capacity as Main Office Chief [Hauptamtschef].

Between the parent company and the subsidiaries agreements eliminating profits have been signed which, in regard to turnover taxes as well as trade taxes and corporation taxes, have been approved by the appropriate finance authorities after thorough screening.

The liaison between parent corporation and subsidiaries is so close as regards economy that one cannot speak of independent enterprises but in some way of branch departments of the parent corporation. Things are as if all enterprises were consolidated in one single corporation, yes, even as regards the authority of the manager of the parent company, his power is still considerably greater with regard to his administrative disciplinary authority than that of the manager of a regular private or public corporation.

However, the individual spheres of activity of the enterprises are altogether different. Quarry work is being done, bricks are being made, chinaware is being manufactured, mineral waters are brought up, books are published, photos are sold, fruit juice is produced, furniture is made, farming and other things are done. To the person not concerned it might appear as if all these enterprises were not connected with one another.

However, that is not the case. The enterprises of the Schutzstaffel are carrying out only business resulting from the individual tasks given to the Reich Leader by the Fuehrer. Engaging in activities in the building material sphere results from the task of the Reich Leader working in his capacity of Reich Commissioner for Strengthening of Germanism. Barrack furnishings and the like are being made because the Reich Leader has been assigned the task of reeducating the internees in the camps as useful human beings. The Reich Leader penetrated into the sphere of the mineral water and soft drinks industry because in his capacity as chief of the German Police he is fighting a campaign against the misuse of alcohol, and since his appeal to the economy, to initiate an arrangement of equal prices for drinks containing alcohol and those free of alcohol was very little favored. Now he himself is going to see to it that mineral water will not be more expensive than beer. Also in the field of book publishing and picture print the Fuehrer has assigned the Reich Leader definitely outlined tasks. So the Schutzstaffel operates its enterprises exclusively for the purpose of fulfilling absolutely definite tasks which without exception are of a cultural and social nature. On principle the Schutzstaffel refuses to operate any kind of enterprise for the mere purpose of gaining money thereby.

Besides that conscious efforts have already been made in the enterprise operated by the Schutzstaffel for the purpose of achieving the aim of article 22 of the War Economy Decree the lowering of prices.

The fact that for the achievement of certain cultural aims measures have to be taken which would not be taken by a mere private economist is just the cause which results in temporary losses for some of these enterprises. The costs of just a few research institutions, which are closely connected with the enterprises, will be pointed out.

It is the will of the Reich Leader that profits gained by some consolidated enterprises will be used for the compensation of loses of such enterprises which due to their noncommercial aims are partly doomed to suffer losses, perhaps for years to come. Taking into consideration that all the enterprises of the Schutzstaffel which are consolidated in the Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H., are constituting one inseparable whole, I apply for approval that only one consolidated statement is to be submitted in compliance with article 22, War Economy Decree for all corporation comprised by the Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H.

In case that because of fundamental considerations only a consolidation of the statement for enterprises of the same business branch should be possible, I request that a fundamental decision in regard to all corporations comprised by the Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H. be made to the effect that excessive profits of the individual incorporated enterprises will not go to the finance office but will be used for compensation of losses of the unprofitable companies of the Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.E.

I have instructed the incorporated companies of the Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H. not to submit individual statements in compliance with article 22 of the War Economy Decree, however, I instructed them to inform the appropriate price control office. I ask for your consent to this measure.

Heil Hitler!
[Initialled] P
SS Gruppenfuehrer and Ministerialdirektor

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