Nordkaukasische Legion !

Discussions on the foreigners (volunteers as well as conscripts) fighting in the German Wehrmacht, those collaborating with the Axis and other period Far Right organizations. Hosted by George Lepre.
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Armenische_Legionar
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Post by Armenische_Legionar » 07 Feb 2008 07:50

Hope, this will be interesting too -

Osman Gube's document in Russian, (from KGB archives - IMHO)

As we know, Mr. Gube with 5 Avarian and Lezgi agents were parashuted in September of 1942 to the Daghestanian Avar region.
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clement
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Post by clement » 09 Feb 2008 21:16

Osman Saidurov (aka ‘Colonel’ Osman Gube)
As negotiations for unification had opened between the two key guerrilla
movements in the Northern Caucasus, Hassan Israilov sent an emissary to the
Germans requesting recognition and support for his army. In response, the
Germans sent ‘Colonel’ Osman Gube.
An Avar by nationality, Osman Gube was born Osman Saidurov in 1892 in
Buinaksk raion of Daghestan, where from 1915 he had served as a soldier in
the Daghestan regiment of the Caucasus National Division. His unit joined
Denikin’s army in 1919, and in 1921 Gube emigrated from Georgia to
Trabzon (Turkey), and soon after to Istanbul. From Istanbul, Gube took an
active part in supporting work dedicated to the liberation of the Caucasus
from the Soviet Union.
Legitimized as a reliable operative following his anti-Soviet activities in the
1920s, Saidurov-Gube became a member of the Northern Caucasus section of
the anti-Soviet émigré organization ‘Caucasus’ in 1934, where he soon drew
the attention of the Abwehr, German military intelligence. Driven by their
eagerness to gain control of Soviet oil through the Northern Caucasus, the
German Abwehr in the mid-1930s recruited en masse the nationalist organization
‘Caucasus’, whose offices were relocated from Paris to Berlin.94 Recruited
in 1937 by an Abwehr talent scout, the Kumuk director of ‘Caucasus’ Haydar
Bammat, Saidurov was ordered to change his name to Osman Gube.95 Soon
after, Gube was sent via Istanbul to his native home in Daghestan to prepare
fifth columnist networks for the Germans in the Northern Caucasus. Little is
known of Gube’s work between 1938 and 1941, though he spent some of this
time in Germany training to become a member of the political police in the
future German-occupied Caucasus.
After the start of the German–Soviet war, Gube was sent by the Abwehr to
complete a course in the German espionage school at Stettin. By mid-1942, he
was attached to an Abwehr airborne division.96 Gube, who held no rank before
August 1942, had been given the rank of ‘colonel’ at the last minute, in an
Abwehr effort to show the enormous respect they had for the Caucasus movement.
Abwehr Lieutenant Gert Reichert was dropped with 11 others into the
mountainous southern region of Chechnya at 2200 hours on the night of 25
August 1942. Among the German-trained guerrillas on his team were
‘Colonel’ Osman Gube, and four other guerrillas from the Northern Caucasus.
All were former POWs, and all had been hand-picked by Osman Gube: a 45-
year-old Lakets from Kazikumuk raion, Daghestan, Ali Ramazanov; another
Daghestani, 35-year-old Daud Gasanov; and two Chechens: 30-year-old
Akhmed Batalov, from Shali raion, and Salman Agaev, who had served as a
parachutist-saboteur in the Red Army before being captured in the Crimea in
1942 and recruited by the Abwehr.97
In the months leading up to the German invasion of the North Caucasus
region, hundreds of POWs from the Caucasus had been recruited from
German camps and trained by the Abwehr to work as agents behind Soviet
lines. Code-named Operation Shamil, after the notorious nineteenth-century
rebel leader, their objective was to organize insurrections behind Soviet lines,
and to destabilize Soviet communications and transport. Some 200 Abwehrtrained
parachutists were dropped into the Karachai Autonomous Region, 92
into the Kabardin-Balkar Autonomous Region, and 77 into Chechnya-
Ingushetia.

This was part of a broader programme for infiltrating German agents
behind Soviet lines. In all, the Germans operated more than 130 special intelligence,
sabotage and counter-intelligence units on the Eastern Front, staffed by
thousands of recruits taken primarily from anti-Soviet émigré communities
and POW camps. These recruits were trained in approximately 60 special
schools organized by the Abwehr and the SD (the Sicherheitsdienst, the
German Security Service).99
In Chechnya-Ingushetia, five groups (56 persons) were dropped behind
Soviet lines in July–August 1942 to facilitate the German advance; three more
groups (20 persons) were dropped in August 1943 to slow the Soviet counteroffensive.
100
July–August 1942
• Senior Lieutenant Lange: 30
• Junior Lieutenant Reichert: 12
• ‘Colonel’ Osman Gube: 5
• Ossetian Dzugaev: 5
• Ossetian Zosiev: 4
August 1943
• Ingush Khamchiev: 8
• Ingush Khautiev: 6
• Chechen Selimov: 6
The ethnic breakdowns of the units illustrate the core bases of German native
support: Germans 15; Kabardintsy 3; Chechens 13; Georgians 2; Ossetians 21;
Russians 1; Ingushi 16; Cossacks 1; Daghestanis 5.101
It is clear from available documents that the Germans made concerted
efforts to reach an agreement with Hassan Israilov. But Israilov’s persistent
refusal to cede control of his revolutionary movement to the Germans, and his
insistence on German recognition of Chechen statehood, marked him among
the Germans as unreliable, a ‘dreamer’.
But German reluctance to provide full support to Israilov’s drive for
Chechen independence did not preclude covert operations to exploit Chechen
fighters for specific operations: reconnaissance on Soviet troop movements;
partisan strikes against Soviet objects — Grozny oil and gas stores, key
bridges, communications and transport routes.
So that even as ‘Colonel’ Osman Gube’s efforts to forge a German–Chechen
alliance through Israilov were flailing, other members of the Reichert sabotage
team enjoyed greater success. ‘Colonel’ Osman Gube never managed to put
together an army of his own; little more than four months after he was
dropped behind Soviet lines into the Northern Caucasus, Gube was apprehended
in a special Soviet operation on the night of 12 January 1943 near
village Akki-Yurt.104
Rasul

Jeffrey Burds
The Soviet War against ‘Fifth Columnists’:
The Case of Chechnya, 1942–4

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kindzjal
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Post by kindzjal » 10 Feb 2008 19:09

Armenische Legionnar, very interesting !
Clement You have (as allways) a lot of great information, a very good job !
Thank You gentleman.

I do repeat my guestion, about Vassan Giray Jabbagi:
Was Vassan Giray Jabbagi (Cabbagi) a member of the Notrthcaucasian National Comittee ? I have found some information about him, unfortunally it's in Turkish and my Turkish is not so good...

http://www.waynakh.com/ata_gcabagi.htm

Maybe somebody can translate this ?

Bestreg,
kindzjal

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clement
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Post by clement » 11 Feb 2008 18:49

Kindzjal
The Nordkaukasisches Komitee in Berlin was headed by Lazar Bicherahov (ossetian).That’s for sure.
About Vassan Giray Jabbagi ( Cabagi Dzhabagi) he is Ingush.(cousins of Chechens).
The article does not say much about second world war period.
It says he was in berlin in 1942 with other caucasians leaders ;
You have to go back to 1918 with the creation of the first North Caucasus republic
President Chermoev Thapa, chairman of the parliament Vassan-Girey Dzhabagi, Minister of Foreign Affairs Gaydar Bammat Ministers: Pshemaho Kotsev, Abdul Kathanov, Ahmet Tsalikov, Alikhan Kantemir, Aytek Namitok and others.
A mix of Dagestanis ,Ingush,Azeri ,Ossetians ,Chechens and other savage tribes.
The Bicherahov Cossacks and their strange behaviour (long and incredible history) ,Denikin White Russians etc.But Also the Turkish army ,Germans in Georgia,Bolshevicks,Armenians,Kurds
The whole Caucasus North and South was boiling.
In the mid thirties the Abwher was very interested in the members
of the caucasian emigration who were living mostly in France and Poland.
They were invited in Berlin etc….
Some of them collaborated with the Reich,some of them started backtracking very quickly in 1941, some of them refused the job.But you will find most of those guys in 1942 in various Komitee,.Bammat,Tchokaev ,Kantemir, Bicherahov, Israfil Bey.
Best
Clement

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Andrej
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Post by Andrej » 15 Feb 2008 13:36

Image


Only a information: this photo was taken in Carnia (the north part of Friuli region)....

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Loïc
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Re: NORDKAUKASISCHE LEGION !

Post by Loïc » 11 Jun 2008 05:07

Hello to all,
someones knows where was stationned the Bataillon 836 in France ?
I can't identify a "Bergkaukasien mountain Battalion" in Roanne (Dept Loire)
there were only 2 Battalions, 835 in Normandy near Le Havre (17 Lutf.Div.) and the 836

according to a member this one was in the Vercors area in july 1944, southeastern France but it seems that at first it was in the North, near Calais (I/GR 731-711 Infanteriedivision), and so perhaps in Roanne before it was the sent in operations in the Dauphiné.

Regards
Loïc

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clement
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Re: NORDKAUKASISCHE LEGION !

Post by clement » 11 Jun 2008 21:04

Bonjour Loic
Bergkaukasien 836 was aparently in Normandy in July 1944
Take a look at this

http://ersatzheere.com/1944_infantry_division.htm

A+
Clément

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Loïc
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Re: NORDKAUKASISCHE LEGION !

Post by Loïc » 12 Jun 2008 16:54

Thank you Clement,
so perhaps a Battalion from the Freiwilligen Stamm Division ?
it was in the area (HQ in Lyon, Battalions in Burgundy, Massif Central etc...) but there wasn't North Caucasian Battalion in this Division...

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kindzjal
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Re: NORDKAUKASISCHE LEGION !

Post by kindzjal » 26 Jul 2008 12:55

I've found this interesting photo of a some Kabardian Selbstschutz :

Image

And here we have a very interesting link:

http://www.history.neu.edu/fac/burds/Bu ... mnists.pdf

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kindzjal
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Re: NORDKAUKASISCHE LEGION !

Post by kindzjal » 27 Nov 2008 20:36

Some Karachai volunteers :

Image

Image

Image

And here a German paper showing the short "story" of a Caucasian "volunteer" :

Image

natkhuach
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Re: Nordkaukasische Legion !

Post by natkhuach » 14 Dec 2008 03:29

Hello,
A picture of Sultan Kilich Giray.
Image
And his biography:
http://www.tr.kafpedia.org/index.php?ti ... 3%A7_Girey
(in Turkish)

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Re: Nordkaukasische Legion !

Post by PF » 13 May 2010 12:22


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kindzjal
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Re: Nordkaukasische Legion !

Post by kindzjal » 19 May 2010 21:19

Two German propaganda posters:
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Re: Nordkaukasische Legion !

Post by ninoo » 20 May 2010 01:59


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Askold
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Re: Nordkaukasische Legion !

Post by Askold » 01 Jun 2010 16:48

Rare photos of Nordkaukasian members of Kaukasische Verband der SS - note the blank collar tabs and SS sidecaps:

Image

SS eagles, sidecaps, buckles and N kaukasische sleeve shield
Image

Note the sleeve eagle on the first man
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The officer (the eagle was covered up by the seller)
Image

photos taken from here:
http://community.livejournal.com/drang_nach/45961.html

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