cyberdaemon wrote:Can you tell me how many soviet soldiers and nkvd personel were KIA in this partisan war?
Thank you for a good question. But unfortunately I have no correct answer. The problem is that Russians were hiding these numbers, even to their own officials. This is understandable for those who know what Bolsheviks are really like.
The very good example could be number of casualties in one of the biggest battles in this war - "The Battle of Kalniske", that took place in 16-17th of May, 1945, near Simnas (close to Alytus). There were about 90 Lithuanian freedom fighters situated in very good position on the forest hill and very well armed. They were attacked by honorable The Name of "Order of Kutuzov" NKVD 220th Red Army infantry regiment from the 1st "Pribaltiskyi" ("Baltic") front during 24h. According to NKVD "official sources" Reds have lost only 4 men KIA in this battle, but local people estimated - 600-700. The funniest thing is, that after such big efforts and big losses well front-experienced Russian soldiers failed to take that Lithuanian hill.
May 16-17, 1945: Forest in the County of Simnas, District of Alytus
NKVD troops surround partisans [estimates vary from 60 to 120] led by J. Neifalta ["Pilot"-"Lakunas"]. 44 Lithuanians are killed, including machine gunner Albina Neifaltiene ["Pine"-"Pusele"], wife of the troop leader. Many members of the enemy are destroyed [no estimates available]. At sunset, partisans escape the siege which later becomes known as "The Battle of Kalniske."
AL-220, LBD-123, 222, LKA 17-197, L-350, (AKL-34, LKA 17-17, L-217, 376, 482), LKA 1-13, LKA 9-57. DA.
http://www.elnet.lt/vartiklis/voruta/kr ... ronic1.htm
Many Lithuanians in the hope of support from the West resisted forming the occupants - many of them participated in active armed resistance forming numerous partisan detachments (in spring of 1945 the partisans of the detachments numbered from about 30 to 40 thousand men), others resisted passively - by evading forceful enlisting into the Red Army or avoiding to execute various directions of new occupants. To break down the resistance in Lithuania in 1945 there were concentrated elite NKVD forces numbering up to 20 thousand. The effectualness of the forces can be accounted not only for their quantity but their mobility too - using American "Studebeckers" (that was our "logistics and help from the West" - Lit.) they swiftly moved from one locality to another. These forces in 1944 shot 2436 and in 1945 - 9777 people at least 1/3 of whom were not partisans but peaceful civilians. The atrocities increased the resolution to fight and armed resistance in Lithuania lasted as long as 1953 when the last resistance movement headquarters commanding the movement were routed.
Among different NKVD army formations devastating Lithuania in 1945 the so called NKVD army front rear defense regiments played an exceptional role. Lithuania was occupied by two fronts - the Ist Baltic Front and the IIIrd Byelorusian Front. Besides NKVD rear defense units of these two fronts Lithuania experienced the atrocities of a similar type NKVD army of Leningrad and the Ist Ukrainian Fronts. It should be noted that two campaigns had been executed by this army in Lithuania - in 02.1944-02.1945 and in 06-10.1945 (in 02-06.1945 the army "was establishing" Soviet Power in East Prussia) whereas NKVD forces of other fronts just after the War were demobilized and re-reformed.
Especially notorious was the group of NKVD forces of the 3rd Byelorussian front (commander General Lieutenant Liubyj) which during its first Lithuanian campaign consisted of 5 and during the second campaign of 3 regiments (1-1,5 thousand soldiers made a regiment). All the regiments of the Front that had been sent again to Lithuania in June 1945 had been awarded with Honored titles or orders and operated extremely brutally. As a rule the farm-steads suspected of supporting partisans were burnt down. This resulted in hundreds of farm-stead being burnt down in rural districts of Lithuania. Rural districts of Panemunes Dzuku and Čekiskes in the district of Kaunas had suffered most. Here entire villages were burnt down and their inhabitants were killed.
http://www.genocid.lt/Leidyba/1/Juozas_ ... auskas.htm
Pictures from article: http://www.xxiamzius.lt/numeriai/2004/0 ... ab_01.html
The first monument to commemorate this glorious event of Lithuanian Resistance was erected in 1988.05.17. From that date every year is now a tradition in Lithuania, to celebrate the battle of Kalniske in it's place. During celebration in 1991.05.17 soldiers of Russian occupation forces (from airborne division that was situated nearby) held the "maneuvers" shooting above heads of Lithuanian civilian people. After 3 days, at night they blew up that small monument. But that was all (for time being) that they were able to do. They never took Kalniske. And we know that they know that too.
By the way: one of those Lithuanian warriors who fell in Kalniske was uncle of Petras Austrevicius - well known Lithuanian official, MP who led negotiations on joining the EU. http://www.austrevicius.lt/
Those who are interested to meet those heroes of famous "Battle of Kalniske" welcome to the next traditional commemoration in the 17th of May. There will be 60 years Anniversary.