Selahattin Adil, who made Dardanelles a Hell to Allies.

Discussions on the final era of the Ottoman Empire, from the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 until the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.
Tosun Saral
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Selahattin Adil, who made Dardanelles a Hell to Allies.

Post by Tosun Saral » 18 Dec 2005 11:39

Tümgeneral (Major General) Selahattin Adil Pasha: (Istanbul,1881- Istanbul,1961) The soldier who made Dardanelles a Hell to British and French Navy and who took occupied İstanbul over on October 2nd 1923 from the allies.

He graduated from Harbiye the War School in Istanbul in 1902 as an artillary officer. Later he studied in War Academy and became a stuff officer. His first duty was a science officer of the Hicaz Railway Construction.In 1908 he was made Major. During the years 1910-1911he was the commander of 2nd Regiment and later appointed to Bucarest as military attesche. In 1912 he was one of those oficers fighting againts Italians in Trablusgarb/Libya. He took part in the Balkan Wars. Just before the WW1 he was appointed as chief of staff to Çanakkale Fortress.His rank was Major. He reorganized the land battaries on the both shores of the Dardanelles Strait. For that reason British and French fleet suffered a huge disaster. During the fights in Çanakkale he was promoted to colonel.Selahattin Adil commanded 12th Division until September 8th 1915 and later 13th Division during WW1. After the Armistice of Mundros he joined to the National forces of Mustafa Kemal in Anatolia. He organized the resistance in Cilicia Region, (Adana, Tourus mountains, Antep, Urfa, Maras) as commanding officer of national Forces. After the withdrawal of French from that region he took part in the army fighting againts Greeks. During the
Kutahya-Eskisehir battles he was the commender of south front.He then promoted to Pascha (Tuğgeneral)During the Sakarya battle field he was the commander of 2nd group. Later he was appointed to 2nd Army as commander. While Istanbul was under Allieed occupation he was appointed to Istanbul as Commander in November 23th 1922. As his soldiers entered to Istanbul all Istanbul was on the streets. In 1923 he was promoded to Tümgeneral (Major General) and retired from the army. He worked in civilian departments of the new Turkish Republic. During the years 1950-54 he served as Member of Parliament from Ankara. He was 80 years old when he died on Feb 27th 1961. London Times announced his dead on March 2nd 1961 as ”A Hero Died” The Newspaper “The Baltimore” announced his dead as “General Selahattin Adil who changed the fate of WW1 died” His name was Selahattin Adil. After the new Republics law reforms he got the name “Adil” which means “just” as surname.
His army registration number is 1315 B.Top.2

(PS :Selahattin is the name of the famous Turkish Sultan known as Saladin who fought againts the Crusaders commanded by Richard the Lion-hearted)
http://www.msb.gov.tr/Birimler/PerD/per ... /frame.htm

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Alter Mann
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Selahattin Adil

Post by Alter Mann » 24 Dec 2005 20:09

Thanks for the information. I never really thought much about it before, but the Dardanelles Forts had a very large effect on the war in the area, and Gallipoli would probably never have happened if the British and French had been able to force them. Selahattin Adil's contribution in that area alone should make him a hero.

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Can Balcioglu
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Post by Can Balcioglu » 29 Dec 2005 21:24

Please lets not forget Colonel Halil Sami as well. He was also very influential in defeating the British in the Helles front.

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Turkish Heros of the Helles Front

Post by Alter Mann » 29 Dec 2005 21:28

Hello, Can Balcioglu. Was Colonel Sami involved in the land operations?

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Post by Tosun Saral » 29 Dec 2005 23:15

Dear Can, Please give us information about Col. Halil Sami Bey the commander of of 9th Division. Some say that he was killed during the battles in Gallipoli?

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Post by Can Balcioglu » 29 Dec 2005 23:35

Colonel Halil Sami was in charge of the 9th Division on the morning of 25 April 1915. He was responsible of a very difficult section of the peninsula. His division faced the 29th British Division landing on 5 individual beaches with an initial force of 6 infantry batallions and 2 infantry regiments. The total force on the beaches were the 6.Company defending Y Beach and X Beach, 12th,10th,9th and 11th Companies defending W and V beach with a platoon defending the S beach. The 10th Company, with the heroic efforts of Yahya Çavuş who fought against 3000 British infantry with one squad under his command, was totally wiped out with all the other Turkish forces defending the beaches.

After the 25th the battle turned into continous trench warfare with the British and French forces not being able to reach Altçıtepe, a crucial hill which would open the way to the capturing of the peninsula from the south. The Kirte and Zigindere battles inflicted heavy casulties on both sides.

Colonel Halil Sami did not die in Gallipoli. The Memorials in Gallipoli accidentally state that he was killed in action but this is not true. I don't have much information on what happened to him after the war but he probably got a commission in the Turkish army during the Independence War.
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Col.Halil Sami Bey

Post by Tosun Saral » 31 Dec 2005 11:58

Miralay (Col.) Halil Sami Bey (1866-1925)
He fought in Balkan Wars as Commander of Volunteer Regiment from Izmir then Deputy Commander of 31st Division.
On the first day og Gallipoli Campaign April 25t 1915 he was the commander of 9th Division who resisted the landing Enemy.
He leter quarraled with General Lyman von Sanders about the war plans. He was taken off the duty on Julni 10th 1915 and made retired from the army. Unfortunately there is no more information about him.
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Can Balcioglu
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Post by Can Balcioglu » 31 Dec 2005 12:06

He probably lived in Istanbul and passed away in 1925 to an ilness of some sort...Ataturk would not have let a qualified soldier like him to stay away from the independence war. Thanks for the info Tosun! :D

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Post by Tosun Saral » 05 Aug 2006 10:47

Selahattin Adil Pasha
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Re: Col.Halil Sami Bey

Post by fantomi » 25 Nov 2010 13:21

Tosun Saral wrote:Miralay (Col.) Halil Sami Bey (1866-1925)
He fought in Balkan Wars as Commander of Volunteer Regiment from Izmir then Deputy Commander of 31st Division.
On the first day og Gallipoli Campaign April 25t 1915 he was the commander of 9th Division who resisted the landing Enemy.
He leter quarraled with General Lyman von Sanders about the war plans. He was taken off the duty on Julni 10th 1915 and made retired from the army. Unfortunately there is no more information about him.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Hello, on the internet I stumbled upon your article about Colonel Halil Sami, I'm interested in the Colonel Halil Sami had given the nickname CHILE, so would you pray that if you have information about his background, where she was born, so he called his father, has have children, etc..
You'd really be grateful, because it is a merger of our families, and Colonel Halil Sami is part of our lost family links.

I would ask you if you have some information that we send them to This Email: bujamin@yahoo.com

Again, thank you!

Tosun Saral
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Re: Selahattin Adil, who made Dardanelles a Hell to Allies.

Post by Tosun Saral » 25 Nov 2010 15:33

Hello Fantomi My Landsman, I am also from Macedonia. I am from village of Sofular of Kozana(Kozani) My sanjak was Serfice, vilayet was Manastır. I am a Macedonian Turk. Nice to meet you. Sorry there is no more information about him. I search but nothing. Never mind he was a great man, a great soldier like all Macodoniers . He may be a Macedonian or an Arnavut or a Turk that does not make any difference. They are all branches of a great family. :D
cheers.

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