The Romanian Front - 1917

Discussions on all aspects of the First World War not covered in the other sections. Hosted by Terry Duncan.
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Victor
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Postby Victor » 19 Sep 2002 09:59

The 12th Cavalry Division seems to have been at Marasesti, so the Romanian commander was gen. Cristescu until 29 July, when gen. Eremia Grigorescu took over the 1st Army. He had been the CO of the 6th Corps which had the lion’s share in the Battle of Marassesti. In 1916, he had commanded the 15th Infantry Division, which initially fought in Dobruja, with the German-Bulgarian troops, when it was sent north to reinforce against the German-Austrian offensive. It had defended the Oituz valley (1st battle of Oituz) valiantly against superior enemy forces.

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Juha Tompuri
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Postby Juha Tompuri » 19 Sep 2002 22:13

Hi!

Now it`s my turn to give some new info.
I found a long lost book from my bookshelf: original name "Infanterie Greift An", written by ERWIN ROMMEL, published in finnish 1939.
Rommel wrote he (coy commander of Wurttenberg mountain batt) "visited" twice Romania. The first is the interesting one. He came to Romania late october 1916. Route: Puy-Petrocseny-Hobicauricany-Sterfura-Lesului-Kurpenul-Mirzil-Merei-Sapoca-Slanicultal-Hill 1001-Gagesti-Vidra-Odobest-Focsany-Buzau-France (may 1917).
Today I also visited local library and borowed all Mannerheim relatd books. I found following: 12th cavdiv was under command of romanian 2nd Army. Route: 20th dec 1916 Odobest-Christmas at reserve at Focsany, Group Wrancza formed ( 12th cavdiv+romanian infbrig, com col Strundza)-Putna-Group Wrancza strengthened(2 russian cavdiv, 2 romanian cavdiv, 2 romanian infdiv and romanian infbrig)-Hill 1001 8O (YES, the same battle that Rommel took part. They really "met")-Kisinev( late jan 1917).
Do you have more info about the battle of Hill 1001?

JT

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johnny_bi
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Postby johnny_bi » 24 Sep 2002 07:10

Victor is right ... 12 Cav. Div. had to be at Marasesti ... The only natable fight in Moldavia was the Battle for Oituz pass ... end of 1916 ... The romanian 15th div. commanded by Eremia Grigorescu had stop the enemy's advance ... For the time being I got no further information :( ... I shall keep digging :)

BI

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USAF1986
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Postby USAF1986 » 28 Sep 2002 19:59

Speaking of famous people taking part in the campaigns in Romania, here’s an interesting one. On 8 August 1917, Vizefeldwebel Rudolf Hess of the Bavarian 18th Reserve Infantry Regiment was shot in the left side of his chest by a rifle bullet while storming the Ungüreana in the Carpathians near Foscani. The bullet pierced his lung and exited below his shoulder blade. Strangely enough, Erwin Rommel’s unit had just arrived that evening! His unit linked up with the Bavarian 18th Reserve Infantry Regiment dug in on the south slope of the Ungüreana the next day (9 August) to continue the attack before moving on to Mount Cosna (see Chapter IV of Rommel's book "Attacks"). Hess, of course recovered, and later became Hitler’s deputy.

Regards,
Shawn

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johnny_bi
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Postby johnny_bi » 30 Sep 2002 07:33

Interesting infos ... USA1986 ... Both would have had an other destiny if their wounds they have gotten on romanian front would have been ,,eventaully, fatal...

BI

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Glenn2438
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Deal Cosna

Postby Glenn2438 » 06 Oct 2002 22:12

Johnny,

I have attached a map from the history of Württemberg Mountain Battalion by Theodor Sproesser. The mountain is called Deal Cosna (hill 788) on the map. I believe it to be more or less due south of the present day town of Tirgu Ocna, south east of Slanic-Moldova and about 75 kilometres north west of Focsani.


Regards
Glenn
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johnny_bi
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Postby johnny_bi » 07 Oct 2002 07:00

Thanx Glenn, I had also a map , but I have no scanner :) . Yes, you're right , Targu-Ocna in in the north-east ... Targu-Ocna and Trotus Valley was the target of German forces during that battle ...


BI

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Victor
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Postby Victor » 27 Feb 2003 21:09

Marcus, could you please move this thread to the First World War section?

Thank you.

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Juha Tompuri
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Postby Juha Tompuri » 04 Mar 2003 22:50

Some info about C.G.E. Mannerheim at Romanian front.
http://www.mannerheim.fi/05_s_ura/e_manmm1.htm

Regards, Juha

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AJK
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Postby AJK » 02 Apr 2003 21:28

To our Romanian forum members:

Can anyone help with providing me with a list of Romanian Corps and Division commanders during WWI? I am trying to compile a file of Romanian Generals and Admirals from this period, and would greatly appreciate any help that you could provide.

Please find below the information that I currently have in my files. Any additional information (ranks, dates of birth and death, first names, commands, etc...) would be wonderful.

Many thanks in advance,

AJK

GENERALS OF THE ROYAL ROMANIAN ARMY, 1914 - 1918

Paul ANGELESCU
C.O. 15. Infantry Division
Commandant of Bucharest

Mihail ASLAN
C-in-C, 3. Army

Maresal al Romaniei Alexandru AVERESCU (22 Apr 1859 - 3 Oct 1938)
Chief of the General Staff (1911 - 1913)
C-in-C. 2. Army
C-in-C, 3. Army
Prime Minister

Viceamiral Constantin BALESCU
Director of the Navy, Ministry of War

BESSARABESCU
G.O.C. V. Army Corps

Ernest BROSTEANU

Alexandru CARCALETEANU
Chief of the General Staff (1901 - 1904)

General de Corp de Armata Constantin CHRISTESCU (2 Dec 1866 - 9 May 1923)
Chief of the General Staff (1913 - 1914; 1918)
C-in-C, 1. Army
C-in-C, North Army
Deputy Chief of the General Staff
G.O.C. IV. Army Corps

Constantin COANDA
Romanian Army Representative to Russian GHQ

COCORASCU
C.O. 11. Infantry Division

Grigore CRAINICEANU
Chief of the General Staff (1907 - 1909)
C-in-C, 2. Army
Minister of War

Ioan CULCER
C-in-C, 1. Army

Nicolae DABIJA

Ion DRAGALINA (8 Dec 1860 - 24 Oct 1916)
C-in-C, 1. Army

Contraamiral Sebastian EUSTATIU
C-in-C of the Navy

GHENESCU

Gheorghe GEORGESCU
Chief of the Military Mission to England

Eremia GRIGORESCU (1864 - Jul 1919)
C-in-C, 1. Army
G.O.C. IV. Army Corps
C.O. 15. Infantry Division
Minister of War

General de Brigada Constantin N. HARJEU (24 Dec 1856 - 24 May 1928)
Minister of War

General de Corp de Armata Carol I von HOHENZOLLERN-SIGMARINGEN (7 Apr 1839 - 27 Sep 1914)
King of Romania
C-in-C of the Armed Forces
C-in-C, Romanian Front

Maresal al Romaniei Ferdinand I von HOHENZOLLERN-SIGMARINGEN (24 Aug 1865 - 20 Jul 1927)
King of Romania
C-in-C of the Armed Forces

Constantin IANCOVESCU
C-in-C, Army Group
G.O.C. III. Army Corps
Minister of War

Dumitru ILIESCU
Commander-in-Chief of the Army
Chief of the General Staff (1916)
Deputy Chief of the General Staff
C-in-C, 1. Army

General Adjutant Ion ISTRATI
Chief of the General Staff (1909 - 1911)
G.O.C. V. Army Corps

Nicolae LAMBRU
C.O. 21. Infantry Division

LUPESCU
Chief of Staff, 1. Army

Gheorghe MARDARESCU
C-in-C, Transylvania
Chief of Staff, 2. Army

Stefan MIHAIL

General de Divizie Traian MOSOIU
C-in-C, Transylvania

Viceamiral Ioan MURGESCU

Contraamiral NIGRESCU
C-in-C of the Fleet

Stefan PANAITESCU
Chief of Staff,Transylvania Command

Nicolae PETALA
C-in-C, 1. Army
G.O.C. I. Army Corps

Ion POPESCU
C.O. 13. Infantry Division

POPOVICI
G.O.C. I. Army Corps

David PRAPORGESCU
Inspector-General of Cavalry
G.O.C. I. Army Corps

Maresal al Romaniei Constantin PREZAN (1861 - 1943)
Chief of the General Staff (1916 - 1918)
C-in-C, 1. Army
C-in-C, 4. Army
C-in-C, North Army

General de Brigada RASENU
C.O. 15. Artillery Brigade

Gheorghe RASOVICEANU

Alexandru REFERENDARU

SCARISOREANU

SILHOL
C.O. 26. Infantry Division

General de Brigada Alexandru SOCEC (17 Aug 1859 - ?)
G.O.C. III. Territorial Command
G.O.C. V. Territorial Command
C.O. 13. Infantry Division

Contraamiral Ion SPIROPOL
Chief of Staff to the C-in-C of the Navy

Gheorghe STRATILESCU
C-in-C, 1. Army

Nicolae TATARASCU
Chief of the General Staff (1904 - 1907)

TEODORESCU

Viceamiral Vasile URSEANU

Artur VAITOIANU (1864 - 1957)
C-in-C, 2. Army
G.O.C. IV. Army Corps

Gheorghe VALEANU
C-in-C, 3. Army

Paraschiv VASILESCU
C-in-C, 1. Army

General de Divizie Vasile ZOTTU
Chief of the General Staff (1911; 1914 - 1916)

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Daniel S.
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Postby Daniel S. » 12 Apr 2003 01:29

Maybe Victor could help you,am I wrong Victor? :roll: :D

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Victor
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Postby Victor » 12 Apr 2003 05:32

Daniel S. wrote:Maybe Victor could help you,am I wrong Victor? :roll: :D


Unfortunately I cannot help. Sorry.

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Re: The Romanian Front - 1917

Postby trackranger » 04 Mar 2014 15:20

I met a doctor at the general hospital in Tirgu Secuiesc in the county of Covasna, which is close to the Oituz valley. He said that they had medical records of Rudolf Hess being treated there, for a wound received during the first world war. Apparently in those times it was a military barracks/hospital before later becoming a civilian hospital. Does anyone have more information on his treatment there?


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